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20 Rise and Progress of lhe Veterinarian Art in France. gress in the art, placed thein fur, and the studies and interior dif. the winter in Paris, and employed, cipline of the school, thould be them in diffecting and making regulated by the Director and anatomical preparations of va Inipector General, and by the rious kinds, which at the opening afaitant Director. With a view of the school, served as proois io perpetuate this advantage to of the abilities of the pupils he the army with less expence, and had trained up.

In the mean

io provide a cooliant succellion while apartments were building of persons really qualified to serve at the new school, capable of re. as farriers in the different regiceiving ninety students, with dif. ments, a new regulation of Feseeting room, laboratory, phyfic bruary, 1774, confirmed in part garden, &c. and hospitals able that of 1769, but provided, ihat to contain one hundred animals, the military pupils thould be reaffected with various diseases : duced to the number of twenty, the whole of which was com and lodged in less expensive quar. pleted in October following. 1 ters, situated nearer to the school, Since that time, a riding-house and that no more Bould be sent has been added, that nothing from the regiments; and the might be omitted, which could comnianding officer was ordered contribute to the better instruc- to engage journeyman farriers to tion of the pupils; and the place serve in ihe heavy and lighthas been adorned with a variety horse, and to present them, preof curious and useful animals ferable to all others, :o the Di. from different parts; such as rector and Inspector general; and rams and goats, from Spain, In the same regulation appointed the dia, the Cape, Barbary, and An. discipline by which the military gola ; cows from different coun. pupil' were be governed. tries, &c. by which the students with respect to the other students, are furnished with an opportunity, in order to provide against the not only of knowing the greater obstacles they might encounter parts of the diseases incident to in the provinces where they prothese different animals, but also posed to profess veterinary medi. of making experiments and ob. cine, a decree was issued, enactservations capable of extending ing, that all pupils of veterinary veterinary kiiowledge. For the schools, who, for the space of same purpose, a flock of feep, four years successively, mould and other domestic animals are have gone through their regular constantly kepe in exhibition. course of study, Mould be per

The interests of rural life were mitted to profess that art in the not alone promoted by this estab. i places where they might fix their lishment, the different corps of resider.ce, or wherever else they cavalry also have repeatedly ex might be occasionally called. perienced its benefits. In 1769, The expences atiending this each regiment sent a person to be fchool, under the ancient governinstructed in the school, which ment, including the appointments persons were quartered in the of the director-general, profesors, neighbourhood, and a regulation and other officers; ground renis, of the igth of October of the repairs, and all other contingensame year provided, that the cies, amounted annually to the barracks thould be under the di. fum of 60,000 livres, or 2,500l. rection of a commanding officer, sterling. These expences were



Rise and Progress of the Veterinarian Art in France. 21






1 200


Total 24700

afterwards reduced by the Na tion from their studies in their tional Aftenbly.

present situation; and because On the first of July, 1790, the the academical appearance of the school at Alford conGifted of the place had a tendency to ennoble following oficers :

the studies, and to elevate the

minds of the young people. The The Comptroller General of the finance

only object now was to fix the The Intendant of the finance


and the following

establishment was decreed : Director and Inspector General Aliftant Director, professor of anatomy A Director at and operations

A Coadjutor, performing the funcProfessor of materia medica, having the tions of professor of anatomy

5000 care of the dispensary

Three other professors, each at Professor of the exterior knowledge of

A porter

300 animals, &c.

Anatomical expences, Professor, charged with the care of the

Expences attending the museum

600 hospitals

Forges Professor, having the care of the forges

Expences for printing

400 A Chaplain and Surgeon

For reparations of the building 3000 A Commanding Officer, with his corps A Commander in second A Commissary

Or 11661. 16s, A report was made in the Na. tional Assembly, by their com.

Besides the foreign students mittee of finance, of the face of supported by the crowned heads the veterinary schools; and it veral from different countries,

above-mentioned, there were se. appeared, in the printed account,

who studied in these schools on that the annual expence of these

their own schools ainounted together to the

private account, fuin of 72,000 livres, or 3000l. says Mr. Arthur Young, except

From every country in Europe,

!! sterling.

In the following detail, the England, a strange exception,con. school of Lyons is not included. ) lidering how grossly ignorant our From the year 1765 to 1782, the

farriers are, and that the whole annual expence of Paris school expences of supporting a young amounted to the sum of 60,000

man here, does not exceed 40 lilivres. From 1782 to August

vres a year; nor more than four 1787, the expences exceeded all years necessary for his complete

instruction* bounds, and a debt was contracted exceeding 300,000 livres. tisfied with fending pupils to

But those princes were not saSince the year 1787, the ordinary study in France, they presently expences were fixed at 42,000 thought of providing similar in. livres, or nearly 13501. sterling. ftitutions at home; and, accord, It must be observed, that a farm which cost 200,000 livres,

ingly, one was soon afterwards above 80ool, sterling, was annexed

established at Vienna ; another

in Denmark; others in Sweden, to the school, the produce of which it entirely consumes. It Pruffia, and Piedmont; and one was proposed to the committee also, by his present Majesty, in

the electorate of Hanover. We to transfer the school to Paris, but the proposal was rejected, may now add, that England is at because the pupils met with few? length in poffeffion of an estaber avocations, and less interrup * Travels in France, p. 67.




A per

Extraordinary Sporting Performances. lithment of the same pature: and 1781, July 4th, a bet of twenty one that, while it does that ho- pounds was won, by Mr. James nour to the nation, which moft Bryan's Pigeon (a blue pouting of its public inftitutions confer, horseman), Aying 40 miles in 12 from being the work of individual hours. It was toffed eight times exertions, fupported by general 5 miles from London, and each opulence and discernment, ap

time a different way. pears likely, from its particular formance unparalleled. conftitution, to render especial 1782, O&tober 11th, Mr. King, services to the art it protects. horse-dealer, in Smithfield, rode Two things, however, it will be his bay hackney, Old Will, for essentially necessary to attend to, a bet of 100l. from Kirkby Morein the infant state of the inftitu. fide, in Yorkdhire, to London, tion : the one, to give a free and (222 miles) in forty-three hours. unembarrassed scope of acting to He was allowed two days and two those who are charged with the hours to perform it in. arduous talk of preparing the 1783, July 13th, in a match at elements of a new science, and cricket, played on Blackheath, refifting the force of inveterate between eleven of London and prejudice; the other, to exclude

eleven of Kent, Mr. John l'ons, from the tuition of the youth, all

of the London Club, got 197 perfons partially, and not funda

notches, which was 28 runs more menrally, versed in the science ; than was fetched by the other such as have a confined and gene twenty-one players united. ral acquaintance only, either

1784, September 13th, a poney with farriery or surgery : for (11 hands and 1 inch high, car. orherwise, the stream will be im-rying 5ft.) matched, for 100 guimediately obstructed in its course, neas, to run from Norwich to the fountain-head of the science Yarmouth,

and back again, will be difturbed and obscured; (which is 44 miles) in 4 hours, and those very errors and fyf. performed it with confiderable tems, which ought by every me. ease in 3 hours and 45 minutes, thod to be excluded from the which was thought to be the fchool, will be interwoven with greatest thing ever done by any its first and fundamental princi- horse of his height. ples.

1785, January 6th, John Ath.

more, of King's Standal, near (To be continued.)

Buxton, in Derby fiire, (then in the fixty-fifth year of his age) undertook, for the trifing wager

of a pound of tobacco, to walk EXTRAORDINARY SPORTING

on the turn-pike road s miles in PERFORMANCES.

one hour, which he performed (Continued from Page 188, of with ease in 54 minutes. Vol. 6.)

1786. In the summer of this

year, Mr. Scott's (of Bow) famous *EPTEMBER 7th, 1980, Capt. | bay. mare, at different times,

Hoare undertook, for a con trotted two miles in fix minutes liderable wager, to ride three and a half, walked twenty miles horfes 30 miles, and drink three in four hours, and trotred fifteen bottles of claret, in three hours; miles in fifty-three minutes, carall which he performed with ease Trying 15ft. each time, within the limited time.

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on Whittlesea Meer, he Extraordinary Sporting Performances: 1787, January 18th, one of the current against Fox. Marplot greatest efforts in walking was being beat the first heat by half a performed by a fawyer, of Oxlength, bets were infantly chang. ford, in Port Meadow, near that ed 3 to i against, and 5 to 2 tacity. He walked fifty miles in ken, that Wheatsheaf wop: who nine hours and a half. At eight being also beat the second heat, in the morning, he started, walk by half a length, terminated one ed uill one, when he dined, and of the best races, ever seen upon at half after five he won his wa. that course. Immense fums of ger. He was allowed ten hours

money were laid upon this race. to do it in, but went over his October 2d, at Newmarket, the ground with ease, in ning hours renewed 1400 guineas fubscripand a half, and was so little fa- tion was won by Lord Derby's tigued with his expedition, that Sir Peter, beating Markho, the he refused a carriage, and walked yellow filly, Wheat theaf, and seinto town, two miles from the veral others.: As Sir Peter was field, amid the acclamations of going up to the post, he plunged numbers who accompanied him. and threw his rider ; after gal.

February 6th, Mr. Brown, a loping as far as the Portland farmer, at Speldhurst, in Kent, Itand, he was caught by a boy, 70 years of age, undertook, for galloped back, and won his race a wager of ten pounds, to walk in high form. 35 miles in twelve hours, which December 7th, a very extraorhe performed with ease in ten i dinary circumstance happened at hours and a half. He set off from Finching Field, in Efrex, where a the Greyhound, on Lannington company of gentlemen were Green, in the parish of Spildhurst, courling; when a brace' of greyat ax in the morning, and walk hounds, on" turning towards' a ed to London Bridge, where he hare, ran against each other, and arrived about half after four ịp were both killed on the spot. the evening

1788, January 22d, a gold. May 13th, a cricket match laced hat, given by Capt. Wells, was played at Alfrifton, in of Holme, was run for in Suffex, by four men, whose ages added together, amounted to the gentlemen of Murch, in the 297 years. The game was played ifle of Ely, and the gentlemen of with great fpirit and activity, in Croyland, Lincolníhire." The the presence of a great number of į prize was won with ease by the fpetators.

latter. It was computed, that May 31st, at Afcot Heath ra. Godwin and Hicklin, of Croyces, the sol. plate, for all ages, land, skated at the rate of near afforded as much sport, and as á mile a minute. great a variety of betting, as was March 31st, a horse, the properhaps ever included in the perty of Mri Gardiner, and a coinpass of two heats. The plate mare, the property of Mr. Gee, was won by the Duke of St. Al started from Yarmouth to run to ban's Fox, beating Mr. Burton's Norwich, for a wager of forty Wheatleaf, Mr. Tetherington's guineas, which was won by th Marplot, and Mr. Hull's Canta. horfe, by about 100 yards. Th . tor. At Starting: Marplót the distance is twenty-two miles, and favourite, 7 to 4 and 2 to i againlt they ran it in one hour and twen. Wheattheaf, and 5 and 6 to i ty minutes. Several hundred


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24 Pedigree and Performances of Coriander.
pounds were depending on the de. ten to one was laid in favour of
cifion of this match.

April 10th, was run at Epsom, The race between the girls at
by a young man, twenty-five the above place, for the annual
miles, for two hundred guineas. ten pounds, was strongly conteft.
The time allowed him to performed, in three heats, between Susan
it in, was three hours, which he Kemp, of Lower Hardres, and
performed in two hours, fifty-five | Mary Parker, of Chartham,
minutes, and thirteen seconds. He which was won by Parker, by
ran the last mile in six minutes only two feet.
aad a quarter. The bets, on this

(To be continued.) occasion, were to a considerable amount.

25th, at the annual courfing match for the filver cup, given by

To the Editors of the Sporting the Earl of Oxford, at Houghton

Hall, Norfolk, the cup was won GENTLEMEN,
by Mr. Frost's Greyhound, of
Caftle Rifing, beating

S I have sent you sometimes

a few trilling articles, which others. The hares, for the above courf

you have commonly inserted in when the males were previously following things, which I hope ing match, were caught in boxes, your valuable Magazine, I take

the liberty of sending you the selected, and they were let out

you will insert. I am, gentleone by one for the diversion. A

men, limited number of greyhounds

Your constant reader, started for each course, and the first that turned the hare was

R. B. S. deemed the winning dog, although Durham, Sept. 12, 1795 he should not kill. At the conclusion of the day, all the winning

THE PEDIGREE AND PERFORMAN. dogs run together, and that which beat was entitled to the filver Coriander was foaled in 1986, cup.

got by Potso's; his dam called May ift, the following persons Lavender, hy' Herod, Snap, Started for the trials on Old Sweetwilliam's dam by Cade, Wives Lees, near Canterbury. (after to Twigg) her dam (MaThe first heat between Shrubsole, dam) by Bloody Buttocks, Partof Chartham, and Lawrence, of ner, Makeless, Place's White Barham, which was won by Turk, Dodsworth, Layton Barb Shrubsole; second heat, between mare. In 1789, at Newmarket, Barrett, of Rounden, and Gibbs, Mr. Dawson's Coriander, when of Wingham, won by Barrett; three years old, carrying 14ft. third heat, between Shrubfole and beat Lord Barrymore's Jericho, Barrett, which was a dead one, 14st. 5lb. D. I. 200gs. (rode by the as was the fourth; but the fifth owners) and Sir W. Aston's Marheat was won by Shrubsole, who, cia, 8st. each. Two yr old of course, run at the above place course, 100gs. for the annual ten pounds, on the In 1790, Newmarket first spring 19th, against Benson, who won meeting, Coriander, 8ft. 716. beat the trials at Sheldwich Lees, and Mr. Bullock's Buzzard, ä yrs old, whom he beat with ease, though ift. two yr old courie, 100gs, and


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