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means fail, they can become parsons.” parish, either in reconciling differences, It is of no avail to tell us, that their or in admonishing men of rank, who fet piety and morals reflect no discredit on an ill example to others.” their order. I could say as much of many No clergyman, therefore, who makes an honest fariner in my own parish, and a conscience of his duty, will be fatisfied sign their testimonial with a safe conscie with barely performing the public of ence : but will any one be absurd fices which are required of him. He enough to maintain, that nothing fure knows that it is incumbent upon him to ther is requisite to procure a clergyman exhort, admonish, and instruct in prithat refpcct which will give due weight vate, as well as in public; in fhort, to to the exercise of his public functions ? be “inftant in season and out of season." If the education of a common excise. He coníders himself as the father of his man or mechanic qualifies for the cleri- flock, as their intructor, adviser, and cal office, why do we spend so many guide, in their most important concerns. years at school and in college? The He is always ready to offer them his vulgar, who are the bulk of mankind, beit advice, his fympathy, and his always look up with the most profound prayers. His godlike office is, “ to ease respect to a man of letters: and I will the oppressed, and raife the finking inaintain, that it is absolutely necessary heart." It is his business and delight to the parochial credit of every clergy- to teach his peaple how in improve the man, that he be respected, not only as a various dispensations of Providence, to man of piety and worth, but as a icholar adminifier consolation to the afflicted, and a gentleman. And can we expect and to “ smooth the bed of death." either the address and manners of a But when the low-bred and illiterate gentleman, or the accomplishments of a engage in so arduous and important an icholar, from one who, before his head office, is it to be supposed that they can unfortunately came into contact with acquire the respect or confidence of episcopal hands, never asociated with those who are committed to his charge? any above the rank of farmers, excise. Preposterous, indeed, to think that pero mien, and mechanics ?

fons, who have need to be instructed in Piety and humility, gentleness and “the first principles of the oracles of condescension, ought to be the distin. God," should be able to communicate guishing characteristics of ministers of knowledge to the ignorant, to resolve the Gospel. They ought, indeed, to the doubis of the weak and the scrupu. sharacterise every one who profetes and lous, lo fupport the drooping foul in the calls himself a Christian. But unless to hour of darkness and despair, and to the abovementioned qualities a clergy: arm it against the fear of death. man adds a competent share of classical

Yours, &c. CLERICUS. all

, a critical knowledge of the facred LETTERS ON EDUCATION. writings, how will he be able to “ex

(Continued from p. 391.) hort and to convince gainfa; ers." or

LETTER VII. “ rightly to divide the word of truth?” He may, indeed, with the help of good

“ Reason panders will.” SKAKSPEARE. lungs and a good voice, perform the SIR,

April 17, 1786. public and common routine of office, to


TOME few years since, the young The satisfaction of his heareis; and, if people used to have philosophical he lias-been fortunate enough to fium- disputes among themselves about the ble upon a good collection of Sermons, foundation of moraliiy-the origin of evit he may shine in the pulpit. But, as the fit and unft-rigbt and wrong-tbe pious and excellent Bithop Burnet ob- good of society, &c. But the WISE OBferves, in his “ Pastoral Care," "he SERVERS of the present day take the understands little of the nature and ob- liberty of saying, that the youth now ligations of the priefly office, ivho follow the wrong without any difpuiethinks he has discharged it by perform- nay, and that 100, long before they know ing the public appointments. In these, what is rigbt. Upon this head, hoir. all are almost alike: but the difference ever, I will argue, for the fake of my between one clergyman and anothier young friends, with any of your moral thews it felt more fenfibly in his private philolophers. What they call wrong, labours, in his prudent deportinenr, in 1 positively aver to be rigbi; and I hope his modest and discreet way of procur. I may be allowed to be the old fi difpuing respect to himlelf, in his treating his tans whatever, upon the subje&t of the

origin of evil, and right and wrong, if kind are less than nothing, listen to the that gives any claim of respect to opi. plea of rank, as a palliation of a crime? nion Human life, Sir, is too short for According to human reason and justice, metaphysical disputes and enquiries; it is an aggravation.-But taking your and my young friends are right to fol.. own argument--You say, you do no low their own inclinations, without injury by feduction when the female is giving themselves the trouble of think of an inferior rank; and it is only an ing about what is fit, or what is wrong. injury when she is of equal or superior But even without my afsiftance, if any station ;-chat, by adding deceit and of my young friends should be attacked falfhood to criminality, the may pass by these fastidious moralists, they can well enough for the bosom friend and defend themselves by unanswerable ar. the domestic comfort of a man of her gument. For instance, upon the subje&t own rank. Be it so: then, surely, with which I concluded my last letter. every rank fuperior to your own do no There is nothing more cominon than to injury in seducing or debauching your hear youth of modern bonour and falbion fifter, and, in all probability, exposing use this argument for female seduction : her to shame and infamy; or, if not,

“ Why, such a plan, no doubt, would he is good enough for a wise to one of have been disgraceful and infamous to her own station. have attempted upon a woman of rank Gentleman. Hold, Sir-Start not such and fafbion --but to an ordinary girl, an idea-By Heavens! were any man, and below one's own rank, Lord! be his station what it would, to offer where's the harm?" Suppole now, one the smallest indelicacy or indignity to of your men of principle ihould take up my fifter, I would put him to death this argument against a gay young felwithout scruple, were I to be sacrificed low, it would probably go on in this for it the next moment. —No more of manner, and in the end you will find this, Sir, I pray. the philosopher will be filenced.

Philosopher. You are juftly warm, and Pbilosopber. All mankind, Sir, are right, Sır. But, on cool reflection, you equal in the fight of the Almighty! must see that every inferior rank to you and the rights of none can be infringed have as good a right to punith people without guilt. What you call people in your station, as you have those above of rank and famion, I suppose, are those you. Believe me, Do as you would of an equal rank with yourself, or ri- be done by must be the rule of action in fing above that rank; and people of or every station and situation of life, if we dinary condition are below your own would do right. It is with you as with rank.

too many in the world : the bead is em. Gentleman. You are right, Sir, as to ployed in finding an excuse for the inthe distinction of rank; but I deny that clination, without examining the proall men are equal -I consider those be priety or justice of the action. low me as born to be subfervient to me; Gentleman. You distract me, sir and I think there is no harm in (educ. Go 10 HELL with your arguments. ing a girl that is not entitled to expect This, as I hinted, is an unanswer. me for a husband. If the allows liber- able argument, and the philosopher is ties in such expeclation, the is a fool : fenced. This retort very properly if the keeps her own fecret, and ma. closes many a debate, and difputanis nages well, the has a chance of getting can go to no place where they will be a husband suitable to her.

made more welcome ; but your men of Pbilosopber. All rank, Sir, is adven- principle, I have always found, are very titious: it might have been mine as ihy of coming to

BEL ZELUB. well as yours. Go back but a little

(To be continued.) way, and you will find all our prede. ceilors were favages and barbarians, Mr. URBAN, Accidtat railed one, and depressed ano.


Prick, or pijk, as ancienrly writ ther. The high to-day may be low ten, mea!is limetimes, no doubt, Bo-morrow, while those in an humble a spur'; the fpur formerly conhíting of sphere may rise to opulence and how one point inítead of five, or more. nours; and can mere accidental circum- Biouri, Tenures, p. 125. Grose on Itances vary the na!!?? and obligations Sp.119, in Archäologia Soc. Antiq. vol. of man! The lights bis itation, the vill. p. 112, Jeq. Hence, to prick, inore dunes he has acutom; and it means to rade, quali, to prick the horle, the Amig!?!? berope


May 30.

ed on.

R. 2:

A gentle knight was pricking on the plain. from hence, that the skewers in quefe

Spenser's Fairy Queer. tion were supposed to be made of iron ; So Fairfax ; Tasso III. 21. VII. 27. IX. and it is termed flimulus, only because 221 Flodden Field, stanza 89; Percy's this is Latin for a prick, just as a schoolSongs, I. p. 25, 42; and metaphori- boy would render it. cally, pricked on, Hamlet, I. 1, is urg We have thewn above, that pryk and

brochia are equivalent words; and I suspect, however, that both Mr. therefore, when Mr Blount expounds Blount * aud Mr. Groje t are mistaken brochettus, p. 71, in this passage, unum in interpreting the word of a spur or equum ... et unum saccum...cum uno goad, in the terms of the Tenure, i brochetto,” by, a little bottle or jug, he

'per servitium inveniendi unum errs most egregiously. He was led, equum, unum saccum, et unum pryk however, into the mistake by Sir Henry in guerrâ Walliæ, quandcunque conti- Spelman, Gioll. v. brocbia, who intergerit regem ibi guerrare;" fince, in' my prets these words of Bracton, ipvepi. opinion, this passage, wherein pryk is endi... unum hominem er unum eque joined with faccus, is to be explained um, et sacchum cum brochia pro aliby that in p. 26, where the party is to qua neceflitata, vel utilitate exercitum find "

unum cquum, unum laccum, et fuum contingente, on this manner, unam brochiam, in servitio Domini Re “ dictum opinor a Gall. broc, quod la. gis in Wallia ad cuftum Donini Regis.” genam majorem, aut cantharum, figo Pryk is again joined with jaccus, p. 41 Dificat, plus minus 6 fextarios contiand 50, and therefore must Turely mean, nentem : ut fit faccus ad deportationem in thcle cares, a skewer, to pin up or

aridorum brochia vero liquidorum;" than falten the mouth of the fack. This which nothing can be more foreign explanation feems to be confirmed by from the truth. Great men, you fee, that paisage, p. 62, where we have, Mr. Urban, will sometimes err; Ber“ cum uno equo precii vs. et cum uno nardus non videt omnia.

L. E. facco precii vid. et' cum brochia ad eun. dem Jaccum.Brochia here is evidently Mr. URBAN, Berwick, May 23. the same as pryk, from Fr. broche, or


AVING perused two letters figned Jpit, and, appertaining to the fack, can Glotianus, in your Magazine of never be understood of a spur, or a goad. April, p. 297, on the very important ques. See also p. 65. But the matter is itill tion, whether or not Pars are young Sale more clear, p. 96, where the perfon mon, I take up the pen to express my that demands the incon at U hichenour in approbation of such an enquiry being let Stafordshire is required to bring “ a on foot, and I hope the Natural Philofo. horse and a faddle, a fakke and a pryke, phers will be to kind as to turn their atfor to convey and carry the faid bacon, iention to that sulj: Čt. &c." and it is observable, for a con.. When I reflect, Sir, on the very trivial clusion, that, in Ray's North-country and unimportant matters which freWords, p. 8, 49, a prick fignifies a quently occupy a great thare of the atfrewer.

tention of those learned and very indeWhat is bere said, may serve to ex fatigable men, I am inclined to regret plain that pailage, p. 32, to which Mr. that there fhould be such a prostitution Blount puis a qual :

per lervitium

of their talents ; volumes upon volumes inveniendi unuin ftimulum ferreum pio ale published by them, in the discullion uno warroke I fuper quoddam clothjack," of points, which, even when fully ex. from 29 R. 2; for ftimulus bere is not a plained, produce little or no benifit to fpur, but, as connected with clothsack, mankind; their relearches afford them inust mean a Ikewer; and it appears amulement while they are engaged in

them; and if they are so happy as to arBlount's Tenures, p. 17, 125:

rive at that pitch of certainty in any of + Grofe, l. c. A war-horse, Blount's Tenures, p. 107, demonstrate, to the conviction of our

their pursuits, which enables them to elit. 1784, quasi w?-?g, which indeed is ingenious; but there lie two objections a.

fenfes, any of their furolous discoveries, gainit it; i1t, it makes t an hybridous word, they would be ready, in their extatic part French, part British ; 2dly, a war

transports, to facritice an hundred oxco, horse, monnted by a warrior, can have no.

if they had them in their pofleflion. thing to do with a clatbuck; posibly it may But, Sir, in the question which your be miread for carrock, a cart-horie, from car correspondent Glotianus has harted, the Panorius.

xtile and dulce are joined, for a field of which would not allow the affair, though amusement is opened, where the Philo- supported only by twenty-four votes, to sopher, the Naturalist, or the Anatomist, be carried to the Commission of the Gemay exercise his faculties with pleasure; neral Alleinbly, where it would have even the learned and ingenious Dr. been neglected, or have died quietly. Munro, of Edinburgh, who has lately 3. The ill-judged zeal of a Scotch Ropublished a treatise on fishes, may find man Catholic Bishop, which is well something interesting in the discussion of known to the people in Edinburgh. 4. this problem, Are Pars young Saloon? The keenness of the Author, who was Because if he should discover they are, supposed by his enemies to act in that and if, in consequence of that discovery, manner from a willingness to oblige the a stop is put to the very general destruc- Ministry, and not from the principles of tion of them, the number of Salmon in Toleration. 'As a proof of this last supour rivers will be nearly doubled. posed cause, many persons are diverted

The emigration of birds, such as swalwith his boasted affection for the Roman lows, woodcocks, and cuckows, the va Catholics, in page 170, and with his rious changes which take place in the zeal for pillaging their churches, in page production of a butterfly, and the ob 23 of the Appendix ; while Mr. Glail. fervations which are now made by the ford, a good Presbyterian, declared that help of improved microscopes on the he would not touch what was dedicated smallest animalculi, are all, I will allow, to God, though by a religion that was matters highly deserving the attention not only contrary to his own, but everfive of the natural Philosopher; but then I of it; and though the usage of war, and muft be permitted to say, cui bono? for the declaration of less fcrupulous perin these discoveries the utile is not joined fons, would, with the world, have jullito the dulce, as would be the case in the fied the robbery. solution of the question proposed by The author introduces the Carronades Glotianus.

again and again, as a late invention, by It firikes me, Mr. Urban, at this in a worthy Gentleman in Edinburgh, and ftant, that as a very great benefit would as one of the greatest inventions in mobe derived from the discovery, that Pars dern times. Now, if he had inquired at becoine Salmor, some honorary or pe the old fea-faring people belonging to cuniary premium ought to be propoled the Clyde and to Liverpool, he would by the Society in the Adelphi-buildings, have learned that the principle of the or by the British Society for the encou Carronades, which confifts only in a ragement of the fitheries (of which the siding carriage and light gun, was far Duke of Argyle is Governor), to the from being a late invention ; chele car. person who shall, in a limited time, pro- riages having been used, many years duce the most satisfactory account of the ago, in the Welt-Indies, and in the casmall fish, tbe Par.

W.s. bins of merchant. fhips, under the name

of Skreds; for, as to the rights, or dis

parts, thuriness, &c. they attect nor the Mr. URBAN, Edinburgh, May 22. invention, they are like the imall varia

S the Memoirs of Great Britain, tions which we every day fee upon an by Sir John Dalrymple, Bart. have pro. known too, that finall mortars and coeduced many obfervations, I beg leave to horns were, inany years ago, wrought give you fome, which relate to matters like swivels upon the decks of ships. of fact, and which, therefore, deserve at And need I mention, atter this, the light tension.

guns of Gultavus Aviolphus, and the In p. 170, the author takes great me leathern guns (that is, wide, thin, short rit to himíelf for having conducted the guns of copper, covered with ropes and Toleration A&t in favour of the Roman leather] of our Scottish ancestors, which Catholics; and says, that its not being were 1peedily carried from place to place? extended to Scotland was probably owing Much is said of the merit of Car. to a few of the Scotch Clergy. Is he ronades, but no proofs are given except quite sure that it was not owing to four strong allertions; while it is well known, other causes ? 1. The attempts of cer that many experiments were made with tain persons to force a refignation of the them by Gencral Officers, Engineers, then Ministry, by an insurrection of the Sea-faring persons, and particularly by a people. 2. The want of wisdom in the Glasgow Profeffor, who gave his opinion highest Ecclefiaftical Court in Scotland, of them in the following words: “They

A ,


are excellent for small merchant-thips known that his Grace did not complete against privateers, because they are much his eightieth year. lighter than common guns, take less P. 99. He says, That the Service of room, are wrought by fewer hands, and the Church of Scocland consists of a Lec. because the fights of such thips are gene. ture with a Comment, a Serinon, two rally of short duration. They may be Prayers, thres Psalms, and a Blessing i ufed with great advantage in war-hips, and yet it is notorious, not only that upon the poops and forecastles, instead there are three Psalms, three Prayers, of marines, but they certainly ought not and a Blessing, in the Service of that to make the chief defence. And they Church, but that the Author is witness will, with carrying-poles, make good to these three Prayers and Blessing every field-pieces, in rough or in soft ground, Sunday forenoon that he is in St. Giles's because they are light, and have a large church during the Sessions. bore, whereas common field-pieces can Hoping for an explanation of these not be carried over fuch ground, have a difficulties which relate to matters of fmall bore, and therefore are inferior to fact, and are, therefore, important, I am, the Carronades when grape-Shop is fired. Sir, yours, &c. HISTORICUS. This is all that can be said in their fa. vour; and for this reason, that though Mr. URBAN,


Na pamphlet you have done me the thein, yet the same success cannot be ex honour to notice, Vol. LVII p. 812. pected in actual service ; for it is well I have stated, p. 102. 118. what appears known, that a manufacturing machine to me to be the meaning of St. Peter, in cannot be used with advantage if it is those passages of his ad Epistle, chap. iii. much subject to go wrong; and what which speak of the diffolution of the would happen if the workers of it were heavens and the earth, verses 5. 6. 7. exposed to wounds and to death? If, 10. 11. and 12 ; and have fhewn, from then, failors, with Carronades, are more the language of the ancient Prophets in apt to commit errors in loading and the Old Testament, that the phrase must poin:ing, than with common guns, and be understood, not of the final deftrucif Carronades are much more apt to tion of the world, but of the fall of parbreak their tackling, it seems to be over. ticular lates and einpires; and in the prerating the.n, when their merit is raised sent instance, of the destruction of Jeru. higher than as above-inentioned.”. falem and the ruin of the Jewish liate ; Now, was this opinion found to be just and I have from thence interred, what by the test of experience in actual fer. is the Apolile's true meaning in the 3th vice, or was it not? A fair enumeration verse, when he says--We, according to of facts, by many perfons who have used his promise, look for new heavens and a them in fca engagements, ought to be now earth; i. e. for a new and more per. the answer to this question, and not a fedt dispensation, under the reign of the parade of words.

Mefliah. Then follows a practical ins P. 7. Appendix. "To the same Edin ference from the whole of the Apostle's burgh Gentleman he gives the invention reafoning in this chapter, ver. 14. to the of the double-fhip, though it is nctorious end. Wherefore, beloved, seeing ye that a trial was made of it by Sir Wil look for such things; be diligent that liain Perty about an hundred years ago, ye may be found of him in peace, withas a packet. boat between England and out spot and blameless; and account Jrelandt; that a model of Petty's thip is that the long-suffering of our Lord is in the Museum of the Royal Society of salvation; even as out beloved brother London ; and that an account of This Paul also, according to the wisdom giren was published, before the Author's Me. unto him, hath written unto you: As mors, by the celebrated Dr. Franklin, also in all his Epifles, speaking in them 111 page 108 of a volume of Philolophical of these things; in which are some Papers, with a propoled improvement to things hard to be understood; which make the fides parallel which are op- they that are unlearned and unsable posed to each other.

wrest, as they do also the other scripP.51. Appendix. He says, That Ar- tures, unto their own destruction. chibald Duke of Argyle lived to the age It hath exceedingly puzzled commen. of near nivery; and yet, if he had asked tators to understand what there hard the friends of that diftinguished Noble. things are, of which the Apostle Peter man, or looked at the common News. declares St. Paul has written in his E. papers or Magazines, he would have piltles. Dr. Benson has very candidly


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