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And past.


But find supply immediate. Get you gone :

Caph. If you did know, my lord, my master's Put on a most importunate aspect,

wants, A visage of demand : for, I do fear,

Var.'Twas due on forfeiture, my lord, six weeks, When every feather sticks in his own wing, Lord Timon will be lett a naked gull',

Isid. Your steward puts me off, my lord; and I
Which ? flashes now a phenix. Get you gone. Am sent expressly to your lordship.
Caph. I go, sir.

Tim. Give me breath:-
Sen. Ay go, sir:-take the bonds along with you, I do beseech you, good my lords, keep on;
And have the dates in compt.

Ereunt Alcibiades, &c. Caph. I will, sir.

10 I'llwait uponyou instantly.-Come hither,pray you. Sen. Go. [Ereunt.

[To Flavius. How goes the world, that I am thus encounter'd SCENE II.

With clamorous demands of broken bonds,
Timon's Hall.

And the detention of long-since-due debts,
Enter Flavius, with many bills in his hand. 15 Against my honour?

Flav. No care,no stop! so senseless of expence, Flav. Please you, gentlemen,
That he will neither know how to inaintain it, The tiine is unagreeable to this business :
Nor cease his flow of riot; Takes no account Your importunacy cease, 'till after dinner;
How things go from him; nor resumes no care That I may make his lordship understand
Of what is to continue: Never mind

20 Wherefore you are not paid. Was to be so unwise, to be so kind'.

Tim. Do so, my friends: See them well enterWhat shall be done? He will not hear, 'till feel:


[Erit Timon. I must be round with him, now he comes from Flav. Pray draw near.

[Erit Flavius. hunting.

Enter Apemantus, and a Fool. EnterCuphis, with the servants of Isidore and Varro.25 Caph. Stay, stay, here comes the fool with Fye, fye, fye, fye!

Apemantus; Caph. Good even“, Varro: What,

Let's have some sport with 'em. You come for money?

Var. Hang him, he'll abuse us.
Var. Is't not your business too?

Isid. A plague upon him, dog!
Caph. It is ;-And yours too, Isidore? 130 var. How dost, fool?
Isid. It is so.

Apem. Dost dialogue with thy shadow ?
Caph. 'Would we were all discharg'd!

Var. I speak not to thee. Var. I fear it.

Apem. No, 'tis to thyself.--Come away. Caph. Here comes the lord.

[To the Fool. Enter Timon, Alcibiades, &c.

135 Isid. [To Var.] There's the fool hangs on Tim.So soon as dinner's done, we'll forth again, your back already. My Alcibiades.-With me? What is your will? Apem. No, thou stand'st single, thou art not on

[They present their bills. Caph. My lord, here is a note of certain dues. Caph. Where's the fool now? Tim. Dues ? Whence are you?

10 Apem. He last ask'd the question. Poorrogues, Cuph. Of Athens here, my lord.

and usurers' men! bawds between gold and want! Tim. Go to my steward.

All. What are we, Apemantus?
Caph. Please it your lordship, he hath put me off Apem. Asses.
To the succession of new days this month:

All. Why?
My inaster is awak'd by great occasion,

Apem. That you ask me, what you are, and do To call upon his own; and humbly prays you, not know yourselves.-Speak to 'em, fool. That with your other noble parts you'll suit, Fool. How do you, gentlemen? In giving him his right.


, Gramercies, good fool: How does your Tim. Mine honest friend,

linistress? I pr’ythee, but repair to me next morning. 150 Fool. She's e'en setting on water to scald'such Caph. Nay, good my lord,

chickens as you are. Would, we could see you Tim. Contain thyself, good friend.

at Corinth. Var. One Varro's servant, my good lord, — Apem. Good! gramercy. Isid. From Isidore;

Enter Puge. He humbly prays your speedy payment, 155) Fool. Look you, here conies my master's page.

A gull is a bird as remarkable for the poverty of its feathers, as a phenix is supposed to be for the richness of its plumage. ? Which is here used for who, and refers to Timon.

Warburton supplies the sense of this passage thus : Never mind was [made] to be so unwise, [in order] to be so kind : i. e. Nature, in order to make a profuse mind, never before endowed any man with so large a share of folly. * Good eden, or, as it is sometimes less accurately written, Good den, was the usual salutation from noon, the moment that Good morrow became improper. • The old name for a certain disease was the brenning, and a sense of scalding is one of its first symptoms. A cant name for any bawdy-house, probably from the dissoluteness of that ancient Greck city.


him yet.



Page. No.

Page. [To the Fool.] Why, how now, captain? Flao. Pray you, walk near; I'll speak with you what do you in this wise company ?-How dost

[Exeunt Apemantus and look thou, Apemantus?

Tim. You make me marvel : Wherefore, ere Apen. 'Wo ld I had a rod in my mouth that

this time, I might answer thee profitably.

5 Had you not fully laid my state before me; Page. Pr’ythee, Apemantus, read me the su- That * might so have rated my expence, perscription of these letters; I know not which is As I had leave of means? which.

Flav. You would not hear me, Apem. Can'st not read?

At many leisures I propos'd.

10 Tiin. Go to: Apem. There will little learning die then, that Perchance, some single vantages you took day thou art hang'd. This is to lord Timon; When my indisposition put you back; this to Alcibiades. Go; thou wast born a bas- And that'unaptness made your ininister, tard, and thou'lt die a bawd.

Thus to excuse yourself. Page. Thou wast whelp'd a dog; and thou 15 Flad. O my good lord! shalt famish, a dog's death. Answer not, I am At many times I brought in my accounts, gone.

(Exit. Laid them before you; you would throw them off, Apem. Even so, thou out-runn’st grace. And say, you found them in mine honesty. Fool, I will go with you to lord Timon's.

When, for some triling present, you have bid me Fool. Will you leave me there?

20 Return so much, I have shook my head, and wept; Apem. If Timon stay at home. You three Yea,'gainst the authority of manners, pray'd you serve three usurers ?

To hold your hand! more close: I did endure All. Ay; 'would they serv'd us !

Not seldom, nor no slight checks; when I have Apem. So would 1,-as good a trick as ever Prompted you, in the ebb of your estate, hangman serv'd thief.

25 And your great flow of debts. My dear-lov'd lord, Fool. Are you three usurers' men?

Though you hear now, yet now's too late a time; All. Ay, fool.

The greatest of your having lacks a half Fool. I think, no usurer but has a fool to his To pay your present debts. servant: My mistress is one, and I am her foo!. Tin. Letwimy land be sold. When men come to borrow of your masters, they 30 Flat. 'Tis all engag'd, some forfeited and gone; approach sadly, and go away merry; but they And what remains will hardly stop the niouth enter my master's house merrily, and

go away Of present clues: the future comes apace: sadly: The reason of this ?

What shall defend the interim? and at length rar. I could render one.

How goes our reckoning? Apem. Do it then, that we may account thee 35 Tim. To Lacedæmon did my land extend. a whore-master, and a kuave; which notwith- Flur. O my good lord, the world is but a word”; standing, thou shalt be no less esteemed. Were it all yours, to give it in a breath, Var. What is a whore-master, fool?

How quickly were it gone? Fool. A fool in good clothes, and something Tim. You tell me true. like thec. 'Tis a spirit: sometime, it appears 40 Flar. If you suspect my husbandry, or falsehood, like a lord; sometime, like a lawyer; sometime, Call me before the exactest anditors, like a philosopher, with two stones more than 's And set me on the proof. So the gods bless me, artificial one': He is very often like a knight; When all our offices have been opprest and, generally, in all shapes, that man goes up With riotous feeders'; when our vaults have wept and down in, from fourscore to thirteen, this sp:- 43 With drunkenspilth of wine; when every room rit walks in.

Hath blaz'd with lights, and bray'dwith mínstrelsy; Var. Thou art not altogether a fool.

I have retir'd me to a wasteful cock“, Fool. Northou altogether a wise man; as much And set inine eyes at flow. foolery as I have, so much wit thou lack'st.

Tim. Pr'ythee, no more.

[lord! Apem. That answer might have become Ape-30 Flur. Heavens, have I said, the bounty of this mantus.

How niany prodigal bits have slaves, and peasants, All. Aside, aside; here comes lord Timon. This night engluited! Who is not Timon's? Re-enter Timon, and Flarius.

What heart, head, sword, force, means, but is lord Apem. Come with me, fool, come.

Timon's ? Fool. I do not always follow lover, elder bro-5: Great Timon's, noble, worthy, royal Timon's! ther, and woman; sometime, the philosopher. Ah! when the n:eans are gone, that buy this prise, · Meaning the celebrated philosopher's stone, which was in those times much talked of.

? The meaning is, `As the world itself may be comprised in a word, you might give it away in a breath. Feeders are servants, whose low debaucheries are practised in the offices of a house. - It appears, that wbat we now call offices, were anciently called houses of office. A wasteful cock is what we now call a waste pipe; a pipe which is continually running, and thereby prevents the overflow of cisterns and other reservoirs, by carrying off their superfluous water. This circumstance scrved to. keep the idea of Timon's unceasing prodigality in the mind of the steward, while its remoteness from the scenes of luxury within the house, was favourable to meditation.



The breath is gone whereof this praise is made :' But they do shake their heads, and I am here
Feast-won, fast lost; one cloud of winter showers, No richer in return.
These flies are couch'd.

Tiin. Is't true? can't be?
Tim. Come, sermon me no further:

Flar. They answer, in a joint and corporate voice, No villainous bounty yet hath past my heart; 5 That now they are at tall, want treasure, cannot Unwisely, not ignobly have given. [lack, Do what they would; are sorry you are hoWhy dost thou weep? Can'st thou the conscience

nourable,-To think I shall lack friends? Secure thy heart; But yet they could have wish'd--they know notIf I would broach the vessels of my love,

Something hath been amiss—a noble nature And try the argument' of hearts by borrowing, 10 May catch a wrench-would all were well’tis Men, and men's fortunes, could I frankly use,

pityAs I can bid thee speak.

And so, intending other serious matters,
Flav. Assurance bless your thoughts!

After distasteful looks, and these hard fractions, Tim. And, in some sort, these wants of mine With certain half-caps ', and cold-moving nods, are crown'd,

15 They froze me into silence. That I account them blessings; for by these Tim. You gods, reward them! Shall I try friends: You shall perceive, how you 1 pr’ythee, inan, look cheerly: These old fellows Mistake my fortunes; I am wealthy in my friends. Have their ingratitude in them hereditary: Within there !--Fiaminius! Servilius!

Their blood is cak’d, 'tis cold, it seldom ilows; Enter Flaminius, Servilius, and other Servants. 201Tis lack of kindly warmth, they are not kind; Sero. My lord, my lord,

And nature, as it grows again toward earth, Tim. I will dispatch you severally,--You, to Is fashion'd for the journey, dull, and heavy. lord Lucius,

Go to Ventidius, ---Prythee, be not sad, To lord Lucullus you; I hunted with his Thou art true, and honest; ingenuously I speak, Honour to-day,-You, to Sempronius ;- 25 No blame belongs to thee:

-Ventidius lately Commend me to their loves; and, I am proud, say, Bury'd his father; by whose death, lie's stepp'd That my occasions have found time to use thein Into a great estate : when he was poor, Toward a supply of money: let the request Imprison'd, and in scarcity of friends, [me; Be fifty talents.

I clear'd him with tive talents: Greet him from Flain. As you have said, my lord.

30 Bid him suppose, some good necessity Flav. Lord Lucius, and Lucullus? hum! Touches his friend, which cravesto be remember'd Tim. Go you, sir, to the senators, [To Flarills. With those live talents:--That had, give it these (Of whom, even to the state's best health, I have

fellow's Desery'd this hearing) bid’em send o' the instant To whom 'tis instant due. Ne'er speak, or think, A thousand talents to me.

35 That Tiinon's fortunes’mong his friends can sink. Flav. I have been bold,

Flav. I would, I could not think it; That (For that I knew it the most general ’ way)

thought is bounty's foe; To them to use your signet, and your name; Being free • itself, it thinks all others so. (Excunt,

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fhonest Flaminius; you are very respectively"

welcome, sir.-Fill me some wine. -And how Lucullus's House in Athens.

50 does that honourable, complete, free-hearted Flaminius waiting. Enter a Servant to him. gentleman of Athens, thy very bountiful good

HAVE told my lord of you, he is lord and master?
coming down to you.

Flam. His health is well, sir.
Flam. I thank you,

Lucul. I am right glad that his health is well,
Enter Lucullus.

55 sir: And what hast thou there under thy cloak, Sero. Here's


pretty Flaminius? Lucul. [ Aside. ] One of lord Timon's men ? a Flam. 'Faith, nothing but an empty box, sir? gift, I warrant. Why, this hits right; I dreamt which, in my lord's behalf

, I come to entreat your of a silver başon and ewer to-night. Flaminius,l honour to supply; who, having great and instant

Argument may here be put for contents, as the arguments of a book; or for evidences and proofs. * i.e. compendious way,

• To intend and to attend had anciently the same meaning. Fractions here mean broken hints, interrupted sentences, abrupt remarks. A half-cap is a cap slightly moved, not put off, • i. e. liberal. 1 i.e. respectfully.


occasion to use fifty talents, hath sent to your lord- jthing, my lord, and which I hear from common ship to furnish him ; nothing doubting your pre- rumours, now lord Timon's happy hours are done sent assistance therein.

and past, and his estate shrinks from him. Lucul. La, la, la, la,---nothing doubting, says he ? Luc. Fye, no, do not believe it; he cannot want alas, good lord ! a noble gentleman "tis, if he 5 for money. would not keep so good a house. Many a time 2 Stran. But believe you this, my lord, that, and often I ha' din'd with him, and told him on't; not long ago, one of his men was with the lord and come again to supper to him, of purpose to Lucullus, to borrow so many talents; nay, urg'd have him spend less : and yet he woula embrace extremely for 't, and shew'd what necessity benocounsel, take no warning by my coming. Every 10 long'd to 't, and yet was deny’d. man has his fault, and honesty is his; i ha’ told Luc. How? him on 't, but I could never get him from't. 2 Stran. I tell you, deny'd, my lord. Re-enter Sertant, with wine.

Luc. What a strange case was that ! Now, beSero. Please your lordship, here is the wine. fore the gods, I am asham'd on't, Deny'd that

Lucul. Flaminius, I have noted thee always wise. 15 honourable man? there was very little honour Here's to thee.

shew'd in't. For my own part, I must needs con:: Flam. Your lordship speaks your pleasure. tess, I have receiv'd some small kindnesses from

Lucul. I have obsery'd thee always tor a to- him, as money, plate, jewels, and such like trifles, waruly prompt spirit,-give thee thy due,-and nothing comparing to his; yet, had he mistook one that knows what belongs to reason ; and canst 20 hin, and sent to me, I should ne'er have deny'd use the time well, if the time use thee well : good his occasion so many talents. parts in thee. -Get you gone, sirrah. [To the Ser

Enter Serorlius. vant, who goes out.) Draw nearer, honest Flami- Ser. See, by good hap, yonder 's my lord; I have nius Thy lord's a bountiful gentleman : but thou sweat to see his honour.—My honour'd lord, art wise, and thou know'st well enough, although 25

[To Lucius. thou com'st to me, that this is no tiine to lend Luc. Servilius! you are kindly met, sir. Fare money; especially upon bare friendship, without thee well:--Commend me to thy honourablesecurity. Here's three solidares' for thee; good virtuous lord, my very exquisite iriends. boy, wink at me, and say, thou saw'st me not. Sero. May it please your honour, my lord hath Fare thee well.


sentFiam. Is 't possible, the world should so much! Luc. Ha! what hath he sent? I am so much differ;

endear'd to that lord; he's ever sending; How And we alive, that liv'd ?: Fly, damned baseness, shall i thank him, think'st thou? And what has To him that worships thee!

The sent now? [Throwing the money away. 35 Set. He has only sent his present occasion now, Lucul. Ha ! Now I see, thou art a tool, and fit my lord; requesting your lordship to supply his for thy master.

[Exit Lucullus. instant use with so many talents. Flan. May these add to the number that may Luc. I know, his lordship is but merry with me; scaid thee!

he cannot want fixty-five hundred talents. Let moltın coin be thy damnation,

40 Ser. But in the mean time he wants less, my I hou disease of a friend, and not himself!

lord. Has trienusbip such a faint and milky heart,

If his occasion were not virtuous*, It turns 'm less than tuo nights : you gods,

I should not urge it half so faithfully'. I feel my master's passion! This slave,

Luc. Dost thou speak seriously, Servilius? Unto his honour, bas my lord's meat in him: 451 Ser. Upon my soul, 'tis true, sur. Why should it thrive, and turn to nutriment,

Luc. What a wicked beast was I, to disfurnish When he is turned to poison ?

myself against such a good time, when I might O, may diseases only work upon't ! [nature have shewn myself honourable: how unluckily it And, when he's sick to death, let not that part of happen'd, that I should purchase the day before for Which iny lord paid for, be of any power

150 a little part, and undo a great deal of honour ! To expel sickness, but prolong his hour! [Erit. Servilius, now before the gods, I am not able to

do't; the more beast, I say:-1 was sending to SCENE II.

Juse lord Timon myself, these gentlemen can witA public Sireet.

ness, but I would not, for the wealth of Athens, Enter Lucius, with three Strangers,

55 I had done it now. Commend me bountifully to

his good lordship; and, I hope, his honour will Luc. Who, the lord Timon ? he is my very good conceive the fairest of me, becausel have no power friend, and an honourable gentleman.

to be kind :-And tell him this from me, I count | Siran. We know him for no less, though we it one of my greatest afflictions, say, that I cannot are but strangers to him, But I can tell you one 60 pleasure such an honourable Gentleman. Good

· Mr. Steevens believes this coin to be from the mint of the poet. 2 i. e. and we who were alive then, alive now: As much as to say, in so short a time. Alluding to the turning or acescence of inilk.

* i. e. if he did not want it for a good use. Faithfully, for fervently. meaning is, By purchasing what brought me but little honour, I have lost the more honourable tunity of supplying the wants of my friend.




6 The


Servilius, will you befriend me so far, as to use Sem. How! have they deny'd him? my own words to him?

Have Ventidius and Lucullus deny'd him? Ser. Yes, sir, I shall.

And does be send to me? Three? hum ! Luc. I'll look you out a good turn, Servilius.-- It shews but little love or judgement in him.

[Erit Servilius. 5 Must I be his last refuge? His friends, like phyTrue, as you said, Timon is shrunk, indeed;


[me? And he, that's once deny’d, will hardly speed. Thrive, give him over “; Must I take the cure upon

(Exit. He has muchdisgrac'd me in't;lam angry at him, 1 Stran. Do you observe this, Hostilius? That might have known my place : I see no sense 2 Stran. Ay, too well.

for 't, 1 Stran. Why, this is the world's sport : Bat his occasions might have woo'd me first; And just of the same piece is every Hatterer's soul. For, in my conscience, I was the first man Who can call him his friend,

That e'er received gift from him : That dips in the same dish ? for, in my knowing,

And does he think so backwardly of me now, Timon has been this lord's father,

15 That I'll requite it last? No: And kept his credit with his purse !

So it may prove an argument of laughter Supported his estate ; nay, 'l'imon's money l'o the rest, and I'mongst lords be thought a fool. Has paid his men their wages: he ne'er drinks,

I had rather than the worth of thrice the sum, But limon's silver treads upon his lip;

He had sent to ine first, but for my mind's sake; And yet, (0, see the monstrousness of man, |20|1 had such a courage to do him good. But now When he looks out in an ungrateful shape !)

return, He does deny him, in respect of his,

And with their faint reply this answer join ; What charitable men afford to beggars'.

Who bates mine honour, shall not know my coin. 3 Stran. Religion groans at it.

[Erit. 1 Stran. For mine own part,

23 Serr. Excellent! Your lordship's a goodly vilI never tasted Timon in my life,

lain. The devil knew not what he did, when he Nor came any of his bounties over me,

ma:le man politick; he cross'd himself by't: and To mark me for his friend; yet, I protest, I cannot think, but, in the end, the villainies of For his right noble mind, illustrious virtue, man will set him clear. How fairly this lord And honourable carriage,

30 strives to appear foul ! take virtuous copies' to be Had his necessity made use of me,

wicked; like those, that, under hot ardent zeal, I would have put my wealth into donation, would set whole realms on fire. And the best half should have return’d to him”, Of such a nature is his politic love. So much I love his heart : But I perceive, This was my lord's best hope; now all are fled, Men must learn now with pity to dispense; 35 Save only the gods: Now his friends are dead, For policy sits above conscience. (Ercunt. Doors that were ne'er acquainted with their wards

Many a bounteous year, must be employ'd

Now to guard sure their master.
Sempronius's House.

And this is all a liberal course allows;
Enter Sempronius, with a Serrurit of Timon's. 140 Who cannot keep his wealth,must keep his house".
Sem. Must he nceds trouble me in't: Ilum!

[Erit. 'Bove all others?

SCENE IV. He might have try'd lord Lucius, or Lucullus;

Timon's Hall. And now Ventidius is wealthy too, Whom he redeem'd from prison: All these 45 Enter l'arro, Titus, Hortensius, Lucius, and Owe their estatcs unto him.

other Servants of Timon's Creditors, who wait Sere. My lord,

(tal; for

for his coming out. They have all been touch'd', and found base me- Var. Well met: good morrow, Titus, and They have all deny'd him!

Hortensius. ' i. e. In respect of his fortune, what Lucius denies to Timon is, in proportion to what Lucius pos sesses, less than the usual alms given by good men to beggars. That is, I would have treated my wealth as a present originally received from him, and on this occasion have return'd him the half of that whole for which I supposed myself to be indebted to his bounty. • i. e. tried, alluding to the touchstone. * That is, “ His friends, like physicians, thrive by his bounty and fees, and either relinquish, and forsake him, or give his case up as desperate.” To gire over has no reference to the irremediable condition of a patient, but simply means to leave, to forsake, to quit. bi. e. I had such an ardour, such an eager desire. • Set him clear does not mean, acquit him before heaven; but it signifies, puzzle him, outdo him at his own weapons. And the meaning of the passage is, “ If the devil made men politic, he has thwarted his own interest, because the superior cunning of inan will at last puzzle him, or be above the reach of his temptations.". ? This is a reflection on the puritans of that time. These people were then set upon a project of new-modelling the ecclesiastical and civil government according to Scripture rules and examples; which makes him say, that under zeal for the word of God, they would set whole rialms on fire. So Sempronius pretended to that warm affection and generous jealousy of friendship, that is affronted, if any other be applied to before it. ! i. e. keep within doors fou fear of duns.

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