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C. K. OGDEN

THE

FORTNIGHTLY

REVIEW

EDITED BY

W. L. COURTNEY.

VOL. LXVII. NEW SERIES.

JANUARY

TO

JUNE,

1900.

(vol, LXXIII. OLD SERIES.)

LONDON:
CHAPMAN AND HALL, LIMITED,
11, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN, W.C.

NEW YORK:
LEONARD SCOTT PUBLICATION COMPANY,

231, BROADWAY.

1900. bosses

[The Right of Translation is rescrved.]

LONDON: PRINTED BY H. VIRTUE AND COMPANY, LIMITED,

CITY ROAD.

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

SANTA BARBARA

AUTHOR.

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PAGE

AFLALO, F. G.
The Ethics of Performing Animals

382
The Promise of International Exhibitions 830
APPLEYARD, Rollo
“ With but After ”.

615

ARTHUR, Sir George

Procrastination and Parsimony

265

BAILEY, J. C.
Stevenson's Letters

91

BAILLIE-GROHMAN, W. A. British and Foreign Rifle-Shooting . 290

One Cause of our Defeats: The Service

Rifle

373

BARCLAY, Thomas
A Lance for the French .

173
BEAR, William E.
The Next Agricultural Census

591
BLIND, Dr. Karl
Germany as a Naval Power

602
BOULGER, D. C..

The Coming Afghan Crisis

BUTLER, Maynard .

Fifty-Eight Years as Child and Woman in

South Africa

537

CAMPBELL, Prof. Lewis On the Growth of Tragedy in Shakespeare 135

On Some Liberal Movements of the Last

Half-Century.

427

CHISHOLM, Hugh

How to Pay for the War

442

COLERIDGE, Hon. Stephen Cruelty to Animals ” Act of 1876

392

COUBERTIN, Baron Pierre de. The Possibility of a War between England
and France.

719
DICEY, Edward, C.B. . The Confederation of South Africa

668
South African Reconstruction

860

DODD, L. T.

The Ruskin Hall Movement .

325

DALE, J. A.

FISHER, W. E. Garrett The House of Molière

557

FRASER, J. G.

Suggestion as to the Origin of Gender in

Language

79

FYFE, H. Hamilton

A Permanent Shakespearean Theatre . 807

GARRETT, F. Edmund .
Paul Kruger

· 1057

GISSING, George

By the Ionian Sea

884

GREEN, E. M.
Agricultural Education of Natives .

10+
GRESWELL, Rev. William . The Dutch Church and the Boers

178
Some Aspects of the Boer War

263

GRIFFITIIS, Major Arthur The Conduct of the War .

1

The War Office : A Retrospect and a Fore-

cast

214

Our Military Needs

527

GUNDRY, R. S.

The Last Palace Intrigue at Peking 958

HERFORD, Prof. C. H. A Scene from Ibsen's “Love's Comedy 191
HILLIER, Dr. Alfred
Issues at Stake in South Africa . .

11
Mr. Bryce's Manifesto to the Americans 730
HOSKEN, William
The Future of South Africa

551

IRVING, H. B.

The Art and Status of the Actor

743

JACKSOX, N. L.
Professionalism and Sport .

154
JACOBS, Joseph
Paths of Glory

59
JOYCE, James
Ibsen's New Drama .

575
KERSHAW, John B C. Joint Stock Enterprise and our Manufac.
turing Industries

815
LAW, Alice
William Cowper

753

.

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The War in South Africa

162, 336

The Late Campaign in Natal

680

The Invasion of the Orange Free State

872

Russia and Morocco. By Calpe

258

The Army and the Administration. By “Administrator

353
Wanted—Statesmen !

407
The Last Efforts for Peace. By Diplomaticus .

424
Annexation and After. By Diplomaticus

840

Lord Rosebery and a National Cabinet

1069

CORRESPONDENCE :-

Baillie-Grohman, W. A. One Cause of our Defeats, the Service Rifle 714
Cook, E. T. “ The Truth about Ruskin”

712
Dibdin, Chancellor. The Lambeth Decision

524
Lilly, W. S. Dr. Mivart and Mr. Lilly

352, 716
MacColl, Canon Malcolm. The Lambeth Decision .

717
Mivart, Dr. St. George, F.R.S. Dr. Mivart's Position

526
Paget, Stephen. The “ Cruelty to Animals” Act of 1876

714
Spencer, Herbert. Professor Ward's Rejoinder.

710


THE

FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW.

No. CCCXCVII. NEW SERIES. JANUARY 1, 1900.

THE CONDUCT OF THE WAR.

The criticism of military operations in progress, while the issue of momentous events still hangs in the balance, is not to be commended. Conclusions arrived at upon insufficient data may be falsified in the strong light of later, more exact knowledge. Moreover, the notorious uncertainty of war, with its disappointments and surprises, still further complicates the task. It is unwise to justify, ungenerous to condemn while facts and details are more or less imperfectly known. But, conversely, we are surely entitled to deal with matters altogether beyond dispute, and there are many such matters already thrown up into sharp relief by the present war. The manner in which it was undertaken ; the counsels that were paramount among those at the helm; the general principles which were to govern proceedings, and which have been unhappily modified under stress of circumstances; finally, the manifest departure from accepted rules in war, strategical and tactical, all these come legitimately under discussion even at this early stage.

However much the present serious situation in South Africa may have been emphasised and accentuated by recent deplorable misadventure, there can be no sort of doubt that it had its origin in the persistent refusal of the British Government to believe in the nearness of a breach with the Transvaal. They hoped to the last, and with honest conviction no doubt, that diplomacy might still avert the necessity for a last appeal to arms. So, while they still played with protocols and paper arguments, they shut their ears to the urgent and repoated warnings of those who were better informed. There is a general impression that the formidable armed strength of the Boers, which has lately made itself so unmistakably evident, was not fully known to our authorities. But this is not quite the case. Our Military Intelligenoe Department may not have been fully informed on all points, and more particularly as to the presence in the Transvaal ranks of leaders of such undoubted military skill, but the facts as to numbers,

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