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Mr. Edwards seconded the motion,' lued; the very words of the order by and condemned, in very pointed terms, which they were put upon it fhewed as equally impolitic and unjust, the that they were not ftigmatised, but repartial distribution of military ho- ceiving the reward of past services.
Sir James Collier supported the mos Mr. Beaufoy said, that charges of so tion : he said, that the superannuated serious a nature against the executive litt, or the yellow flag, as it was called, government ought to be very carefully might not be dishonourable to those examined, especially when the charges who, from bodily infirmities, were rewere directed against a First Lord of the ally not fit for actual service; but it was Admiralty, to whom the country owed certainly disgraceful to officers who so much as it did to Lord Howe; a were still able and willing to serve their man, at once the pride and ornament country in active Nations, to be put upof his profellion. But these charges did 'on that lift. not deserve consideration merely as they Capt. M'Bride faid, he would support affected that noble Lord, but as they the motion with the greater readiness, affected the Government of the country. because, in doing fo, he considered himMuch was left, and properly left, to self as pleading the cause of his gallant men high in office, in the administration brother tars. He admitted that the fue of those afíairs that belong to their de- perannuated lift was an honourable repartment; but, should the House de. treat to officers worn out and exhaufted prive them of that discretion, and take in the service; but he looked upon it as upon itself, without any information on a degradation to any officer to be placed the subject, to point out to the throne upon it in the vigour of health. He who thould be made admirals; then our begged it might not be understood, that, officers, instead of seeking honour in the while he censured the late promotion, scene of action, would content them. he meant to call in queftion the merit selves with conciliating the favour of of the officers who had received the bothe members of that House; and he nourable rewards of their services; but Thould not be surprised if, hercafter, on be must say, that as able and as gailant every promotion in the army and navy, officers had been overlooked as any that gentlenien fhould be instructed by their had been promoted, or any that ever respective constituents to vote that such existed. He had heard, without doors, and such men hould be made generals some reasons for the omiflions he comand admirals. He foresaw that such an plained of; but they were lo contradic. interference on the part of the House tory and absurd, ihat he was almost would be attended with alarming con alhamed to mention them. One gentle. sequences, and therefore hoped the man had been pafcd over because he Hon. Member would withdraw his mo was a commissioner; and yet another
was promoted, though he was also a Sir James Jobnione said, the motion commissioner. Another gentleman was was fuggefted by a love of justice and left out, because his healeh was so much humanity; it fhould, therefore, have his impaired that he was no longer able to support; and he hoped that the hon. serve; and yet it is notorious that, pote gent. who inti oduced it might receive with/tanding his debility of conftitution, an honourable reward for his speech of he bunis regularly twice a week; while this day; he wified that, at least
, he another officer was made an admiral, might be foon enabled to call hiun a brv- who, probably, will never be able to ther baronet.
leave his houte, certainly never to mount Lord Aplley observed, that there was the side of a ship. This latter circumnothing new or unprecedented attending itano: be mentionce with regret, because 'the late promocion. In the year 1718, he was an officer of great gallantry and two officers, "hom, on account of their 'ability, whole lols his country would abilities, the Board were difirous of have cause to deplers; but he noticed employing as admirals, were advanced it for its fingularity, aod to thew ahe to tags over the herois of 27 senior cap force of the reasons which had been ar. cains. In 1747, took place the regula ligned.' Capt. Gray was overlooked tion of fuperannuaring those who, frota brosuí, as was said, he had not ferred age or intirmities, were thoughi wtit accurving to order in the last war. The for active feirice; and those who were fact, however, wes, that this officer had upon the superannuared loa here not to made an offer to Guvernment 10 raise, be considered as neglcüed or underva- by his influence in his native couniry,
6000 men; his offer was accepted, and tion; the thanks were general to the he and his men embarked according to admirals, officers, and feamen ; so that, orders in tenders for that purpose. Was if the captains, included in that vote, not this serving? And were services expected from it to be made admirals, such as there to be rewarded by neglect? the m:ters and commanders might as Capt. M.Bride feared that he himself reafonably expect to be made captains; should never be able to obtain the dear the lieutenants to be made masters and est object of his wishes a flag, while commanders; and the seamen, lieutesuch frivolous objections as he had nants. ftated might mar his hopes: for he had Lord Mulgrave said, he would give no other pretension to the honour than no opinion on the late promotion ; bue his endeavours to deserve it: but, were he wished very much that a plan might his efforts to deserve it successful, he be adopted, by virtue of which a capmight be laid aside for being too fat or tain in the navy, of 20 years ftanding, too lean, too thort or too tall. He con- should be at liberty to demand his recluded with expressing a hearty wish, treat, and that there should be a fixed that something might be done in favour income allowed him for the remainder of the gallant men whose merits had of his life; the retreat would then be been overlooked in the late promotions. voluntary, and consequently honour
Mr. Pitt readily admitted and main- able, because he would not be driven to tained the indisputable right of that it by any marked difrespect, or any House to controul all the branches of neglect whatever on the part of the As. the executive Goveroinent; and it miralty. ought in duty to interpose its controul. · Mr. Baffard at length confented to ing authority, whenever any partiality, withdra: his motion ; but declared, at or unjust or capricious exercise of pow. the fame time, that he would bring the er, appeared in the conduct of any of business forward again, on fome future the executive departments of the ftate. day, in another shape. The question, therefore, was not, whe
Friday, February 22. ther the House had a right to interfere, The order of the day being read, that for that no man would deny; but on the House do resolve itself into a comwhat occasions it ought to interfere. mittee of the whole Houfe on the Did gentlemen mean, that the House of charges against Sir Elijah Impey; Commons should, on all occahons, as Sir Gilbert Elliot moyed, that the said sume the right of telling the Minister, order be deferred to Monday next, and whom his Alajelty had placed at the that the witnesses do then attend. An head of the Admiralty, " we are better greed to. judges than you are, and know better Mr. Burke rose, and observed, that, who ought, and who ought not, to be in opening the charges against Warren promoted ?” Was it better for that Hastings, in the high court of ParliaHouse, which could not be called to ac ment, he had taken a general historical count by any power, to attempt to ex view of India, and, noticing the revoercise their judgement, without having lution in 1760, he had ulid certain exproper grounds for forming that judge- prethons which had given offence to ment, than to trust to one who was re tome gentlemen, who conceived that fponfible for every measure he adopted ? their characters bad been injured by an The measure that was now made a lubo unfair itatement of circumlances Withject of complaint was not without pre- ing to give every gentleman ample tacedents; for, in the promotions of 139 tisfaction, he was ready to enter into admirals, fince the year 1718, 244 cap an explanation of what had fallen from tains had been overlooked, and yet the him on that occasion. If he had erroAavy had not mu mured. He was forry neously stated any particular, he was to find chaithe regulation made by Lord willing to setract; but if, ou explanaAnfon, 10* 1947, which was intended as tion, he found nu mis-Itatement, he an dunourable retreat for caj tains worn would adhere to his foriner allertions. "ous by age and long service, was this He wouid, however, deter his explana. day perverted into a mark of difyrace, Lion until persons of greater weight ihan than which nothing could be more re he could pretend to be, were in the more from the delign of the institution. House (alluding to Mr. Pict, &c. &c.),
Nothing could be fairly argued from from whom he might receive instructothe vote of thanks pailed by the House ons respecting the best mode of entering against the omulsions of the late prono. into luch explanation. Adjourned.
Monday, February 25. priation of those revenues in the marie The order of the day being read, the ner that should appear to them the moft Iloute went into a committee of the conducive to the public advantage. But whole House, on the bill for regulating upon this it appeared there were differthe intercourse between the United ent legal opinions. To ascertain this States of America and the island of matter, therefore, he fhould move, Newfoundland, the Marquis of Gra " that leave be given to bring in a bill, ham in the chair.
for removing any doubt respecting the Mr. Grenville faid, that, in opening power of the Commissioners for the af. this business, he had fully explained the fairs of India, to direct the expence of whole operation of the bill. There railing, transporting, and maintaining, was one clause, however, which had fuch troops as may be judged neceffary been fince suggested to him, relative to for the security of the British territories the importation of provisions from A. and poffeffions in the East Indies, to be merica. From authentic information, defrayed out of the revenues arising he believed that the province of Canada from the said territories and possessions.” alone would be able to supply New Mr. Baring said, that, if the bill pafffoundland with provisions. He had, ed, it would effectually annihilate the zherefore, introduced a clause to that Company, as not a veltige of power effect, reforving a power to the King in would remain with them. The late council, on any failure of the crop in alteration in public affairs had superCanada, to illuc fuch order as the exi• feded the necessity of sending out the gency of the cafe might require.-The new regiments ; which, if they went to bill was read, and the blauks filled up. India, would, like the other royal rc
Mr. Put said, he had a motion to giments there, dwiudle into skeletons. make, upon a subject of some import The Secretary at War faid, that those ance, to which he begged gentlemen regiments, fo far from being skeletons, would give their attention. It had been did not, by the last returns, want more the unanimous opinion both of the than 220 men. Board of Controul, and of the Court of
Mr. Baring asserted, that their defiDirectors, in October last, that the fi- ciencies amounted to 2400. tuation of affairs in India required a Mr. For accounted for this difference re-inforcement of troops from Europe of opinion, by saying, that Govern. for the Company's fervice. Accord- ment deducted from the actual deficieningly, with the full approbation of both cies the number of troops on their way Lides, four regiments were raised for to India, without making any allowthat service ; but now, when they were ance for the probable diminutions occaready to embark, the Court of Direc. fioned by the climate. He spoke at tors, under presence that the troops fome length, and with much energy were no longer necotlary, refuled to re. and effect, against the motion. ceive them on board their fhips. Upon Mr. Dundas maintained, that the this point it might be asked, has the Board of Controul had a righe, by the Crown a right to fend troops to the act of 1784, to manage the revenues of British poffeffions in India, it necessary the Company; but were, at the same for their protection, without the content time, relponsible for their conduct. It of the Company? This right is so obe was undoubtedly, he faid, the duty of viously pofieiled, that he would not at. the executive Government to defend the tempt to prove it. Another question territorial poilellions of India, which might be asked, upon a point much were of such national importance; and mole doubtful. Had the Crown a right it was cqually the duty of the Company to fend troops to India at the expence to defray the expence. of the Company? By an act pafied in Col. Barré considered the whole as a 1781, the Company might refuse to pay mere question of patronage; the contest any tioops that were not employed in was, who should have the nomination India ai their own requifrion ; but it of the officers in those regiments-the did not prevent the Crown from fend. Crown or the Company. He spoke of ing troops at its own expence. By the the King's new officers fuperfeding the act of 1984, the authority and power of old officers of the Company, and Said, the Court of Directors, in great politie it would be a source of endless disputes. sal matters, and in the management of Mr. Pitt spoke in reply; after which the Company's revenues, were trans his morion was carried without a divis ferred to ine Board of Controui, which fon; and the House adjourned. mighty, in his opinion, direct the appro.
(To be continued.)
Premiums proposed by the Society of Arts, ( concluded from p. 424.) $19
PREMIUMS FOR PROMOTING THE POLITE Arts. 140. Honorary Premiums for Drawings. 151. For the next in merit;, the lefier For the belt drawing by sons or grandsons filver pallet. of peers or peeresses of Great Britain or 152. Drawings of Machines. •For the best Ireland; to be produced on the first Tues drawing, by persons under the age of twenty, day in March, 1789; the gold medal. one years, of a crane by Mr. Bunce, in the
141. For the second in merit; the filver Society's Repository; the greater filver palmedal.
let; to be produced on the third Tuesday in 342, 143. The same premiums will be November, 1788. given to daughters, or grand-daughters, of 153. Drswings of Landscapes. For the peers or peerelles of Greai-Britain or Ireland. best drawing after nature, by persons under
144. Honorary Premiums for Drawings. twenty-one years of age, to be produced on For the best drawing of any kind, by young the third Tuesday in November, 1788; the gentlemen under the age of twenty-one. greater filver pallet.
To be produced on the first Tuesday in 154. For the next in merit; the lefler March, 1789; the gold medal.
filver pallet, 145. For the next in merit; the filver medal.
155. Hiftorical Drawings. For the best 146, 147. The same premiums will be original historical drawing of five or more given for drawings by young ladies,
human figures ; to be produced on the third N. B. Persons profesing any branch of the Tuesday in November, 1788; the gold pallet. polite arts, or the sons or daughters of such 156. For the next in merit; the greater persons, will not be admitted candidates in
silver pallet. these claffes.
157. Engraving in the Line Manner. For 148. Sculpture. For the model of the the best engraved plate in the line manner, buft of his Royal Highness the Prince of twenty inches by fixteen, containing three Wales, as large as the life; a filver medal. human figures; the gold pallet and twentylion, in conformity to the will of Joha five guineas. Stock, of Hampstead, Esq.
To be produced on the first Tuesday in To be produced on the third Tuesday in February, 1789. November, 1788.
159. Surveys of Counties. For an accurate 149. Portrait. For a copy in oil colours survey of any county in England or Wale; of a portrait of the late John Stock of the gold medal. Hampstead, Esq. a silver medallion.
To be begun after the firfi of June 1787, To be produced on the third Tuesday in and produced on the last Tuesday in January, November, 1788.
1792. 150. Druwings of Outlines. For an oute 160. Natural Hiftory. To the author who line after a group or cast in plaster of human fhall publish the natural history of any figures, by persons under the age of fixteen, county in England or Wales ;' the gold to be produced on the last Tuesday in medal. The work to be produced on or November, 1783; the greater Glver pallet. before the last Tuesday in January, 1789.
PREMIUMS FOR ENCOURAOING AND IMPROVING MANUFACTURES. 162. Silk. For five pounds of silk, pros yards long, and lix feet deep, woven in a duced by one person in England, in the year machine; to be produced on the second 1788; the gold medal.
Tuesday in January, 1789 ; I wenty guinea-. One pound, with certificates, to be delic 166. Club from Hop-stalk, er Binus. For vered to the Society on the first Tuesday in not less than twenty-five yards, made in January, 1789.
England, the gold medal, or i wenry pounds; 163. For two pounds; the silver medal. to be produced on the second Tuciday in
164. Macbine for cardirg Siik. For a ma December, 1788. chine' for carding waite Silk; in be pro 169. l'aper from ratu l'eger.?bles. For ren duced on the first Tuesday in November, reams of us:ful paper from raw vegetable 1788; the gold medal, or twenty pounds. fubitances; ten guineas.
165. Weaving Fishing Ners. For the best One reain and certificates to be proʻuced specimen of netring, for fishmg nets, twenty on the firft Tueiday in Novembur, 1783.
PREMIUMS FOR INVENTIONS IN MECHANICKS. 171, Transit Infrument. For a cheap and 173.Gun for Ibrotuir:z llarpcons. To the perportable tranfit latrumeni, for i he purpose of fuo who ihall produce ihe belt gun for throwe finding the latitudes and longitudes of places; ing Harpoons; the filver medal, orien guinca. the gold medal, or thirty guineas; to be pro To be delivered on the first Tuelday in duced on the last Tuesday in Janu rý, 1789. December, 1788.
172. Gun Harpoin. For every waale 174. Harpoon to be ebrown by a Gun. Ta taken by the gun harpoon; to the person who the person who Iball produce the best hare first tirikes such fith therewith ; iwo guineas. poun to be thrown by a gun; the silver medal,
Certificates of the taking fuch whales in orien guineas. the year 1788; to be delivered on the last To be delivered on the firf Tuesday in Tuesday in December, 1785.
175. Cross-bow for ebrowing Harpoons. To day in November, 1789. the person who thall produce the beft cross 181. Horizontal Windmill. To the perfor bow for throwing harpoons; the hlver meda!, who fhall produce a model of a horizontal or ten guineas.
windmill on a scale not less than one inch to To be delivered on the firft Tuesday in a foot, superior to any in ose; the gold me December, 1788.
dal, or twenty guineas. 176. Cross-bow Harpoon. For every whale To be produced on the first Tuesday in raken by a harp on fhor from a cross-bow, February, 1789. to the person who firft trikes such file 182. Handmill. For the best constructed therewith; two guineas,
Handmill for general purposes ; the filver Certificates of the taking such whales in the medal, or ten guineas. year 1788, to be delivered on the last Tuer. To be produced on the left Tuesday in Den day in December, 1788.
cember, 1783. 177. Driving Belts into Ships. For a mo 183. Macbine for reifing Ore. To the perdel of a machine for driving bolts, partie son who shall invent a machine and produce cularly copper, into ships, ruperior to any a model for railing Ore, &c. from mines, at in use; twenty guineas.
a less expence than any in use; the gold meTo be produced on the first Tuesday in Fe, dal, or iwenty guineas. bruary 1789.
To be produced on the second Tuesday in 178. Improvement of the Hand Ventilator. February, 1989. For a portable ventilator to be worked by 184. Macbine for railing Water. For a hand, better than any now in use; the gold machine for raifing water out of deep wells, medal, or iwenty guineas.
superior to any in use; thirty guineas. To be produced on the last Tuesday in Certificates and a model to be produced February, 1789.
on the first Tuesday in February, 1789. 179. Cranes fy Wharf. For a model of 185. Machine for clearing Rivers. For the , Crane for Wharfs, fuperior to any in belt model of a machine, fuperior to any now use; the gold medal, or twenty guineas. in use, for clearing navigable rivers from
To be produced on the first Tuesday in weeds, at the least expencc; ten guiseas. February, 1789.
To be produced on the firt Tuesday in 180. Metal rope or chain. For a metal February, 1789. mpe or chain to work over pytlies, and 186. Securing Buildings from Fire. For an aniwer the purpose of a hemren rope, of effectual method of extinguishing Gires iq at leaft iwo inches diameter ; fifiy pounds. buildings; twenty guineas.
Cirificates of its use, and a sample ten To be produced on the second Tuesday, ia yards long, to be produced on the first Tues. February, 1788.
PREMIUMS OFFERED FOR THE ADVANTAGE OF THE BRITISH COLONIIS. 187. Nutmegs. For five pounds weight of 194. For half a ton of oil and two hundred nutmegs, the growth of his Majefty's domi weight of cakes; the filver medal. nions in the West Indies; the gold medal, 197. Spirit from ibe Pulp of the Coffee Berry. or one hundred pounds.
For difiling thirty gallons of spirit, from. Certificates to be produced on the firft Tues. the pulp of the coffee berry, and produce day in December, 1789.
ing to the Sociery one gallon of the spirit ; 189, 190. Brend-Fruit Tree. For the the gold medal. greatest number of plants of one or both fpe 198. For fifteen gallons; the filver medal, cies of the bread-truit tree, in a growing Certificates to be delivered on the firf Tucre Hate, not less than three of either species; day in January, 1789. the gold medal.
199. Senna. For two hundred weight, To be produced before the fifteenth of Au. imported in 1788, the growth of any of the gali, 1783.
British islands in the Weit Indies; the gold 191. B c d Fruit Tne. For conveying, in medal. the year 1789, from the islands in the South Certificates to be produced on the firf TuefSea to the illands in the Weft Indics, lix day in February 1789. plants of ane or brih species of the breads 201. Kali for Barilla. For cultivating Irut vee in a growing itare; the gold me five acres of land with Spanith Kali for dal.
making Barilla; the gold medal. Certificates to be del vered on the second 202. For three acres, the filver medal. Tuesday in October, 1797.
Ceriifiates to be produced on the fccond 173. 01 frem Carian Seed. For one ton Tuesday in November, 1789. of oil and tive hundred weight of cake from 204. Cojbew guo. For importing into thr teed; the gold incdal.
London, in the year 1989, half a ton of the Crificates to be produced, with two galo gum; ihe gold medal or thirty guineas, loos ve oil and iwo dozen of cakes, on the Twenty pounds to be produced on the selatt Tuesday in November, 1788.
cond Tuesday in January, 1799., * It is required, that the matters for which premiums are offered be delivered in w thout names, or any iorimation in whom they belong; that each particular thing be marked in what manner cach claimant thinks fir, such claimant fending with it a paper fealed up, having on the outside a corresponding mark, and on the inside the claimant's nanie and address.
Cimmunicated, by lider of the Society, SAMUEL MOBE. Secretary.