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RULES AND ORDERS.

1. The President shall take the Chair at the time to which the Senate stands adjourned; but in case the President shall be absent, the Secretary shal} preside until a President pro tem. be chosen.

2. When the Senate are called together in the morning, on the appearance of a quorum, the Journal of the preceding day shall be read.

3. The President shall have the right to name a Senator to perform the duties of the Chair during his absence; but such substitution shall not extend beyond an adjournment.

4. The President may read sitting, but he shall rise to put a question. He shall declare all votes ; but if any Senator doubt the vote, all those voting in the affirmative, when called upon by the President, shall rise and stand until they are counted, and all those voting in the negative, in like manner, to make the vote certain.

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5. While the President is putting a question, or addressing the Senate, none shall leave the Hall, or walk out of his place; and while the Journal is reading, or any public papers, or when any Senator is speaking in debate, no member shall entertain private discourse, or in any way interrupt the business of the Senate.

6. The President shall consider a motion to adjourn as always first in order, and it shall be decided without debate.

7. A motion when seconded, and not before, shall be received and considered. It shall be reduced to writing and laid on the table, if desired by the President, or any Senator, and shall then be deemed to be in possession of the Senate, to be disposed of by the Senate ; but the mover may withdraw it, at any time, before a decision, or an amendment be made to it.

8. When the President speaks, he shall address the Senate. When a Senator speaks, he shall stand in his place, and address the President, and when done speaking shall sit down.

9. The President when he speaks to any member of the Board, and the members when referring to each other in debate, shall use in their address the title of Senator, and by way of distinction name the district by which he is recognized at the Board.

10. The President shall name the person to speak, when more than one rise for that purpose at the same time; but in all cases, the Senator, who shall rise first and address the Chair, shall speak first.

11. No Senator shall speak more than once to the same question, to the prevention of any other who desires to speak, and has not spoken; nor more than twice, if any Senator object, without leave of the Senate.

12. No Senator shall be interrupted while speaking, except by a call to order by the President or a Senator, or to correct a mistake in point of fact.

13. Questions of order may be debated like other questions, and shall be decided by the President, subject to an appeal to the Board on motion regularly made and seconded.

14. No new motion or proposition, shall be received under color of amendment, as a substitute for the motion, or question, under debate.

15. When a question is under debate, no motion shall be received, but to adjourn, to lie on the table, to commit, to amend, to postpone to a day certain, or to postpone indefinitely; which several motions shall have precedence in the order they stand arranged.

16. An amendment proposed may be amended before it is adopted, but not afterwards except the vote adopting it be first reconsidered.

17. When a motion has been made and carried, it shall be in order for any member of the majority to move a reconsideration thereof, on the same or the next succeeding day.

18. A question containing two or more propositions capable of division, shall be divided whenever desired by any Senator.

19. In filling up blanks, the largest sum and longest time shall be put first.

20. When the reading of a paper is first called for, or when the reading of a paper is called for, that has been read to the Senate, if any Senator object, it shall be determined by the Senate; but every paper shall be once read at the table before any Senator shall be obliged to vote on its reception, reference, or passage in any of its stages.

21. All Bills and Resolves in the second reading shall be committed to the Committee on Bills in the second reading, to be by them examined, corrected, and so reported to the Senate.

22. Upon the second reading of a Bill or Resolve, after the same shall have been read through, and before the question is put upon its passage, it shall be read and considered by paragraphs, at the request of any Senator; and no Bill or Resolve shall have a second reading, unless a time, not less than one hour, be assigned therefor.

23. No Bill or Resolve shall be passed to be engrossed, without being twice read; and all Bills and Resolves, immediately after the same shall have been passed to be engrossed, shall be committed to the Committee on Engrossed Bills, whose duty shall be to examine the same, and see that the same have been truly and rightly engrossed; and before any Bill shall pass to be enacted, it shall be reported by the Committee on Engrossed Bills, to be truly and rightly engrossed, and the title thereof read by the President.

24. No Resolve of any kind, or Order making any grant of money, lands or other public property, shall be finally passed without being twice read; nor shall such Resolve or Order have a second reading, unless a time, not less than one hour, be assigned therefor; and before any such Resolve or Order shall finally pass, it shall be reported by the Committee on Engrossed Bills to be truly and correctly copied from the original, and the title thereof read by the President.

25. Eleven o'clock on each day, Mondays and Saturdays excepted, shall be assigned for the consideration of Public Acts, and business of a public character, which shall have precedence of all business of a private or special nature.

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