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for better times? We may make these times better if we bestir ourselves. Industry needs not wish, as poor Richard says; and · He that lives upon hope, will die fasting. There are no gains without pains; then help hands,


for I have no lands, or if I have they are smartly taxed. And, as poor Richard like, wise observes, He that hath a trade hath an estate ; and he that hath a calling hath an of fice of profit and honour, but then the trade must be worked at, and the calling well followed, or neither the estate nor the office will enable us to pay our taxes.'--If we are industrious, we shall never starve ; for, as poor Richard says, 'At the working man's house, hunger looks in but dares not enter.' Nor will the bailiff or the constable enter, for Iudustry pays debts, while despair increaseth them,' says poor Richard... What though you have found no treasure, nor has any rich relation left you a legacy, Diligence is the mother of good luck,' as poor Richard says, and

God giveth all things to industry. Then plough deep while sluggards sleep, and you shall have corn to sell and keep,' says poor


Dick. Work wbile it is called to-day, for you.. know not how much you may be hindered tomorrow; which makes poor Richard say,

One to-day is worth two to-morrows :' and farther, · Have you somewhat to do to-mor-, row, do it to-day.' . . If you were a servant, would you not be ashamed a good master should catch you idle ? Are you then your own master, and not ashamed to catch yourself idle as poor Dick says. When there is so much to be done for yourself, your family, your country, and your gracious king, be up by peep of day: let not the sun go down and say, 'Inglorious here he lies.' Handle your tools without mittens; remember that • The cat in gloves catches no mice,' as poor Dick says. It is true there is much to be done, and perhaps you are weak-handed, but stick to it

steadily, and you will see great effects, for • Constant dropping wears away stones, and by diligence and practice the mouse eat into the cable; and little strokes fell great oaks,' as poor Richard says in his almanac, the year I cannot just now remember.


« Methinks I hear some of you say, Must a man afford himself no leisure? I will tell thee, my friend, what poor Richard says, · Employ thy time well, if thou means to gain leisure, and since thou art not sure of a minute, throw not away an hour. Leisure is time in doing something useful; this leisure the diligent man will obtain, but the lazy man never; so that, as poor Richard says, • A life of leisure and a life of laziness are two things. Do you imagine that sloth will afford you more comfort than labour ? No ; for, as poor Richard says, “Trouble springs from idleness, and grievous toil from needless ease. Many, without labour, would live by their wits only, but they break for want of stock. Whereas industry gives comfort, and plenty, and respect: Fly pleasures, and they will follow you. The diligent spinner has a large shift ; and now I have a sheep and a cow every body bids me good morrow; all which is well said by poor Richard.


6. But with our industry, we must likewise be steady, settled, and careful, and oversee our affairs with our own eyes, and not trust too much to others : for, as poor Richard says,

“I never saw an oft removed tree,
• Nor yet an oft removed family,

" That throve so well as those that settled be.' “And again, 'Three removes are as bad as a fire:' and again, 'Keep thy shop, and thy shop will keep thee;' and again, If you would have your business done, go; and if not, send ;' and again,

He that by the plough would thrive,

“ Himself must either hold or drive. “And again, The eye of a master will do more work than both his hands :' and again, “Want of care does us more damage than want of knowledge :' and again, 'Not to oversee workmen, is to leave them your purse open.'

- Trusting too much to others care is the tuin of many ; for, 'In the affairs of this

want of it;' . If you would have a faithful servant, and one that you like, serve yourself. A little neglect may breed great mischief; for want of a nail the shoe was lost; for want of a shoe the horse was lost; and for want of a horse the rider was lost ;' being overtaken and slain by the enemy; all for the want of a little care about a horse-shoe nail.


"So much for industry, my friends, and attention to one's own business; but to these we must add frugality, if we would make our inHustry more certainly successful. A man may;

je knows not how to save as he gets, ‘keep his nose all his life to the grind-stone, and die not worth a groat at last. · A fat kitchen makes a lean will;' and, • Mapy estates are spent in tbe getting, Since women for tea forsook spinning and knit

ting, And men for purch forsook bewing and splitting:

“ If you would be wealthy, think of saving, as well as of getting. The Indies have not made Spain rich, because her out-goes are greater than her in-comes.'

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