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A Treatise on Farriery,

177 A Treatise on FARRIERY, with you ready made *, in a pint of

warm ale or beer; and it will prove (Continued from page 125.)

of great service, as it consists of bal

famic and pectoral ingredients. THhrice ay das , sendo ele can place yo hefte og du kances have ali

, tity of nitre increased or dimi or but few of the things before di. nished, as it is found to agree with rected, then take three ounces of the horse's stomach, which it al. anniseeds, and a dram of saffron; ways will, if given in a larger quan pour a pint of boiling water over tity of the infusion, and well diluted them, and let it stand till it is of with plenty of water.

a proper beat to give the horse: When there is a great defluxion it should be sweetened with two on the lungs, it will be proper to ounces of honey, mixed with a divert the humours, by keeping the glass of fallad oil. This, though body open with clyfters and laxative a plain and simple medicine, may purges, observing the same precau- possibly have as good an effe&t as tions as have been taken notice of the more compound; for annibefore,

feeds seem to have some specific For this purpose, four ounces virtue in curing the disorders of of cream of tartar, and as much horses. of the purging falts, with two Markham's cordial ball has been ounces of lenitive electuary, may long in high esteem, among Farbe given, which will be of great riers, for a cold and cough; that service, to keep the body cool, to which follows, is taken from Markprevent coftiveness, and abate the ham's own book, and is somewhat fever.

different from what I gave before, To this mode of treatment, all but not quite so good. colds, if taken in the first airack, Take anniseeds, cummin feeds, will generaliy submit: and I flat- fenugreek seeds, carthamus feeds, ter myself that it will prove a inore elecampane roofs, flour of brimcertain and useful' remedy than stone, and brown sugar candy, of the customary cordial drenches, each iwo ounces, beaten and searced which should be banished the fta. very fine; then take an ounce of ble, as they are more disposed to the juice of liquorice, and diffolve augment than leffen the fever; it in half a pint of white wine ; while the above cools the whole then take three ounces of the syrup frame, and prevents all obstruc of coltsfoot; sallad oil and honey, tions, by promoting the secretions of each half a pint: mix these with in general, but more particularly. the form:r, and make them into by urine, and carries off the com paste, with a fufficient quantity of plaint before it can possibly setile on wheat flour. the lungs.

The receipt that I gave before, But, as many will prefer the old from Sir William Hope's practice of Farriery to the modern

Horsemanship; in which two oun: improvements, I have continued ces of the coltsfoot was ordered in the following, and would recom substance, instead of the syrup; mend it to those who would have and an ounce of the oil of annia a drink immediately, that may be made without much trouble

* Directions how to make there balls Diffolve, a cordial horse - ball, will (in a collection of app:oved recipes) which you are always to keep by

be given in a future Number, Vol. VII. No. XL.

Z

seeds

a

was

or

178

A Treatise on Farriery, feeds was added; both which alter as well as in colds; and will serve ations make it a much better medi to mix with other medicines, upon cine than the other.

many occasions. They will cure There is another amendment of recent colds, without any other the balls in Quincy's Dispensatory, remedy. And, if half an ounce under the title of Pafta Hinriatrical; of Æthiop's- mineral be worked the meaning of which is, the into a ball with treacle, and reHorse-healing Paste. From whence peated every morning, with warm he had it, I cannot tell; for it water and mashes of bran is evidently not his own, from the malt, they will cure horses trouchoice of the ingredients. He bled with worms, attended with a mentions one ball, that Dr. Ratcliff cough.” was the author of: I wish he had And now we are upon the sub- , given it us, instead of the follow-ject of cordial balls, it will not be ing

improper to give you Dr. BracTake powder of fenugreek seeds, ken’s, and then you will be better anniseeds, cummin feeds, 'cartha- able to judge of the merit of the mus feeds, el campane root, colts-restfoot leaves, flour of brimstone, of Take anniseeds and carraway each three ounces; juice of liquo- | feeds, finely powdered, of each an rice, an ounce; oil of olives and

ounce; of greater cardamon seed, honey, of each eight ounces; of half an ounce; of Spanish juice, dis. Genoa treacle, twelve ounces; of folved in hyssop water, two ounces ; oil of anniseed, an ounce; of liquorice powder, an ounce and wheat meal, a pound and an half, a half; of wheat flour, enough to or as much as is sufficient to make make them into a stiff paste. When it into a parte, which roll into the whole has been beaten in a balls.

mortar, keep it for use, in a bladder The reason why I think this is tied. not Quincy's own is, because he With this ball, he compounds orders 'carthamus seeds, which are the following medicine for colds ; now, and were then, out of use. -Take half a pound of my corBesides, he has ordered twelve dial ball; two ounces of hog-lice ounces of Genoa treacle, which fresh gathered; of precipitated sulis no where explained, in all his phur, one ounce: of compound Dispensatory. Now, whether Ge- powder of tragacanth, half an ounce; noa treacle is a cant name for of balsam of Tolu, in fine powcommon treacle, or whether it der, an ounce; of Chio turpenničans Theriaco Andromachi, which line, half an ounce; of syrup of, we call Venice treacle, and made balsam, fufficient to make the at Genoa, I must confess I am at whole into a proper consistence for a loss to know. There may be balls. some wholesale dealers, in London, I have made no other alteration that may be able to tell whal it in this prescription, than by givmeans; but I have not had the ing the names of two of the meJuck to meet with any of them. dicines as they now go by, since However, Gibson seems to have the alteration of the London Dis. been acquainted with the compo- pensatory; and I shall only obfition; for he says, “ When they ferve, that it will be a hard matare faithfully made, they are of ter to get good balsam of Tolu, general use in distempers of the that will powder, and therefore it itomach, luvgs, liver, and viscera, I must be first mixed with the tur

pentine,

OF FEVERS IN GENERAL.

A Treatise ,on Farriery.

1.79 pentine, to render it more fluid, ber. This disorder Mould be left and then beaten together with the to itself, without attempting a cure; reft.

for, whatever repels the humour, “ This ball,” says he, “ cannot will endanger the eyes: much less be outdone by any medicine in the must the running be stopped, which whole Materia Medica: I mean, will begin as soon as the foreness for curing colds in horses. Half of the gums goes off, and will conan ounce thould be given at a tinue four or five days, or a week, time, before the horse has his wa before it ceases. When any dister, morning and evening; and orders of the eyes attend the cutting, he should have a flinging canter of teeth, they must be treated as afterwards, for about a quarter directed in the section of Disorders of a mile, and then walking ex- of the Eyes. ercise. While his indifpofition lasts, his water should not be cold, but rather, what we call - white water."

The medicines made use of for a cold, should be given as long as A FEVER is a general disease, the cold continues; for, sometimes, which affects all the nervous parts, it will be a fortnight before it and disturbs all the functions of breaks, and as much longer before the body. Nor are the solids free it goes quite off. During the cure, from its dire effects: the motion of the horse should be kept warm, the heart and arteries cease to be and covered, especially about his regular and equal; the circulation neck and head, because they are of the blood to be free and natural; generally most affected. When and secretions and excretions are no a horse is suddenly seized with a longer rightly performed. Horses violent cold, which depresses his may be attacked with this distemper fpirits, the riding and exercise at all ages, whether running at large Mhould be forborne, till he has been in the fields, or kept cloče in the bled, and proper evacuations have itable; and sometimes it is epidebeen used. When the cold is ob- mical, seizing great numbers at the stinate, and the horse full of flesh, same time. Sometimes it is fymphe must be rowelled, and then ex. tomatical, as being the consequence ercise will help the working of the of other diseases, at the same time rowels, and promote the running at rendering them more dangerous, the nose, when the disorder dif- and much more difficult to be charges itself that way.

cured. When horses have à cough, at The formal cause of a fever is the time of cutting their teeth, it is an universal affection of the fibrous generally pretty strong, and conti- and nervous system, which begins nues till all the teeth are grown. at the spinal narrow, and is licThis cough is entirely fymptomati. cessively propagated from tire èxcal, and arises from the consent of ternal to the internal parts of the parts; therefore, the chief thing to body. The material cause may be be done is bleeding, to alleviate the any subtle, acrid, caustic matter, symptoms. Sometimes, a swelling either generated in the body, or in the roof of the mouth will fin. received by contagion ; a stoppagle pervene, called the lampass. When of perfpiration ; à restraining of this rises higher than the teeth, the critical sweats; breaking out of the horse will mangle his hay, and flabo skin driven inwards; the healing of

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