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His Birth—Education—Appointed an Adjutant Ge.
neral of the Militia—His Embassy to the Ohio–
Commissioned as Lieutenant Colonel of a regular
Regiment—Surprises a detachment of French
troops—Capitulation of Fort Necessity—He is ap-
pointed a volunteer Aid de Camp to General BRAD-
Dock—His bravery in the action in which that Gene
ral fell—He is appointed the Colonel of a regiment,
and Commander in Chief of the Virginia troops—
His efforts to defend the frontiers—His exertions in
the expedition under General Forbes to gain pos-
session of Fort du Quesne—Resigns his commis.

sion - - - - - - - - - - - - Page 11


Colonel Washington's Marriage—His Management
of the Estate of Mount Vernon—Appointed a Judge
of the County Court, and a member of the Virginia
Legislature—Chosen a member of the first Congress
—Appointed Commander in Chief of the American
Forces—Arrives at Camp—Arranges the Army—
Deficiency of Arms and Ammunition—Colonel Ar-
nold detached to Quebec—Success of American Cruis-
ers—Evils of temporary Enlistments—An Attack
on the Enemy's Posts meditated—Possession taken

of the Heights of Dorchester—Boston evacuated 40


General WAshingron marches the Army to New
York—Fortifications of the City and River—Inde-
pendence declared—General Howe lands on Staten
Island—Interview between General WAshington
and Colonel Patterson—State of the British and
American Forces—Camp at Brooklyn–Battle on
Long Island—Retreat from it—The City and Island
of New-York evacuated—Manoeuvres at White
Plains—Fort Washington taken—General Howe
invades New-Jersey—Depression of the Americans
—General WAshington invested with new Powers
—Success at Trenton, and at Princeton—New-Jer
sey recovered - - - - - - 66

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General Washington disposes his small force for the
protection of New-Jersey—Army Inoculated—
Abuse of American prisoners—The Exchange of
General Lee refused—Stores at Peck's Kill and
Danbury destroyed–-American Army takes post at
Middlebrook—Sir William Howe moves towards tho
Delaware—Returns to Staten Island and embarks
his troops—He lands at the Head of Elk—General
W AshingtoN marches to meet him—Battle of Bran-
dywine–Effect of a Storm—British take possession
of Philadelphia—Mud Island and Red Bank fortified
—Obstructions in the River—Attack on Mud Island
—Count Donop defeated—British surmount the
Fortifications of the River—Plan to attack Philadel-
phia—Sir William Howe reconnoitres the American
Camp at White Marsh—The Army hutted at Wal-
ley Forge—The Privations of the Soldiers during
the Winter - - - - - - - - - - - - 118


Progress and issue of the Northern Campaign—Plan
to displace General Washington—His correspon
dence on the subject–Letter of General Gates—Re-
monstrance of the Legislature of Pennsylvania

against closing the Campaign—Observations of the
Commander in Chief upon it—Sufferings of the Ar-
my for the want of Provisions and Clothing—Mea-
sures adopted by the Commander in Chief to obtain
Supplies—Methods taken to recruit the Army—Sir
Henry Clinton appointed Commander in Chief of
the British Forces—IIe evacuates Philadelphia, and
marches through New-Jersey to New-York—Gene-
ral WASHINu'rox pursues him—Battle of Monmouth
—Thanks of Congress to the General and Army –
General Lee censured—He demands a Court Mar-
tial, and is suspended from his command—French
Fleet appears on the American Coast—Expedition
against Rhode Island—It fails—Disaffection between
the American and French Officers—Measures of the
Commander in Chief to prevent the ill consequen-
ces of it—Army goes into Winter Quarters in the
High Lands - - - - - - - - - 143


Plan formed by Congress and the French Minister for
the invasion of Canada and Nova Scotia—General
Washington's objections to it—Delinquency of the
United States to prepare for the approaching cam-
paign—The exertions of the General—His Letter
on the State of the Nation—The Remonstrance of
Officers belor ging to the New-Jersey Brigade to the
Legislature of that State—Letters of the Command.
er in Chief on the Subject—Ex, edition against the
Indians under General Sullivan—He destroys their
Towns—The American Army posted for the de-
fence of the High Lands on the North River, and
for the protection of the Country against the incur-
sions of the British—Sir Henry Clinton moves up
the Hudson, takes possession of Stony and Verplank
Points, and fortifies them—Arrangements made for

Assaulting these posts—General Wayne carries
Stony Point by Storm—The Attac" upon Verplank

fails—Congress vote their thanks to General WAsh-
Ington and to the brave Troops employed in this
service—They vote General Wayne a Medal—
Evils of short Enlistments—Plan of the General's to
remedy them—The Army in two Divisions erect huts
for winter quarters, one near West Point, and the oth-
er at Morristown in New-Jersey—The troops suffer
through the scarcity of Provisions—Colonel Wads-
worth resigns his Office—Confusion in the Commis-
sary's department—The Commander in Chief is ne-
cessitated to apportion supplies of Meat and Flour
upon the Counties of New-Jersey—The winter ex
cessively cold, and the waters around New-York
frozen over; but the Commander in Chief is too
weak to avail himself of this opportunity to Assail
the British Posts—Expedition to Staten Island
fails - - - - - - - - - - - • 174

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