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grity. But where political integrity is in general extinét, the nation inust de

narchical government; and that
this defeót in the constitution can
be palliated only by the general
venality of individuals; we need
not be at a loss to account for the
degeneracy of parliament”.”
Hence it is evident that our
author is an advocate for reform
but on principles very different from
those on which reform has hitherto
been defended: he would first reform
the manners of the eleētors, as the
best means of securing political inte-
grity in the elected: he would then
introduce a greater portion of the
landed interest into parliament,
and confiderably lessen the number
of professional men and merchants
who should be admitted to sit in
it; and he would extend the pow-
er of the crown, at the same time
that he would diminish that of the
house of commons, by making the
prince less dependent on it :-but
it is not the lower house alone, ac-
cording to Mr. M. that calls for re-
form; the house of lords, in his opi-
nion, stands in as much need of it.
‘A moment's refle&tion (says he)
will serve to convince us, that the
political power vested in the lords,
enables them to perform but a
small part of what is required of
them; and unless this power, their
titles of honor, and their insignia
of rank, are united to great per-
sonal authority, derived from ample
hereditary possessions, and to the
respe&t which is always paid to


honourable that

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that the influence of the democracy has long been gaining ground in our constitution. He insists that the monarchy, deprived as it is of the legal power necessary to its defence, cannot maintain itself without influence : but at the same time he admits that a government of influence is baneful in its nature; and that the resources of no state whatever can for a continuance support it : he is therefore an advocate for a reform, though, as '' we have already said, on principles different from any yet recommended to the public. “ Unless (says he a radical amelioration of legislative policy takes place, anarchy will triumph, or despotism will crush every remnant of liberty.This horrid alternative can be prevented only by active and strenuous exertions of the advocates for order and rational freedom. Whoever values his property and his honours, must owe their preservation to himself: he can no longer enjoy them in indolence under the protećtion of laws, or a constitution, for which the contending parties feel no reverence,whichthe one endeavours to destroy, and the other to abuse.’ A great blesfing attending our government, he observes, is, that we need not disorganize in order to regenerate, and that a complete reformation may be obtained by adhering to the spirit, without departing from the forms, of our present constitution : —but, in order to proceed with effect, he thinks the legislature ought to begin in time. To those who have property, and to those who have hitherto possessed a kind of monopoly of places, he gives very wholesome advice in the following words : * The rich would do well to imitate the fabled policy of the beaver, who is said to bite off the part for VoI., XXXVIII.

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keen in the pursuit of barren ho

nour and unprofitable labour." After the last chapter, are given 101 pages of notes, illustrating various propositions laid down in the body of the work; to which is subjoined an Appendix of 31 pages, containing many very judicious observations on agriculture, inclosures, &c. Such is the outline of a work, which, we are convinced, cannot be read without benefit by any class or description of thinking men. It contains undoubtedly much that will be condemned, or at least disputed, by many, on the subjects of the army, militia, religion, garrisons, royal prerogative, commerce, and reform ; but the parts which may be condemned by some, will be infinitely overbalanced by those that must be praised by all.

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be a favourite chara&ter with this memorialist, who certainly displays an intimate acquaintance with many nice historical points; though few, we imagine, will follow him through all his narrations and disquisitions, which are however little enlivened by the beauties of composition. An appendix of charters, deeds, and other legal papers, concludes this first part of the introdućtory volume. The first part of the second volume, containing an account of Framland Hundred, is a specimen of what is to constitute the proper matter of the work. Every township in the hundred is separately treated in an alphabetical order. The author's general method is to give the name, fituation, and contents of the distrićt; then to trace all the owners of the manor and the landed property of the place, from the earliest records, down to the present time : with this are introduced genealogies of all the principal families, as well as anecdotes, biographical and literary, of all extraordinary persons conneéted, by birth or otherwise, with the township. Ecclesiastical matter comes next, such as notices of all religious and charitable foundations, account of the churchliving, its nature and value, patrons, and incumbents; monumental inscriptions, extraćts from the parish register, population, and bills of mortality at different periods, &c. Very few details of natural history or economical matter are to be found; and, indeed, little occurs for the amusement of a common reader, except the biographical relations, some of which are curious. The present volume, comprising Belvoir castle and Sta

pleford, has a minute account of the noble families of Rutland and Harborough, the latter of which is peculiarly rich in genealogical illustrations, decorated with many fine engravings. Other distinguished families, and not a few men of letters and divines of note, are recorded in the course of the work. We shall present our reader with the transcript of one article, as a neat model of topographical description, unattended with antiquities. It is an account of the natural history of the parish of Little Dalby, communicated by professor Martyn. ‘This lordship is remarkably hilly, being thrown about in small swellings in such a manner, that in the greater part of it, it is difficult to find a piece of flat ground. The largest portion of it is an ancient enclosure ; and none of the inhabitants know when it took place. I thought at first to have discovered the date of it from the age of the trees in the hedge rows; but none of them which I have had an opportunity of examining are more than about 120 years old; but if the enclosure went no further back than this, we should have learnt the date of it from tradition. I then searched the parish register, to find whether any depopulation had taken place since the time of Elizabeth ; but could find none, and therefore concluded that the enclosure was at least as early as her reign. That there has been a depopulation I conclude, not only from the natural consequence of enclosing, but from the foundations of buildings which are discovered in the closes near the church. * The whole lordship is in pasture, M m 2 except

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