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been objects of public discontent and complaint, for the injustice and partiality of which they had been the instruments, under their respective governments. These being, for the fake of expedition, entrusted with those levies, made no alteration in the manner, and adhered to established precedents. Thus the privileged classes still enjoyed their former exemptions, and the inferior part of the community was loaded, as antecedently, with almost the whole burden of the taxes, imposed for the raising of the contributions. This was the most injudicious of all the measures adopted by the French in the management of their new acquisitions, and it operated more fatally to their interest than

was perceptible to the generality.

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and, as was said of Alexander * the . Great, the earth would have stood filent before them. It is to their weakness and vices, the inconfistency of their condućt in Italy, Germany, and wherever they went, with their professions, the prevalence of their passions over their principles, that most of the European potentates owe their crowns at the present moment. One of the causes of the readiness with which the French allowed the petty sovereigns of Germany, to collect in their own manner the contributions imposed upon them, was, to conciliate their good will, and convince them that no interference was aimed at in their domestic affairs, by leaving to them the arrangement, of which their sovereignty and independence remained unviolated. Had the French pursued another system, and proclaimed an entire emancipation of their subjects from all farther as giance to their native princes, it was far from clear that such a measure would have produced any other consequence than throwing the countries,

* First Bock of the Maccabees, Ch. 1,

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