« ZurückWeiter »
FURNISHINGS. Appendages, Lear iii. 1. GERMANS. Relations, Oth. i. 1.
GOOD-DEED. Truly, in very deed, Win. Fust. To mould, or grow fusty, Ham. GERMINS. Seeds, germinations, Macb. T. i. 2.
iv. 1, Lear iii. 2.
GOOD DEN. Good even, or evening. FUSTILARIAN. A Falstaffism for a fusty Gest. The stage of progress, as well as (See Den.) Much Ado iii. 2. fellow, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 1.
resting place in a journey: Likewise Good MY LORD, and GOOD MADAM. А the time for resting. Old Fr. Giste, form of polite acknowledgment, equiv. Win. T. i. 2.
alent to our modern, “ You are very G
CESTS. Deeds, exploits: Lat. Gesta, good," Ham. ii. 1 & ii. 2 & v. 2. GABERDINE. A coarse cloak, or gown ; ! Ant. Cl. iv. 7. [In some editions, given GOOD-NIGHTS. Last - dying - speeches Span. Gavardina, Temp. ii. 2, Mer. guests."]
made into ballads, 2 Hen. IV. iii. 2. Ven. i. 3. GHOST. Sometimes used for corse, dead GORBELLIED.
Fat, corpulent, i Hen. GAD. A sharp point, a spur. “Upon body. The word occurs three times in
IV. ii. 2. the gad," on the spur of the occasion, this scene: first, meaning dead body; Goss, or Gorse. Furze. A heath plant, Tit. A iv. 1, Lear i. 2.
second and third, meaning spirit, or bearing yellow blossoms, Temp. iv. 1. GAGE Pledge. The glove, or gauntlet soul of the departed, 2 Hen. VI. iii. 2. GOSSAMER. (Spelt also, Gossomer.) The thrown downl, was called a gage or
GHOSTED. Haunted, ghost-like, Ant. Cl. wcbs of a particular kind of spider, defiance, Rich. II. iv, 1. Used also for
that float in the air during the latter gauge," to measure, Mer. Ven, i. 1. GIB. A male cat. The gib cat is now summer season, Leariv. 6, Rom. J. ii. 6. GAGED. Laid as a wager, Ham. i. 1. called the tom cat; gib being the ab Gossips. To act as gossip, or sponsor in GAIN-GIVING. Uncertainty of mind, breviation of Gilbert, i Hen. IV. i. 2, giving a name, All's W. i. 1. misgiving, Ham, v. 2.
Ham. W. 4
GOCRDS. False dice. (See FULLAM.) Gait. Procedure, Ham i. 2.
GIBBET. To hang; not only on a gal Mer. W. i. 3. GALLIAN. For Gallic, or French, Cymb. lows, but to hang any thing up, or on, GOUTS. Drops; Fr. Gouttes, Macb ii. 1. i 7, 1 Hen. VI. v. 4.
2 Hen. IV. ii. 2.
GOVERNMENT. Mildness and gentle subGALLIARD. A French dance, lively and Gig. A small whipping-top, made of mission, with self-control and reticence, nimble, Tw. N. i. 3, Hen. V. i. 2. horn, Love's L. L. iv. 3 & v. 1.
3 Hen. VI. i. 4, Hen. VIII. ii. 4. GALLIASSES Galleys of large construc GIGLOT. A dissolute woman, Mea. M. GRACE AT MEAT. Sometimes said in tion, Tam. S. ii. 1.
V. 1, 1 Hen. VI. iv. 7, Cymb. iii. 1. metre, Mea. M. i. 2, Tim. A. i. 2. GALLOW. To scare, to frighten, Lear iii. 2.
GILLYFLOWER. Gillyvor, Gillofer, or GRAMERCY Great thanks; Fr. Grand GALLOWAY NAGS. Common hack horses, Gelofre; a flower of the stock, or car merci, Mer. Ven. ii. 2, Rich. III. ii. 2, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4 nation tribe, Win. T. iv, 3.
Tim. A. ii. 2. “Gramercies,” Tam. S. GALLOWGLASSES. Heavy-armed foot GAMMAL. Spelt likewise Gimmer. A
soldiers of Ireland and the Western double ring, from the Lat. Gemellus, a GRANGE. Originally the farm-house, or Isles, Macb. i. 2, 2 Hen. VI. iv. 9. twin. Also, machinery, or clock-work, granary to a monastery ; since used for GALLY-MAWFRY. A heterogeneous jum
i Hen. VI. i. 2.
a lone house, Mea. M. iii. 1, Win. T. ble, Win. T. iv. 3, Mer. W. ii. 1.
GIMMAL BIT. A linked, or double bit, iv. 3, (Song, Oth. i. 1. GANESTER A familiar term for a de Hen. V. iv, 2.
GRAVE. Deadly, fatal, Ant. Cl. iv. 10. bauchee of either sex, All's W. v. 3, Ging. A gang, Mer. W. iv. 2.
GRAVE. To bury, Tim. A. iv. 3. Hen. VIII. i. 4
GIRD. To cut, or lash with sarcasm, 2 “Graved,” Rich. II. iji. 2.
GRAVE. The original folio word ; in GARBOILS. Uproars, commotions, Ant. GIRDED. Besieged, Hen. V. i. (Chor.) some editions altered to " grace.' But
CL i. 3 & ii. 2. Fr. Garbouille. GIRDLE. To turn the girdle, meant, grave," as a poetical embodiment of GARDEN-HOUSE. Now called a summer that when a man intended to challenge buried beauties, forms an antithesis house, Mea. M. v. 1.
another at wrestling, he turned the with the subsequent phrase, “What's GARDON. Costard's mispronunciation of buckle of his belt behind ; that his ad seen now,” Win. T. v. 1. guerdon, Love's L. L. ji. 1.
versary might have a good gripe of his GREASILY. Grossly, Love's L. L iv. 1. GASKINS. Wide hose, or breeches, Tw. girdle, Much Ado v. 1.
GREAVES. Leg-armour. In some ediGis. Supposed be a substituted form
tions spelt graves; "in others, changed GASTED. Ghasted, made aghast, af of asseveration for “ Jesus," Ham. iv, to “glaives," 2 Hen. IV. iv. i. frighted, Lear i. 1.
GREEK. The Greeks being a jovial peoGASTXESS. Ghastness, or ghastliness, GLEEK. To joke, to scoff, or beguile, ple, As merry as a Greek" became Oth. v. 1.
Mids. N. ii. 1, 1 Hen. VI. üi. 2, Roin. proverbial; and has been corrupted GAUDY NIGHT. A "gaudy day” is a day J. iv. 5, Hen. V. v. 1.
into a “merry Grig.' Tr. Cr. i. 2 &iv. 4. of rejoicing and festivity. Still used in Giove. In the days of chivalry the GREEN. Unripe. Metaphor for unexthe English universities and inns of glove was worn on the helmet, as the
perienced, John iii. 4 court, Ant. Cl. m. 11.
favour oí a lady; and at times, as a GREGORY. Gregory VIIth became a by. Gawds. Toys, finery, gew-gaws, Mids. challenge, Hen. V. iv. 1 & iv. 7.
word with the early reformers for N. 1 1, John mi. 3, Tr. Cr. ill. 3.
GLOVES. They used formerly to be violence, and enormity of every deGEAR, Matter in hand, Mer. Ven. i. 1, 2 daintily scented, Win. T. iv. 3, Song. I scription; hence Falstaff applies the
Hen. VI. iii. 1. Dress, Love's L. L. v. 2. GLOZE. To sophisticate, wheedle, or ca epithet-title of “Turk” to a Christian GECK. A fool, a dupe, Tw. N. v. 1. A jole, Rich. II. ij. 1, Hen. V. i. 2, Tit. Pope, 1 Hen. IV. v. 3. butt, a laughing-stock, Cymb. v. 4. A. iv. 4. Tr. Cr. ii. 2, Peric. i. 1.
GRIPE. A vulture. The original meanGENERAL. The populace, Mea. M. ii. 4, Glut. To swallow up, to englut; Fr. ing was griffin, Lucrece 78. Ham. ii, 2.
Engloutir, Temp. i. 1.
GRISE. (Spelt also Grize.) A step, a GENERAL GENDER. The common race of GNARLED. Knotted, snaggy, Mea. M. degree, Tw. N. iii. 1, Tim. A. iv. 3, people, Ham. iv. 7.
ii. 2. GENEROUS. Noble in birth and rank, GNARLING. Snarlingly gnawing, Rich. Grisly. Frightful, hideous, Peric. iii. Mea M. iv. 6, Oth. ii. 3. II. i. 3, 2 Hen. VI. ii. 1.
(Gower.). (In some editions grizzled. ) GENNET. A Jennet, a Spanish or Bar GO TO THE WORLD. Meaning to be GROUND. A term in music. The subbary horse, Oth. i. 1.
married, All's W. i. 3, Much Ado i. 1. ject, or air upon which variations, or GENTILITY. High birth, and breeding, GODFATHERS, Formerly the twelve descants are made, Rich. III. iii. 7. Love's L L. i. 1, As You L. i. 1.
jurymen used to be jocosely called the GROUNDLING$. The audience in the pit GENTLE. Belonging to gentry, nable, prisoner's godfathers, Mer. Ven. iv. 1. of a theatre, which was also called high-minded, Temp. i. 2. Cymb. iv. 2. God'ild), or 'IELD). Corruption of God the
Ground ; '. and the seats, GENTLE. To put in the rank of a gen yield, or reward you, As You L. iii. 3, 'groundstands,' Ham. ii. 2. tleman, Hen. V. iv. 3.
Ham. iv. 5.
GROWING. Accruing, Com. E. iv, 1. GENTLES. Gentlemen, Love's L. Liv. God'S SONTIES. Thought to be a cor GUARDED. Ornamented with trimmings, 2, Tam. S. ii. 2.
ruption of God's saints; anciently Mer. Ven. ii. 2, Hen. VIII. Prol.) GENTRY. Used for urbanity, politeness, written saunches, Mer. Ven. ii. 2.
GUARDS. Embroideries, or lace trimHam. i. 2.
GONGARIAN Pistol's more sonorous mings on dress, Much Ado i 1, Love's GENTRY. Rank or degree as gentle form of “Hungarian," Mer. W. i. 3. L L. iv. 3, Mea. M. ii. 1.
men, Merry W. ii. 1, Win. 1. i. 2, Good CHEAP. Ital. Buon mercato, Fr. GUDGEON. The Gudgeon is a common Corio. ii. 1.
Bon marché. A phrase formerly in com bait for fish. It is itself, also, easily GERMAN CLOCK. A notoriously fantasti mon use for a good bargain. There caught; and therefore esteemed foolcal piece of machinery, and as notori
" better ish, Mer. Ven. i. 3. ously incomplete and disorderly, Love's cheap;" while “cheap” and “cheap GUERDON. Recompense. Much Ado v. L. L. iii. I.
N. i. 5.
Oth. i. 3.
ing came to signify a market. Hence 3, (Scroll.) Costard, who does not GERMANE or GERMAX. Akin, allied, Chcapside and Eastcheap, i Hen. IV. comprehend the word, blunders it into Win. T. iv. 3, Ham. v. 2.
“gardon,” Love's L. L. ii. i.
GUERDONED. Rewarded, 2 Hen. VI. i.
4. 3 Hen. VI. iii. 3. GUINEA HEN. A cant term for a pur
chasable woman, Oth. i. 3.
L. L. iv. 1.
colour of red, Tim. A. iv. 3, Ham. ii. 2. GULF. Throat, gullet; that which gulps,
or engulfs, Macb. iv. 1. GULL. A trick, Much Ado ii. 3. To
dupc, to trick, Tw. N. ii. 3. GUMMED VELVET. Velvets used to be
gummed to make them stift ; and consequently they soon fret into shreds,
i Hen. IV. i. 2.
Hen. V. i. 2.
piper kind; supposed to be vulgar
iv. 2. Gust. To taste, to be aware of, Win. T.
i. 2. Also zest, relish, Tw. N. i. 3. Gust. Used elliptically and figuratively
to express violent burst of passion,
storm of wrath, Tim. A. iii. 5. Gyve. To fetter, Oth. ii. 1.
Harlot. A hireling: applied to both man label. Hob, or nob, is a drink.
base men and base women, Com. E. ing expression;, *Will you have a v. 1, Win. T. ii. 3.
glass or not?' It was used to signify HARLOTRY. Used both as adjective and a choice of any kind, Tw. N. iii. 4.
noun by Shakespeare, i Hen. IV. ii. 4 HOLDING. Burden, or in modern par& iii. 1.
lance) Chorus, Ant. Cl. ii. 7. HARNESS. Armour; Fr. Harnois, Macb. HOLIDAME. An exclamation, thought v. 5, Ant. Ci. iv. 8.
to mean,-By the Virgin Mary,' HARNESSED. Equipped in armour, Tr.
Tam. S. v. 2.
Holla. This word (perhaps more pro-
rowed. To harass, torment, ill-treat, nege, bidding a horse stop, As You Ant. CI. iii. 3.
L. ii. 2, Venus and Ad. 48. A comHATCHED.
Engraved, Fr. Hacht. mand to halt, Lear v. 3, Oth. i. 2. Hatchings,' in the present day,
HOLP. Perfect tense of to help, Temp Etchings,') an engraver's technical i. 2, John i. 1. term, Tr. Cr. i. 3.
HOLY-ALE, A rural festival, Peric. i. Having. Used as a substantive, for pos (Gower.)
session, or property, Mer. W. iii. 2, Honesty. Sometimes used for virtue, Macb. i. 3. “Havings," Hen. VIII. purity, chastity, Merry W. ii. 1, As
You L. iii 3 & iv. 1, All's W. iii. 4. HAVOCK. A word of signal for general HONEY-SEED. Quickly's blunder' for slaughter; for no quarter to be given, homicide; as she uses “ honey-suckle"
2, Corio. iii. 1, Jul. Cæs. iii. 1, for homicidal, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 1. Ham. v. 2.
HONEY-STALKS. The flower -stalks of HAY. A dance, said to be an abbrevi. clover, which are sweet to the taste, ation of 'Haydigyes,' a rural dance,
Tit. A. iv. 4
HOODMAN-BLIND. The game of blind-
Hoop. A quart pot; so called for its i. 1 & ni. 3.
being made like a cask, with staves, HEAT Torun one heat, or course, in a held together with hoops, 2 Hen. VI.
race, Win. T. i. 2,
IV. i. 2. 111. 3.
HORN IS DRY. A horn was carried by HEFTS. Retchings, heavings of the sto the Bedlam beggars, which they
mach, Win. T. ii. i. “Tender-hefted," wound when arriving at a house to i.e., moved, or heaved tenderly, Lear ask alms, and into which they put ii. 4
what drink they were given. Shake. Hell. Formerly used jocularly for a speare, in making. Edgar exclaim, prison-dungeon, Com. É. iv. 2.
"Poor Tom, thy horn is dry," not HENCE. For henceforth, 2 Hen. IV. only assigns him a speech which is a
last attempt to preserve the character HENCHMAN, An attendant page. The
he has assumed, as containing a menetymology contested, Mids. N. ii. 2. dicant hint that his horn needs replen HENT. Seized, laid hold of, or taken, ishing, but which possesses an exqui
Win. T. iv. 2, (Song,) Mea. M. iv. 6. site double significance, as allusive to Used also for occasion, or opportunity his powers of " counterfeiting" being to be seized, Ham. iii. 3.
exhausted at sight of Lear's conditio, HERB OF GRACE. Rue, Rich. II. iii. 4, Lear iii. 6. All's W. iv. 5, Ham. iv. 5.
HOROLOGE. A clock; Lat. Horologium, Hest. Injunction, command, Temp. i.
Oth. ii. 3. 2, iii. 1, iv. 1, i Hen. IV. ii. 3.
Hose, Breeches and stockings, both in HIDE FOX AND ALL AFTER.
one, Mer. W. iii. 1, i Hen. IV. ii. 4, monly known boys' game, called 'All Love's L. L. iv. 3.
hid,' and 'Hide and Seck,' Ham. Host. To lodge, Com. E. i. 2, All's W. HIGH AND LOW'. A cant phrase for false HOTHOUSE. A house of ill-fame, Mea. dice, Mer. W. i. 3.
M. ii. 1.
N. iii. 1. Much Ado iii. 1, Tam. S. iv. 1 & iv. 2. In the sense of irreclaimable, Oth, ji.
Quality, texture, character, : Hen. IÙ. iv. 1. Against the hair," is a saying equivalent to · Against the grain,' Mer. W. ii. 3. Tr. Cr. i. 2. HALCYON. The kingfisher. It was be
lieved that when hung up in a room, this bird would always turn its beak to the point of the wind, Lear ii. 2. HALF-CAPS. Slight salutations, half
bows with the cap, Tim. A. ii. 2. HALF-FACED GROAT. A coin with the
face in profile : some coins about that period being stamped with a full-face on them, John i. 1. HALF-KIRTLE. A short, loose dress,
worn by courtezans, 2 Hen. IV. v. 4. HALIDOM. Holiness, faith, sanctity.
Literally Holy-dom, formed like King-
Gen. iv. 2.
clear a space in a crowd, Rom. J. i. 5. HallowMAS. All-hallows, or All Saints.
The poor people, and beggars at Hallowmas went from door to door begging in a lacrymose tone for so-termed
“ Soul-cakes," Two Gen. V. ii. 1. HAND. "At any hand; hand."
1, Mids. N. v. 1, Peric. iv. (Gower.) of the house, Lear ii. 4.
is a corruption of thc old English HILDING. A low, cowardly rascal; a word, to
pronounced mean woman, All's W. iii. 6, Tam. S. hock,' Win. T. i. 2. ii. 1, 2 Hen. IV. i. 1, Cymb. ii. 3,
Rom. HUGGER-MUGGER. Low, unworthy hidJ. ii. 4 & iii. 5.
ing, or concealment, Ham. iv. 5. Hip. To “have on the hip;" i. e., at
HULK. The mere carcase of a ship: complete advantage, Mer. Ven. i. 3, used metaphorically, 2 Hen. IV. i. 1 Oth. ii. 1.
For a ship itself, I Hen. VI. HIREN. Corruption of Irene. Pistols V. 5, Tr. Cr. ii. 3,
name for his sword, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4. HULL. To float listlessly on the waves, His. Almost always used for “its”
Rich. III. iv. 4, Tw. N. i. 5. “Hullold writers. “ His effect of gravity, ing," Hen. VIII. ii. 4. 2 Hen. IV. i. 2. “ His grand sea,"
Humorous. Humid, damp, Rom. J. ii. Ant Cl. iii. 10.
I. Also used for humorsome, or capriHOBBIDIDANCE, The name of a fiend, cious, 2 Hen. IV. iv. 4, As You L. i. 1. Lear iv. 1.
HUMOUR. Any peculiarity or eccentri-
figured in the morris-dance. Latterly, a man's humour. Shakespeare ridi.
HUNDRED MERRY TALES.
An old jestHOB, NOB. Derived from Hab, nab;' book so titled, Much Ado ii, 1.
which means have, or not have ; Ger- | HUNT-COUNTER. A name given by Fal.
A phrase or idiom for ‘At all events,' In any case,' Tam. S. i. 2, All's W. ïïi6.
“Of all hands," is equivalent to 'In every way,' Love's L. L. iv. 3; “Of his hands,” was a technical phrase, for 'Of his height,' Mer. W. i. 4, Win. T. v. 2. HANDFAST. Contract, marriage-engage
ment, Cymb. i. 6. [In some editions printed as two words, “Hand fast,” to
the destruction of the meaning.) HAND-FAST. “In hand-fast" is in main
prise;' which means, in the custody of
Win. T. iv. 3.
the sword was suspended, Ham. v. 2. HAPPily. Used for haply, perchance,
Oth. iii. 3, Ham. i. 1, Mea. M. iv. 2.
Hen. IV. i. 3, Cymb. v. 4.
i Hen. IV. i. 2.
the wild mustard,-a common field weed, Lear iv. 4.
& ii. 4.
T. iv. 3.
was a sur
staff, to imply that the person he ad. IMPORTLESS. Of no moment, unimport
INHABITABLE. For un habitable, Rich. dresses is on a wrong scent, 2 Hen. ant, Tr. Cr. i. 3.
II. i. 1.
IMPOSE. Imposed service, command, INHERIT. Used simply for to obtain, or
Two Gen. V. iv. 3.
possess, with no reference to inherita morning, Rom. J. iii. 5.
IMPRESS. Impression, Two Gen. V. iii. ance, Two Gen. V. ii. 2, Rich. II. i.
1, 2, All's W. i. 1.
subjection, Macb. iv. 1.
INHOOPED. Cocks and quails, when
within hoops, Ant. Cl. ii. 3.
INCARDINATE. Azue-cheek's ignorant INIQUITY. The Vice,' or Buffoon, in ther; Fr. Heurter, Jul. Cæs. ii. 2, As use of the word 'incarnate,' Tw. N. the old dramas or moralities, went also You L. iv. 3.
by the title of “Iniquity," Rich. III. HUSBAND. Anciently used for husband INCARNARDINE. To stain of a carna iii. 1, i Hen. IV. ii.
4 man, 2 Hen. IV. v. 3.
tion-red colour, Maci). ii. 2.
INKHORN MATE. An inkhorn was used HUSBANDRY. Houschold government,
INCENSED. Prompted, urged, instructed, to denote a pedantic person, 1 Hen.
INKLE. Tape, Love's L. L. ii. 1, Win.
Macb. i. 2.
INLAND BRED. Meaning gently, or HUSWIFE, or HOUSEWIFE. One sense of INCH-MEAL By an inch at a time; as well bred ; in opposition to upland the word means a jilt, an inconstant, - we now say, piece-meal, Temp. ii. 2.
bred, which meant rough and unpoa hussy, Hen. V. v. 1.
Incision. Literally; cutting,: Lat. In lished, As You L. ii. 7 and iii. 2. HYEM. Winter, Mids. N. Ï. 2.
cido. “To make incision,
INNOCENT An idiot, All's W. iv. 3. HYEx. The hyena, As You L. iv. 1. gical phrase for bleeding; humorously INSANE ROOT. Probably henbane, Macb.
employed as a wish for letting some of i. 3.
the foolish blood out of the person I
INSCRIPTION. This stage direction is
addressed, As You L. iii. 2; a similar not in the original; but we have ven1. In Shakespeare's time the personal allusion, Love's L. L. iv. 3.
tured to introduce it, as indicating the pronoun, I, was constantly used for the Ixclips. Embraces, encircles, Ant. Cl. couplet which the soldier finds near word of assent, “Ay;"- hence the ii. 7.
the grave, and which he is able to tendency to pun upon the term, Two INCLUDE. To close up, or conclude, read; while the writing on the tombGen. V.'i. 1, Rom. J. iii. 2. Two Gen. V. v. 4.
stone he cannot decipher, it being 1. Used to be repeated, for emphasis' INCONTINENT, INCONTINENTLY. Imme in another " character," Tim. A. V. 4.
sake, at the end of a phrase, 2 Hen. diately, suddenly, Rich. II.v.6,Oth. i. 3. Warburton altered "read"to"rcar'd;"
and most editors follow his example. TrECKS. Infaith, really, truly, Win. T. i 2. Love's L. L. iii. 1 & iv. I.
But Mr Staunton restored "read," in1630Y. Ignominy, Mea. M. ii. 4, I INCORPSED. Incorporated, made one terpreting the passage in the way which Hen. IV. v. 4, Tr. Cr. v. II, Tit. A. iv. 2 body, Ham. iv. 7.
we feel to be the right one. 191BAR. To secure, guard, fortify, make INDENT. To bargain, or make an agree INSISTURE. A word known only in good, Hen. V. i. 2.
ment, i Hen. IV. i. 3. As a substan Shakespeare; implying stability, and IMANITY. Savageness, barbarity, I tive, it means an indentation, or in order of position, Tr. Cr. i. 3. Hen. VI. v. I. bending, i Hen. IV. iii. 1.
INSTANCE Motive, Rich. III. ii. 2, IMMEDIACY. Absolute representation,
INDEX. Used in the sense of pre-indica Ham. ii. 2.
tion, as well as subject matter, Rich. INSTANT ACTION. Most modern editors, 131MONENT. Unimportant, not momen III. ii. 2 & iv, 4, Hain, iii. 4, Oth. ii. 1, by placing a comma after these words, tous, Ant. Cl. v. 2. T. C. i. 3.
assimilate their sense too nearly with IMMURES. Wall - enclosures, fortifica INDIFFERENCY. Equipoise; leaning to
that of the following ones, a cause on tions, Tr. Cr. (Prol.)
neither side, John ii. 2. Moderation, foot;" whereas "instant action” form IMP. A sprout, an offspring. At first a 2 Hen. IV. iv. 3.
the close of Lord Bardolph's first proserious term ; latterly jocose, and ap INDIFFERENT. Impartial, Hen. VIII. 2 position, and mean immediate operaplied even to small demons, Love's 4. Moderately, Tw. N. i. 3 & 5, Ham, tion. The passage, as it stands, is L. i. 2 & v. 2, 2 Hen. IV. v. 5, Hen.
"Indifferent children of the confessedly obscure; and various at
earth;"generality of mortals, Ham. ii. 2. tempts have been inade to clear it, Jur. To supply a broken feather in a INDIGEST Used as a substantive to ex by altering the punctuation, and by
hawk's wing Used metaphorically, press a matter undigested, crude, un changing "if” toin,” in the first line. Rich. II. ii. 1.
regulated, John v. 7. Adjectively, for We inclined to think (and Henley and IMPAIR. Unequal, unworthy; Lat. Im unformed, shapeless, Sonnet 114.
Mason had the same idea that the par, Tr. Cr. iv. 5.
INDIGX, Unworthy. Iat. Indignus, "Indeed" beginning the second line IMPALE. To encircle with a pale, 3 Hen.
was a misprint for “Induc'd;" which VI. iii, 2 & 3
INDIRECTION. Wrong, or crooked course, gives a sense in conformity with the TUFARTIAL On one occasion, Shake Jul. Cæs. iv. 3, John iii. 1.
gist of Lord Bardolph's argument; but speare uses the word to signify not INDIRECTLY. Wrongfully, John ii. 1, in all probability there has been a line taking part. The Duke leaves Angelo Hon. V. ii. 4, Rich. III. iv, 4.
lost between - war” and “Indeed," 2 to act the part of judge, while he him INDITE. To summon, to convict, Rom. Hen. IV. i. 3. self soon after withdraws, Mea. M. v. I J. ii. 4, Ham. ii. 2.
INSUPPRESSIVE. Not to be restrained, IMPARTMENT. Imparting, making a INDUED. Invested, endowed, provided, Jul. Cæs. ii. 1. communication, Ham. i. 4
Two Gen. V. y. 4, Love's L. L. V. 2, INTEND. To pretend, Tam. S. iv. 1. IMPEACH. For impeachment, accusa Com. E. ii. 1, Hen. V. ii. 2, Ham. iv. 7. “Intending,” Rich. III, iii. 5, Tim. A. tion, Com. E. v. 1.
INDURANCE. For durance, confinement, ii. 2, Lucrece 18.
INTENDMENT. Intention, As You L. i. 1,
'to make infamous,' or to disgrace, INTENIBLE. Upholding, All's W. i. 3: IMPERSEVERANT. An old word, for un
Love's L. L. V. 2.
INTENTIVELY. . Attentively, heedfully; perceiving, undiscerning. Its mod INFECT. For infected, Tr. Cr. i. 3.
to "formal,” which is used for staid, acceptable, Lear i. 1.
INTERGATORIES. Interrogatories, All's
INGAGED. Pledged; by the throwing of W. iv. 3, Mer. Ven. v. 1.
wager; the ring, as a gage, or pledge, All's W. INTRENCHANT. That which may not be from the Lat. Impono. It may repre V. 3.
Lear v. 3.
Oth. i. 3.
cut, Macb. v. 7. sint Osric's affected way of pronoun INGENIOUS. Used for intelligent, acute, INTRINSE. Intricate, Lear ii. 2.
“Incing impawned,' Ham. v. 2. Lear iv, 6.
trinsicate,” Ant. Cl. v. 2. IMIORTANCE. Importunity, Tw. N. v. INGENIOUSLY. For ingenuously, Tim. A. INVECTIVELY. Abusively, As You L. 1. John ii. 1. Import, tendency, Win. ii. 2.
IN GOOD TIME. A phrase of cheerful as INVESTMENT. Vesture, dress, 2 Hen. IV. IN PJRTANT. Importunate, urgent, Com. sent; equivalent to the French à la iv. 1. E, V. 1, All's W. iii. 7, Much Ado ii. 1. bonne heure, Mea. M. ii. i.
į INVISED. Unscen, Lover's Comp. 31.
T v. 2.
W. i. 3.
Oth. ii. 3,
INWARD. Intimate, closely confiding, a mass of grossness, Hen. VIII. i. 1,
2 Hen. IV. i. I. ance, Mea. M. iii. 2.
KEEL. To cool, Love's L. L. v. 2,
KEISAR. An old form of Cæsar, Mer.
land, used to be celebrated for the IRREGULOUS. Disorderly, out of rule, manufacture of green cloth, i Hen. IV.
lawless, Cymb. iv. 2. ITERANCE.Iteration, Oth. v. 2.
KERCHIEF. A covering for the head; ITERATION. Repetition, 1 Hen. IV. i. 2, which it was an old English custom to Tr. Cr. iii. 2.
wear in illness, Jul. Cæs. ii. 1.
KERNES. Peasants, Irish foot-soldiers,
Macb. i. 2 & v. 7, Rich II. ii. 1, Hen.
V. iii. 7, 2 Hen. VI. ii. 1 & iv. 9. JACK. The small bowl that serves as a KIBE. A sort of chilblain, Temp. ii. 1, mark to the bowlers, Cymb. ii. I.
Ham. V. 1.
men, Rich. III. i. 3. Frequently used vulgar name for a wife, All's W. ii. 3.
onset-cry in the English army, Lear Jacks. The keys of a virginal, r harp
iv. 6. sichord, Sonnet 128.
KILLINGWORTH. The ancient local name JACK-A-LENT. A puppet thrown at dur for Kenilworth, 2 Hen. VI. iv. 4.
ing Lent, as were cocks on Shrove KIND. Nature, Jul. Cæs. i. 3, Ant. CI. Tuesday, Mer. W. iii, 3 & V: 5.
v. 2. Kindly; possessed of natural Jack GUARDANT. Jack-in-office, Corio. feeling, Rich. 11. i. 4. V. 2.
To incite to induce, As You Jack O' THE CLOCK. A figure on the
L. i. I. outside of public clocks, Rich II. v. 5, KINDLESS. Unnatural, Ham. ii. 2. Rich. III. iv. 2.
KINDLY. Used in a double sense for JAR. To tick, as a clock, Rich. II. v. 5. gentle, and for apposite, or akin to the A tick of the clock, Win. T. i. 2.
point in question, I Hen. VI. iii. 1. JAUNCING. Spurring and riding a horse Punningly for amiably and for appo
hard; old Fr. jançer, Rich. II. v. 5. sitely or aptly, Rom. J. ii. 4. JAY. An ill-charactered woman, Mer. KirtLE. An ample upper garment, 2 W. iii. 3, Cymb. iii. 4.
Hen. IV. ii. 4.
T. iv. 3.
in walking, Tw. N. ii. 5, Cymb. iii. 3. Ven. iii. I.
endearment, Love's L. L. iii. 1, Mids. Knabe, Ant. CI. iv, 12 & v. 2, Lear N. ii. 1.
i. 4. The nie:aning has now wholly JOAN. Used as a name for the ordinary subsided into the synonyme of rogue.
run of women, Love's L. L. ij. I & KNEEL. It was the custom for the iv. 3, John i. 1.
actors, after the play, to kneel down on JOHN - A - DREAMS. A sleepy-headed, the stage, and say a prayer for the lumpish fellow, Ham. ïi. 2.
sovereign, 2 Hen. IV. Epil.) JOINT-RING. A united, or jointed ring, KNIFE. Often used for dagger, or sword, Oth. iv. 3.
Macb. i. 5 & 7, 2 Hen. VI. iii. 2. JOURNAL. Daily ; Fr. Journal, Mea. KNOT-GRASS. Formerly reputed to have M. iv. 3, Cymb. iv, 1.
the power of stopping growth, when JOVE. Sometimes used by early writers! taken in infusion, Mids. N. iii. 2.
negligently straying, thoughtlessly lost,
Tw. N, iii. 3, Ham. iii. 4-
names for the same bird. Believed to
Ham. v. 2.
Ado iv. 1.
N. iii. 2.
iii. 3, Ant. Cl. iii. 9.
Laiton, Mer. W. i. 1.
only allusion to the easily-seen-through
All's W. ii. 3. (See RED-LATTICE.) LAUD. Praise, 2 Hen. IV. iv. 4, Tr. Cr.
iii. 3. LAUND. An open grass plain; in mod
crn nomenclature, "Lawn,' 3 Hen.
VI. ii. 1, Venus & Ad. 136.
bounding dance, Tr. Cr, iv. 4, Hen. V.
2 Hen. VI. v. 2.
iv. 1, Hen. V. v. 2, Tim. A. iv. 3. LEAD APES. An uncomplimentary
phrase respecting the vocation as-
Much Ado ii. 1.
A besieged town was therefore said to be
beleaguered, All's W. üi. 6. LEASH, The thong to fasten hounds to
gether, Win. T. iv. 3, Corio. i. 6.
* Leashed," Hen. V. i. (Chorus.) LEASING. Lying, Tw. N. i. 5, Corio. v. 2. LEATHER-COAT. Russetine apples ; in
the west of England called • Bufi
coats,' 2 Hen. IV. v. 3. LEAVE Used for give away, relinquish,
"Leave her token," Two Gen. V. iv, 4. “Love me, and leave me not;" "he would not leave it, Mer. Ven. y. I. Used elliptically for leave off, desist, “Will you bid me
as the name of the God of Christians, KNOTS. Curious garden-beds or plots. 2 Hen. VI. iv. 10.
(See CURIOUS - KNOTTED GARDEN.)
mediately upon, Oth, ii. 3, Ham. v. 2. Hen. IV. ii. 4.
LABRAS. Spanish for lips, Mer. W. i. 1.
A sweetmeat, or dainty, Tam. S. iii. 2. Two. Gen. V. i. 1.
the peace were so called, Lear iii. 6, obeying, Ant. Cl. i. 4.
LAG. Late, last, tardy; also, by metaJut. To intrude or encroach upon, phor, the lowest or commonest people, Rich. III. ii, 4, Tit. A. ii. 1.
i Hen. VI. iii. 3, Rich. III. ii. 1, Tim. JUTTY. A projecting portion of a build A. iii. 6, (Grace.)
ing, Macb. i. 6. To protrude, to pro LAKIN. A diminutive, for Ladykin, or ject, Hen. V. iii. 1.
Little Lady; “By'r Lakin,” is, by our JUVENAL. A playful name for a youth, Lady, Temp. iii. 3, Mids. N. iii. 1.
Love's L. L. i. 2 & iii. 1, 2 Hen. IV. LAMPASS. Á disorder in cattle; a tui. 2, Mids. N. iii. I.
mour in the gums, Tam, S. ii. 1.
LANCES. Used upon one occasion for
Lancers or Lancemen, Lcar v, 3.
LAND-DAMN. A word of threat, coined KAM. Askew, across, (** clean kam," by Shakespeare, Win. T. ii, 1. quite irrelevant,) Corio. ii. 1.
LANGUISH. For languishment, Rom. J. KECKSIES. Dry and husky stalks, or i. 2, Ant. Cl. v. 2. chaff, Hen. V. v. 2.
LAPSED. Shakespeare seems to use this * KEECH. A lump of fat made into a roll; word as expressive of inadvertency;
leave?" 2 Hen. VI. iii. 2.
Tim. A. v. 5.
1, Tit. A. iv. 2.
offences, Tam. S. 2, (Ind.) Oth. ill. ;LEG. “To make a leg” was to make a
bow, All's W. ii. 2, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4 LEGERITY. Lightness, alertness; Fr.
i égèreté, Hen. V. iv. 1. LEIGER. (Spelt also Lieger.) A per
manently resident embassador, Mea.
M. iij. 1, Cymb i. 6.
iv. 2, Tw. N. ii. 3, 2 Hen. IV. v. 3,
(Song.) LENTEN. Spare, fasting, pertaining to
Lent time, Tw. N. i. 5, Rom. J. ii. 4,
Ham. Ü. 2.
a poem, Love's L. L. ii. 1.
Tw. N. v. I, Ham. i, 4. Hindrance,
Hen. V. v. 2, Rom. J. ii. 2.
oblivion in the Greek mythology, Tw.
LETHE. Death, from the Lat. Letham, LIVING. Possessions, means
to live Jul. Cæs. iii. I. In this sense, Lethe upon, Mer. V. v. 1, Rom. J. iv. 5. seems to have been used and sounded LIZARD. Fanatically pronounced veno
as a monosyllable by our old writers. mous, but harmless as a frog, 2 Hen. LEVEL. To " stand in the level," meant VI. iii. 2, 3 Hen. VI. ii. 2.
to stand within range or gun-shot, LOACH. A small river-fish; called also Win. T. ii. 2.
a groundling; believed by the comLEWD. Wicked, Much Ado v. 1, Rich. mon people to be infested with fleas, II. i. 1. Idle, obnoxious, Rich. III. 1 Hen. IV. ii. 1.
LOB. A lubber, a clown.
Puck was T.IBBARD. The leopard, Love's L. L. the jester (or “ clown") to King Obe
Mids. N. i. 1.
Much Ado iv. 1, Ham. iv. 7, Oth. iv. 2.
LOCK, or LOVE-LOCK. A long lock of
of employing the actors' own words, often plaited with ribband, Much Ado
to mariners, Mids. N. i. 1, Lucrece 26.
service, Win. T. ii. 3, Ham. i. 1. LIFTER. A thief, Tr. Cr. i. 2.
LOGGATS. The diminutive of logs. A LIGHT O' LOVE. A dance-tune, Two game formerly played by rustics, Gen. V. i. 2, Much Ado iii. 4
somewhat resembling nine-pins, Ham. LIGHTLY. In conimon course, usually, V. I. Rich. III. ii. 1.
’LONGS. Abbreviation of belongs, Mea. LIKE. For liken. “Like me to;" that M. ü. 2, Corio. v. 3. “'Longing,”
is, make me like, reduce me to the All's W.'iv. 2, Hen. VIII, i. 2.
LOOFED. Now spelt luffed. A ship
Used for look on, or play LIKING. To be “in iiking,” is to be in the looker-on, 3 Hen. VI. ii. 3.
good case, or condition, 1 Hen. IV. Loon. A stupid fellow, a clown, Macb.
ul. 3. LIMB-MEAL., Limb from limb, Cymb. Lop. A cutting from a tree, Hen. VIII. ii. 4
i. 2. LIMBECK. An alembic, or distilling ves- LORD, HAVE MERCY ON US. The
inscripsel, Macb. i. 7.
tion written on the doors of plague-inLIMBO. The boundary of hell: used for fected houses, Love's L. L. v. 2. hell itself, All's W. v. 3, Tit. A. iii, 1. Lord's SAKE.
Prisoners confined for Also, for a prison, Com. E. iv. 2.
debt, begged of passers-by for the LIMBO PATRUM. The name of the place Lord's sake,' Mea. M. iv. 3.
where the Fathers of the Church LOTS TO BLANKS. Prizes to blanks ; awaited their resurrection; used jo- equivalent to · All to nothing;' or,
cosely for a prison, Hen. VIII. v. 3. Ten to one,' Corio. v. 2. LIME. Put into wine for adulteration, LOUTED. Befooled. Derived from lout, Mer. W. i. 3, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4.
a stupid boor, 1 lien. VI. iv. 3. LIMIT. “Strength of limit," i.e., strength LOVE-DAY. A current expression for a for even a limited distance, Win. T. day of reconciliation, Tit. A. i. 2.
Lover. Formerly meant any one who LINE. Statement of lineage, Hen. V. was beloved of another, male or female, ii. 4
Mea. M. i. 5. Between men, it signi-
the hand expounded by gipsies, and Ven. iii. 4
6, Oth. ii. 3, (Song.
fellow, Win. T. ii. 3.
it may appear, the smoke of a link was Leopard, 2 Hen. IV. i. 1.
LUGGED. From lug, the ear. Pulled
to hold the lint, or match, for firing LUNES. Lunacy, frenzy, Mer. W. iv. 2, ordnance. Hen. V. iii. (Chorus.)
Win. T. ii. 2, Tr. Cr. ii. 3, Ham. iii. 3.
rived from the lists at a tournament, tancing, Mer. W. ii. 2. Lurched,"
iv. 1. To entice, to tempt, Rom. J. ii. 2. List. To listen, Mer. W. v. 5, Oth. ii. 1. LUSH. Of rich or luxuriant vegetation ; Also, to like, to prefer, 3 Hen. VI. i. 5, hence, probably, * luscious, Temp.
Tit. A. iv. 1, Oth. ii. 3. LITHER. The comparative of lithe. Soft, Lust. Pleasure, inclination, “To my pliable, i Hen. VI. iv. 7.
lust" is equivalent to the modern Livelihood. Living appearance, live- phrase, as I list, or like, Tr. Cr. iv, 4.
liness, All's W. i. 1, Rich. III. ii. 4. LUSTICK. Pleasant, cheerful, hearty, Livery. A law term, for delivery, or All's W. ii. 3
grant of possession. “To sue one's LUXURIOUS. Wanton, unchaste, Much
called a Leam or Leash, Lear iii. 6.
MACULATE. Blotted, defiled, impure;
Lat. Macula, a blot or stain, Love's
L. L. i. 2. "Maculation,” Tr. Cr. MAD. This is the word printed in all
modern editions, as altered by Rowe from the word “made” in the First Folio. But neither affords a clear sense. “ Afraid,” or “'fraid,” is near in sound to the original word; and gives what seems to us the right reading, when we consider Prince Henry's reply to this speech ("And thou a natural coward, without instinct"); taken in conjunction with a previous passage of the same scene:-“Art thou not horribly afraid? &c. P. Hen. Not a whit, i' faith ; I lack some of thy instinct," i Hen. IV. ii. 4. MAGGOT-PIES. Now called Magpies; Fr.
Magot, a chatterer, Macb. iii. 4 MAGNIFICO. The title of the Venetian
nobles, Oth. i. 2, Mer. Ven. iii. 2. MAI ED. Armed, covered with armour, i Hen. IV. iv. 1, Corio, i, 3. " Mailed
wrapped, or covered up; a term in falconry, for enveloping a hawk's wings, 2 Hen. VI. ï. 4. MAINED. Lamed, 2 Hen. VI. iv. 2. [In
most editions altered to maimed,” to the injury of the pun.) MAKE "What make you here?" for,
what are you doing here? As You L.
As You L. iv. I.
pulous, John iii. 4.
were used indiscriminately by old writers, Sonnet 9. MALKIN. Mall, or Moll, and kin, the
German diminutive. Used subsequently as a contemptuous term.
The scarecrow in a field or garden is still called a Malkin, Corio. ii. 1, Peric. iv. 4. MALT-HORSE. A heavy cart-horse, like
a brewer's horse, Tam. S. iv. 1, Com.
E. iii. 1.
i Hen. IV. ii. 1, 2 Hen. IV. Ü. 4. MAMMERING. Stammering, hesitating,
Oth. iii. 3.
ii. 3, Rom. J. iii. 5.
3. MANAGE. A term originating in the
tilt-yard. 'A carcer, or course run; an encounter, a shock, a contest, Love's L. L. v. 2, John i. 1. Also used for management, contrivance, provision, Rich. II. i. 4. Likewise for horsetraining; Fr. Manège, As You L. I. 1,
1 Hen. IV. ii. 3. MANDRAGORA, or MANDRAKE.
A root possessing strong soporific qualities; superstitiously believed to utter groans when torn up; and that the uprooter died mad, Ant. Cl. i. 5, Oth. iii. 3, 2
Hen. VI. iii, 2, Rom. J. iv. 3. MANKIND. Mannish, masculine, man
like, Win. T. ii. 3. Asked in this sense, answered in the usual sense of
the word,-human-kind, Corio. iv, 2. MANNER. To be “taken with the man
meant to be taken in the fact, Love's L. L. I, 1, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4. MANNINGTREE OX. Manningtree, in
Essex, was famous for its statute fair, its breed of cattle, and for its roasted ox (whole) at fair-time, i Hen. IV.
ii. 4. MAN-QU'ELLER. A murderer; more un
ciently, an executioner, 2 Hen. IV.