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were not wanting a number of friends, attached to him from principle, zealous for his interests, and eager to serve him. These, conscious of his great and commanding talents, were of opinion, that all now wanting for complete success, was a theatre in which they might be exhibited to advantage; and that this theatre, was the Forum, in which, like the great orators of ancient Rome, and the great lawyers of modern Eugland, he might be able to advocate the cause of a numerous body of clients, and aspire to the first honours of the state. Accordingly, both his father and mother being now dead, so that he was no longer withheld by those filial ties, to which every ingenuous mind will pay due attention, he, at length, yielded to the whisperings of ambition, and the solicitations of a number of respectable men. That he might not be unprovided with the means of carrying his plans into effect, four of his friends, among whom were two members of parliament *, agreed to present him, until called to the bar, with joint bonds for four hundred a year, which he received most gratefully, but never asked for, and never received a single shilling of this annuity during the whole course of his life.

Mr. Sawbridge and Mr. Townsend.

Having thus finally made up his mind to become a lawyer, he immediately determined to quit the church, fairly supposing, with the rest of mankind, that there was nothing indelible in this profession that could possibly preclude him. from becoming once more a layman, whenever he was so disposed. Accordingly, in 1773, he resigned his living of New Brentford with the usual formalities, and was succeeded by the reverend John Francis Randall, M. A.

Immediately after this, he hired a house in the immediate vicinity, situate in Windmill Lane. Here, at an age, that only wanted thirteen years of completing half a century, he commenced life anew, when others talk of retirement; and, having now abandoned one profession, he began, in good earnest, to qualify himself for another. Mr. Horne carried with him into his closet a variety of qualifications, which few other men ever possess; a thorough knowledge of the world and of mankind; a competent acquaintance with the classical languages; a body fitted by nature for laborious study; a mind highly gifted, and enriched with various attainments. In addition to these, he always evinced a wonderful degree of personal intrepidity, coupled with a consciousness of, and a perfect reliance on his own talents, together with

an intimate acquaintance with the labours of some of the greatest English lawyers. Of these, he chiefly valued lord chief justice Coke, the learned expounder of the works of Lyttleton, and himself an authority of the first magnitude: a judge, the former part of whose life was indeed somewhat tarnished by servility; but let it be recollected, that, in the same age, his rival, the illustrious Bacon, condescended to act the part of a sycophant; and that, while the latter slunk into the grave, with his ermined robe tarnished by corruption, the former, resuming his natural independence, eminently distinguished himself as a jurist and a legislator.

It was here, too, that the ex-minister of New Brentford instituted a strict inquiry into his own affairs, and determined to begin his new career, where most men generally end. He had often, like other reformers, preached up that doctrine to the state,which they themselves do not always practise in respect to their own domestic concerns; to balance income by expenditure, and thus husband their resources with a view of meeting the pressure of future exigencies. He now became a severe economist; paid all his bills every Monday morning; audited his accounts with all the circumspection of a master in chancery; and projected a variety of useful improvements


in the management of his little household for the ensuing week! On this subject I have been told a little anecdote, by a near relation, which may be deemed far too minute by those who can consider any occurrence trivial, that appertains to an original character, or any thing mean and pitiful, which is connected with independence. Perceiving, that in the charges brought against him by his cook, who appears to have been, at the same time, his housekeeper, he was continually puzzled with the articles of greens," "cabbages," "cauliflowers," and "sallads," which had their usual accompaniments of “oil,” “vinegar," "mustard," "pepper,” and "salt;" he determined to curtail these, partly to save himself the trouble of summing up their amount, and partly for the purpose of living within his means of subsistence. He accordingly gave instructions to diminish the quantity of garden stuff, which, according to appearances, would have proved sufficient to feed an elephant. This injunction was obeyed with seeming readiness for a few days; but, after the lapse of some time, Molly's former charges, in the shape and form of pot-hooks and hangers, began to recur as usual. On this, he restrained these delicacies of the table to Sundays; but, Ending that other days also began to be con

sidered as festivals, he called up this domestic, and, with his usual gravity, assured her," that he had made a most sacred vow, neither to eat, nor admit at his table, of any vegetables whatsoever, produced within five miles of Brentford." On this, the most implicit submission was ever after paid to his commands, as the servant, who had been cheating him without remorse, became immediately terrified at the idea of being implicated in any thing seemingly connected with the solemnities of religion.

It was in this peaceful retreat also, that Mr. Horne addicted himself to those studies, whence he afterwards derived so much reputation. His philological pursuits, indeed, commenced at the university, but it was here, that he arranged his papers, supplied chasms, enlarged his plan, and laid the foundations of his future work on the English language.

While Mr. Horne was thus occupied, he was suddenly called from his literary and legal labours, by the voice of friendship; and his assistance was not invoked in vain; for we shall now behold him, on a critical and delicate occasion, acting on his own original plan, and effecting his purpose, in a manner and by means peculiar to himself.

Mr. William Tooke, a man of considerable

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