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language, became Grecian ; bnt I will went from England, in 1703, in the ca.' affirm, that the roots of all the words pacity of sailing master of a small veffe! of that language, which cannot be found called The Cirque Ports Galley, Charles in Lexicons, are in the Gaelic. Who. Pickering, captain, burthen about 99 ever doubts this, may obtain satisfac- tons, with 16 guns and 63 men; and in tion, either by consulting living infor: September the same year failed from mation, or the vocabularies which are Corke, in company with another thip, publithed,

SECUTOR. of 26 guns and 120 men, called the St. (To be concluded in our next.) George, commanded by that famous

navigator, William Dampier, intending Mr. URBAN,

Feb. 6. to cruize on the Spaniards in the South I

HAVE been your constant reader Sea. On the coast of Brazil, Pickering

about forty years, and now com died, and was succeeded in his command mence a correspondent. If you think by his lieutenant, Thomas Sļradling. the contents of this letter worth insert. They proceeded on their voyage round ig, I may, perhaps, take the liberty of Cape Horn, to the island of Juan Feraddresting you again upon fuch topico nandez, whence they were driven by as may fall in my way.

I am now in.

the appearance of two French fhips, of duced to do it by a letter, figned a Sub- 36 guns each, and left five of Strad. fcriber, in our Supplement, p. 1155, ling's men there on' more, who wers sulpccring Defoe's transactions with A taken off by the French. Hence they lexander Sclkirk, of whom, though failed to the coast of America, where little is there faid, yet it is so vague and Dampier and Stradling quarrelled, and inaccurate, as to make me suspect that separated by agreement, on the 19th of the circumftances of his fingular adven. May, 1704. in September following, ture are much less known than is usu. Stradling came again to the inand of ally supposed. What strengthens this Juan Fernandez, where Selkirk and his suspicion is, that, a short time fince, an ca prain had a difference, which, with impudent attempt was made, in a re. the circumstance of the thip's being very fpectable Evening Paper *, to impose leaky, and in bad condition, induced upon the publick an ode, written by the him to determinç on staying there alones ingenious Mr. Cowper, as an original but when his companions were about to compofition of Selkirk during his soli• depart, his resolution was shaken, and tude. The person who attempted this he desired ro be taken on board again, literary cheat prcfixed a thor: account Happily for him, the captain then reof Selkirk, containing almost as ma fused to admit him, and he was obliged ny errors as lines. This is not won. to remain, having nothing but his derful; those who attemp! to deceive cloaths, bedding, a gun, and a smail sre generally ignorant. The impo. quantity of powder and ball; a hatchet, fition was immediately detected, and knife, and kettle; his books, and maproperly exposed, but no notice taken thematical and nautical instruments. of the mistakes in matter of fact. He kept up his spirits tolerably, till he As this man's adventure was very saw the vessel put off, when (as he afterremarkable and uncommon, I have wards related) his heart yearned within thought it worth while to extract the him, and melted at parting with his following summary of it from those oricomrades and all human society at once. ginal narratives which fillexift, and some

Yet believe me, Arcas; of a bich are only to be found in books Such is the rooted love we bear mankind, not very commonly to be met with. [ All ruflians as they were, I never heard beg leave to refer luch of your readers, A found so dismal as their parting oars." as may wish to consult them, to Fun

Tbomjon's Agamemnos. nell's “ Voyage round the World,” The Cinque Ports was run on shore Woodcs Rogers' “ Voyage round the

a few months afterwards; the captain World,” Edward Cooke's “ Jounal of and crew, to save their lives, furiendRogers' Voyage," and to N° XXVI ofered themselves prisoners to the Spanj, The Engliihman," by Sir Richard ards, who treated them so harshly, that Steele. Alexander Selkirk was born at they were in a much worte lituation Largo, in the county of Fite, about the than Selkirk, and continued in it a lonyear 1676, and was bied a teainan. He ger time. Some months after Selkirk

left the South Sea in the Duke priva. * See a letter, dated Limburgh, in the St. teer, Captain Stradling was fent a prie Jantas's Chashmisie.

foner to Europe on board a French ihip,



and by that means got to England. count) 24 hours senfeless; but, as he Thus left fole monarch of the island, related to Sir R. Steele, he computed, with plenty of the necessaries of life, he by the alteration of the moon, that he found hinself in a situation hardly supe had lain three days.

When he came portable. He had fish, goat's flesh, to himself, he found the goat lying unfurnips, and other vegetables; yet be der him dead. It was with great diffigrew dejected, languid, and melan culty that he could crawl to his habitan choly, to such a degree, as to be scarce tion, where he was unable to stir for able to refrain from doing violence to ten days, and did not recover of his himself. Eightcen months passed before bruiles for a long time. The other he could, by reasoning, reading his event was, the arrival of a flip, which Bible, and ftudy, be thoroughly recon he at first suppoled to be French : and eiled to his condition. Ai length he such is the natural love of society in the grew happy, employing himself ia de human mind, that he was eager to acorating his huts, chafing the goats, bandon his folitary felicity, and fure whom he equalled in fpeed, and scarce render himself to them, although eneo ly ever failed of carching. He also mies; but, upon their landing, apo tamed young kids, laming them to pre- proaching them, he found them in vent their becoming wild; and he kept be Spaniards, of whom he had too great a guard of tame cats about him, to de. a dread to trust himself in their hands. fend him when alleep from the rats, They were by this time fo near, that it who were very troublesome. When required all his azilicy to escape, which his cloachs were worn out, he made he effected by clinbing into a thick others of goats skins, but could not fuc tree, being shot at several times as he ceed in making shoes, which, however, ran off. Fortunately, the Spaniards habit, in time, enabled him to dilpenfe did not discover hun, though they stayed with the use of. His only liquor was

fome tiine under the tree where he was He computed that he had hid, and killed some goats just by. In caught 1000 goats during his abode this folitude Selkirk remained until the there ; of whoin he had let go 500, af 2d of February, 1709, when he faw tivo ter marking them by flitting their tais. ships come into the bay, and knew Commodore Anson's people, who were then to be English. He immediately there about 30 years after, found the lighted a fire as a signal, and, on their first goat, which they shot upon landing, coining on shore, found itey were the was thus marked, and, as it appeared Duke, Capt. Rogers, and the Dutchess, to be very old, concluded that it had Capt. Courtney, two privateers from been under the power of Scikuk; but Bristol. He gave them the best enterit appears by Capt. Carteret's account tainment he could afford; and, as they of his voyage in the Swallow noop, that had been a long time at fea without other perfops practised this mode of fresh provisions, the goats which he marking, as he found a goat with his caught were highly acceptable. His ears thus Nic on the neighbouring island habitation, consisting of two huts, one, of Mas-a-fuera, where Selkirk never to fleep in, the other to dress his food was. He made companions of his tame in, was to obscurely situated, and so goats and cats, often dancing and fing. difficult of accels, that only one of the ing with them. Though lic constanıly thip's officers would accompany him ta performed his devotions at stated hours, it. Dampier, who was pilot on board and read aloud; yet, when he was taken the Duke, and knew Selkirk very well, off the island, his language, from difusc informed Capt. Rogers, that, when on of conversation, was become scarcely board the Cinque Ports, he was the best incelligible. In this folitude he conti seainan on board ibat vejlal; upon which pued four years and four months, dura Capt. Rogers appointed him master's ing which time only tuvo incidents hapo mate of the Duke. After a fortnight's pened which he thought worth relating, stay at Juan Feroandes, the thips proo' the occurrences of every day being ceeded on their cruize against the Spain his circumlances nearly similar. piards; plundered a town on the coast The one was, that, purluing a goat of Peru; took a Manilla ihip off Calicagerly, he caught it just on the edge fornia ; and returned by way of the East of a precipice, which was covered with Indies to England, where they arrived bushes, so that he did not perceive it, the ift of October, 1911; Selkirk have and he fell over to the bottom, where ing been ablent eight years, more than he lay (according to Capt. Rogers's ac. half of which time be bad peat alone

to be.

on the island. The public curiosirv be- I MVRBAN,

Mar. 1. OUR

, duced to put his papers into the mands prefumeibt vifter of Arts, who of Defoe, to arrange, and form them bas mula menting of a stone coffin into a regular narrauve. These papers frund on the ruins of Reading Abo must have been drawn up aites hu left btv, will Deir oblige a contiant reader Juan Fernandis, as he had no means of of your Niscellany it he will favour him recording his tranla tions there. Capt. with an alcount when and where it was Cookc remarks, as an extraordinary fumt, as I do not recollect any circumcircumstance, that he had contrived to ttlince } entir ned by any of your correkeep an account of the days of the week qodents of the finding such a stone and month ; but this might be dont, as cofin. If 11. A. refers to what has Defoe makes Robinton Crusoe do, by been pubiilhed fejrecting the surmise cutting notches in a poft, or many other that a leadeo coffin there found was the methods. From this account of s Ikirk, coffin of Henry the First, that matter Defoe took the idea of writing a more underwent much discullion, and was extensive work, the romance of Robin. loft in a fate of doubt. Whecher 2 fon Crusoe, and very difhorefly de- correspondent, who suggests his opinion frauded the original proprietor of his to you respectiug a matter hardly postishare of the profits. I conclude this ble to prove, may be pronounced unfor. ftory with Selkirk's observation to Sir tunate, or otherwise, is with me a matR. Steele, only remarking, that it is a ter of question. To be unfortunate is proof how apt we mortals art to imagine, to be unprosperous, or wanting luck. that happiness is to be found in any fi- I rather apprehend M. A. means to tuation except that in which we happen fay, the gentleman who tranlimited to

To use his own words, “ I am you that account was not infallible; nor now (says he) worth eight hundred did he preiend to be so, or to be privirounds, but ihail never be lo happy as leged from error, or incapable of misühe I was not worth a farthing." take in a point which no man has yet

I beg leave to inform your curre ascertained to a demonstration. I would spendent D. R. P.31, that, from repeat- not contend with M. A. upon the defied experiments, I know his opinion 10 nition or true meaning of the word be well founded, that a musket, or even * unfortunate,” as applied to that nara pistol Dot, will “as surely entés a rative; but I must contend that M. A.'s tree as a nail may be driven into it by a memory is very fallible when he pro. hammer.” I have seen a pistol ball nounces that dilculsion to have relpeetud fired into an oak tree; and it penetrated a fione-coffin. SAMUEL JOHNSON: pear an inch into the solid wood. Yours, &c.

H. D.. Mr. URBAN,


Dublin, Fib. 25. in the Revics of Morsels of Criticism, IN

the course of a late convertation p.142, your readers are told, that " Mr. with a nobleman of the firit confeKing wtfers a new tranflation of 1 John quence and information in this kiny. iv. 3," or rather 2 and 3. I trust, I dom, he assured me, that Mr. Benjanin fhail give no displeasure either to Mr. Holloway, of Middleton Stony, affured King, your Reviewer, or Readers, by him, some time ago, that he knew for informing thein, if you, Sir, will permit fact, that the celebrated romance of me to do it, that, upwards of twenty

Robinson Crusoe" was really written years ago, the same translation was by the E of Oxford, when confined in the given to that passage ( Every Spirit ibat

Tower of London; that his Lordihıp cinjecth :hai yous is the Cbrift come in gave the manuscript to Daniel Defoe, thé tiella, &c.) by a now-deceased Clerwho frequently visited him during his gyman of acknowledged abilities in confinement; and that Defoe, having af- lcriptural learning, in a feries of Sere terwards added the second volume, pub- mons delivered on the three first vei les lithed the whole as his own production. of the fourth chapter of St. Joha's This anccdote I would not renture to Epilie, and accompanied with such fead to your valuable Magazine, if I svatons as made it a year the true sense did not think my information good, and of the rule there laid down by the imagine it might be acceptable to your Ajoftie. I think it but justice to say numerous readers, notw.inftanding the this; bus at the fame time anfire it may work lias herttofore been generaliy ata not be thought thai I mean io cast any subuted to the lattor. W.V.


Mar. 2.


Gent Mag. Mar Representation of a Singular Stove with a descending Flue



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