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several illustrative engravings. In its present form, the Author trusts, thai independently of the moral reflections it contains, it will be found to comprise popular descriptions of a greater number of scientific facts than is to be found in any other volume of the same size.
Various topies, originally intended to be illustrated, have been unavoidably omitted. Some of these are stated in the last paragraph of Chapter IV. the illustration of which, in combination with other kindred topies, would fill a volume of nearly the same size as the present This subject (for which the author has abunda nee of materials) will be prosecuted in another volume, under the title of The Philosophy Of Religion; and will comprise, among many other objects of discussion, illustrations of the moral relation of intelligent beings to their Creator, and to one another—the physical and rational grounds of those moral laws which the Deity has promulgated—the views which science affords of the incessant energies of Creating Power, and of the grand and multifarious objects over which Divine Providence presides—the relation of science to a future state, and of the aids which the discoveries of science afford, for enabling us to form a conception oftheperpetual improvement of the celestial inhabitants in knowledge and felicity. These subjects will be illustrated by a variety of interesting details of facts, in relation to the system of nature, the history of nations, and the moral state of Christian and general society
Introduction ... .........
Necessity of Revelation. Folly of discarding the Science of Nature from Religion.
Beneficial Effects which flow from the study of the Works of God.
OP THE NATURAL ATTRIBUTES OP THE DEITY.
Ov THE RELATION OF THE Natdral ATTRIBUTES OP THE Deity TO RELI-
The Christian Religion founded on the Natural Attributes of God. His P^wer as
interesting a subject as his Mercy—Illustrated in two instances. Evils which arise
from imperfect conceptions of Divine Power. Defects in Religious Instruction oo
this subject. Sources of Illustration.
Illustrations Of The Omnipotence Of The Deitt .....
The material world exhibits a more striking display of this Perfection than the super-
natural facts recorded in Scripture. Immense quantity of Matter in the universe.
Mode of acquiring the most comprehensive conception of the bulk of the Earth—
its variety of scenery—its mass of solid matter. Magnitude of the bodies which
compose the Solar System. Magnitude and number of the Stars. Procedure of
the mind in acquiring the most impressive conceptions of such august objects. Re-
flections. Rapid Motions of the Celestial Bodies, How we acquire the ideas of
relative velocities—weight of the Earth—immense physical forces—Grandeur of
the motion of Saturn—immense number of bodies impelled through the heav'"'
Reflections. Immense Spaces which surround the Heavenly Botlies—r .^uons.
Popular illustration of the Motions of the Earth and Heavens. Extract from Dr.
Ridgeley, with remarks. Universe intended to adumbrate the Attributes of God, and
to make a sublime impression on created beings. Similar trains of thought sug-
gested in the Scriptures. Moral Effects of such contemplations. Humility, Folly
of pride—low rank of man in the scale of being. Reverence and Veneration—Rea-
son why mankind feel so little veneration of God—how it maybe increased. The
Deity unsearchable. Hope and Confidence in the prospect of futurity—Resurrec-
tion—Scenes of Eternity.
On The Wisdom And Intelligence Of The Deitt -
Wisdom defined—Displayed in the Structure of the Solar System. Distance of the
Sun. Rotation of the Planets—Principal reason why such a motion exists. Wisdom
displayed in other Systems. Minute displays of this attribute cannot be traced in the
heavens. Wisdom, as displayed in the constitution of our globe—adjustment of its solid
parts to the necessities of the beings which inhabit it. Mountains, their uses—exist in
other worlds. Diversity of colour—argument for a plurality of worlds—general colour
which prevails in the scene of nature—Water, its use in the system of nature—its
composition, evaporation—motion of the liquid element—its beneficial effects. The
Atmosphere—its weight and pressure—its component parts—its various properties—
necessary to animal life, flame, sound, twilight—wisdom displayed in its constitution.
Expansion of water in the act of freezing.
Variety Op Nature ----------
Vegetables—their number and variety. Animals—variety in their organization. Eyes
of insects— their exquisite mechanism. Subterraneous Regions. Atmosphere. The
Variety of Nature affords a faint idea of the infinity of the Creator. Illustrated
in the number of animal pans and functions. Reflection. Variety the foundation of
our judgments. Beauty and sublimity of Nature. Primeval state of our globe—
Mechanism of Animated Beings ---.------88
Structure Of The Human Ete—its coats, humours, muscles, orbit, and motions.
Wisdom displayed in its construction. LiglU—its velocity, minuteness, colours, and
adaptation to the eye. Manner In Which Vision Is Performed—explained
by a figure, and an experiment—illustrated by the view from Salisbury Craigs. Mul
titude of rays which flow from every object—smallness of the image on the retina,
illustrated by calculation—what proportion of the solar light fills on our globe—Re-
flections. Mechanism for viewing near and distant objects—contraction and dilata-
tion of the pupil—distance at which we see distinctly. Summary view of adaptations
in the structure of the eye. Eves of superior intelligences. Visual organs of tho
inferior animals. Mechanism of the Bones illustrated—exemplified in the joints of the
ringers, the wrist, and the movements of which the head is susceptible. Moral Reflec-
tion* on the impropriety of overlooking thj Divine Wisdom in the system of nature.
On The Goodness Or Benevolence Of The Deitt - - - - - 111
Benevolence of God in relation to Man—considered as a depraved intelligence. Mercy
displayed in the system of nature. Benevolence as displayed towards the lower
animals. Extract from Dr. Paley. General Reflections.
A CURSORY VIEW OF SOME OF THE SCIENCES WHICH ARE RELATED
TO RELIGION AND CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY.
Introduction. Extensive range of Theology. Bad effects of setting Religion in oppo-
sition to Science. Harmony of the operations of God in Nature and Revelation 117
Natural History - - - 110
Its extensive range. Outline of its principal objects—on the surface, and in the interior
recesses of the earth—in the atmosphere—the vegetable, mineral, and animal king-
doms—and in the region tf the heavens. Description of the Banian Tree. Reflec-
tions. Monkey Bread Tree. Splendour and felicity of insect life. Invisible worlds
—infinity of the universe. Religious tearlency of this Science. It affords a manifest-
ation of the Deity, and expands our conceptions of his operations—ennobles the human
mind.—Recommended by the Sacred writers.
Geography - • ---134
Jts object—Figure of the Earth—Proofs of its spherical form. Relation which the dis-
covery of the figure of th.- earth bears to the plan of Providence Magnitude and
natural divisions of the earth General features of its surface. Mountains—their
general ranges, and the sublime scenes they exhibit The Ocean—its extent, depth,
bottom, and motions. Rivers—their number, size, and the quantity of water they
pour into the ocean. How they are supplied—their use in tho system of nature.
Artificial division of the earth. Number and variety of its inhabitants. Number
which have existed since the Creation—number at the resurrection, and the apace they
would occupy. Number which the earth would contain—strictures on Malthus.
Utility of the study of Geography to Religion—to Directors of Missionary Societies
—to Private Christians. Grandeur of its physical objects—utility of its moral facts.
Ideology - - - -157
Its object and connexion with religion—an interesting subject of inquiry. Materials which
compose the crust of our globe. Various geological phenomena. Organic remains—
Mammoth, Tapir, Elk, Megatherium, &c. Geological deductions not inconsistent
with the Mosaic Historv—Genesis i. 1,2, explained. Short duration of the earth
in its present form. The Deluge, and its eflects on the earth's strata. Marine shells,
&c. Grand and terrific objects which this science exhibits—illustrate the sublime
descriptions of the Deity recorded in the Scriptures.
ASTRONOMY * * *
Its sublime objects. Apparent motions of the Sim—of the Moon. Eclipses of the Sun
and Moon. Apparent motion of the starry heavens. Stars and planets seen in the
day-time, and with what powers of the telescope they may be distinguished. Appar-
ent revolution of the celestial vault indicates Almighty power. Stars never shift their
relative positions. Solar System. The Sun—his size and probable destination illus-
trated—his spots and atmosphere—different kind of rays emitted from his body—his
distance illustrated. Mercury—his size, rotation, quantity of light and heat, &c .
Proportions of caloric on the different planets. Venus—her size, phases, mountains,
transits, and general phenomena. Original observations on, and mode by which her
diurnal rotation may be determined. Earth—proofs of its annual and diurnal motions.
The moon—description of her majestic mountain scenery, luminous spots, celestial
appearances, illuminating power, superficial contents, &c . Mart—his distance,
atmosphere, luminous zone, &c. New Planets—Ceres, Pallas, Juno, and Vesta—
their anomalies, singularities, and probable origin. Meteoric Stones. Jupiter—his
bulk, rotation, belts, and the appearances of his moons. Saturn—his figure, belts,
moons, and quantity of light. His Rings, their dimensions, motion, and phenomena
—illustrated by a figure. Splendour of the firmament, as viewed from this planet (see
the engraving.) Herschel—his distance, size, and quantity of light. Comets—their
tails, velocity, orbits, size, and number. New Comet. Motion of the solar system
in absolute space—its destination—plurality of worlds intimated in Scripture. The
Fixed Stars—their distance illustrated—their arrangement, changes—moral reflections.
Relation of Astronomy to Religion—moral effects which its objects have a tendency
to produce—criminality of overlooking the works of God, &c.
Natural Philosophy - -- -- -- -- --
Its objects and different departments. Mechanics—subjects it embraces, and its impor-
tance to the improvement of mankind. Hydrostatics—its leading principles and uses,
illustrated by figures. Pneumatics^-its principles, and the experiments by which they
are illustrated. Acoustics. Optics—leading facts and principles of this science.
Burning-glasses, &c. Electricity—its nature, phenomena, effects, and agency in the
system of nature. Galvanism—its singular effects on metals, &c . and on the animal
system—various facts which it explains. Magnetism—its various phenomena and
effects. Relation of Natural Philosophy to Religion—its inventions meliorate the con-
dition of mankind—illustrated in the case of the electric fluid—it undermines the influ-
ence of superstition—unfolds the incessant agency of God—indifference to this subject
Chtmistrt - -- -- --
iLs objects, and present dignified station. General forms of matter—simple and com-
pound substances. Caloric—its sources and properties. Oxygen, its properties and
combinations—nitrous oxide, its singular effects. Nitrogen, its effects on flame and
animal life. Hydrogen, its properties and uses. Carbon, its nature, combinations,
and antiseptic properties. Sulphur, its origin, combinations, and properties. Phos-
phorus, history of its discovery—how prepared—curious experiments with this sub-
stance—Phosphoric phenomena in the system of nature. Connexion of this science
with Religion—it displays the wisdom and benevolence of God, and the mode of his
present and future operations—improves the condition of man—and carries forward
our views to a more glorious and auspicious era.
ANATOMY AND PHTSIOLOGT * -
Their general object—human body, its different parts and divisions. Bones, their num-
ber, form, and positions. Muscles, their nature, use, and extraordinary strength.
Heart and blood-vessels, and the circulation of the blood. Respiration—curious srrue-
lure of the lungs. Digestion. Perspiration. Sensation, and the system of nerves.
Summary. Moral reflections—this branch of study teaches us our dependence on a
Superior Power—and excites to gratitude.
History - - - -
Its objects, advantages, and connexion with Religion. Connexion of the science and
of the Divine dispensations with each other. Concluding remarks.
THE RELATION WHICH THE INVENTIONS OP ART BEAR TO THE
OBJECTS OF RELIGION.
Art of Printing, iti origin and beneficial effects—Dr. Church's Improvements in. Art of
Navigation. Mariner's Compass, its discovery and use. The Telescope, its invention,
and the discoveries made by it—serves instead of a celestial vehicle. Magnifying pow-
ers of Dr. Herschel's Telescopes. The Microscope, and the views it exhibits of the
wisdom of God Steam Navigation, its utility in promoting the intercourse of man-
kind, and its relation to the objects of religion. Air Balloons, utility of, when arrived
at perfection—proposed improvement in. History of their invention—Lunardi's ascent—
the Parachute. Acoustic Tunnels. Experiments on the Conveyance of Sound. M.
Biot's remarkable experiment. Don Gau tier's experiment and suggestion. Conclusions
in reference to the extensive conveyance of sound. Practical remarks—utility of the
arts in relation to tho Millennial Era - - - - - - IU
BENEFICIAL EFFECTS WHICH WOULD RESULT FROM CONNECTING
SCIENCE WITH RELIGION.
(. The variety of topics wou d allure the attention of intelligent minds to religious subjects.
Principle of novelty intended by the Creator to be gratified—illustrated in the variety
which appears in the earth, the heavens, and the volume of Revelation. II. Science en-
ables us to take an extensive survey of the empire* of God—illustrates many sublime passa-
ges of the Bible—qualifies us for complying with several Divine Injunctions—danger of
selfishness and indifference in this respect. Our conceptions of God depend on our views
of the extent of his dominions. III. Science enlarges our views of the operations of Provi-
dence, in relation to the past and present scenes of the world. The economy of the in-
ferior animals. The physical and moral economy of the celestial worlds. IV. Science,
blended with Religion, would produce a general expansion of mind, and liberality of
views, in reference to the opinions and actions of men, and to the works and the ways of
God, illustrated at large, V. It would induce a spirit of piety, and profound humility.
Sources of piety—illustrated by an example. Humility—illustrated by the examples of
Mr. Bo vie, of Sir Isaac Newton, and of superior intelligences. General conclusions - IS4