Abbildungen der Seite
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]




[ocr errors]

py-rom-ēr-ide, 8. [Prefix pyro-; Gr. meros=a pør-o-mac-am-ide.s. (Prefix pyro-, and Eng. pýr--phos-pho-, pref. (Prefs. pyro-, and phospart, and suff. -ide.) mucamide.

pho-.] Derived from or containing phosphorus. Petrology: A name originally given to certain Chemistry: C3H5NO2 = C51302 . A crystalline pyrophospho-diamic-acid, 8. quartz-felsites which contained spherules of felsite

Ho S of varying size, having a more or less radiating substance obtained by heating to 120° a mixture of

Chem.: P2N2H603=P2(NH2)2H2O3. A dibasic acid fibrous structure. Most of these rocks are now ethylic pyromucate and strong aqueous ammonia.

produced by the action of alkalies on an alcoholic included by English petrologists under the name It is soluble in water and alcohol, melts at 130', and

is soluble in water and alcohol, melts at 130 and solution of phosphorus chloronitride. It is soluble Rhyolite (q.v.), irrespective of their geological age. sublimes easily without decomposition.

in water and alcohol. pør-o-mět-a-morph-Işm, s. [Pref. pyro-, and pør-o-mūç-ic, a. (Pref. pyro-, and Eng. mucic.]

pyrophosphu-triamic-acid, s. Eng, metamorphism.] (HYDROMETAMORPHISM.] Derived from or containing mucic acid.

Chem.: P2N3H704 = P2(NH2)3H04. A tetrabasio

acid formed by the successive action of ammonia p9-rõm -ě-tēr, s. (Pref. pyro., and Eng. meter pyromucic-acid, 8.

and water on phosphoric oxychloride. It is a white (0.JJ A term originally applied to an instrument Chem.: C,H,O3 = C5H1302. A monobasic acid slowly attacked by it, even at ordinary temper.

amorphous powder, almost insoluble in water, but in the form of a single metallic bar, employed by Muschenbroek a'oout 1730, to indicate temperatures discovered by Schepie in 1-60 ard! -nangadd hy ne atures. All the pyrophospho-triamates are insolu. above the boiling point of mercury, 660° Fahr. It is now applied to any instrument used for such of furfurol. It crystallizes in colorless needles or

1 day distillatice of mucic acid, or by the oxidation ble, or very sparingly soluble, in water. purpose. The first which came into extensive use prisms, slightly soluble in cold water, very soluble phosphoric.1 Derived from or containing phosphorio

pür-o-phos-phor-ic, a. (Pref. pyro-, and Eng. was that of Wedgwood, about 1780; it was devised

in boiling water and in alcohol, melts at 134®, and acid. and used by him for testing the heat of his pottery

ery sublimes below this temperature. The pyromncates and porcelain kilns. No fewer than eleven different of the alkali metals, C H MO2, are very soluble in

pyrophosphoric-acid, s. modes have been proposed or actually employed

or actually employed water and alcohol, but crystallize with difficulty. Chem.: H.P201=H3PO4 HPOZ. A tetrabasic acid for measuring high temperatures: (1) By contrac. Theo

• The other pyromucates are crystalline, and soluble discovered by Dr. Clark of Aberdeen, and readily tion of clay on exposure to heat, as in Wedgwood's; in in hot water.

prepared by evaporating a solution of orthophos. (2) by expansion of bars of ditferent metals; (3) by change of pressure in contined gases; (4) by the pyromucic-alcohol, s.

phoric acid, till its temperature rises to 215%. It amount of heat imparted to a cold mass; (5) by the

forms opaque indistinct crystals, slightly soluble in

Chem.: A dark-red oily liquid produced by the water. When heated to redness, it is converted into fusing point of solids; (6) by conduction and radia action of alcoholic potash, or of sodium amalgam metaphosphoric acid. It forms four classes of tion of heat, depending upon observations with on furfurol. It is insoluble in water. very solmi

on furfurol. It is insoluble in water, very soluble salts, three acid and one neutral, represented by thermometers of moderate range at relative dis- in alcohol and ether, and is decomposed by distil. the formulæ, MH3P207, M H2P207, M3HP207, and tances (PYROSCOPE): (7) by color, as red and white lation. heat; (8) by change in velocity of sounds depending on the change of pitch in musical notes:(9) by reso

pyromucic-aldehyde, s. [FURFUROL.]

pýr-o-phos-phõr-ite, s. (Pref. pyro-, and Eng. lution of chemical compounds; (10) by generation pyromucic-chloride, s.

phosphorite.] of electricity, as in Becquerel's thermo-electric py. Chem.: C H20.Cl. An oily liquid obtained by bo

Min.: A snow-white earthy mineral, sometimes rometer: (11) by change in resistance to electricity, distilling pyromucic acid with phosphorus penta.

by botryoidal. From a mean of two analyses, after as in Siemens' pyrometer, which depends on the in.

eliminating impurities, Shepard obtained : Phoschloride. It boils at 170°, and is resolved by water creased resistance offered by an iron or platinum

phoric acid, 51.67; magnesia, 3.17; lime, 45.16=100, wire to the passage of electricity. Of all these, the into pyromucic acid.

the calculated formula being Mg,P207+4(Ca3P20g+ third (M. Lamy's), depending on the measurement pyromucic-ether, s.

CagP,07). Found in the West Indían Islands. of the tension of carbonic-acid gas developed from Chemistry: C3H (

CH3) Oz. Ethylic pyromucate. pyr-o-phğı-lite, subst. [Pref. pyro-, and Eng. marble wben heated, and the last, are considered Obtained by distilling a mixture of pyromucic acid, phyllite.] the best.

alcohol, and hydrochloric acid. It crystallizes in Min.: Anorthorhombic mineral occurring in foli. Tremeschini's pyrometer is founded on the ex. leaves. insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol and ated and radiated lamellar masses, sometimes compansion of a thin plate of platinum, heated by a ether, melts at 31, and boils at 208-210°.

pact or cryptocrystalline, constituting schistoso mass of metal previously raised to the temperature

rocks. pyr-o-nom'-1cs, 8. [Pref. Pyro-, and Gr. nomos=

Hardness, 1-2; specific gravity, 2.75-2.92; of the medium. The Trampler pyrometer is based

luster, pearly, massive kinds dull or glistening; upon the difference in the coefficients of dilatation a law.] The science of heat.

color, white, apple-green, gray, yellow; feel, greasy. for iron and graphite; the Gauntlet pyrometer on py-röpe', 8. (Gr. pyröpos=fire-like.]

Composition: Silica, 65'0; aluminia, 298; water, 5.2 the difference of those of iron and fire-clay. The Min.: One of the garnet-group, in which magnesia = 100. Formula, 4A120315SiO2+4HO. This species Ducomet pyrometer consists of a series of rings predominates among the other protoxide bases. It was founded upon the analysis of a specimen from made of alloys which have slightly different melt. also contains chromium. Color, a deep-red; trans. Siberia.which yielded the formula Al 0,3Si0.+HO. ing points. (THALPOTASIMETER.] In pyrometers parent. Found associated with serpentines, and in When heated, the foliated varieties expand to many on the Watertype principle, the temperature is de streams in Bohemia. Much used in jewelry.

times their original bulk. termined by noting the amount of heat communi. cated to a current of water of known temperature pýr-o-pěc'-tic, a. (Pref. pyro., and Eng. pectic.]

pyr-o-pěc'-tic, a. (Pref. pyro-, and Eng. pectic. 1

pyrophyllita-rock, 8. which is kept circulating in the medium to be ob- Derived from or containing pectic acid.

Petrol.: Rocks consisting almost entirely of pyr served,

pyropectic-acid, s.

ophyllite in a very compact form. Formerly in. pýr-o-mět --ric, pýr--mět'-ri-cal, a. (Prefix Chem. : C14H1809. Obtained by heating pectin cluded with talcose rocks. pyro-, and Eng, metric, metrical (q. v.).] Of or per- or any of its derivatives to 200°; It is a, bls

r. or any of its derivatives to 200°: It is a black pör-o-phy-sa-lite, subst. Pref. pyro-, and Eng. taining to the pyrometer or pyrometry: ascertained powder, insoluble in water, but soluble in alkaline

physalite; Ger. pyrophysalith.] or determined by pyrometry. liquids, and forms brown uncrystallizable salts.

Min.: A variety of topaz, occurring in large, py-rõm -ě-trý, 8. (PYROMETER.] The act, art,

pýr-o-phāne, 8. [PYROPHANOUS.)

coarse, opaque crystals, and massive, at Finbo, or process of measuring degrees of heat; that Min.: A name given to hydrophane (q. v.) which Sweden. Intumesces when heated. branch of science which treats of the measurement has been steeped in melted wax for some time, when

pør-O-pin, s. [Gr. pyröpos=fiery; -in (Chem.).] of heat.

it becomes transparent, and exhibits a play of color
when heated.

Chem.: The name given by Thomson to a red subpýr-o-mör-in-tăn-nic, a. [Pref. pyro-, and

stance extracted from elephants' teeth, apparently Eng, morintannic.] Derived from morintannic acid py-roph'-an-ods, adj. (Pref. pyro-, and Greek

eek an albuminoid. (Watts.) by beat.

phainõ=to show.] Rendered transparent by heat. pýr--piss-ite, s. [Pref.pyro-; Gr. pissa=pitch, pyromorintannic-acid, 8. (OXYPHENIC-ACID.) pýr'-o-phone, 8. (Pref. pyro-, and Gr. phònēra

Trrer. Pyro, and r. phone-a and suff. -ite (Min.).

sound.) An instrument invented by Kastner, the Min.: A name given to an earthy, friable subpyr-6-morph -ite, 8. (Pref. pyro-; Gr. morphe sounds of which are produced by jets of gas burn- stance, of a greenish-brown color, and no luster, =form, and suti.-ite (Min.).

ing under glass tubes. It has three manuals. which forms a thin layer in lignite at Weissenfels, Min.: A lead salt found mostly in veins, with other

pýr-o-phor-ic, py-rõph-or-oŭs, a. (Mod. Lat. near Halle. Dana points out that it is a mixture of ores of lead. Crystallization, hexagonal. Hardness. 3-5 4; specific gravity, 6.5-7.1, though somewhat pyrophor(us; Eng, adj. suff. -ic, -ous.] Pertaining species, and needs proper investigation, lower when part of the lead is replaced by lime; to or resembling pyrophorus.

pýr-o-qui-něl', 8. (Prefix pyro-, and Eng, qui. luster, resinous; color, shades of green, yellow, py-roph -or-ës, s. [Pref. pyro-, and Gr. phoros nol.] (HYDROQUINONE.) brown, sometimes gray to white; streak, white: =bearing.)

pýr-ā-ra-çē-mic, a. (Pref. pyro-, and English transparent to subtranslucent; fracture, subcon- .1. Chem. A term applied to any substance capa. racemic.] Derived from or containing racemic acid. cboidal, uneven ; brittle. Composition: Phosphoric ble of taking fire spontaneously, or on a slight acid, 157; oxide of lead, 74:1; chlorine, 2:6, lead, elevation of temperature. The pyrophorus on Hom pyroracemic-acid, s. 7-6=100; proportionate to phosphate of lead, 89:8; berg is a mixture of alum and sugar carefully car. Inorganic Chemistry: CzH.02=CH2.CO.CO.OH. chloride of lead, 10-2=100. Formula (3PbO) POE+ bonized in an open pan, and then heated to redness Acetoformic acid. Pyruvic acid. A monobasic acid Pbil. Arsenic acid sometimes replaces part of the in a flask free from air. It ignites on exposure to produced by the dry distillation of racemic or tarphosphoric acid. Isomorphous with mimetite the air.

taric acid. It is a faint yellowish liquid, boiling at 7o. v.). Dana makes the following subdivisions: 2. Entom.: A genus of Elaterida, emitting light 165° with partial decomposition, and soluble in (1) Ordinary: (a) in crystals; (b) acicular and at will from two rounded spots on the prothorax.water, alcohol, and ether. Its salts crystallize well. moss-like aggregations; (c) concretionary; (d

from America. provided heat is avoided in their preparation. fibrous; (e) granular massive; (f) earthy. (2) They fly by night, and, in structure, differ widely Dor-o-rět'-in, 8. PYRORETINITE.] Polyspherite, containing lime; specific gravity, from the fireflies of the Eastern hemisphere. The

Min.: A resin found in nodules and plates in the 5*89-6-44; color, shades of brown; this includes type of the genus is Pyrophorus noctilucus, the West miesite, nussierite, and cherokine (see these words). Indian Firefly. (FIREFLY.)

lignite near Aussig, Bohemia. Hardness, 2:5; spe(8) Chromiferous. (4) Arseniferous. (5) Pseudo

cific gravity, 1.05-1.18; luster, greasy-resinous. Prob

pyr-o-phos-phăm'-ic, a. (Pref. pyro-, and Eng. ably formed by the action of heat from a basaltic morphous: (a) after galena; (b) after cerussite. phosphamic.] Derived from or containing phos- dyke. It has yielded various resin-like compounds. pýr-o-mor-pho-sis, 8. (Gr. pyr=fire, and more phamic acid


pyrophosphamic-acid, 8.

pýr-6-rět'-in-īte, 8. [Prefix pyro-, and English Petrol.: The change produced in rocks by contact

Chem.: P2NH308=P2(NH2) H306. A tribasic acid retinite.] with igneous lavas.

produced by heating an aqueous solution of pyro- Min.: A resin-like substance deposited from a pýr-o-mor-phous, a. (Pref. pyro-; Gr, morphe phosphodiamic acid. It is a semi-solid, non-crys. hot alcohol solution of pyroretin during cooling. =shape, and Eng. suff. -ous.)

talline mass with an acid reaction; soluble in Composition: Carbon, 80.0; hydrogen, 9.33; oxygen, Min.: Having the property of crystallizing by the alcohol, and capable of bearing a strong heat with- 1067=100, which corresponds with the formula agency of fire. out decomposition.

C4013604. boll, boy; pout, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Pyr-chic (2), a. (See def.] Of or pertaining high and broad as long, tumid, tip slightly com- universe was a fire, around which the sun, moon, to Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, who invaded Italy in pressed and overhanging; feet formed for perching, and planets, with the celestial sphere itself, new

C. to assist the Tarentines against the rather broad in the sole; tail truncate, emarginate, volved. These were either themselves gods, or had Romans. In his first battle he obtained the vic- rather lo

their movements directed by gods. There existed a tory, but the number of the slain on both sides was pgr-rði. s. (Eng. pyríomucic): -01.]

music of the spheres, the celestial bodies dancing equal, so that Pyrrhus exclaimed, “Ono such more

a choral dance around the central fire. The soul of

Chem.: C4HN=C4H3(NH)H. Pyrrhol. Pyrolin. man was an emanation from the universal soul of victory and I am undone," Hence, a Pyrrhic victory, one by which the victor loses more than he Produced by the dry distillation of ammonic pyro

the world. There was a transmigration of souls. mucate. It is a colorless oil of fragrant ethereal gains.

Flesh and beans were not to be eaten. Nature wag odor; specific gravity, 1.077, boils at 133°, and is "Although its acceptance might secure for the moment

in uniformity with the will of the Deity, and human soluble in alcohol and ether. It turns brown on life should make an approach to the harmony of the triumph of a party division, it would be indeed a

exposure to the air, and imparts a purple stain to Nat Pyrrhic victory."- London Daily Telegraph.

ain to Nature. The Pythagorean system declined about fir wood previously moistened with hydrochloric

CB. C. 300, but revived two centuries later, and in the pýr-rhi-çist, s. (Eng. pyrrhic (1); -ist.) One acid.

Augustan age the views of its advocates as to the who danced in the pyrrhic.

pyrrol-red, s.

past changes which the earth bad undergono pyr-rhite, s. [Greek pyrrhos=yellowish-red, or Chem.: C.H N,0. A substance separating in through the operation of fire, water, &c. (Ovid: fire-like; suff. -ite (Min.).)

amorphous orango red flocks when pyrrolis loated Metamorph., bk. XV.), were essentially 60 sound as Min.: An isometric mineral, occurring in small with excess of sulphuric acid: also produced when to excite the commendation of Sir Charles Lyell. octahedrons. Hardness, 6: luster, vitreous; color, carbopyrrolic acid is similarly treated. It is solo. (Princip. OJ Geol., ok. 1., ca.1.) orange-yellow; subtranslucent. Composition be- ble in boiling alcohol, but insoluble in water, ether, pý-thăg-or-ize, v. i. (Gr. pythagorizo.] To lieved to be, from blowpipe trials, a coloinbate of acids, and alkalies.

speculate after the manner of Pythagoras. zirconia colored by oxides of iron, &c. Found with

pýr'-u-la, 8. (Dimin. from Lat. pyrusra pear.] pỹth-1-åd, s. [PYTHIAN.) lepidolite, orthoclase, albite, &c., near Mursinsk, Urals, and with albite in the Azores.

1. Zool.: A genus of Muricidæ. (FIG-SHELL.]

Greek Antiq.: The interval between one celebra.

tion of the Pythian games and another. pỹr-rhoc-/r-ăx, s. (Lat.)

2. Palæont.: From the Lias onward.
pỹr-u-lär-1-a, 8. (Latin, dimin. from pyrussa

Pýth-I-an, a. & 8. (Lat. Pythius; Gr. Pythios= Ornith.: Alpine Chough; a genus of Fregiline,

pertaining to Pytho, the older name of Delphi and pear; fem. pl. adj. suff.-aria.) with one species, Pyrrhocorax alpinus, ranging from Switzerland to the Himalayas.

Bot.: A genus of Santalacew. The kernels of

its environs.) - Pyrularia pubera, from Carolina, furnish an oil.

A. As adj.: Pertaining to Delphi, Apollo, or his pör-rho-cor-1-dæ, 8. pl. _[Mod. Latin pyrrho- The fruit of P. edulis, a Himalayan species, is

priestess, who delivered oracles there. cortis): Lat. fem. pl. adj. suff. -idæ.] eaten.

B. As subst.: One of the four persons whose offico Entoin.: Red-bugs; a family of Geocores. Gen.

pør-, subst. (Latin pyrus, pirus=a pear-tree; state; hence, a devotoe of Apollo, a poet (1).

it was to consult the Delphic oracle on affairs of eral color bright red, with black spots and other markings; ocelli wanting, membrane with numerpirum, pyrum=a pear.)

"Like Apollo, from his golden bow, ous longitudinal veins. Very predatory. Widely Bot.: A genus of Pomaceæ (Lindley); of Pomom,

The Pythian of the age one arrow sped a tribe of Rosaces (Sir J. Hooker). Fruit two to distributed.

And smiled."

Shelley: Adonais, xvill five celled, with cartilaginous walls. North Tem. põr-rhoc'-or-is, 8. (Gr. pyrrhos=fire-like, and perate Zone. Known species about forty. Five most

Pythian-games, 8. pl. korisa bug.l. familiar are: Pyrus communis, the Wild Pear,

Greek Antig.: One of the four great national Entomol.: The typical genus of Pyrrhocoridæ P. malus, the Wild or Crab Apple, P. (Sorbus) tor festivals of Greece, celebrated every fifth year in (9.v.). Pyrrhocoris apterus is found in numbers on minalis, the Wild Service, P. (Sorbus) aria, the honor of Apollo, near Delphi. They were said to the Continent of Europe, around the baso O limo White Beam-tree, and P. (Sorbus aucuparia, the

have been institnted by Apollo himself after he bad trees.

Mountain-ash or Rowan-tree. One, P. Mespilus) overcome the dragon Python. põr-rho-lite, s. [Greek pyrrhos=fire-like, and germanica, the Medlar, is an escape. P.baccata, p9-thi-dæ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. pyth(o); Lat. fem. lithos=a stone.

P. kumaoni, P. lanata, P. pashia, and P. vestita, pl. adj. sutk. -idæ.) Mineral.: An altered anortbite found in reddish Indian species, havo more or less edible fruits. Entom.: A family of Heteromerous Boetles, sublamellar masses at Tunaberg, Sweden. It resem nf-rn'-vic, adj. (Pref. pyr., and Eng. uv(it)ic.]

pur.. and Eng. ulitical tribe Trachelia. Small beetles from the North bles polyargite (q. v.).

* Derived from or containing uvitic acid. Dyr-rhon-ic, põr-rho-nē-an, a. (Latin Pyr- pyruvic-acid, 8. [PYRORACEMIC-ACID.)

pỹ -tho, subst. [Gr. Pytho=the part of Phocis in rhoneus, Fr. Pyrrhonien.) Pertaining or relating

Py-thăg-o-rē-an, a. & 8. [Latin Pythagoreus; "Entom. The typical genus of Pythidə. Body to Pyrrhonism.

which Delphi lay.I. Pğr-Thon-işm, 8. [After Pyrrho, a philosopher

Gr. Pythagoreios, from Pythagoras, the founder of flat; thorax narrowed behind, shaped like a

tho sect.] of Elis, founder of the sect called Sceptics or Pyr

truncated heart. rhonists, about 340 B. C.). The doctrines of the

A. As adj.: Pertaining or relating to Pythagoras pý-tho-gěn -ě-sls, 8. [Gr. pythô=to make to Pyrrhonists; excessive doubt or exaggerated scep- or his system of philosophy.

rot, and Eng. genesis (q. v.).] Generation by means ticism.

B. As substantive:

of filth. Pyr-rho-nist, Pyr-rho-nl-an, subst. (After 1. Philos.: A follower or supporter of the system .py-tho-gěn'-ic, a. [PYTHOGENESIS.) Produced Pyrrho. A follower of Pyrrho, who carried the of philosophy taught by Pythagoras. .

by putridity. principle of universal doubt or philosopbic nes- 2. Music: One of the followers of the system of pythogenic-fever, 8. cience to an extreme; henco, a scoptic.

Pythagoras, in which tho consonance or dissonance Pathol.: Typhoid fever (q. v.) (Dr. Chas. Murchi

of an interval was judged by the ratio of the vibra. son). põr-rhô-pine, s. (Gr. pyrrhos=flame-colored; opsis=appearance, and suff..ine (Chem.). 1 tions without appeal to the ear.

py-thon, 8. (Lat., from Gr. Pythonra celebrated Chem.: An alkaloid supposed to be identical with Pythagorean-bean,8. [NELUMBIUM.)

serpent which destroyed the people and cattle about chelerythrine. It was extracted from the root of Pythagorean-letter, 8. The letter Y. so called Delphi, and was slain by Apollo.) Cheledonium majus, and formed with acids slightly because Pythagoras employed it to signify the bifur. Zool.: Rock-snake; the typical genug of Pythoni. soluble red salts. cation of the good and evil ways of men.

dæ (q.v.). Anterior half of upper side of head cov

ered with symmetrical shields, the under with pgr-rhô-rēt-In, subst. (Greek pyrrhos=flame- Pythagorean-lyre, 8.

scales: nostrils between two shields unequal in colored: Eng. ret(ene), and suff. -ine (Chem.).) Music: A musical instrument said to have been size. They have a double row of scutes under the Chem.: A substanco found by Forchhammer in invented by Pythagoras.

tail, and teeth in the intermaxillary bone. There fossil pipe wood of Denmark, and described by him as humate of beloretin. It is soluble in alcohol, Pythagorean-system, s. (PYTHAGORISM. ] are two species from India, Python molurus and P.

reticulatus, and three from Africa, P. sebæ (which insoluble in ether. Tho substance is probably a Pythagorean-table, s. The abacus.

has incubated in the Zoological Gardens, Regent's mixture.

Pythagorean-theorem, s.

Park), P. regius, and P. natalensis. pýr-rho-sa, s. (Gr. pyrrhor=flame-colored.) Geom.: The forty-seventh proposition of the first pý-thon-ěss, *py-thon-esse, 8. (Fr. pythonBot.: A genus of Myristicacea. The mucilaginous book of Euclid's Elements.

isse, from Late Latin pythonissa; from pytho=a mace of Pyrrhosa tingens, a native of Amboyna, Po-thăg-0-rē -an-Ism. s. Eng. Pythagorean: familiar spirit.). (PYTHIAN.) The priestess of the rabbed between the fingers stains them red. With ism.] The same as PYTHAGORISM (q. v.).

temple of Apollo at Delphi, who delivered the lime it makes a red dye, with which the patives

oracles of the god; hence, applied to any woman stain their teeth.

*Po-tha-gor-Ic, *Py-tha-gor-ic-al, a. (Lat. who pretended to foretell coming events. pyr-rho-si-dër'-ite, 8. [Greek pyrrhos=fire-red, Pythagoricus; Gr. Pythagorikos.] Pythagorean.

“Like Saul, to run to a pythonesse."-Jeremy Taylor. and Eng. siderite.)

Pý-thăg-or-işm, 8. [Fr. Pythagorisme.)

Sermons, p. 171. Min.: The same as RUBY-MICA (q. v.).

Philos., Astron., &c.: The system of belief at pý-thon-ic, *py-thon:-ick, a. (Lat. Pythonipýr'-rho-tine, pỹr-rho-tite, 8. (Gr. pyrrhotēs tributed to Pythagoras, born in Samos about 540 cus, Gr. Pythonikos. 1 Pertaining to the prediction =reddish; suff. -ine, -ite (Min.). )

B. C., his mother being a Samian and his father, it of future events; oracular, prophetic. Min.: A mineral isomorphous with greenockite is believed, a Phænician. After traveling in Egypt, “Those pythonick spirits formerly inhabited under the (q. v.), Crystallization, hexagonal; cleavage, basal, Persia, &c., in quest of knowledge, he settled in cavities of these three rocks."-Ryoaut: Present state of perfect. Rarely crystallized. Hardness, 3.5-4.5: Croton, in the south of Italy, ultimately founding

the Greek and drmenian Churohes, p. 406. specitic gravity, 4:4-4-68; luster, metallic; color, a society constituting at once a philosopbicalschool, pý-thõn -1-dæ, 8. pl. [Mod. Lat. python: Late When fresh, bronze-yellow, but tarnishes on ox. a religious brotherhood, and a political association fem. pl. adj. sutf. -idæ. posure to a dark copper-red; streak, dark grayisb- of aristocratic sympathies. He died about 504. He 1. 2o8l.: A family of Colubriformes, with twenty black; brittle; slightly magnetic. Composition: never coinmitted his system to writing. This was genera, confined to the tropics, with the exception Mostly sulphur, 30-5; iron, 60*5=100, corresponding first done by Philolaus, one of his disciples. of one genus. Body and tail of moderate length, or with the formula, FerSg, but these proportions are Pythagoras is said to have regarded numbers as rather slender, rounded; tail prehensile; head with somewhat variable. Frequently contains nickel, the essence or principle of things, the elements out snout rather long, depressed, truncated or rounded the pickeliferous pyrrhotites yielding most of the of which the universe was made, and attributed to in front. Teeth in intermaxillary, maxillary, pala. pickel of commerce.

them a true and independent existence. The princi. tine, and pterygoid bones; pone grooved. Adult põr-tho-tite, s. (PYRRHOTINE.)

ples of numbers were contrasted, as a straight line individuals with spur-like prominence on each

and a curve, an even and an odd, all traceable side the vent; it is the extremity of a rudimentary pğr-rhu-la, s. (Gr. pyrrhos=fire-red.)

back to a monad in which both an even and an hind limb hidden between the muscles. [RockOrnith.: Bullfinch; a genus of Fringillidæ, with odd were included. The world was a breathing SNAKES.] pine species, ranging over the Palæarctic region to being. There were five elements, fire, air, water, 2. Palæont.: One species, from the Miocene the Azores and High Himalayas. Bill short, as earth, and one unnamed. In the central part of the Brown-coal of Germany. (Wallace.) boll, boy; pout, jowl; cat, çell, chorus, chin, bench; go, gem; thin, this; sin, aş; expect, Xenophon, exist. ph = f.

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »