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HISTORY OF EUROPE. [147

. . . . . . C H A P. X.

State of Parties in France.—A Revival of the Reign of Terror threatened in the Southern Departments by Frerom.—The Directory desert and oppose the Jacobin Interest.—Conspiracy of Jacobins.—Discovered and defeated.— Arrangements respecting the Estates of Emigrants.-Influence of the nonjuring or refractory Clergy troublesome to Government. Scandalous Neglect of the Execution of Justice.—Criminal Trials.—Money and Finance.—The same Impositions laid on the People of the Austrian Netherlands as on those of France.—New Plots and Insurrections.—Law for reconciling the different Fuctions in France, by the Extinction of Terror.— Proposal for repealing a Law which appeared to some to bear too hard on the Relations of Emigrants.-Rejected.—But an equitable Aiferation made in that severe Law.—This a Malter of Triumph to the moderate

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men, bred in times before France was seized with a rage for innovation, whose prejudices were all in favour of monarchy, though not perhaps unlimited; and of others too, who, though they had originally favoured the principles of the revolution, longed now, above all things, to enjoy the blessings of peace. When this peaceable party, whether inclined to monarchy, or republicanism, reflected that all the golden dreams of the reformers had passed away like visions of the night, and been followed by nothing but the accumulated evils of war; horror on horror, disappointment on disappointment. When they locked back on former times, plentiful and tranquil; a period too, when they were younger than now, knew more happiness, and saw every thing around them in the light of joy and 'gladness; they were sensible of the liveliest anguish and regret, and ar

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dently wished for a return of such times as they had formerly enjoyed. This party was the most numerous in France, but they were forced to conceal their sentiments, and they were not united. They were of course, as usually happens in all countries, kept under by a smaller number, in possession of the powers of government. But, in the capital, where the minds of men were stimulated and fortified in their sentiments and defigns, by mutual intercourse, and which had so long been the seat of intrigues and attempts of opposite parties, there was a great number of discontented individuals, waiting for opportunities of publicly avowing their sentiments, in opposition to those of the present rulers, and to support them by open force. The vigilance of the direčtory obviated their designs, and contained them within bounds. So restless and determined, however, were the enemies to the present government, that, farther to secure the public tranquillity, they thought it expedient to add another minister to the fix already appointed by the constitution, to whom was given the official title of minister of the police. Through precautions of this nature, peace was maintained at Paris, but disturbances broke out, occafionally, in several parts of the republic. The southern departments, long a prey to that warmth and inpetuofity of temper which characterize their inhabitants, were at this time plunged into confusions that required the immediate interposition of government to suppress them. As the people in those parts had been particularly ill treated by the jacobin party, they had, ever fince the fall of Roberspierre, meditated schemes of vengeance against the in

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