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Observations on some old-fashioned Games on Cards.

149.

BRAG.

COMMERCE AND TRAFFIC.

BUILDING HOUSES WITH CARDS. the force of example. The dif.

This is a very useful and ad- ficulty that attends the expulloa mirable diversion ; it was from

of the koave, thews them that a

rascal is not always easily to be this game, that Sir Christopher Wren had his first ideas of ar

got rid of; from whence they chitecture; and the great Cohorn may learn some knowledge of the

world. his earliest notions of fortification. From this our little ones not only get a taste for building, but behold in emblem the glasly precarious Which is peculiarly adapted to ness of all human fabrics ; and the fair and lofter sex, and there. here again the doctrine of pa.

fore fo much in vogue amongst tience and diligence are tacitly he ladies of distinction. Here. inculcated.

by they acquire a decent adurance, and competency of countenance, so absolutely necessary in life;

and remedy thai Thamefacedness, I think there is no one fo haidy which is a defect of nature, by as to deny the expediency, and the affiftance of her handmaid art. even the necessity of this being I must add, that it is a game truly taught the children of a trading military, and it is a very uonation. Here the little traffickers roldier-like thing not to underbarter their mock merchandize, stand it; it was imported into and lisp., the language of the this kingdom by some travellers, 'Change. Here they have the who are all fond of it to this day. earliest impressions of the ad. vantage and pleasure of honest

LOO, AND LAUGH AND LIE industry, and learn that noble jesson of doing honour to their country, at the same time they The latter of which is of moral are enriching themselves. The import, and very inftructive; fish being made use of as stakes, pointing out to the Britila fair has a glorious effect; for it both The evil consequence of exceffive naturally and unadvoidably turns gigling: and the former, in their thoughts to maritime af. which Pam is so often called upon fairs; and when they receive to be civil, gives a practical bint money for them, they cannot but for the promotion of urbanity reflect on Britannia's gold mine, and good manners. or the British herring fishery tor ever; and they view future wealth through the pleasing prospectglass of bope.

This is a gaine which tries the genius, and teaches the art of

thriving, especially when skarp's DRIVE THE KNAVE OUT OF DOORS the work, and you play accurately. That this is a game of a very

A man learns huinility at this di. mural tendency is manifeft fron

verfion, by being “ taken down a

In short, I look upon its title; teaching our youth how people of that denomination

it absoluiely necessary for the ma.

triculation of such persons, as ought to be served, and deterring then from dishoncst practices by

are intended to serve their country in public characters. :

DOWN

CRIBBAGE.

peg lower."

MY

1

150

Gormandizing
MY LADY'S HOLE.

with pleasure, your unwearied That this game was invented exertions in laying before your by a person of quality, is 100 ob. readers such subject matter as vious to be inated upon, from (conformable to the original plan) the dignity of its appellation. It appeared interefting to them; and is an amusement attended with I have no doubt but your endeamany exquisite consequences, bur

vours ha

anfwered your moft is rather too obnoxious to the fanguine expectations;rhus mucha puofte: s, who are not aware that I can with confidence affert, that, it is evidentiy derived from the having resided for many years in Latin word totus, which fignifies one of the finest and most extenthe whole, or fum total; that is, five sporting counties in England, in short, the weepstakes.

there is scarcely ap individual in the whole county, reputed as a

Sporting character, who is not in GORMANDIZING!--Atrifling con.

poffeffion of your valuable work ; trast in the fafhion of the Timeso and I have every reason to be.

lieve it is considered as an indir. N the regiftry of proceedings pencble with every sportman of the parish of St. Ewene, in

ih: oughout the kingdoma Bristol, the cost for a break iait,

I having been a constant fub. Ste.. on Corpus Chrifti.day, anno fcriber fince its first publicacions, domini, 1460, is thus entered on

and perceiving what polité atten. the church, or paiift book of re

rion you have at all times paid to cord, extracted verbatim et litera.

the cominunitations of your it. tim.

meions correspondenis, have

d. more than once made a resoluton Item. For a calve's head and hinge of transmitting my mite towards Jtem. For two rounds of beef

The general entertainment; but Item. For bread and ale Item, For Mafter Parlon, for his dinner 4

illness and a complicated ftate of Item. For his clerk

affairs in domeftic life, has, till "Item. For bearing the cross

now, prevented me, which being

happily át an end, I have taken Sum total to

up my pen on the subje&t of

ancient Sporting ; and thall (with In the year 1794, by the same your leave) commence with ☺ parıth books appears an entry,

brief account of the PUBLIC " A fupper for the parish offi GAMES OF GREECE, and the prina cers to settle their accounts, and cipal exereises used in them; which, to regulate the aflesment of their

if they may be found worthy poor rate, the sum of sol. 175. 2d. your notice, I propose (from time Sic tranfit gloria mundi! to time) treating of thein fyftemaa

- tically, being happy at all times To the EDITORS of the Sporting to lend every aflittance in my Magazine,

power to a worķi ra highly ea. GENTLEMEN,

citled to public approbation.
Have at all times received I am, Gentlemen,
much fatisfaction and entera

With every fente ofrefpe&t, tainment in thc perusal of your

Your humble servant, agreeable Sporting Companioni, (if

AN ADMIREK OF ANTI: you will allow me the expreflion)

QUARIAN SPORTS. and have frequentiy observed, Berkshire, Dec. 20, 1795:

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THÈSE games, which were and august; happy were their re• called folemn, from the term depoi, lations, and thrice happy their i. e. facreil, from the esteem in parents. It is a remarkable story which they were held all over which Plutarch relates of a Greece, from every part of which Spartan, who, meeting Diagoras, vaft multitudes of fpe&tator's that had himfelf been crowned locked to them; and partly be. in the Olympian games, and seen caufe they were inttiinted in his fons and grand-children vice honour of the gods, or deified Oors, embraced him and said, herves, and always begun with “ Die, Diagoras, for thou canft facrificing to them, and concluded not be a god." By the laws of in the same religious manner. Solon, 1oo drachms were allowed

Sacl as obtained victories in from the public treasury to every any of ihese games, especially the Athenian who obtained a prize Olympic, were univerfully ho ina the Isthmian, and 500 noured, nav, almost adored : drachms to such as

were vidors their retuin bone, they rode in in the Olympian games. After a triumphal chariot into the wards, the latter of thefe had city, the walls being broken down their maintenance in the Pryta. to give them entrance; which deum, or public hall of Atheos. was done (as Plutarch is of opi. At the fame place, it was forbide nion) to lignity that walls are of den by the laws to give Waves or small ure :o a city that is inhabir. hailots their names from any of ed by men of courage and ability their games, which was accounted to defend it. At Sparta, they a di bonour to the folemnities. bad an honourable peft in the Hence there is a dispute ia aliny, being placed near the Athæneos, how it came to pass, King's perfon. . At some places that Nemea, the minftrel, was they had presents made to them lo calied from the Nemean games. by their fellow citizeos; were There were certain persons aphonoured with the first seats at pointed to take care that all all the ws and games, and ever things were performed according after maintained at the public ex. to custom, to decide controverlies pence. Cicero reports, that a that happened among ft the antavictory in the Olympic ganes was yonists, and adjudge the prizes not much less honourable than a to those that merited chem; these triumph at Rome. Happy was umpires generally carried a kind that inan thought, that could but of rod or sceptre in their hands, obtain a single victory. If any in order that they might be diftin. person merited repeated rewards, guished in 'heir official Gruation. he was thought to have attained After the judge had passed fen: to the utmost felicity that human tence, a public heroid proclaimed nature is capable of; but if he che name of the victor, as a mark came off conqueror in all the ex. of approbation. The token of ercises, he was elevated above the victory was, in most places, a condition of men, aod his actions palm branch, which was presentStiled woonderful victories, Nored to the conqueror, who carried did their honours terminate in it in his hand; which cufom themselves, but were extended to was first introdu.ed by Theseus, all about them; the city that at the inftiturion of che Deliau. gave them birth and education

games, pas efteemed more hunoglable Thepriacipal exercises used in

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152

Experiments on Glandered Horses. the Grecian games, are as follow: Throwing or darting was perviz.

formed in several ways ;

fome. Leaping, running, throwing, times with a javelin, rod, or other darting, and wrestling. Running instrument of a large size, which was in great esteem

among
the an-

they threw out of their naked cient Greciaus, jofomuch, that hands, or by the help of a thong such as prepared themselves for tied about the middle of it. The it, thought it worth their while quoit formerly used by the Gre. to use means to burn, or parch cians was made of stones, brass or their fpleen, because it was be. | iron, which they threw by the lieved to be an hinderance to them, help of a thong, put through a and retarded them in their course. I hole in the middle of it, but in a. “ Swiftness," says Homer, " is manner entirely different from one of the moft excellent endow. that in which they threw the ments it is poffible for a man to dart: then the hands were lifted be blessed with."

up and extended, whereas the No greater honour has e'er been attain'd, difcus was hurled in the nianner Than what Itrong hands and nimble feet of a owl. It was of various have gain'd.

figures and Gizes, being sometiines Indeed all those exercises that four square, but usualiy broad conduced to fit men for war, were

and like a lentil. more efpecially valued. Swiftness was looked upon as an excellent qualification in a warrior, because EXPERIMENTS on GLANDERED it serves for a sudden assault and

Horses, made by the late M. oafct, and likewise for a nimble SAINBEL, in the Veterinary, retreat; therefore, it is no

School, at Lyons; extracted from der as to the general character the Works of that ingenious Prowhich Homer gives of Achilles, felor. that he was fwift of foot ; and in

(Continued from page 74 ) the holy scripture, David in his poetical lamentations over those iwo great captains Saul and Jo LARGE cart · horse, ten nathan), takes particular notice of years old, having the lymtheir warlike character; "they phatic gland on the right side were," says he," swifter than much obstructed, hard, and ineagles, stronger than lions.” But fenfible, the meinbrane ulcerated, to return. The course on which with a discharge of yellowish the Grecians exercised their and fætid matter, was put upon sports, was enlarged or contracted the following course : as occasion required. They have ift, The animal was reduced to been frequently known to run in bran and white water for food; armour. The exercise of leaping and was bled twice in the space they sometimes performed with of two days. On the 34 I perweighis upon their heads, or fo ined the operation of the treMouluers, fomerimes carrying pan in two places ; and injected them in their hands, which were into the nazal foveas and finuses, often in various Mapes, but gene. a strong decoction of wormwood. rally in an oval form, made with The injection was continued for holes, or covered with thongs, six days, with the addition of though which the contenders put honey. their fingers.

The 10th, the injection was

made

won.

EXPERIMENT III.

A

Experiments on Glandered Horses.

153

EXPERIMENT IV.

maile with the second lime water. a little more so; the inflammation It was continued to the 15th. had also reached the sender in.

The 16th, 3 drams of Æthiops testines; the left lobe of the lungs mineral, incorporated with honey, was iniamed, and filled with a were given. The injections were black, thick blood: this might made with the first lime-water, be either the consequence of the and continued to the 24th, as also Æthiops mineral or of the virus the bolus, with an addition of a of the glanders. dram of Æthiops mineral. At that period the running was di minished one half, and the matter

Two Danich coach-horses, the had become more laudable. I one seven years old, the other continued the same course of eight: the first was in the conmedicine to the 40th.

firmed glanders ; the second with The 41st, the running was al the same disorder, but at that most suppressed, and the fize of Itage which we at present deem the gland considerably diminished, its begioning only. They were the injections and the bolus were placed in two separate ftables, and continued to the soth, when the put under the following course : running ceased. The injection ist, They were kept without was now repeated only every hay for some days, and had bran other day; the bolus was reduced and white water for food. to two dram.s.

2dly, They were blooded at The 61st, I discontinued all the jugular vein ; and to each two medicine, and soon after the horse emollient clyfters were given. was gradually brought to his usual 3dly, A decoction of mallows, quantity of food. He was placed marsh-mallows, pellitory, elder: in another stable; his dress was flowers, and camomile, was ine changed ; he was looked after by jected into the nostrils. another groom, and walked out 4ihly, The horse which was every day in an enclosed place; inost infected was made to swal. during which tiine his former low a bolus, composed of four stable was well washed, and fu drams of mercury, and as much migated with brimttone, gun. Cleain of tartar, incorporated in powder, spirit of vitriol, and ju a fufficient quan:i:y of honey. niper berries. All these pre.

The other horfe took a bolus com. cautions, however, did not pre posed of two drams of precipitate vent the running at the nose from per fe, or the precipitate of mér. returning at the end of three cury, incorporated with honey. weeks : The animal was then kile The injectiousclyfters, and led. On opening him, the nostrils bolufes, were continued to the exhibited the membrane ulcerated 20th. in three or four places only. One The 21st, the running was much of them, which was broad and increased in the former; the mara deep, had attacked the bony sub. ter also began to grow brown and stance, The finufes contained bloody at intervals; and the one much yellowish matter, mixed struction in the lymphatic glands with bloody filaments, producer was enlarged. In the latter, the by the dilaceration of ihe small running was less abundant; the velsels. Part of the villous mem. matter was clear and transparent, brane of the stomach was slightly 'the glands lefs hard and volunia infamed; the cardiac orifice was nous. The same course was fola YOL. VII. No. XXXIX.

U

lowed

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