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the engagements, he had contracted with the republic, and published a manifesto, wherein he publicly charged its agents with having, under false pretences, inveigled him to lay down his arms and submit to government. They had, he said, given him to understand, that the rulers of the nation had come to a fixed resolution of restorin

royalty, and of replacing the family of Bourbon upon the throne, as oon as such an event could take place with security; but the temper of the French, they infinuated, was to be consulted, and a due concurrence of circumstances waited for, before an attempt of such importance could be made. He enumerated a variety of particulars tending to delude him, and concluded by accusing government of having violated its saith, with his associates; and, as a consummation of its iniquity, of having taken off, by poison, the innocent child of their murdered sovereign. It was, he said, in consequence of these perjuries and enormities, that he had come to a determination to take up arms again, and never to lay them down till the heir to the crown was restored, and the Catho

lic religion re-established. Such were the contents of this extraordinary manifesto, which appeared so strange and unaccountable to numbers, that they were led

to doubt its authenticity. In the mean time, the forces, dispatched by government to suppress this insurrection, met with various difficulties, from the nature of the warfare they were engaged in. The insurgents, conscious of their inferiority in the field, avoided all regular action; and, dividing themselves into a multitude of small bodies,

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executions of their enemies, as they thought requisite for the support of their own cause, and the intimidation of their enemies. Such had been their plan of ado: since the second insurrection, which had broken out in the commencement of the foregoing summer, and had continued with various success till the approach of winter. The disappointment that had befallen the expedition to the coast of France from England, and the loss of so many emigrants, that had either fallen in battle, or been taken prisoners, and put to death, had so effectually terrified their adherents, that, from that dav, they had manifested fittle inclination to yenture into new dangers, without better grounds of hope, than promises of afisiance wherein they had been so much deceived, and exhortations to loyalty, that only led them to ruin. Bisheartened by the severe and atrocious vengeance executed upon their country, and the dreadful slaughter and chastisement of its inhabitants, the Vendeans had not, as before, crowded to the royal standards erected among them. The amnesty published after the former pacification, and the lenient treatment they had experienced in consequence of their submission to the republic, had produced the effects that had been expected. The remaining majority of that unfortunate people had returned to their coun. try, and resumed their former occupations, with the intent of never leaving them again for the rash enterprises to which they had been prompted, by the vain prospect of G J being

being able to overturn the republic,
and restore the monarchy.
But those, who had led them forth
to this desperate attempt, did not
despair to excite them to a second
undertaking of the same nature.
They held out every motive that had
formerly been prevalent; attachment
to their religion, love of their kings,
hatred to the present innovations.
Multitudes were induced accord-
ingly to list again under their ban-
ners: but the greater part remained
quiet in their habitations, and the
flower of the insurgents was not, as
antecedently, composed of the Ven-
deans, but of the mixed and numer-
ous mass of the inhabitants of the
several provinces of Britanny, Poitou,
Maine, Anjou, and others lying on
the banks of the Loire.
Those who chiefly figured among
them, were that body of men known
by the appellation of Chouans, and
whose origin and primitive tran-
sactions and charaćter have already
been noticed. From these, the whole
insurrection now borrowed that de-
nomination; and, as many of their
aćtions had been marked with blood
thirstiness, as well as rapacity, those
who were united with them, in-
curred the like imputation ; whence
they became equally dreaded and
abhorred, and acquired the general
name of plunderers and murderers
aniong the adherents to the repub-
lican party, of which their detesia-
tion was no less notorious, as well
as their zeal and readiness to doom
its partisans to extermination.
This reciprocal disposition was of
course productive of many atrocious
deeds. The republican soldiery
shewed them little mercy, consider-
ing them in hardly any other light
han that of highway robbers. It
oecame at last a war of reciprocal

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