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by the Commissioners. This payment shall be made, under the name of an advance to the French Republic, who shall repay it in a time and manner to he agreed upon.
IV. One of the American Envoys shall return to America, to demand of his government the necessary powers to purchase, for cash, the thirty-two millions of Dutch rescriptions, belonging to the French Republic, in case the Envoys should conclude a treaty which shall be approved by the two nations.
V. In the interval, the definitive treaty shall proceed for the termination of all differences existing between the French Republic and the United States, so as that the treaty may be concluded immediately on the return of the Deputy.
VI. The question of the rôle d'équipage shall remain suspended, until the return of the Deputy, and the commission shall not pronounce upon any reclamation, where this point shall be in question.
VII. During the six months granted for the going and returning of the Deputy, hostilities against the Americans shall be suspended, as well as the process for condemnation, before the tribunals; and the money of the prizes already condemned, in the hands of the civil officers of the nation, shall remain there, without being delivered to the privateers-men, until the return of the Deputy.
EXHIBIT B.-[Received with the Envoy's Letter,
No. 2. dated 8th November, 1797.] The Envoys Extraordinary, and Ministers Plenipotentiary of the United States, cannot avoid observing the very unusual situation in which they are placed by the manner in which they are alone permitted to make communications on the objects of their inission: They are called upon to pledge their country to a very great amount, to answer demands which appear to them as extraordinary as they were unexpected, without being perinitted to discuss the reason, the justice, or the policy on which those demands are founded, and not only without assurances that the rights of the United States will, in future, be respected; but, without a document to prove that those to whom they are required to open themselves without reserve, and at whose instance they are called on to sacrifice so much, are empowered, even by the minister, to hold any communication with them: Yet such is the anxious and real solicitude of the Envoys, to seize any occasion which may afford a hope, however distant, of coining to those explanations which they so much wish to make with this Republic, that they pass over the uncommon and informal modes which have been adopted, and will only consider, the propositions themselves.
I. The ministers of the United States will permit no personal considerations to inftuence their negotiations with the French Republic. Although they expected that the extraordinary means adopte, by their government, to reconcile itself to that of France, would have been received with some degree of attention, yet they are too solicitous to enter upon the important and interesting duty of their mission, to permit themselves to be restrained by forms or etiquette.
II. On this article it is believed, there can be no disagreeinent.
III. This article, as explained, would oblige the United States to advance, not to their own citizens, but to the government of France, suis equivalent to the depredations made by the corsairs of the Republic, on the American commerce, and to the contracts made with their citizens by France; and this advance, instead of benefiting the citizens of the United States, would leave them precisely what they now are, the creditors of the French Republic : the more extensive the depredations, and the more considerable the contracts uncomplied with, the more would the government of France receive from the United States. Independent of these objections, the Ministers of the United States, cannot engago to assume, in any form, the debts due from France to their fellow-citizens : they have no such power.
IV. If the negotiations be opened, and the propositions for a loan, or any other propositions, exceeding the powers of the Ministers, be made, the government of the United States will be consulted thereon with expedition.
V. This, or any proposition having for its object the claims of the two nations on each other, or an accommodation of differences, will be embraced with arlour by the Ministers of the United States.
VI. It cannot escape notice, that the question of the role d'équipage, may involve in it every vessel taken from the United States; the Ministers however consider it, and wish to take it up, as a subject of negotiation.
VII. On this article it is only to be observed, that the season of the year is such, as probably to render a return, within six months, of the Envoy, who might sail to the
United States, impracticable : provision should be made fot such an event.
If the difficulties attending the propositions for a loan, and a compensation for past injuries be such as to require time for their removal, the Ministers of the United States propose, that the discussions on the relative situation of the two countries, inay commence in the usual forms; that the relation to each other may be so regulated, as to obviate future misunderstandings; and that the adjustment of the claims of the citizens of the United States, wliose vessels have been captured, may be made after a decision on the point first mentioned.
No diplomatic gratification can precede the ratification of the treaty.
Paris, November 27th, 1797. DEAR SIR, On the 11th instant, we transmitted the following official letter to the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
“ Citizen MINISTER, “ The undersigned Envoys Extraorditary, and Minister's Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, to the French Republic, had the honour of announcing to you officially, on the sixth of October, their arrival at Paris, and of presenting to you, on the eighth, a copy of their letters of cre. dence. Your declaration at that time, that a report on American affairs was then preparing, and would in a few days be laid before the Directory, whose decision thereon should, without delay, be made known, has hitherto ima posed silence on them. For this communication, they have waited with that anxious solicitude which so interesting an event could not fail to excite, and with that respect, which is due to the government of France. They have not yet received it, and so much time has been permitted to elapse, so critical is the situation of many of their countrymen, and so embarrassing is that of the undersigned, both as it respects themselves and the government they represent, that they can no longer dispense with the duty of soliciting your attention 10 their mission. * The United States, Citizen Minister, at an epoch which
evinced their sincerity, have given incontestable proofs of their ardent friendship, of their affection for the French Re-, . public: these were the result, not of her unparalleled prowess and power, but of their confidence in her justice and magnanimity; and in such high estimation was the reciprocity of her friendship held by them, as to have been a primary object of national concern. The preservation of it was dear to them ; the loss of it a subject of unfeigned regret, and the recovery of it by every measure, which shall consist with the rights of an independent nation, engages their constant attention. The governinent of the United States, we are authorized to declare, has examined, with the most scrupulous juslice, its conduct towards its former friend. It has been led to this by a sincere desire to remove of itself every just cause of complaint; conceiving that, with the most upright intentions, such cause may possibly exist ; and, although the strictest search has produced no self reproach, although the government is conscious, that it has uniformly sought to preserve, with fidelity, its engagements to France; yet, far from wishing to exercise the privilege of judging for itself, on its own course of reasoning, and the lights in its own possession, it invites fair and candid discussion; it solicits a reconsideration of the past; it is persuaded, its intentions, its views, and its actions must have been misrepresented and misunderstood ; it is convinced, that the essential interests of both nations, will be promoted by reconciliation and peace, and it cherishes the hope of meeting with similar dispositions on the part of the Directory.
• Guided by these sentiinents, the President of the United States has given it in charge to the undersigned, to state to the Executive Directory, the deep regret which he feels at the loss or suspension of the harmony and friendly intercourse which subsisted between the two republics, and his sincere wish to restore them; to discuss candidly the complaints of France, and to offer frankly those of the United States; and he has authorized a review of existing treaties, and such al:erations thereof as shall consist with the mutual interest and satisfaction of the contracting parties.
- This task the undersigned are anxious to commence ; and truly happy will they be, it their exertions can, in any degree, contribute to restore that friendship, that mutual interchange of good offices, which it is alike their wish and their duty to effect, between the citizens of the two republics.
“ The undersigned pray you, Citizen Minister, to present this communication to the Executive Directory, and to receive the assurances of their most perfect consideration." (Signed) « CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY.
« J. MARSHALL,
“ Paris, November 11tb, in the 22d year
of the American Independence.
* To the Minister of Foreign Affairs,
of the French Republic.”
No answer having been given to it, on the 21st instant, we requested Major Rutledge to wait on the Minister, and in'quire of him, whether he had communicated the letter to the Directory, and whether we might expect an answer: he replied, that he had submitted our letter to them, and that they would direct him what steps to pursue, of which we should be informed. We have not, however, hitherto received any official intimation, relative to this business : we are not yet received, and the condemnation of our vessels for want of a róle d'équipage, is unremittingly continued. Frequent and urgent attempts have been made, to inveigle us again into negotiation with persons not officially authorized, of which the obtaining of money is the basis; but we have persisted in declining to have any further communication relative to diplomatic business, with persons of that description; and we mean to adhere to this determination. We are sorry to inform you, that the present disposition of the government of this country, appears to be as unfriendly towards ours as ever, and that we have very little prospect of succeeding in our mission.
We have the honour to be
CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY,