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Extra&t from Vaillant's Travels into Africa. 261 tion of the company was attracted METHOD of HUNTING, among the to a sweepstakes, which, from the HOTTENTOTS, with a Descripuniform neatness and taste of the tion of the Bows and POISONED opponents, in addition to

the ARROWs used by them. elegance of their apparatus, the

(From Vaillant's. Travels into the spirit of the steeds, and the indivi

Interior Parts of Africa.) dual confidence of the riders, held out a prospect of sport to justify

HE Hottentots,” says this expectation. They came to the

traveller, are remarkpost in the following order: ably fond of hunting; and in this Mr. Lankey's Boots, by Buskin, exercise they display great dexteout of Last-Mr. Fop's Scare rity. Besides gins and snares, crow, by Jemmy, out of Jeffa which they place in convenient mine, - Mr. Latitat’s Quibble, spots to catch large animals, they by Equivoque, out of Duplicity,

lie in wait for them also, attack Mr. Sattinet's Swan-down, by

them as soon as they appear, and Muff, out of Snuff-box, Mr. kill them with their poisoned arCarmine’s Pencil, by Puff, out of rows,

or their affagays. When Credulity, and Mr. Ride-out's an animal is wounded by the forProdigy, by Roe and Doe, out of mer, it instantly feels the effects Bench: they went off in tolera

of the poison, which coagulates rable style, and lay well together

its blood; and it often happens for about one-third of the course, that an elephant, wounded in this when PRODIGY (whose bottom was manner, falls at the distance of always suspected) dropped behind twenty or thirty leagues from the and soon came to a stand-fill. place where it received the deadBoots, being too long in the legs, ly blow. As foon as an animal was lofing ground confiderably.expires, they are contented with SCARECROW ran out of the course. cutting away all the flesh near the QUIBBLE, SWANDOWN, and Pen. wound, which they consider cil, were laying well by the fide dangerous; but the reft fuftains of each other down the hill, when no injury from the force of the one of the Turkish ambassador's poison. I have often are the flesh retinue, making his entrée upon a

of animals killed in this manner, BARB, “6 armed at all points, capa

without experiencing the flightest à-pee,” according to the custom inconvenience; but I must own, of his country, and advancing

that I would not run the same with the utmost speed, threatened risk with respect to animals which absolute destruction to someone have retained the poison in their of the party, which was however bodies for some time. happily avoided by the expert

On the first view of their arhorsemanship of the Mahometan, rows, one would not fuspect how who had nevertheless prevented deftructive

weapons they the termination of the race, leaving They will neither fly so far, nor it totally undecided.

are they fo long, as those used by Should this prove worthy in

the Caribs in America ; but even sertion, you may probably hear their smallness renders them fo again from

much the more dangerous, as it A PEDESTRIAN. is impoffible to perceive and fol

low them with the eye, and conFeb. 22, 1796.

sequently to avoid them. The slightest wound which they make

always

as

are.

262

ExtraEt from Vaillant's Travels into Africa.

always proves mortals, if the poi that poison which they extract fon reaches the blood, and if the from ferpents: it is a secret flesh be torn. The fureft remedy which they so carefully conceal, is to amputate the wounded part, that all I can affirm concerning it if it be a limb; but if the wound is, that it operates very speedily: be in the body, death is unavoid and I often had occasion to make able.

experiments with it. I am, howThese arrows

are made of ever, inclined to think that, as it reeds, and very curiously formed. grows old, this poison loses much They are only eighteen inches, of its strength, notwithstanding or at most two feet, in length; the trial made of it in the king's whereas those of the Caribs are garden at Paris, the success of fix feet. Having rounded a small which may be warranted. But bone three or four inches in these peisons, as I have already length, and less in diameter than said, do not resemble one anothe reed, these Hottentots thrust

ther : that which Mr. Condait into one of the ends of the ar mine brought with him, on his TOW, but without fixing it; on return from Peru, does not estabthis account, when the arrow lish a law for Africa. Befides, it penetrates any body, the rod may is an experiment which might be drawn out, but the bone re easily be repeated in the presence mains in the wound ; because it of scientific men; fince I have in is armed with a small iron hook, my collection, besides other arms, placed on one of its fides in such a quiver filled with these arrows, a manner, that by its resistance, which I took from one of the and the new lacerations it occa Bolhmen Hottentots, during an fions in the fileh, it renders use action in which I saved my own less all those means which art life at the expence of his. might devise to extract it. This Their bows are proportioned bone also is dipped in a poison to their arrows, and are not above which has the consistence of mas two feet and a half, or at most tich ; and they often add to its three feet, in length: the string is point å small triangular bit of formed of intestines. iron well sharpened, which ren The astagay is generally a very ders the weapon illll more terri feeble weapon in the hands of a ble.

Hottentot: but, besides this, as Each horde have a peculiar its length renders it not dangermethod of composing their poi ous, for it may be seen cleaving fons, according to the different the air, it is not difficult to avoid milky plants which grow in their it. Beyond the distance of forty neighbourhood, the dangerous paces, the person who darts it is juice of which they

they extract. not sure of his aim, although the They procure some also from Hottentots are able to throw it certain kinds of serpents; and much farther: it is only in a these, for their activity, are those close engagement that it can be which are most sought after by of any utility. It has the same these savages, and which they Mape as a lance in every other prefer to all others, especially in country; but as it is intended to their expeditions and combats. be thrown at the enemy, or at It is not posible to draw any cer animals, the wood of those used tain information from them in Africa is much lighter and Specing their manner of preparing weaker, and continues diminish

ing

re

Astion for coursing a Hare.

263 ing in thickness to the extremity | mitted that the defendant was an opposite to the iron point.

eminent farmer, and rented a great The use of these weapons

is
very

deal of land. He was not qualiill understood ; for the warrior fied. who wields them with the greatest Mr. Garrow, as counsel for the skill is also the sooneft disarmed. defendant, lamented that respectThe Gonaquas, and all the other able farmers should be marked out Hottentots, never carry but one ; as objects of the game laws, which and the embarrassment which they ought to be put in force only againft generally cause, as well as the poachers.

He hoped the Jury little advantage they derive from would reject the unsupported evithem, fufficiently prove that they dence of a single witnefs on this ocare not their favourite means of de cafion, and find a verdict for the fence; which may lead us to con

defendant. clude that bows and arrows are the Lord Kenyon.-" The question natural and proper arms of a Hot is, not whether the game laws be, tentot. I have seen some of them founded in justice, but whether they that displayed much address in have been disobeyed. They are at throwing the aslagay* ; but the present existing laws, and it is the greater part of them are entirely un duty of judges and juries to enforce acquainted with it.

them."

The jury found a verdict for

the plaintiff, for one penalty only, The parties concerned in the 51. litigations as reported below, being most of them in the sporting world, the propriety of our giving place to the recital will not, we trust, be questioned.

In this case the defendant had

been indicted for defrauding John COURT OF KING'S BENCH.. Spicer of lottery tickets of the value

of about 2000l. by giving him a HILARY Term, 1796. check upon Sir Robert Ladbrook

and Co. who, he pretended, were Game Laws.

his bankers, but with whom he kept CLARKSON. ALLEN. 'HIS was an action to reco

Upon this charge he was tried and ver from the defendant, the

convicted; but a motion being made son of a respectable farmer, divers

in arrest of judgment, and the case penalties for coursing a hare, and

being argued, using a gun for the destruction of

Lord Kenyon said, that the degame, he not being qualified ac

fendant was a very bad man ; and

had the conviction affected him cording to law. Two witnesses were called, one

in the most serious manner, and

conducted him to that end for of whom proved that the defendant

which he seemed to had used a dog, and shot at game

be der

tined, he should not have been on the 5th of September last. On cross-examination the witnesses ad

sorry for it. His roguery was so great, that he was not fit to live

among other men : but infamous * Vide a beautiful descriptive plate, P.47.

as he was, the court must dispose of the present volume.

of him according to law, and he

Feb. go

THE KINGU. LARA.

no cash.

TH

was

AND OTHERS.

264 The King against Lord Faulkland and others. was bound to fay, that the judge | argued by Mr. Mingay and Mr. ment in this case ought to be ar Gibbs, in fupport of the award ; rested.

and by Mr. Erskine, Mr, Garrow, The other judges agreed, and and Mr. Rein, for King, against judgment was therefore arrested, the award. and the prisoner cleared from the Lord Kenyon said, that Mr. charge.

Champion had lately called upon

him, and desired to know “what Wednesday, Feb. 10.

he ought to do; whether he ought

to come down to the court when THE KING V. LORD FAULKLAND

this matter was argued ?" His

lordship told him, he did not know Several indictments for con it was necessary for him to attend spiracy, perjury, &c. having been

upon the subject. He faid he was found against Lord Faulkland, glad of it; for that he was very John King, and others, and which

much engaged as a director of the came on to be tried in the course

Bank of England, but that he was of the last summer in Westminster ready to do what was proper. His Hall before Lord Kenyon and a

lordihip repeated he did not think special jury; one of them was tried,

it was necessary for Mr. Champion and King was acquitted.

to attend. It was afterwards agreed be

Lord Kenyon then delivered his tween the parties prosecuting and opinion upon the whole case before prosecuted, that the remaining in the court, and was clearly condictments should not be tried, but vinced that the award did substanthat verdicts of Not Guilty should tial justice between the parties, and be entered, and that the matters was quite right. in difference, under certain fpe

Mr. Justice Ashhurst and Mr. cified conditions, should

Justice Grose coincided with his ferred to Mr. Champion, a direc

lordship in opinion. tor of the Bank, to ascertain

Mr. Justice Lawrence differed, whether any and what was due, and thought that the arbitrator and what securities were to be

had no power by the rule of subgiven to Mr. Philips, who com million to order the money to be plained that he had been defrauded

paid ; that he could only order a of a very large sum of money by a

better security to be given to Mr. conspiracy of the defendants ?

Philips for the payment of his Mr. Champion having investi

money. gated the matter, awarded that

The court ordered the rule to King, &c. should pay to Mr. Phi

be discharged, and therefore the lips within five days of the present award was affirmed. term, the sum of 5,500l.

A rule was obtained, at the commencement of the term, call-,

CASSEL V. DAVIES. ing on Mr. Philips to shew cause This was an action brought by why this award should not be set the plaintiff, on a bill of exchange aside, it being maintained that for zol. drawn by one Geo. King, Mr. Champion had exceeded the payable at month after date, to his power which was given to him own order, against the defendant, when the parties, by a rule of as acceptor. court, submitted to his arbitra

King, the drawer of this bill, tion. This case was

very ably
had been servant to a lady at

Hampstead,

be re

a

Feb. 13.

Money Lost at the Game of Whist.

265 Hampstead, and the defendant was raised fome fufpicions, and one a publican in that quarter, and was apt to ask why it was not had incautiously admitted King paid at the time it became payainto his house, to keep a lottery ble. If a man takes a bill under office during the drawing of the lottery, and to deal in illegal in making enquiry, receives that surances. This bill was accepted kind of answer which may induce by Davies for a gambling debt, an honest man

to give credit to which he had contracted to King; | it, that is one thing; but if a and what was remarkable, King, man takes it without making any the drawer, had formally brought enquiry, he takes it subject to all an action on this very bill against those imperfections which it had the defendant, in the court of in the hands of the person who Common Pleas, and there was negociated it to him. That bejudgment of non profs.

ing the rule of the law, his lordLord Kenyon observed, in his ship next applied the facts of this address to the jury, that deeds case to the law, and was decidedlike this were never done before ly of opinion, that the evidence a cloud of witnesses: they were went clearly in destruction of the called works of darkness, and ge bill.-Verdict for defendant. nerally withdrew themselves from the view of mankind. Paper COURT OF COMMON PLEAS. transactions

undoubtedly ought to receive countenance up to a certain extent, that is, as far as they were honeft; but if they BROOKS V. PRAGER, ES Q: were carried beyond that, his This was a cause worthy the lordship did not know but they notice of the sporting as well as would do more hurt than ever the trading world. The action they did good. An infinite deal was brought by the plaintiff, a of damage, most certainly, had tradesman, to recover the sums of been done to mankind by such fixty-eight pounds, and fortytransactions. Fraud, it had been three pounds, upon two bills of faid, not to be presumed exchange accepted by the dea without evidence; but if

fendant. were to expect evidence equal' to A witness was called, who demonftration, of the existence of proved the acceptance of the defraud, it could be very seldom de- fendant to the bills in question. tected. His lordship next confi Mr. Serjeant Adair, as counsel dered the nature and circumstan for the defendant, said that the ces of this case. If a bill of ex. plaintiff was precluded in law change was put in circulation, from recovering on these bills, however dishonestly, and it came because they were given, together into the hands of a bona fide hold with another bill, in satisfaction, er, for a valuable confideration, or as a security for a bill of 1681. with one or

two exceptions, he and which bill of 1681. was given had a right to recover. A bill for money lost at the game of given for a gambling debt, by an whist. The statute expressly deact of parliament, formed one of clares, that all security given for those exceptions. But when a debt contracted by illicit gaming person took a note, as in this case, were totally void. after it became due, it certainly J. Obard said, that he had been VOL VII. No. XLI.

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