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COSSACKS.

THE

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Anecdotes of tbe Russian Army.

Jan been hardy enongh to infinuate that the RUSSIAN HORSE GRENADIERS. medical tribe themielves are no enemies to THE horse-grenadiers are the flower o this King of terrors, and, that many of their dragoons, but they were not bette the faculty bring him on their patients before mounted ; their horses were weak and small their time; -empyrics, no doubt, frequent. and very much worked down. Their unily do to.; for as many people in this age form is like that of the dragoons, viz. blue assume the pompous title of Doctor, as of coats, turned up and lined with red, ani Captain ; every quack is fty led Doctor, from Atraw.coloured waiftcoats. They have the farrier and illiterate mortar-pounder, to cap, which is a good defence against fun ans the regular bred plíylician; and every man ráin, at the same time that it is very orna is dubbed a Captain, fron the master of a mental. Potaioe-boat to the commander of a first- General Mannstein, in one part of his ac rate man of war, or from a disbanded Spr. count of the Rulüans, reckons twelve hun jeant to a real commander of a company; dred and thirty-one men; and in another only almost every body now a days is either a seven hundred I have never been able to Doctor or a Captain.

come at their true strength ; but, according Anecdotes of the Rufan Army, and other cu

to the public accounts, a regiment was only rious Military Particulars. Translated

four hundred and fourteen strong. It is cer: from the German of Captain Tielki.

tain that they were very weak at the time ! allude to in the text.

A clever cavalry officer, who faw the HERE are many different colonies of Rusfan cavalry during their last war* againsi

Cossacks, but the larges, and moft the Turks, has assured me, that they are known are, the Don Cossacks, the Zaporog, very much improved, not only in their horses, or Zaporovian Cossacks, and the Ukrain Cor: which, especially in the Cuiraffier regiments, facks. The Don Cossacks are superior to the are large and strong, but also particularly reft. General Mannftein fpeaks in high terms in point of manæuvring. He saw them of the bravery which these latter difplayed on exercise; and afferts, that they are not infemany occasions, and particularly at the tak rior to any Gerinan cavalry. ing of Oczakow, when they fought on foot, and stormed with much intrepidity. However,

Ruffian Grenadiers. they were never held in any esteem in the THE grenadiers are very fine, both in point campaigns between the Russians and Pruff- of men and clothing. Their caps, which ans, fo that, perhaps, one may now apply are a sort of helmel with plumes, give them to them what General Mannstein, who gives a Roman appearance. The officers plumes an account of the principal colonies of these are made of feathers.; the foldiers, of yarn. people, says of the Ukrain Coffacks-“They They dress their hair in ihree curls, which lerved in the Ruffian army against the Turks, they faften themselves wth Tittle pieces of but they were of no other use than to encreale wood, it is astonithing see these men, the numbers; and one may on good grounds when they come off a atiguing march, in couclude, that their foriner bravery is total- bad weather, and bad roads, appear per. jy extinguished.”- In their last campaigns fectly clean and well dessed an hour after almost the only duty that they did was the their arrival in camp. escorting provision waggons.

The inusketeers are very inferior to the Every Cossack carries a pike, a sword, and grenadiers; and they d not attend so much one or a brace of rift.

to their dress.

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1789. Hiftory of the Reign of Peter the Cruel.

3 The History of the Reign of Peter the Cruel

, the was proclaimed queen of Caftile. With

ftruck his fancy, he married her publicly, and King of Cafile and Leon, by Jobn Talbot this lady, however, he remained only two Dillon, Esq. B S. R. E. Member of the Royal Iris Academy of Sciences, and bono. pights, after which he abandoned her, as he rary viember of ibe Literary and Pbilofo- fection for Padilla began now to return, ar.d

had done the unfortunate Blanche. His af. pical Society of Mancbefter. 2 vols, he haftened once more to the arms of a milSvo. Ricbardjon. 1788.

trefs, who soon recovered all that dominion THE utility and importance of history, over him which she seemed to have loft. biting in a favourable point of view, the acti, whom he wished to raise to the throne of ous of good princes and virtuous men, and Caftile, he ordered queen Blanche to be by unveiling the crimes and villainy of the poisoned ; who accordingly fell a facrifice to bad, it becomes a kind of mirror of human the wanton caprice of this brutal tyrant, ini life, which if properly. consulted might be the twenty-fifth year of her age. Palilla of the greatest lervice to mankind. On this did not long enjoy her triumph: he was account, therefore every author who adds to "Toon after seized with a fit of illness, which the general flock, when bis work is executed carried her off in the Alcazcar of Seville, in a tolerable manner, deferves the thanks to the great grief of her paramour, who of the public, and much more those who caused her to be interred with great pump in make us acquainted with periods, the events a monastery of her own founding. of which were before little known, or veiled Among many other acts of cruelty, Pe. in obscurity and darkness.

ter ordered his two bastard brothers to be put Peter, king of Castile, whom all nations to death, the eldest of whom was only ninehave branded with the scieftable epithet of teen, and the younger no more than fourteen cruel, was the son and heir of Alfonso XI. years of age ; but after an unfortunate reign, king of Caftile, by Maria, daughter of Al. he himself was murdered by his baftard bro. fonso, king of Portugal, and at the age of ther Henry, count of Traitamara, who had fifteen succeeded his father, who died of taken up arms against him. The account of the plague in 1350, while besieging the for- this event, together with the author's chatrefs of Gibraltar, which had been wrested racter of Peter, we thall give in his own from him by surprise. Soon after his ac words as it will serve as a specimen of the cession to the throne, he fent the bishop of work. Burgos and Don Alvaro Garcia de Albor. As soon as it was known in Henry's army Dez, to demand in marriage the accomplish. that the King had retreated into the castle of ed Blanche, daughter of the duke of Bour• Montiel, orders were given that it mould bon, but happening to see the beautiful Don. be immediately surrounded with troops, and na Maria de Padilla, at the house of Albu. closely watched, so that nothing could ttir querque, his prime minifter, he became so out without being instantly perceived. A. enamoured of her that he could not enjoy a mong the few who got into Montiel wich momeni's reft till he got posledion of her King Peter, there was a knight, whose name person. While Peter was spending his time was Men Rodriguez de Senabria, who had in fond dalliance with this beautiful favorite been taken prisoner at Bribielca, when Henwho had been delivered of a daughter, news ry was first proclaimed King of Caltile, and was brought that Blanche of Bourbon was had been ranfomed hy De Guelclin, on his arrived at Valladolid, where the queen mo.' telling him he was a native of raftamara, ther resided. This information gave the which county was ceded to De Guesclin, by amorous monarch great uneasiness, and it Henry. This knight hearing that De Guci. was not without much entreaty that Albu- clin commanded the detachment that lay bequerque prevailed upon him to fulfil his en- fore the caftic of Montiei, sent a mellage 10 gagement, and espouse the daughter of the let him know he wihed for a private conduke of Bourbon.' Three days however af. ference ; which De Guelilin contented 10. ter his nuptials he deserted his new queen, He then offered him two hundred thousand and returned to the arms of his mistress, guld dohlas, und many lorciships and cities while the unfortunate Blanche, attended by in Caftile, if he would suffer the King to the queen-mother, retired to Otordesillas, escape. De Guesclin apprised Henry of where she wasted her youth in afliction, what had passed, who thanked hiin, and said without any other confolation, than that of he was beiter able to give that fum and those being lamented by those who knew the cruel lordships than Peter, and would reward him treatment he had met with.

with them, and engaged bim to accept of Peter, like most tyrants, was capricious the conference, and perfuade the King to and fickle ; enjoyment foon cooled his af. come to his own tent. For this purpose a fection for Padilla, and having seen Jane de fafe-conduct was offered on the oath of De Ciltro, widow of Don Diego de Haro, who Guesclin and others ; but this was no loon

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History of the Reign of Peter the Cruel. Jan. er known in the camp, than rumours of trea- the right of Henry to succeed, as a bastard, chery were privately circulated. Be that as being strongly called in question ; and many it may, the unfortunate King, reduced to Castilians went into voluntary exile rather the last extremity, scarce any water left, his thar. submit to him. army defeated, himself deferied by his friends The King of Portugal claimed the crown and 'the few left unable to allilt him, in a fit of Castle, as great grandson to King Sanof despair, finally resolved to go to the tent cho by Beatrix his daughter, and sent a chalof De Guesclin. After a few words had lenge to Henry. The kings of Navarre and pafred, Peter suspecting his danger said “It Aragon likewise endeavoured to recover those is time to be gone ;” and was going to places which they thought they had a right mount, when he was abruptly told to stop. io; but the greatest storın fecnied to be from Suddenly Henry appeared, armed at all England, where John of Gaunt, Duke of points, and came close to King Peter, Lancaster, itiled himself King of Caftile ; who did not know him again, not having and not only demanded that crown in right seen him for a long time ; though some one of Constance his wife, daughter to Peter, said, “Sir, take care; your enemy is com- but embarked for Spain, and headed an ing." Henry on his part exclaimed, army to Subitantiate his claim. “ Where is that Jet who calls himself King The late Peter, King of Caftile, was of Castile ?" At this the undaunted Peter handsome in person, and of a fair complexroused with indignation instantly replied: ion. He had a light impediment in his “ Thou art a traitor ; I am Peter, King of speech, and rather stammered. What is Caftile : lawful son of King Alfonfo ;” and fingular, the fame defect is attributed to his at the same moment grappled with Henry, cotemporary Peter King of Portugal. His and being the strongest threw him down; conftitution was robust and free from infirthen laying his hand on his sword would mities, enduring all manner of fatigue withcertainly have killed him, had not at that out the least inconvenience. Like his father, moment the Viscount Rocaberti (fome lay it he was fond of the chace, which was the was De Guesclin) seized King Peter by the reigning passion of the age. He was of an leg, and turning him on one side, gave an amorous disposition, and extremely inclined opportunity to Henry to get uppermost ; to the fair fex ; fufpicious, covelous, and who drawing out a long poignard, plunged fanguine ; valiant withal in the field, in conit into the botom of Peter, and, with the tradiction to the general habits of those viaffiftance of those present immediately killed ces. Hiftorians have said that he was a him.

itrict dispenser of Justice ; that the country Thus, by the hands of his bastard brother was free from robbers during his reign ; that Henry, was miserably murdered on the 234 evil-doers stood in dread of him, and many of March 1369, in the 36th year of his age, quitted the kingdom; for which his coun and 19th of his reign, the unfortunate Peter, trymen qught to have acknowledged some King of Caftile, the last male heir of his line, obligation in that fericious age, when robdescended from 'Raymond, Count of Bur- bery and plunder were so common in Eu. gundy, who, about the year 11oo, married rope, and scarcely considered as offences ; Urraca, daughter of Alfonso VI. King of particularly in England, where they role to Caftile.

Tuch a height that it was as dangerous to tra. The body of Peter was left for three vel there as among the Arabs; infomuch days unburied exposed to the people, out of that Peter King of Cyprus and Jerusalem, policy, that all ranks might be certain he who visited England about this time, viz. in was no more. With this unfortunate mo- 1365, had been barbarously robbed on the march there also fell two gallant Englishinen, bighway, and stripped of his rhoncy and who were slain for having drawn their baggage. swords in his defence when grappling with King Peter is generally branded with the Henry. These were Sir Ralph Holmes and epithet of Cruel Foreign writers set no James Rowland, whose spirit and bravery bounds to their acrimony and abuse. 'Mat. deserved a better fate. The life of Fernan- theo Villani, an Italian writer, calls Peter, do de Castro was spared on account of his “a cruel and beastly King, whose royal long attachment and fidelity to his sovereigti mind confifted of the most cruel tyranny i

The governor of Montiel immediately a perverse intoxicated monarch, the iyrant

r:89.
The Theatre.

5 sce called The Cruel, by others Execu- lighter scenes of comedy, but want the dige af Jellice; which lagt title, they add, nity of tragedy, though the latter is by no are properly bclonged to him. The fate means deficient in expreffion. In her voice

oth these kings was remarkable ; the, we could distinguish tones of tenderness, but Toer was deprived of the realm of Castile, it wanted powers. Home of his life, by his baflard brother llen- Pope in Tancred displayed very respecta

1. and the bastard fon of the latter got ble abilities. pitãton of the king iom of Portugal. Miss Wallace has since played Belvidera,

but to this character her powers are very in The Tbeatre.

adequate. RURY Lane has procluced no panto

of

THE CHILD of NATURE. din exhibited at Covent Garden, glimons but weakly, so that the manager per- We do not mean Miss Wallace, for from pe will foon be obliged to extinguish it. what we have heard as yet—ihe is the child The composers of this ill constructed piece of art-that is, the has acquired every eme bre totally deviated from the beautiful bellishment that education can beflow, and deata) tale which gives it name, and her extrintic accomplishments are greatwhich certainly contained moft excellent but we speak of the tragic comedy which Kicials for an elegant pantomime. The came out under the fanction of Mrs. Inch. packags, it is true, have confiderable me bald's name, though the real production of th, and part of the music is good ? but it Miss Elliot, touched up by the other lady: wants that humour of dumb character, and and Miss Elliot has actually claimed the moadion, whicà alone renders such exhi. ney which Mrs. Inchbald received for the bocas atrading. As an auxiliary to the copy.right of the manuscript. buiness, Humphreys and Mendoza, the nowas bruiters, have been introduced upon

KEMBLE tie itage to hew their dexterity in boxing. Has attempted two new characters, ShyThis degradation of a theatre royal, was lock and Zanga. In the first, comparison peeperly seprobaied by the audience in ge ruins every effort. beral , theugh frpported even with blows by world as well as in the memory of the au;

-Macklin lives in the une of the pugilits friends; yet the argu- dience. - Kemble thould not have played matza baculisuon did not prevail. Some; thing better must be produced to oppose the Shylock.-Kemble Mould not have played ancians of Siddons and Jordan, than ruí: Zanga; in conception and execution, in Es bescath the lath of fatire.

everything but figure, Ryder exceeded

him,-but Kemble has tliis merit “ he who ASINGTON

dares greatly does greatly.” Therefore has been again engaged, and for.

KELLY. getting what every one else remembers, and

His Macheath is excellent in the vocal šer glak (bould daily bring to her recollec, san, that he is not growing younger, the parts, which he gave with the natural limaquia fteps forward in the juvenile charace plicity of the old airs. bass of antiquated comedies. This conduct a fighting againft Time, is as absurd as the

NE W PIECE S. traiters in the pantomime boxing againft A comedy called The Toy, said to be Death; and we truft, for the sake of pro- written by O'Keeffe, and a farce called prety, that this excellent and favourite actress HIDE and Seek, translated from the Frencia vd immediately adopt a caff of parts suita- by a Mr. Walter, are preparing at Covent

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6
Account of the Inhabitants of the Roffes.

Jan generated into puns ; a fault which he has petticoat, but linen is not in common use bizofelf found in the works of Ariftophanes. anong them; and very few of the women Mr. Cumberland has written most happily wear either shifts, shoes, or stockings. to the power of Mrs. Jordan, who with all Notwithstanding the seeming neglect of the other performers did arnyle justice to their persons these inanders are not without their author. The prologue ,and epilogue' a spice of vanity; for they have invented appear to be well written, at least they were dye-stuffs to diversify the colours of their so well spoken by Palmer and Mrs. Jordan, cloaths; and their dying materials are the that every point was received with approba. produce of their own foil; the principal are tiun by the audience.

a kind of mud called mirc-black, which The Characters are

makes a very deep and durable black; a kind

of ftult called carker scraped off the rocks, Lord Jamus faljas } Mr. Palmer.

a very fine red; and a kind of plant nearly Harry Singleton)

alike and of the fame effect as madder. Polycarp

Mr. Wroughion. The men's cloaths are of divers colours ; Sir Charles Freemantle Mr. Barrymore. the drets of the women are entirely uniform, Sir Solomon Sapient Mr. Baddely. black gowns with red petticoats ; but a dir. Caprain Sapicnt Mr. Aickin, tinction is obseryed in the head-dress of the Felliburt

Mr. Lamal.

fenaies. The maidens wear the front part Oliver

Mr. Sucit.

of the hair neatly platted about the face ; Dorothy

Miss Pope.

the rest hanging down long behind in fepa. Elenor

Mrs. Jordan. rate locks, platted with hair lace, and a

dorned at the end with worsted tallels of Skeleb of the Fable.

divers colours: but the matrons do not plat Sir Solomon Sapient resolves his daughter their hair, only tie it with a sinall ftring, frall marry a nobleman only, which induces below which they let it play loose upon their Singleton, who had been valet to Lord Ja- backs. nus, to assume his master's title, and intro- Their usual summer diet consists of milk, duce himself and Polycarp, another sharper, curds and butter, with most excellent fisn to Sir Solomon's houle. Polycarp pretends of several kinds; in winter they live on poan attachment to Dorothy, an old maid and tatoes, filh, rabbits, and butter; and some sier to Sir Solomon. Elenor however im- of them, but very few, have a little bread bibes a paffion for Sir Caarles Freemanile, made of barley or oaten meal. In one of who had laved her life, when endangered the largest islands called Oiey, they kill a by a reftive horse; and Sir Charles being great number of seals, the fileíh of which invited to dinner, the sharpers are alarmed, they sait for winter; and are to fond of it, be being an intimate friend to Lord Janus. as to prefer it to any other kind of incat. To prevent his reception Singleton protests Their houses are mere huts, conating againft fitting in his company, which being chiefly of one room with the fire in the midcommunicated to Sir Charles, he imputes it dle of it, but what is moft. Surprising, is to jealousy, and resolves to leave the house, their extraordinary inode of accommodation frit de firing to see Lord Janus. Singleton for the night's repose. All the family lie dreses as a footrrian, waits upon Sir Charles, together in one bed; and if any visitom calumniates Elenor, and is at laft discovered come in the evening; they sleep with them; to be the impostor.

for they fet no bounds to their hospitality This is the ground work of the fable, in To provide lodgings for the whole company, which there appears very little novelry, and the youngest men are sent out for heath or indeed it is palpahly solen from an old co- bent buses; which they spread across the medy in Dodney's collection, from which floor, to a length sufficient for the number Johnson borrowed a principal episode, and prelent, and in breadth about fix teet : over which also appeared at Covent Garden some this litter the miftress of the house place time ago, worked into a musical farce, and part of a long plaid or blanket, on which was played for Mrs. Bannister's benefit un- the others, having flipped off their cloatha der the title of tbe Odd Trick.

lay down, men and women together, Short Account of the Customs, Manners, and naked: then the mistress, having drawin the

reft of the blanket over them, lays down Drejs of the Inhabitanis of the Roses, on

last herself, allo naked. This they call ibe Coast of Donnegal, in Ireland.

thorough bed. Yet this hofpitable people OTWITHSTANDING the high lati. So friendly and generous to all they know Sands, none of the inhabitants wear more and wild ; but after a little acquaintance than two garments, and those of flannel of prove gentle and humanę, especially to thot their own manufacture: tive men, a waift- they were in awe of; for in all their fimpli coat and breeches, the women a rown and city, there is a flrong mixture of cunning

be

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