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To either India see the Merchant fly,
Scar'd at the spectre of pale Poverty!

See him, with pains of body, pangs of soul,
Burn through the Tropic, freeze' beneath the Pole!
Wilt thou do nothing for a nobler end,
Nothing, to make Philosophy thy friend?
To stop thy foolish views, thy long desires,

75 And & ease thy heart of all that it admires ?

Here, Wisdom calls : 3 " Seek Virtue first, be bold ! As Gold' to Silver, Virtue is to Gold." There, London's voice :*“Get Money, Money ftill! " And then let Virtue follow, if the will." 80 This, this the saving doctrine, preach'd to all, From low St. James's up to high St. Paul ; From him whose quills stand quiver'd at his ear, To him who notches sticks at Westminster,



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conciseness, has, before he was aware, fallen into this absurd meaning.

VER. 82. From low St. James's up to bigh St. Paul,] i. e. This is a doctrine in which both Whigs and Tories agree.

VER. 83. From bim whose quills ftand quiver'd at bis ear,] They who do not take the delicacy of this satire, may think the figure of sanding quiver'd, extremely hard and quaint; but it has an exquisite beauty, insinuating that the pen of a Scrivener is as ready as the quill of a porcupine, and as fatal as the shafts of a Parthian.-Quiver'd at bis ear, which describes the position it is usually found in, alludes to the custom of the American canibals, who make use of their hair (tied in a knot on the top. of their heads) for a quiver for their poison'd arrows.

VER. 84. notches sticks] Exchequer Tallies.
Vol. IV.


E&" animus tibi, funt mores, et lingua fidesque :

Sed quadringentis sex feptem millia defint,

Plebs eris. Pat pueri ludentes, Rex eris, aiunt,

Si recte facies. Hic 4 murus aheneus efto,

Ni confcire Abi, nulla pallefcere culpa.

'Roscia, dic fodes, melior lex, an puerorum eft

Naenia, quae regnum recte facientibus offert,

Et maribus Curiis et decantata Camillis?

• Isne tibi melius suadet, qui, “ Rem facias; rem,

VIR. 95. Be tbis tby Screen, and tbis tby Wall of Brass ;)

Hic murus aheneus efto. Dacier laughs at an able Critic, who was scandalized, that the antient Scholiasts had not explained what Horace meant by & wall of brass ; for, fays Dacier, “ Chacun se fait des difficultes “à la mode, & demande des remarques proportionnées à son “ goût;" he then fets himself in good earneft about this impor.

Barnard " in fpirit, fense, and truth abounds; 85
Pray then, what wants he?" Fourscore thousand

A pension, or such Harness for a slave
As Bug now has, and Dorimant would have.
Barnard, thou art a ° Cit, with all thy worth;
But Bug and D*1, Their Honours, and so forth. 90

Yet ev'ry child another song will fing, “ Virtue, brave boys ! 'tis Virtue makes a King." True, conscious Honour is to feel no fin, He's arm'd without that's innocent within ; Be this thy 9 Screen, and this thy Wall of Brass; 95 Compar'd to this a Minister's an Ass.

"And fay, to which thall our applaufe belong, This new Court jargon, or the good old song? The modern language of corrupted Peers, Or what was spoke at · Cressy and Poitiers? 100 : Who counsels best? who whispers, “ Be but great, “ With Praise or Infamy leave that to fate;

tant inquiry; and, by a passage in Vegetius, luckily discovers, thac ic hgnified an old veteran armed cap-a-pie in brass, and PLACBD TO COVER HfS FELLOW. Our Poet has happily ferved himself of this impertinence to convey a very fine frokie of facire

VER. 97. And say, etc.] These four lines greatly superior to any thing in the Original.

“ Si poslis, recte; fi non, quocunque modo rem."

Ut propius fpectes lacrymosa poemata Pupi !

An, w qui fortunae te responsare superbae

Liberum et erectum, * praefens hortatur et aptat ?


Quod fi me Populus Romanus forte roget, cur

Non, ut? porticibus, fic judiciis fruar ifdem;

Nec fequar aut fugiam, quae diligit ipfe vel odit :

Olim quod vulpes aegroto cauta leoni

Respondit, referam: Quia me vestigia terrent

Omnia te adversum spectantia, nulla retrorfum.

Belua multorum es capitum. nam quid fequar,

aut quem ?

Ver. 117. Full many a Beast goes in, but none come out.) This expression is used for the joke's fake; but it hurts hie moral; which is, that they come out beafts. He thould here have Atuck to the terms of his Original, veftigia omnia te adverfum

VIR, 118. Adieu to Virtue, etc.) These two lines are intended


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• Get Place and Wealth, if possible, with grace; If not, by any means get Wealth and Place. For what? to have a ' Box where Eunuchs fing, 105 And foremost in the Circle eye a King. Oru he, who bids thee face with steady view Proud Fortune, and look shallow Greatness thro': And, while he bids thee, sets th' Example too? If such a Doctrine, in St. James's air, Shou'd chance to make the well-drest Rabble stare; If honeft S*z take scandal at a Spark, That less admires the ? Palace than the Park: Faith I shall give the answer * Reynard gave : “ I cannot like, dread Sir, your Royal Cave: 115 “ Because I see, by all the tracks about, “ Full many a Beast goes in, but none come out." Adieu to Virtue, if you're once a Slave: Send her to Court, you send her to her grave.

Well, if a King's a Lion, at the least The People are a many-headed Beast :Can they direct what measures to pursue, Who know themselves so little what to do?



I 20

for the application or moral of a fable, which needed no explaining; so that, they impair the grace of it, at beft, inferior to his Original. For Horace speaks of the common people, Populus Romanus, to whom one of Æsop's Fables was properly addressed : but, this is too fimple a method of conveying truth to the welldrejt Rabble of St. James's.

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