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unexpected attack, so far discomosed them, that they were thrown into disorder, and compelled to abandon their post, after having thrice endeavoured to retake it. More than half of the day had been spent in these fruitless attempts, when Buonaparte, anxious to recover a post, without which, the advantages gained by his two vićtories, would have been frustrated, immediately gave orders for a large body to form in front of the enemy, and occupy their attention, while another charged them on their left, posted at Dego. The intrepidity with which the French generals and officers headed their men, decided the fate of the day. After a vigorous defence, the Austrians were in their turn obliged to give ground, and leave the field to the French, with the loss of near two thousand men, of whom, about fifteen hundred were made prisoners: on the fide of the French, numbers also fell, and among these general Causa, one of their best officers. . Thus, in the space of five days, no less than three battles were fought, in every one of which the French were victorious. The Austrian and Piedmontese armies had, in the course of these engagements, been separated from each other: which enabled Buonaparte to effect a junction with a confiderable body of his army, before which the Piedmontese division had retired, not daring to oppose it in combination with the corps under general Augereau who had joined it. After dislodging the Piedmontese from their redoubts, at Montezimo, this officer followed them to their camp before the town of Cava. It was strongly fortified, but Augereau attacked it with such vigour, that, after defending it the whole day 4. '' . . . . . . 1 O -

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Colli was direéted to apply to him
for that purpose, and proposed a
suspension of arms, while the peace
was negociating. But he refused
to suspend his operations, unless the
king delivered two strong towns
into his hands, as pledges of the
fincerity of his intentions, and im-
mediately dispatched commissioners
to Paris.
The king's fituation was so criti-
cal, that he was obliged to compl
with this requisition, and the #.
were put in possession of Cava,
Coni, and Tortona. The Austrians,
thus deprived of their ally, were
obliged to fall back on the Milanese.
In their march they attempted to
sieze the town of Alessandria, be-
longing to the king of Sardinia,
but the commandant prevented the
execution of this design, and Beau-
lieu hastened to cross the Po, in or-
der to cover himself and the country
to the north of that river.
In the mean time, negociations for
peace were carried on at Paris, be-
tween the king of Sardinia and the
French republic, which imposed
severe conditions on this unfortunate
prince. He was constrained to
yield up Savoy, the patrimony of
his ancesters for many ages, toge-
ther with the city and territory of
Nice, and a tract of land, which the
conquerors entitled the Department
of the Maritime Alps. A new ar-
rangement was made of the fron-
tiers on each side, highly advantage-
ous to France. He consented to
stop and put an end to all prosecu-
tions against any of his subjects for
their political opinions, to withdraw
himself from the coalition, and to
apologise for his conduct towards the
republic. Such were the principal
terms of the treaty.
In this manner was the prince

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our ships at Toulon : the hour of vengeance and retribution is now at hand. But let the people remain tranquil; we are friends to all the people, and more particularly the descendants of Brutus, of Scipio, and the great men whom we have taken for our models. Re-establish the capitol, and place there with honor the statues of the heroes that rendered it celebrated ; awaken the Roman people, debased by many centuries of slavery. Such will be the fruit of your vićtories; they will form an epoch, for posterity; you will have the immortal glor

of changing the face of the first country in Europe. The free French people, respected by the whole world, will give to Europe a glorious peace, which will indemnify them for the sacrifices they have

made during fix years; you will

then return to your homes, and your
fellow citizens will say, shewing
you, this man was of the army of
Such were the ideas which the
French general exerted himself to
impress upon the public, as well
as on his own people. His private
conversations were of the same ten-
dency, and he omitted no oppor-
tunity of representing the expedi-
tion of the French into Italy, as in-
tended to lay the foundation of a
total deliverance of the inhabitants
from the government of strangers,
and the tyranny of domestic rulers.
Sentiments of this description
were not unacceptable to multitudes
in every part of Italy. The ma-
jority of the natives could not but
perceive the humiliation of being
subject to princes born and bred in
foreign countries: they could not,
from that circumstance alone, feel
that attachment for them which

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and whose thirst of fame would
thereby be gratified to the utmost
extent of his wishes.
Between him and that capital of
Austrian Italy lay the remains of
the Imperial forces, determined to
risk another battle for its preserva-
tion. They were posted on the
other fide of the Adda, over which
stood a long bridge, which Beaulieu
had intended to break down, but was
prevented from doing by the quick
approach of the French general. It
was protected, however, by so mu-
merous an artillery, that the Aus.
trians did not imagine the French,
would be able to force a passage
over it. -
On the tenth of May, the French
army arrived in fight of this bridge,
before which stood the town of
Lodi, filled with the Imperial troops,
which were also posied in ever
place around it in the most advan-
tageous order of battle that the

fituation of the town and its envi

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