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suspected, that the history of these coun. who lived at this very time, knew dotries has met with more difregard, both thing of Arthur ; and he is now per. among their respective natives, and in fe&tly understood to be a non-existence, England, than its disproportion de mere phantom of those romances firves; and it is certain that the hißory which began to appear in the north of of Bretagne, of Burgundy, and other France in the time of the crusades. ancient kingdoms now conjoined in the If in the libraries in Wales any his. French monarchy, has attracted infi- toric document whatever can be reconitely more notice in France than that vered, written before the reltih ceoof the above kingdoms has found in tury, it cannot be too highly valued. England. The five volumes folio of As it is, the whole hitory of Wales, original documents, concerning the his. from the beginning to the cwelfth cen. tory of Bretagne alone, lately published tury, rests upon Caradoc of Llancarvon, in France, may, among many other who wrote about the year 1160; a va• proofs, establish the truth of this affer. Juable -and judicious writer, but who tion. It is, therefore, proposed to con. cannot be greatly credited for events sider the Welch, Irish, Scotish history, that happened many centuries Lefore each in a separate letter; as being pro- him, and of which, to the best of my vinces of British history much neglect- knowledge, there is no niher native reo ed. A native of the British empire, cord. though he may laudably give more at: But the fingularity is, that Caradoc, tention to that country of it where he the only original historian of Wales, was born, muft
yet be greatly interested semains yet to be published ! We have in the history of every kingdom of the only tranBations of his work, grosiy empire; at least, far more to than in interpolated by a succession of absurd any foreign hiftory And a British An- editors, so that it is imposible to say riquary ought to depile ancient enmi- what parts are Caradoc's, what not. ties and prejudices, and to contribute The original ought to be published fiom with pleasure to ferve any denomination the oldest MSS. extant, with a verbal of his fellow-subjects. It shall only be Latin translation But those gentlemen further premised, that the plan of these who are skilled in the Weich language, letters must necessarily confine them to rather chufe to ficken the publick with a few hints, especially concerning the their dreams concerning the Welch lesier kingdoms : for the neglect of language and antiquities, than to ac, English history is their most important quire great fame by publishing the oriprovince; and, if that began to be re- ginal authors; a phrenzy also general medied, the other British kingdoms in Ireland, but no where else to be would follow the example of courte. found.
This lotter Phall offer a few remarks The Æve Cambro-Britannica, pub. on the history of Wales. The ancient lithed by Williams at the end of Lloyd's historical documents concerning Wales Commentariolum, I cannot believe more are very few; and it is matter of greate ancient than the thirteenth century, er reproach that even these few have And I wish to be informed if, excepting heen neglceted. When Nennius and only the laws of Howel Dna in the Samuel wrote in conjun&tion, in the tenth, there be any specimen of the year 85,8, it is palpable, from their pre• Weich language preceding the twelfth face, inat not one historian had arifen century. The litt of Welch MSS. in Wales before them. The complaint given by Davis in his Welch Diction. of Gildas, who wrote in the year 560, ary, and Lluyd in his Archæologia, contains very few historic hints. Gil- jumps at once from the sixth to the das, Nennius, and Samuel, only go twelfth century. To the sixth century down to the arrival of the Saxons in are ascribed certain bards, Taliefin, the fifth century. From that period till Merlin, Aneurim, &c. and after them 1110, when Geofrey of Monmouth we find no Welch writer ull the twelfth published his monstrunis romance, trauf. century Mr. Eyans, who deferves lated from a romance of Bretagne, the greatest praise for his labours, has which he mistook for a history, not a publifined specimens of the poems a. pairicle of Welch butory can be found, içribed to thele bards. Unhappily they cxcept in Beda, and the Saxon Chro. arc all in rhime; while we know from nicle, and Irishi Annals. Geofrey only Giraldus Cambrensis, who wrote about deo down to ile death of his pretended the year 1180, that rhime was totally Arbur, about the year 542. Cut Gildas, unknown to the Welch poetry even of
his time, and that alliteration only was lurion; as much as I can make out of used. Nor will it require arguments to it, it is a kind of inyocation to St. Nie thew that rhime, in its progress from cholas. While taking the inscriprion, the Italian monks of the sixth and se. I was informed, that in a certain room venth centuries, could not reach Wales in Mr. B's house the death-warrant till a late period. In Scandinavian po- for the decollation of K. Charles I. was etry rhime is quite unknown till the figned. Of this house, Weever, in his twelfth century; and all barbaric coun " Funeral Monuments," p. 430, fays, tries are very tenacious of ancient cur. " within the close of this nunnery (now toms. Nay, the rhimes of the mock called Clerkenwell Close) is a spacious Taliesin, &c. are exactly of the same fair house, built of late by Sir Thomas form (nor couplets, but continued strings Challoner, knight, deceased ;” which of rhimes) with those of pieces which name (lupposed a son of the former, Mr. Evans afcribes to the fourteenth but without the title) is found in the century! The mode of repeated rhimes list of those who hgned the warrant for is clearly artificial, and late ; and any his execution. On Monday, April 27, one, veiled in the literature of the mid. I attended a gentleman of inington to dle ages, must infer these pieces to be observe the removing the monument of pofterior to the twelfth century Dif. Sir William Weston, the last Laid Prior ference of dialect Mr. Evans takes for of St John of Jerufalein, and, after a proof of antiquity, while it may de. grcat labour of the workmen in removpend on their being written in North or ing the carved tone ornaments, dust, South Wales, or in Cornwall. It was and rubbith, the lead coffin was discoquite the falhion, in the middle ages, for vered, which was deposited within a the bards to allume the names and cha- few inches of the surface, under a stone, racters of renowned persons in their po on which was laid the emaciared figure, ems; and to this we must afcribe the as represented in the plate, fig. 2; the mock Offian, without rhime, and the form of the coffin was as drawn, fig. 3, ridiculous mock Welch bards of the and on the breast part was a cross raised fixth century, witb rbime !
in the lead, as reprelented. On raising PHILISTOR the cover, the skeleton appeared, but
without any appearance of its having Mr. URBAN, Camden fireet, Islington, been wrapped in cerccloth, or habit of
his order, nor did it feem at forft that ON
N the taking down the ancient pri- even any embalment had been used,
ory and late parochial church of but, on a more careful inspection, there Saint James, Clerkenwell, which the was found a quantity of a dark-coloured labourers have been for some time past, mucilaginous substance between the and are at present, employed upon, I thighs and lower parts of the body, of have been alınost a daily attendant, in an unctuous feel, but quite inodorouss hopes, if any thing curious or worthy the bones were laid in the saime order of remark should occur, it might not as when the corpse was deposited in the pass unnoticed. That part in which di- lead coffin, which did not appear had vine fervice was lately performed, viz. ever been inclosed in one of wood, the the pews, stone, brick, lead, iron, glass, fingers and toes were fallen off, but the &c. has been fold for about 8251.; the other parts retained their proper fituaother part, anciently called the Old tion, and some teeth remained in each Veftry, as the least decayed, is as de- jaw. On measuring the skeleton, it cently fitred up as possible for prayer was exactly fix feet in length, wanting and preaching till the church is re-built. orie inch.
The broken fragments of The bells were first removed, which, the monument, with the figure, are rea after some enquiry, I found were placed moved to the quadrangle, one side of in a back-yard behind. Mr. Blackorow's which is a part of the ancient cloister of houle; and, as I thought fomething which I sent you a drawing, and which remarkable might be on them, having appeared in your vol. LV. p. 935. belonged to fo ancient
fabric, I ap
Yours, &c. Matthew SKINNER. plied, and had admission to the part where they were depofited; one of them Mr. URBAN,
June 11. only can be deemed of antiquity; and A WRITER; who ftyles himfeli A be well ,
, in on it (jee plaie l. fig. 1), to have be observations on a Differtation concerna longed to the nunnery before its difio- ing the authenticity of the Parian Chro
nicle, lately published, seems to dislike lar, and does not mention the least cir. the scheme of detecting supposititious cumsance relative to the history of books, forged inscriptions, and pious Paros. frauds, merely because it has a ten. 4 The Greek and Roman writers, dency to "give us an unfavourable for a long time after the date of this opinion of mankind;" that is, he would work, complain that they had no chro. rather be imposed upon, than detect a nological account of the affairs of an. cheat; he would sooner suffer a thou- cient Greece. This position is consand culprits to escape, than bring them firmed by the testimony of Julius Afri. to a fair and open trial. This wonder- canus, Justin Martyr, Plutarch, Joseful benevolence, if it is not weakness phus, Varro, Diodorus Siculus, and and folly, is an encouragement to others. knaves and impostors, who are always 5. The Chronicle is not once menready to take advantage of the lenity tioned by any writer of antiquity.and credulity of mankind. It is abso. This argument, as it is presented under Surely necessary for the welfare of for different views by the author, and freed ciety, that frauds of every kind should from all objections, is remarkably be detected and exposed. To presume ftrong, if not decisive. that the chronicle of the Arundelian 6. Some of the facts seem to have marbles is a fraud, would be begging been taken from authors of a later dare. the question. But, if I am not deceiv. In several passages, we confess, there ed, the author of the Dissertation a is an appearance of imitation, or a bovementioned has proved that its ori- stronger resemblance than such as may gin is extremely suspicious.
be supposed to arise from accident. It would be impoflible, in a few pages 7. Parachronisms appear in some of of your Magazine, to exhibit a view of the epochas, which we can scarcely his arguments in their FULL FORCE; suppole a Greek chronologer in the yet, I think, it may be agreeable to cxxixth Olympiad would be liable to some of your learned readers to know commit. upon what grounds the authenticity of 8. The history of the discovery of this celebrated inscription is disputed. the marbles is obscure and unsatisfac
Having given us a general account of tory. The first ostensible pofleffors the marbles, their arrival in England, seem to have been knaves and cheats. and their pretent situation, the author And, as to the Chronicle itself, it is of the Dillertation oblerves, that his found nobody can tell us WHEN or DOUBTS, respecting the authenticity WHERE. of the Chronicle, said to have been Lastly, The literary world has been written 264 years before the Christian frequently imposed upon by spurious æra, arise from the following consider- books and inicriptions; and therefore, ations :
says the author of the Differtation, we 1. The characters have no certain or should be extremely cautious with re. unequivocal marks of antiquity.-They gard to what we receive under the reare, he says, plain and simple in their nerable name of Antiquiry. - This point form, and such as an ordinary stone. is illustrated by a great variety of excutter of the present age would proba- amples, and very properly exposes the bly make, if he were employed to en forgeries which have disgraced the regrave a Greek inscription, according to publick of letters in ancient and modern the alphabet now in use. A fac fimile times.
Yours, &c. 0. X. is annexed.
2. It is not probable that the Chro Mr. URBAN, Lichfield, May 17. nicle was engraved for PRIVATE USE.
'AE foilowing is copied from Drew-This point is attempted to be proved rey's Derby Newspaper. As a wellby shewing, that it is utterly improbable wilher to the grand design of enlarging that any ont would have engraved a and beautifying our Cathedral (which is system of chronology on stone at a time carrying on with amazing rapidity), I when the common mode of writing was fend Mr. Pegge's letter to your Magaon parci. ment, or paper made of the zine, in order that the noble intentions Egyptian papyrus.
of our Dean and Chapter may be more 3. It does not appear to have been universally known : your giving it a engraved by PUBLIC AUTHORITY. place in your next publication will ob. The author of the Chronicle, it is ob. lige many of your readers, as well as ferved, speaks in the firit person singu. your old correspondente
T be Red. Mr. S. PECCE's Letter to tbe Rev. ers made a yearly payment to the Cathedral
CHARLES Hope, Minister of ALL for the sustentation and maintenance thereof; SAINTS, Derby, relative to eb- Suéscrip- this went under the name of Pentecoftals, or i on new in agitariar för ibe Reparation, so. Whirfur Frihings, because usually paid at of the Czbedral Cbx;ck of LicHFIELD. that season of the year; and, in the case of 6 DEAR SIR,
Lickfield in particular, was termed Cb.id-Pene A А
S the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield nies, or Chad-Faribings; the Cathedral there are at this time promoting a tube being dedicated to St. Chad, and put under
his moreimmediate patronage and protection. scription throughout the diocese of Lichfield and C ventry, with the approbation and good
“ This payment of Pentecostals, Sir, or wilaes of the Hosourable and Right Reve- Chad-Fartbings, the Bilhop, John Hacket, rend the Bithop, for the purpne of making probably bal in his eye, when, after the hors certain repair , alterations, decorations, and rible havock and devastation committed in
in the Cathedral of Lichfield by the Oli verians, improvemenis, in the Cathedral of Libfield, it may not be improper to inquire into the he, at the Restoration, sent about his circular ground and foundation of such their applica- letters to the Clergy and Gentlemen of his tion, and to thew, in few words, that it is a Diocese, to beg money for the reparation,
beautifying, and restoring of his Church to requisition neither unreasonable nor novel. * The fabric of this Cathedral, Sir, is an
its pristine splendor. These letters fucceed. cient and elegant, inferior to very few in
ed admirably, and certainly are a fair prethis kingdom; but, by length of time, and cedent for the Dean and Chapter of Liebfield Livrough the inability of the Dean and Chap- to follow in the present exigence, as it may ter, who have but a scanty fund for its fum ferve to convince every one, that it is no
novel or unreasonable mode of raising money port, is grown much out of order, and in Tome parts ruinous. One material incon- which they are pursuing, but that they may venience, to mention no others, nor the have the example and fanćtion of former want of a general repair, attends it, which times, and consequently Gentlemen and
others may be induced by it to coptributs is, that the congregation, by reason of the smallness and incommodioutnets of the choir,
the more liberally. I am, Sir,
Your a Sectionate brother, are obliged to remove, whenever there is a
And most ubedient servant, sermon, into the nave or boily of the church; a circumstance very awkward, disagreeable, Wbitzing!on, May 10.
SAMUEL PEGGE, and troublesome.
so The Dean and Chapter, Sir, have no Mr. URBAN, fund, as was observed, adequate even to the Cathedral, and much less competent for un- addressed to the Students of Oxford and common and neceifary reparation of their M. Lindles, in his late work, in:
liluled, “ Vindiciæ Priestleianæ,” dertaking a work of such magiitude as that now intended, wirich, according to the enti- able reception of a pamphlet, figned the
Cambridge ; alarmed as the very favourmate of Mr. Jones Iyuti, the Architect, Undergraduate, and unanimously ascribed amounts to the sum of 59501. and upward:.
to Dr. Horne; hath entered the lifts is “ Now, Sir, in regard to the Itep which
behalf of his friend Dr. Priestley, and the Dean and Charter are taking, of soliciting donations from the Clergy and Laity of attempted to expose the weaknels and the Dioceie, for the purpose of gaining aid futility of his antagonist's arguments. and afiistance towards accomplishing the With a zeal and energy worthy of a bet. arduous and necessary and honourable en
ter caufe, he invites the students of those terprize, it may be ubierved, that at the celebrared seminaries to emancipate themfoundation of this Cathedral in the middle of selves from the tyranny of custom and the seventh century, the Cathedral was prejudice, to atsume the privilege of esteemed to be the Musher Church of the thinking for themselves on the unipeakwhole Diocese, and that the Parochial ally momentous íubjeet of religion. As Churches were altogether dependent upon he and his friends have the fingular and it; that the Clergy, who then rended with
exclufive talent of unlocking the sense the Bishop, illised from the Cathedral to
of the sacred Icriptures, and puthing their serve and officiate at the several Churches in the Discese, and that the Diocese for that enquiries with success into the throne o reason was com:nonly called Purschia, as if God, they
enticat them to drink deeply the few Parish Churches existing in those
of the dregs of Socinianifin, and to de times were to be considered as but so many
grade their Saviour to a level of a finful Chapers of Ease to the Cathedral. Hence it It is devoutly to be wished, that came to pass, that, for many ages after, the young men, dettined to the ministry, country congregations made annual proceso will be cautious of adopting the wild fions to the Cathedral as to their mother chineras and wiimsical reveries of these Caburcb, that the parochial Clerzy fetched the modern reformers, who diftori, mutilate. Cbrijm from thence, and in their pritione pereert the word of God, who from ag
intrepid spirit of novelty, and an intem. Peloponnesian war. He saw that doc. perare thift of fame, forget with what trine enforced by the Apostles with a awful diffidence it becomes them to rea- clearness and precision, which nothing son on the ways of an infinite being to but a blind deliberate obstinacy could his dependent creatures. If a writer, refift. If Dr. Priestley had more mapoffered of profound and well digefted turely weighed the nature and design of learning, accurately versed in those ftu. Christianity, the press would not have dies more immediately connected with laboured so often with his productions. theology, hath defended, with invincible Dr. Horsley, perfectly acquainted with ftrength of reasoning, the sublime doc- the character and disposition of the man, trine of the redemption of man by the and that he was poilelled of an incutable blood of Christ, he is accused by Mr. itch of writing, proved, to the satisface Lindsev of being of a gloomy supersti- tion of the learned world, that his optious turn of mind, of having exhibited ponent was a shallow dabbler in ecclefi. an barlh and deformed pi&ture of human astical antiquity, and superficially acnature. The reader will be surprised quainted with the Greek language. It when informed, that the Writer alluded is a mortifying reflection to the Soci. to by this hardy champion of Socinian- nians, that Dr. Horslev owes his preferism, is the truly learned and pious Bilopment to the unsolicited recommendation Butler, who, in his immorial work of of a great Law officer. His admitable the Analogy of natural and revealed re defence of the established religion against ligion, hath shewn in the clearest man. the feeble attacks of the Dillcorers hath ner, from a variety of texts, that Re- deservedly ranked him among the first demption is not a mere figure of speech scholars of the age. Let the students of in accommodation to Jewith notions, Oxford and Cambrisige eleem it their but the exact accomplishment of the highest honour to be the disciples of a prophecies concerning the propitiatory Butler, an Hoi fiey, and a White, whose sacrifice of Chrift. The learned Prelate writings reflect a lustre on the present hath founded his arguinents on the age, and will be tranimitted with applause Epistle to the Hebrews, the Author of to the latest posterity. The tithes, which which hath declared, that the legal facri- Priestiey and his followers so anxiously fices were allusions to the great and final defire, will continue among the establithatonement to be made by the blood of ed Ministers of the Gospel; whilst the Christ, and not that this was an allusion Dillenters, though protected by the mild. to those. This doctrine, the main pillar est government that ever exifted, must in the grand structure of Christianity, is bawl for conscience fake against every described in such striking colours by member of the Church of England. St. Paul, that Dr. Priestley, with the
Yours, &c. CLERICUS. most daring effrontery, hath asserted, that the Apofile argues inconclusively.
June 10. To fuch wretched expedients
, unworthy I code come the extract from Lelando terator of the Gospel reduced. Ano 1974, referred to by your correspondent, ther reason why Mr. Lindsey is so much p. 395., displeased at Bishop Butler is, that he ( Fulco (Fitzwarin) primus, had lyx has laid that analogy leads us to ex. sunnes, Fulco, William, Garine, Philip, pect mysteries in religion; mysteries ! John, and Alane. surely you were dreaming, good Bihop. John, sun to King Henry; and Fulco These fharp-fighted critics know of no fell at variance at cheltes, and John brake my stories in religion; the Almighty Fulcu hed with the chest borde; and hath revealed himlelf in a peculiar man then Fulco gave him such a blow that ner to them; they can coimprehend the had almost killed him.” heighth, breadth, and depth of the di John seems never to have forgiven this vine Majesty. A late ingenious Writer*, blow, as he deprived him of the title to who acknowledged that he had long Whitington, gave from him the gover. entertained prejudices against Christi norship of the Marches, and endeavoured , anity, afferts, in the most unqualified lan to have him killed, or get him into his guage, that they who deny the vicarious power, but at last pardoñed and employed atonement of Christ, might equally deny him in Ireland, “ where he did noble that Thucydides wrote the history of the feats.” Many more particulars are to
be found in the volume above-mentioned; * Soame Jenyus, Efqi PP. 234:5, & seq. Yours, &c. W.H.