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clandestine aid which that state.

could afford.

From the beginning of November, a variety of actions took place between the Austrians and the French, who were generally successful and made a number of prisoners; not, however, without suffering on their fide.

The plan of marshal Alvinzi, who had the chief command, was, to form a junétion with the Aus. trian troops that were on their march from the Tyrol, and with thofe that had forced the French to retire from Trent. To this intent, he drew near to Verona, where, he hoped, they would joined him. Buonaparte, apprised of this movement, crossed the Adige, on the fourteenth of November, and approached the Austrians posted at Caldaro. Alvinzi, judging that he

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that the day would probably prove

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H Is To R Y of E U R O PE

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centre, were preparing to turn it, fallied forth upon them unexpect

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party, that its enemies in France
were, at this time, extremely active
in their endeavours to render it odi-
ous to the nation, and to excite a
disapprobation of the measures of
government, particularly of the pro-
longation of the war. They repre-
fented it as wholly unnecessary for
the honour or the interest of France,
and continued merely to indulge the
ambition of persons in power. By
fuch an arrangement of their con-
dućt they hoped to bring the nature
of the power they exercised into
disgust, and to prove it inconsistent,
both with, peace abroad, and tran-
quility at home. . .
... These adversaries to the ruling
system, were the friends to the an-
cient monarchy, and the adherents
to the first constitution, by which
the power of the crown was li-
mited. These latter were incom-
parably more in number than the
former, and included a large pro-
portion of the noblesse, and man
of the clergy. But both these par-
ties together, however numerous,
were inferior in strength to the re-
publican, which comprehended all
the common classes, and dreaded a

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