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Thomas CHIRNSIDE, Captain of the brig
Molly. WILLIAM CASHMAN, of the Mole Packet. JOHN BREVOOR, of the ship Fair American. FRANCIS RHUBY, Captain of the Mole Packet."
Now, let the candid reader compare this with the assertions in PINKERTON's letter, and in the account of the mutiny conveyed to MAJOR TouSARD, and on which account his information to the Secretary of War was founded.-Every assertion is proved to be without foundation, except as to the numbers on board. Who would not have supposed, that great part of the four thousand persons, of whom PINKERTON talks, were actually at the Fort? The fact is (and a shameful fact too), there are, in all, whites and blacks, men, women, and children, no more than about 320 passengers. There is not a single negro armed, and, upon an average, there is not more than one negro to every white master, or mistress !
The reader will please to observe, that Pinkerton's letter, as well as the account of the mutiny, came from on board the ship Josephus. The other vessels had lain at the Fort, till their quarantine was almost out, without exciting the least apprehension.-When it is recollected, that all these people are Royalists, neither PINKERTON's letter, nor the importance given to it by Governor Mifflin, will need any explanation.
As to the mutiny, I expect very soon to be able to give a satisfactory explanation of that, in the mean time, I inform my readers, that I have this morning seen a letter from on board the JOSEPHUS, written by MONSIEUR DEBET, a very respectable planter, in which he declares the report to be totally false; and, when the reader has cast his eyes over the number and sex of the passengers, I am
inclined to think, he will not hesitate to believe him.-There are aboard the Josephus,
3 Children . . 3 Children Total 15 Men, 18 Wonien, and 6 Children, -A truly formidable body to rise in mutiny!!
I have also before me a CERTIFICATE (of which I shall give a translation to-morrow), froin on board the MOLE PACKET, signed by the captain, the pilot, and the passengers, which · last consist of seven persons having three negro men, and one negro woman in their service, making in all, eleven persons. This certificate gives a flat denial to the reports of Pinkerton, and also to those conveyed to Major Tousarii.
Before I dismiss this subject, I beg leave to make a remark or two, with respect to the part I have taken in the business.
When I published my observations at the bottom of the PRESIDENT's message, I had not seen a single soul, who was acquainted with the real state of the case ; but I very strongly suspected that the Federal government was deceived ; and, I believe, my readers will now agree, that my suspicion was not without some foundation.
It most certainly is very proper to pass a law, to guard the country against the effects of emigration, already so fatally felt, and I think the law at present, before the House, an excellent one. I think the PRESIDENT ought to be the judge of the propriety, or impropriety of admitting cargoes of foreigners. But, let not falsehood and misrepresentation be resorted to, in order to induce him to act with a ri
gour, as foreign to his disposition as it is to the spirit of our benignant laws.
The people on board, if they be wise, will not wish to remain here. The name of Frenchman, is justly held in abhorrence. Their situation must be uncomfortable. It is impossible for the people here to discriminate.—But they ought to be suffered to land. They might be safely kept on the hospital island, till those who have affairs to settle, have settled them, and till the British Minister has prepared accommodations for their departure, under a safe convoy : and, I repeat, that he does not do his duty, if he neglects to make such preparations with all possible dispatch.]
The Bill, which was sent from the Senate, on the subject of these people, and other French Emigrants, was yesterday (2d July) postponed in the House of Representatives, till the next Session of Congress. The people will, of course, be permitted to land. The fact is, both the Executive and Legislative branches of government, saw that they had been deceived, and it was very fortunate that they saw this in time.
The following documents will enable the reader to trace the business to its source, and to fix his indignation on the proper objects.
“ TO MR. WILLIAM COBBETT.
- “ Fort Mislin, July 2, 1798.
“ I request you to insert in your next paper the inclosed affidavit.
“ It is not as an answer to the numerous undersigners of the Royalists' reply: It is not an apology
of my conduct, which has been already approved by the head of the War Department; it is not to refute the different falsehoods and misrepresentations, when I have asserted nothing, but merely given an official report to the Secretary at War, of an information communicated to me by the Health Officer; and when they themselves confess the truth of their boat being manned by four Negroes going (contrary to the laws of quarantine) to the other ships of the convoy : But it is to prove to the citizens of this commonwealth, that the officer to whom the Executive has committed the care of their tranquillity and security, in making all the formidable warlike preparations of which he has made such a pompous parade, did not indulge a groundless alarm, and has only done his duty, and nothing but his duty.
“ I am Sir,
"s Your humble servant,
“ Commandant, Fort Miflin.”
“ State Island, 27th June, 1798. - SIR, “ The doctor has this moment communicated to us, the orders of the governor, for not permitting any French passengers to be landed from on board. We think it highly improper, that the passengers should be informed of it, as it may be productive of serious consequences to the ship and crew, they having already shewn a disposition to be very
troublesome, and we actually think dangerous. They have interfered with the captain's cleansing the ship, and encourage their negroes in their insolence to the captain and crew.
Master of the Ship Josephus.
Supercargo Ship Josephus. “ DAVID PINKERTON, Passenger."
* Captain William Jones, President 2
of the Board of Health.”
Thus, we see, that the whole of this Much-a-do about Nothing, is brought home to these three men, and their coadjutors in the city. · In consequence of the discovery of the truth, an order has this morning been sent to His Excellency of Pennsylvania, for suffering the people to land without loss of time, and without further inconvenience. Every man of common humanity, must approve of the conduct of the Executive and Congress; but, that there inay be no room for gainsaying, I subjoin the following account of the numbers of passengers.