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adopted Ameri American army appointed arms attack attempt body Britain British army camp campaign character circumstances citizens Colonel WASHINGToN Commander in Chief communicated conceived conduct confidence Congress consequence Constitution corps Count d'Estaing danger defence detachment disposition duty effect endeavours enemy engaged establish event execution exertions expected expedition experience expressed favourable feelings force Fort Mifflin France French friends garrison Gene Governour gress honour hostile hundred Indians induced influence INgtoN Island Legislature letter liberty Lord Lord Cornwallis Lord Loudoun manner measures ment military militia mind Minister Mount Vernon nation necessary neral New-Jersey New-York North river occasion officers opinion orders party passed patriotism peace Philadelphia present President provisions publick reason received regiment rendered resolution respect retirement retreat river secure sentiments Sir Henry Clinton situation soldiers spirit superiour thousand tion treaty troops United Virginia wish wounded York Island
Seite 178 - Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on minds of peculiar structure, reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.
Seite 180 - The nation which indulges towards another an habitual hatred, or an habitual fondness, is, in some degree, a slave. It is a slave to its animosity, or to its affection, either of which is sufficient to lead it astray from its duty and its interest.
Seite 170 - ... it is of infinite moment that you should properly estimate the immense value of your national union to your collective and individual happiness...
Seite 179 - As a very important source of strength and security, cherish public credit. One method of preserving it is to use it as sparingly as possible ; avoiding occasions of expense by cultivating peace, but remembering also that timely disbursements to prepare for danger, frequently prevent much greater disbursements to repel it...
Seite 182 - EUROPE has a set of primary interests, which to us have none, or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially , foreign to our concerns. Hence, therefore, it must be unwise in us to implicate ourselves by artificial ties, in the ordinary vicissitudes of her politics, or the ordinary combinations and Collisions of her friendships or enmities.
Seite 178 - Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens.
Seite 181 - The nation prompted by ill-will and resentment sometimes impels to war the government, contrary to the best calculations of policy. The government sometimes participates in the national propensity and adopts through passion what reason would reject; at other times it makes the animosity of the nation subservient to projects of hostility instigated by pride, ambition, and other sinister and pernicious motives. The peace often, sometimes perhaps the liberty, of nations has been the victim.
Seite 177 - It is important, likewise, that the habits of thinking in a free country should inspire caution, in those intrusted with its administration, to confine themselves within their respective constitutional spheres, avoiding in the exercise of the powers of one department to encroach upon another. The spirit of encroachment tends to consolidate the powers of all the departments in one, and thus to create, whatever the form of government, a real despotism.
Seite 182 - Our detached and distant situation invites and enables us to pursue a different course. If we remain one people, under an efficient government, the period is not far off, when we may defy material injury from external annoyance ; when we may take such an attitude as will cause the neutrality we may at any time resolve upon, to be scrupulously respected...
Seite 172 - The West derives from the East supplies requisite to its growth and comfort -and what is perhaps of still greater consequence, it must of necessity owe the secure enjoyment of indispensable outlets for its own productions to the weight, influence, and the future maritime strength of the Atlantic side of the Union, directed by an indissoluble community of interest as one nation.