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A Menecman's Magazine
, the means
Teflection on Mr. King. This transla- gentle heat, and much curiosity was exrion gives so clear a sense to the passage cited respecting the means by which it that it is not extraordinary it should was produced. Fire was not doubted, occur to more than one among the although no fire was visible: and, as number of those who study the Scrip- there was not any appearance of chimtures in the original.
E. D. ney or funnel, it was conjectured that In p. 142, col. 2, Matt. “ xviii.” the smoke was consumed within the should, I suppose, be "xvii. 9-13." domes, with which each of these tem
ples were severally crowned; or, that Description of a
INVENTED the element was supplied from some maStove, with a defcending Flue. terial which could undergo combustion (S. plate II.)
without emitting that noxious vapour. Mr: URBAN,
These stoves, however, were heated by MONGST the utilities of the à common fire of sea-coal, from which
the smoke passed downwards. But, it affords of circulating information on though the Bank fove was much ada inventions and improvements may be mired for the ingenuity of the contrivenumerated.
ance, complaints were foon made, that Amidst the lighter tra&ts of a daily the warmth emitted from the surface of paper, fuch explanations would seldom cast-iron was unwholesome; that the obtain notice, or, at best, the notice air of the room was not exchanged and only of a minute; and yet it will not be purified as by a common fire; that difdenied that articles of this kind may orders in the lungs, in short, a new dira furnish amusement, and that there order, an iron cough, was occafioned by fhould somewhere exist a repository in them; and it is probable the charge is which such as are useful may be pre not altogether unfounded. ferved.
THE STOVE, which the annexed The untractable nature of smoke oc- plate represents, is free from the objeccasions a kind of annoyance, which may tions which have been urged against the be ranked amongst the real discomforis former. of life; the disgust, and even the terror, By referring to the plate (fig. 1), the with which it is considered, cannot be reader will fie the form of a stove with denied, whilst we remember that, of the
two open fire-places placed on two faces (wo great disturbers of domestic felicity, of a triangle-to which a third might our proverb gives it even the foremost be added where it might be neceffaryrank,
from each of these the smoke readily A smoky chimney and a scolding wife.
palies through an aperture in the back
into a Hue, which descends perpendicuWhether the order ought to be inverted Jarly about seven feet, then horizontally or not, I leave to be debated by those through a brick flue led over an arch, who have experience in both; my pre
in order to leave a pasage or thoroughfent purpose is to shew, that smoke is fare in the cellar beneath, and, fruin far more ductile and manageable than thence, afcends through a common it has commonly been supposed to be. chimney to the top of the house. The
A proof of the decay of religion in fires constantly burn well; and it is inour days-would it were the only one deed curious, and to most observers is the complaining of coldness in our surprising, to see the smoke, fame, and churches, and of the efforts hitherto to sparks, run downwards as readily as render them warm and comfortable. water, or any Auid could do. It may As a fire placed against any one fide of a be necessary to observe, and will serve large building could have but a partial to explain the principle of this contriveffect, and as the building of chimnies ance, that, at the time the fires are in the area muft utterly confound the lighted in tne stoves, a hardful of thavsymmetry of any structure, German stoves, ings should be put into the chimney were introduced, few of which have through the small iron door (marked answered the intended purpose in any b); these being lighted, the smoke tolerable degree.-The improvements afcending from them will expel the ato of the Bank of England presented a no mospherical air from the shaft; which velty of the stove kind. In the centre having caused a kind of vacuum thereof the hall, and of each of the principal in, the air from the horizontal and de. offices, an edifice of caft-iron supplied a scending Aues rumes to fiil ihe space, GENT. Mac. March, 1783.
and is followed by that from the room Virgin Mary, and hitherto supposed . wherein the stoves are placed, palling have been fituate at a place called Nouthrough the apertures in the fire-places; thun; and what the initial letter of the so that a sufficient current or draft being name of the place really is being the obtained, the smoke is led to pats down. sole matter in doubt, and which can be wards, contrary to its natural cendency, determined only by an accurate inspecas liquids will rise and pass upwards tion of the original seal; it becomes, through a siphon, and from the same therefore, incumbent upon the possessor cause. I cannot dismiss the subject of it to communicate fuch information without observing, that an attention to as may clear up that doubt, and which, the principle may lead to more effectual it is hoped, the following remarks will remedies for the smoking of common not fail to do. chimnies, and that, by means of this im On looking back to vol. LVI. p. 1107, provement, churches, and other public where your correspondent W. & D. Buildings, may be supplied with plea supposes that the initial letter mighi not fant and wholesome warmth; that the be N but B, and the small joining architect, thus relieved from the necef- strokes in the center and bottom parts fity of providing fire-places and chim- of the B might have been so much worn nies on the several sides of a building, in so old a leal as to have escaped the will often be enabled to make a inore observation of the delineator, I was inconvenient appropriation of the several duced to take off a very fair impression parts to the uses intended, and may of the seal ; and upon accurately exa. fumetimes find himself more at liberty mining it, and comparing such initial to pursue the suggestions of his imagi- letter of the name of the place with the nation in the nobler objects of his art, B in the word BEATE of the inscripthe attainment of graceful fimplicity, rion, the first letter of the former apand the dilplay of unincumbered space. rears evidently to be a B, the strokes Yours, &c.
G. ar the top and bottom, and a small one N. B. One of these stoves is placed in the center, of the B, and also a roin the Phoenix Fire-office, Lombardtundity at the top and bottom of it, betrect, where it answers in every the ing yet vilble. mult perfcét degree.
The inscription upon the seal (see Explanation of Plate II. pl. 11. fg. 4) undoubtedly is s'HOSPIFig. 1. A, the base or foundation. TALIS CEATE MARIE DE BOVTHVN, B, fe&tion of the floor.
and carries with it the highest probabiC, circular hearth.
lity of having once belonged to one of D, the sub-plinti or bed-stone. the two hospitals in the suburbs of the E, the stove with two fire-places. city of York, which bore the name of dddd, vents for warm air.
Boutham, both being dedicated to St. 88, the course of the flue and chimney. Mary according to Tanner, b, an iron door; for the use of which
A. B. see the description annexed.
Fig. 2. The bile place, of cast-iron. Mr. URBAX, Utloxeter, Feb. 21. a a, the alhes-pits.
HAVE sent you a drawing of the bb, the flues, separated from cach remains of a brass, or mixed metal, other.
vessel, which was brought to me on the coor, holes for the passage of air 14th of February latt, and was found from the cellar; which, after becoming by a labourer the day before, in digging heated in the cavities of the stove, is upon a common belonging to the parish discharged at the several parts marked of Uttoxcter in Staffordshire, which had d d d d.
never before been cultivated, and which Fig. 3. The bed-stone.
is now inclosing in consequence of an ii, che aperture for the flucs.
act of parliament, for the purpose of k, four holes to admit air from the aiding the poors rates, which are very cellar into the cavitous parts of the love. high here. (See pl. II. fig. 5).
The common where the veffel was Mr. URBAN, Leeds, March 2. found is cailed the High Wood; there
, been fome time ago, and very which goes by the name of Toot Hill, lately, offered, reljeeling the true read. fupposed to be a tumulus, and is upon ing of the monaic avai which has be the very highest part of the common, lunged to an hospital dedicated to the and is conspicuous at many miles d11
tance. All the bottom part of the vef- tion, as they had a chapel on the South fel, of which this drawing is an exact side of the parish church in Vrroxeter ; copy, is corroded away by time; and as where, I suppose, a mass-priest was ap. the Romans, when they conquered Eng. pointed to say mass for the family; and land, had several stations in this neigh. it is still the family burying-place. bourhood, I suppose it to have been a I shall be much obliged to you to invefsel in use among them, and conse. sert the above agcount, with the drawe quently to be of very remote antiquity; ing, the first opportunity. I may, perand I am the more confirmed in my haps, in a little time, lend you some exfuppofition, as it has a very near resem- tracts from the Uttoxeter parish-books blance to a Roman vessel described in during the time of Oliver's usurpation, the third volume of Montfaucon's Anti as they vere regulated and arranged by quities, by Humpherys, and of which Dr. Lightfoot. S. BENTLEY there is a figure in Plate 24, No. 9.
According to the account there given Mr. URBAN, Gloucefier, March 1. of fuch vessels, I suppose it to be an S a sense of compallion for the sufepichyfis for bringing wire to the table; or, perhaps, it was appropriated scems gaining ground in this kingdom, for their sacrifices. The measure, over in opposition to the interested views of the top, is threc inches and a half from those who are concerned in that infathe lip to the handle, and the handle is mous traffic; every person who wilhes five inches to the top of the bended well to the general good of mankind part. The metal seems to have been will chearfully step forward on the oce covered over, both infide and outside, cafion, and contribute all he can to put with a hard and smooth enamel, where an end to the sufferings of so large a it is not corroded or chipped off, and to portion of the human race.
This is a have been of a grey colour. The han- pious duty we owe to our Creator, the dle feems to have been richly gilt with common parent of mankind; to the gold; and the labourer who found it feelings of our own hearts, which forwas exceedingly elated, expecting that bid us to be happy at the expence of the the whole had been of that precious me: unfortunate; and to our fellow-creatal, and was very much disappointed tures, who are entitled, equally with when it proved to be only brass. Whe. ourselves, to every blessing enjoyed on ther the vessel is what the Romans calle earth. In obedience to this call of hu. ed a seria, guttus or epichysis, I shall manity, I beg room in your useful Ma. leave to the more learned Antiquaries gazine, Mr. Urban, for the reflections to determine. I wished very much to of an individual, who abhors the idea have procured it, to have sent it to Mr. of Navery, and secs with shame a comGreen of Lichfield; but, after I had bination formed by interested persons seen it, and made this drawing, it was in this country of freedom to perpetuferched from me so often, to have the ate a kind of tyranny hitherto unheard. quality of the metal tried by different of in the annals of history. people, and was so mutilated by filing, The reinark I believe is true, Sir, scraping, and hammering, that it was though highly degrading to mankind, quite spoiled for a curiosity.
that tyranny is no where exerciled with The common called the High Wood, such feverity as among a free people. about 130 years ago
all covered, a The Romans, under the commonwealin, few places except
wich timber trees were extremely severe to their Naves. and underwood; ut all of it has been Iuftances of their unbounded cruelty long cleared away.
There is a very
are every where to be met with in their old mansion-house on the fide of the authors. Even Cato, the rigid obcommon, which, from time immemo server of virtue, laid it down as a maxrial, has been the seat of a family of the im, that, when a flave was advanced in name of Minors; which family, accord- years, he ought to be fold. It we turn ing to Dr. Lightfoot, who made a lur our eyes to Greece, the nurse of liberty, vey of the parish about the year 1658, of patriuis, and heroes, we fee the same had very great landed property in the cruelty to slaves, attended in forne ftares parish. There are now tome remains by circumftances peculiarly disgraceful of the great estate lying near the house; to the human species. Who can read of and the present owner of it is ftill of the the abject condition of the Helotes at name of Minors. The family muít for Sparta without indignation are you merly have been of very great dilince not shocked when you find the Roman