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been hardy enough to infinuate that the RUSSIAN HORSE GRENADIERS. medical tribe themielves are no enemies to THE horse-grenadiers are the flower of this King of terrors, and, that many of their dragoons, but they were not better the faculty bring him on their patients before mounted ; their horses were weak and small, their time ; -empyrics, no doubt, frequent, and very much worked down. Their uni. ly do to; for as many people in this age form is like that of the dragoons, viz. blue assume the pompous title of Doctor, as of coats, turned up and lined with red, and Captain ; every quack is styled Doctor, from Atraw.coloured waistcoats. They have a the farrier and illiterate moriar-pounder, to cap, which is a good defence against sun and the regular bred plyGician; and every man ráin, at the same time that it is very ornais dubbed a Captajn, fron the master of a mental. Poraioe-boat to the commander of a first General Mannstein, in one part of his acrate man of war, or from a disbanded Ser. count of the Rufüans, reckons twelve hunjeant to a real commander of a company; dred and thirty-one mon; and in another only almost every body now a days is either a seven hundred I have never been able to Doctor or a Captain.

come at their true strength; but, according Anecdotes of the Russian Army, and other cu- four hundred and fourteen strong. It is cer;

to the public accounts, a regiment was only rious Military Particulars. Translated tain that they were very weak at the time I from tbe German of Captain Tielka,

allude to in the text. COSSACKS.

A clever cavalry officer, who faw the HERE are many different colonies of Ruffian cavalry during their fast war* against known are, the Don Cossacks, the Zaporog, very much improved, not only in their horses, or Zaporovian Coffacks, and the Ukrain Coli which, especially in the Cuiraffer regiments, sacks. The Don Collacks are superior to the are large and strong, but also particularly reft. General Mannftein speaks in high terms in point of mancuvring. He saw them of the bravery which these latter displayed on exercise; and afferts, that they are not infemany occasions, and particularly at the tak- rior to any German cavalry. ing of Oczakow, when they fought on foot, and stormed with much intrepidity. However,

Ruffian Grenadiers. tbey were never held in any esteem in the THE grenadiers are very fine, both in point campaigns between the Ruffians and Pruffi- of men and clothing. Their caps, which ans, so that, perhaps, one may now apply are a sort of helmel with pumes, give them to them what General Mannstein, who gives a Roman appearance. The officers plumes an account of the principal colonies of these are made of feathers.; the soldiers, of yarn. people, says of the Ukrain Coffacks-" They They dress their hair in ihree curls, which served in the Ruffian army against the Turks, they faften themselves wth Tittle pieces of but they were of no other use than to encreale wood, it is astonithing o see thele men, the numbers; and one may on good grounds when they come off a atiguing march, in conclude, that their former bravery is totale bad weather, and bad roads, appear per. jy extinguished.”-o their last campaigns fectly clean and well dessed an hour after almost the only duty that they did was the their arrival in camp, escorting provision waggons.

The musketecrs are very inferior to the Every Costack carries a pike, a sword, and grenadiers; and they d not attend so much one ora brace of piftols, in a girdle, or hang. to their dress. ing by his side. Some have allo a rifle gun. Every private in thgrenadiers wear large They ride well, manage their pikes dextrouf- ruffles, and has bothhoes and boots. iy, and are remarkable for their fidelity : All the infantry wer green coats, turned but they plunder all the inhabitants who are up and lined with red, and red waistcoats not their declared friends, and treat thein and breeches. On t't waistcoats they have with inhumanity.

little green lappels, ad capés. In the fumThe regniar Ruffian troops yield to none mer they go in the waistcoats, and carry in Europe in point of exact discipline, and, their coats on the uggons: they have allo perhaps, furpais, in this respect, most ar cloaks, which theroll and carry on their mies. The Russian grenadiers, who, in con

backs. Generai vannstein calls the efta. junction with the Austrians, under the com- biishments of a nusketeer regiment inmand of General Laudon, took Schweidnitz cluding officers, 575 men; but he does by a coup de main, remained on the walls not reckon tip in the field, at above under arms, and not a man moved out of his 1000 ; that is, ach baitalion soo; and rank or attempied to run into the houses to they could not (reckoned at more in this plunder. Cyrus's soldiers are said to have campaign. done the same at the taking of the city of

T E. Gardis ; but I doubt whether many such ex. It mult benferved, that this was writ. poles are to be act with in hillary.

im in the ye 1776.


N 0

1789. History of the Reign of Peter the Cruel.

3 The History of the Reign of Peter the Cruel, the was proclaimed queen of Caftile. With

ftruck his fancy, he married her publicly, and King of Cafile and Leon, by JobTalbot this lady, however, he remained only two Dillon, Esq. B S. R. E. Member of the Royal Irit Academy of Sciences, and bono. nights, after which he abandoned her, as he rary friember of tbe Literary and Pbilofo- fection for Padilla began now to return, ar.d

had done the unfortunate Blanche. His af. pbical Society of Manchester. 3 vols, he haftened once more to the arms of a milSvo. Ricbardjon. 1788.

tress, who soon recovered all that dominion "HE utility and importance of history, over him which the seemed to have loft. biting in a favourable point of view, the actis whom he wished to raise to the throne of ous of good princes and virtuous men, and Caftile, he ordered queen Blanche to be by unveiling the crimes and villainy of the poisoned ; who accordingly fell a sacrifice to bad, it becomes a kind of mirror of human ihe wanton caprice of this brutal tyrant, in life, which if properly. consulted might be the twenty-fifth year of her age. Padilla of the greatest lervice to mankind. On this did not long enjoy her triumph : The was account, therefore every author who adds to "Toon after seized with a fit of illness, which the general flock, when bis work is executed carried her off in the Alcazcar of Seville, in a tolerable manner, deferves the thanks to the great grief of her paramour, who of the public, and much more those who caused her to be interred with great pomp in make us acquainted with periods, the events a monastery of her own founding. of which were before little known, or veiled Among many other acts of cruelty, Pee in obscurity and darkness.

ter ordered his two bastard brothers to be put Peter, king of Castile, whom all nations to death, the eldest of whom was only ninehave branded with the dcicftable epithet of teen, and the younger no more than fourteen cruel, was the son and heir of Alfonso XI. years of age; but after an unfortunate reign, king of Castile, by Maria, daughter of Al- he himself was murdered by his bastard bro. fonto, king of Portugal, and at the age of ther Henry, count of Traltamara, who had fifteen succeeded his father, who died of taken up arms against him. The account of the plague in 1350, while besieging the for this event, together with the author's chatrefs of Gibraltar, which had been wrested racter of Peter, we shall give in his own from him by surprise. Soon after his ac words as it will serve as a specimen of the cestion to the throne, he fent the bishop of work. Burgos and Don Alvaro Garcia de Albor. As soon as it was known in Henry's army nez, to demand in marriage the accomplish. that the King had retreated into the castle of ed Blanche, daughter of the duke of Bour. Montiel, orders were given that it should bon, but happening to see the beautiful Don. be immediately surrounded with troops, and na Maria de Padilla, at the house of Albu« closely watched, so that nothing could stir querque, his prime minifter, he became so out without being instantly perceived. A. enamoured of her that he could not enjoy a mong the few who got into Montiel with momeni's reft till he got poffesion of her King Peter, there was a knight, whose name person. While Peter was spending his time was Men Rodriguez de Senabria, who had in fond dalliance with this beautiful favorite been taken prisoner at Bribielca, when Henwho had been delivered of a daughter, news ry was first proclaimed King of Castile, and was brought that Blanche of Bourbon was had been ranfomed hy De Guelclin, on hie arrived at Valladolid, where the queen mo.' telling him he was a native of rattamard, ther resided. This information gave the which county was ceded to De Guesclin, by amorous monarch great uneasiness, and it Henry. This knight hearing that De Guer. was not without much entreaty that Albu- clin commanded the detachment that lay be. querque prevailed upon him to fulfil his en· fore the castic of Montiei, sent a mellaze to gagement, and elpoule the daughter of the let him know he wished for a private conduke of Bourbon. Three days however af. ference ; which De Guelclin contented 10. ter his nuptials he deserted his new queen, He then offered him two hundred thousand and returned to the arms of his mistress, guld dohlas, and many lordships and cities while the unfortunate Blanche, attended by in Castile, if he would suffer the King to the queen-mother, retired to Otordesillas, escape. De Guesclin apprised Henry of where the wasted her youth in affliction, what had passed, who thanked hiin, ani said without any other consolation, than that of he was better able to give that fum and those being lamented by those who knew the cruel lordships than Peter, and would reward him treatment he had met with.

with them, and engaged bim to accept of Peter, like most tyrants, was capricious the conference, and perfuade the King to and fickle ; enjoyment foon cooled his af. come to his own tent. For this purpose a fection for Padilla, and having seen Janc de fafe-conduct was offered on the oath of De Cifro, widow of Don Diego de Haro, who Guesclin and others ; but this was no loon



er known in the camp, than rumours of trea- the right of Henry to succeed, as a bastard, chery were privately circulated. Be that as being strongly called in question ; and many it may, the unfortunate King, reduced to Castilians went into voluntary exile rather the last extremity, scarce any water left, his thar. submit to him. army defeated, himself deferied by his friends The King of Portugal claimed the crown and the few left unable to allift him, in a fit of Calile, as great grandson to King Sanof despair, finally resolved to go to the tent cho by Beatrix his daughter, anıl sent a chalof De Guesclin. After a few words had lenge to Henry. The kings of Navarre and palied, Peter suspecting his danger said " It Aragon likewise endeavoured to recover those is time to be gone;" and was going to places which they thought they had a right mount, when he was abruptly told to itop. to; but the greatest storın secmed to be from Suddenly Henry appeared, armed at all England, where John of Gaunt, Duke of points, and came close to King Peter, Lancaster, Itiled himself King of Caftile ; who did not know him again, not having and not only demanded that crown in right seen him for a long time ; though some one of Constance his wife, daughter to Peter, said, “Sir, take care; your enemy is com- but embarked for Spain, and headed ing." Henry on his part exclaimed, army to fubitantiate his claim. “ Where is that Jet who calls himself King The late' Peter, King of Castile, was of Castile ?" At this the undaunted Peter handsome in person, and of a fair complexroused with indignation inftantly replied: ion. He had a light impediment in his “ Thou art a traitor ; I am Peter, King of speech, and rather stammered. What is Castile : lawful son of King Alfonso ;” and singular, the same defect is attributed to his at the same moment grappled with Henry, cotemporary Peter King of Portugal. His and being the strongest threw him down conftitution was robult and free from infir. then laying his hand on his sword would mities, enduring all manner of fatigue withcertainly have killed him, had not at that out the least inconvenience. Like bis father, moment the Viscount Rocaberti (some say it he was fond of the chace, which was the was De Guesclin) seized King Peter by the reigning passion of the age. He was of an leg, and turning him on one fide, gave an amorous dilposition, and extremely inclined opportunity to Henry to get uppermost ; to the fair fex ; luspicious, covelous, and who drawing out a long poignard, plunged fanguine ; valiant withal in the field, in conit into the bofom of Peter, and, with the tradiction to the general habits of those vie affiftance of those present immediately killed ces. Hiftorians have said that he was a him.

ftrict dispenser of Justice ; that the country Thus, by the hands of his bastard brother was free from robbers during his reign ; that Henry, was miserably murdered on the 23d evil-doers food in dread of him, and many of March 1369, in the 36th year of his age, quitted the kingdom ; for which his coun, and 19th of his reign, the unfortunate Peter, trymen qught to have acknowledged toine King of Caftile, the last male heir of his line, obligation in that ferocious age, when robdescended from 'Raymond, Count of Bur- bery and plunder were to common in Eu. gundy, who, about the year 1roo, married rope, and scarcely considered as offences ; Urraca, daughter of Alfonso VI. King of particularly in England, where they role te Castile.

luch a height that it was as dangerous to tra. The body of Peter was left for three vel there as among the Arabs; insomuch days unburied exposed to the people, out of that Peter King of Cyprus and Jerusalem, policy, that all ranks might be certain he who visited England about this time, viz. in was no more. With this unfortunate mo- 1363, had been barbarously robbed on the narch there also fell two gallant Englishınen, bighway, and stripped of his money and who were Nain for having drawn their baggage. swords in his defence when grappling with King Peter is generally branded with the Henry. These were Sir Ralph Holmes and epithet of Cruel? Foreign writers set no James Rowland, whole spirit and bravery bounds to their acrimony and abuse. Mat. deserved a better tate. The life of Fernan- theo Villani, an Italian writer, calls Peter, do de Castro was fpared on account of his " a cruel and beastly King, whose royal long attachment and fidelity to his sovereigt.. mind consisted of the most cruel tyranny ;

The governor of Montiel immediately a perveffe intoxicated monarch, the iyrant surrendered the cañile to Henry, who took of Spain, unworthy the name of a king.” him into favor, as he did all others who sub• Yet after the pasions of men were cooled, mitted to hisa, rewarding generously his and those were no more, who deprived him friends, as well foreigners as his country- of his kingdom, and were interested in mien ; and with the title of Henry the re- blackening his fame, he was called El Jufti. cond and the bountiful, began his reign as çiero. The fame was also observed with rel. King of Caftile and Leon.

pect to Peter, King of Portugal, of whom violent oppofition arose from abroad ; the Portuguesc historians say, that he was by


The Theatre.

5 lone called The Cruel, by others Execu- lighter scenes of comedy, but want the digo t of Justice; which last title, they add, nity of tragedy, though the latter is by no more properly belonged to him. The fate means dehcient in expression. In her voice of both these kings was remarkable ; the, we could distinguish tones of tenderness, but former was deprived of the realm of Castile, it wanted powers. ud of his life, by his baftard brother llen Pope in Tancrcd displayed very respectaty, and the bastard son of the latte: got ble abilities. peżelion of the kingdom of Portugal. Miss Wallace has fince played Belvidera,

but to this character her powers are very inThe Theatre.

adequate. DR of RURY Lane has produced no panto

THE CHILD of NATURE. Aladin exhibited at Covent Garden, glimxxrs but weakly, so that the manager per We do not mean Miss Wallace, for from haps wil soon be obliged to extinguish it. what we have heard as yet-ihe is the child The composers of this ill conitructed piece of art-that is, the has acquired every em. have totally deviated from the beautiful bellishment that education can below, and oriental tale which gives it name, and her extrintic accomplishments are greatwhich certainly contained moft excellent but we speak of the tragic comedy which materials for an elegant pantomime. The came out under the fanction of Mrs. Inch. paintings, it is true, have confiderable mę bald's name, though the real production of Tit, and part of the mulic is good ? but it Miss Elliot, touched up by the other lady: wants that humour of dumb character, and and Miss Elliot has actually claimed the moconnection, whică alone renders such exhi- ney which Mrs. Inchbald received for the bitions attracting. As an auxiliary to the copy.right of the manufcript. buliness, Humphreys and Mendoza, the notārious bruisers, have been introduced upon

KEMB:E the itage to hew their dexterity in boxing. Has attempted two new characters, ShyThis degradation of a theatre royal, was lock and Zanga. In the first, comparison properly reprobated by the audience in ruins every tifort. – - Macklin lives in the deral

, though supported even with blows by world as well as in the memory of the au, some of the pugilifts friends; yet the argu- dience. -Kemble Mould not have played mutum baculinum did not prevail. Some: thing better must be produced to oppose the Shylock.-

Kemble Mould not have played atradions of Siddons and Jordan, than ruf.

Zanga ; in conception and execution, in iuus beneath the lath of satire.

everything but figure, Ryder exceeded

him,-but Kemble has this merit “ he who ASINGTON

dares greatly does greatly.” Therefore has been again engaged, and for

KELLY. getting what every one else remembers, and

His Macheath is excellent in the vocal her glafs Phould daily bring to her recollection, that the is not growing younger, the parts, which he gave with the natural firaizan heps forward in the juvenile charac, plicity of the old airs. as of antiquated comedies. This conduct

NE W PIECES. a fighting against Time, is as absurd as the kraters in the pantomime boxing again A comedy called The Toy, said to be Death; and we trust, for the sake of pro- written by O'Keeffe, and a farce called Priety, that this excellent and favourite actress Hide and Seek, translated from the Frencia

immediately adopt a caff of parts fuita- by a Mr. Walter, are preparing at Covent ble to that appearance, which thi exertions Garden. e art can no longer conceal.


This comedy is the avowed production of Of whom so much has been said, and from Mr. Cumberland, and in point of fable and whom so much was expected, 'hàs at laft character is at least equal to any of his formade her appearance in the character of Si. mer productions. The interest of the piece inunda. We are apprehensive that the is supported till the opening of the 4th act, fanguine opinion of her friends have led her where the great art of the drama fails, for to early into a profeffion, which requires from that period the audience are able to Baturity of judgment; and we are confirmó anticipate the future events. The language e in our opinion that nature has not endow- would be chaste, classical, and pointed, if ether with qualities for the tragic line.- the author had not too often forgotten Kis fier figure and face are well adapted to the own eminence in the literary world, and de

Harry Singletonjas } Mr. Palmer.

generated into puns ; a fault which he has petticoat, but linen is not in common use bimself found in the works of Ariftophanes. aniong them; and very few of the women Mr. Cumberland has written molt happily wear either shifts, shoes, or stockings. to the power of Mrs. Jordan, who with all Notwithstanding the feeming neglect of the other performers did ample justice to their persons these inanders are not without their author. The prologue and epilogue' a spice of vanity; for they have invented appear to be well written, at least they were dye-stuffs to diversify the colours of their so well spoken by Palmer and Mrs. Jordan, cloaths; and their dying materials are the that every point was received with approba. produce of their own foil ; the principal are tiun by the audience.

a kind of mud called mirc-black, which The Characters are

makes a very deep and durable black; a kind

of ftult called carker scraped off the rocks, Lord Janus (alias?

a very fine red; and a kind of plant nearly

alike and of the fame effect as madder. Polycarp

Mr. Wroughton.

The men's cloaths are of divers colours ; Sir Charles Preemantle Mr. Barrymore. the drets of the women are entirely uniform, Sir Solomon Sapient Mr. Baddely. black gowns with red petticoats ; but a dir. Captain Sapicạt Mr, Aickin, tinction is observed in the head-dress of the Felliburt

Mr. Lamanho

females. The maidens wcar the front part Oliver

Mr. Sueit.

of the hair neatly platted about the face ; Dorothy

Miss Pope.

the reft hanging down long behind in fepa. Elenor

Mrs. Jordan. rate locks, platted with hair lace, and a.

dorned at the end with worfed tafels of Skeleb of the Fable.

divers colours: but the matrons do not plat Sir Solomon Sapient resolves his danghter their hair, only tie it with a finall ftring, fralt marry a nobleman only, which induces below which they let it play loose upon their Singleton, who had been valet to Lord Ja- backs. mus, to assume his master's title, and intro Their usual summer diet consists of mük, duce himself and Polycarp, another sharper, curds and butter, with most excellent fiín to Sir Solomon's house. "Polycarp pretends of several kinds ; in winter they live on poan attachment to Dorothy, an old maid and tatoes, fish, rabbits, and butter; and foine sier to Sir Solomon. Elenor however im- of them, but very few, have a little bread bibes a paffion for Sir Charles Freemantle, made of barley or oaten meal. In one of who had laved her life, when endangered the largeft islands called Oiey, they kill a by a reftive horse ; and Sir Charles being great number of seals, the fileíh of which invited to dinner, the sharpers are alarmed, they sait for winter ; and are lo fond of it, be being an intimate friend to Lord Janus. as to prefer it to any other kind of meat, To prevent his reception Singleton protests Their houses are mere huts, consisting againft fitting in his company,-which being chiefly of one room with the fire in the midcommunicated to Sir Charles, he imputes it dle of it, but what is moft. Surprising, is to jealousy, and resolves to leave the house, their extraordinary mode of accommodation firit de firing to see Lord Janus. Singleton for the night's repose. All the family lie dresses as a footrrian, waits upon Sir Charles, together in one bed; and if any vifitors calumniates Elenor, and is at laf discovered come in the evening; they sleep with them; to be the importor.

for they set no bounds to their hospitality. This is the ground-work of the fable, in To provide lodgings for the whole company, which there appears very little novelty, and the youngest men are sent out for heath or indeed it is palpably solen from an old co-. bent bushes ; which they spread across the medy in Dodney's collection, from which floor, to a length fufficient for the number Johnson borrowed a principal episode, and present, and in breadth about fix teet : over which also appeared at Covent Garden some this litter the miftress of the house places time ago, worked into a musical farce, and part of a long plaid or blanket, on which was played for Mrs. Bannister's benefit un the others, having slipped off their cloaths der the title of 7 be Odd Trick.

lay down, men and women together, al Sbort Account of the Customs, Manners, and naked; then the mistress, having drawn the

rest of the blanket over them, lays dow! Drejs of the Inbabitanis

the Roles, os

laft herself, allo naked. This they call : ibe Coast of Donnegal, in Ireland.

thorough bed. Yet this hospitable people N

OTWITHSTANDING the high lati. So friendly and generous to all they know

tude and bleak fituation of these iso appear at first light to strangers to be ficrc lands, none of the inhabitants wear more and wild ; but after a little acquaintance than two garments, and those of flannel of prove gentle and humanę, especially to thoi their own manufacture: the men, a waist- they were in awe of; for in all their fimpli coat and breeches, the women a rown and city, there is a strong mixture of cunning.


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