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shut and look at home." Witness had put the questions in consequence of a conversation he had had with Hawkins. Witness had been at Russell's house the Sunday before.
Francis Russell, uncle of the deceased, proved, that the day the body was found, he asked Leany, whether he had been at home the night before; to which he replied, that he had, and did not get up till seven o'clock in the morning. Witness told him he had heard that he had been seen at half-past four. The prisoner then said, that he got up early to go to see his sister, but afterwards altered his mind, and returned and went to bed again. He said the deceased went out at six o'clock that morning.
Mr. Evans, a surgeon, proved that he examined the body of the deceased on the 1 Oth of May. The mucous membrane of the stomach was in many places quite eroded. There was a considerable quantity of gross white powder adhering to it, which he analyzed, and obtained nearly sixty grains of white arsenic.
Joseph Oliver was at the deceased's house about three weeks before he died. Mrs. Russell was putting some poison, or white powder, on some bread and butter, and said it was for the mice; Leany and French were there, and saw her do it; does not know what she did with the bread and butter; she made no secret of spreading the powder on the bread and butter.
Ann Hicks said, she was at Benjamin Russell's house when the prisoner was expecting her husband home, and said she would cut his throat, break his head, or poison him.
Thomas Reef, being at deceased's house about fifteen or sis
teen days before his death, asked the prisoner where her husband Ben was? She said he was gone to bed. Witness asked her what made him go to bed so soon. She said, they had been falling out and fighting, and added, "I'll be up to him for this—I'll be the death of him before the summer is out." Leany was present and said, "Hush that up." She said, " I'll be cursed if I don't."
Thomas Luck had heard Mrs. Russell say several times, when speaking of her husband, "I wish he would drop down dead, and never come back any more."
James French, about eight or nine days before the death of the deceased, heard prisoner say, when speaking of her husband, that she would kill him, or in some way or other be the death of him. Her husband was present at the time, and on hearing her use those expressions, he went out of the room; there was then no quarrelling between them.
Robert Ellis, headborough of Hawkesborough, said, when he apprehended Leany, he found him and Hannah Russell sitting close together; he said, nobody could swear that either he or Hannah poisoned the deceased. When witness was taking the prisoners to Horsham, Leany said to Mrs. Russell, " Don't you say any thing; if you don't, nobody else can." Mrs. Russell said, " I'll try and clear myself."— This was the case for the prosecution.
The prisoners said, they had nothing to state in their defence.
The jury, after a few minutes deliberation, found the prisoners Guilty: and they were ordered for execution.
Lancaster, Fhiday, Aug. 18.
Alexander M'Keand, or Keand, and Michael M'Keand, were charged with the wilful murder of Elizabeth Bates, at Winton, near Manchester, on the 22nd of May. £See page 81.]
Martha Blears,—I am the wife of Joseph Blears, a publican, residing at Winton, near Manchester ; about five or six in the evening of the 22nd of May, that man (pointing to Michael M'Keand) came to our house, and asked for a glass of beer; in about half an hour that other man, Alexander, came in; I had known him near twelve months; I had never seen Michael before; Alexander sold tea, and stockings, and other things, and was in the habit of calling in his travelling rounds; when Alexander came in, they did not seem to take any notice of each other for some time; Alexander asked for a glass of ale, and some bread and cheese, and, when I brought it, Michael said he would thank me to bring him a knife, and he would take some bread and cheese along with the other gentleman, meaning Alexander; I supplied both with more drink; I went in and out of the room several times: it was the bar; they did not appear to know each other for some time ; there was a sofa in the bar; I had an opportunity of looking into the bar when they did not see me, and I saw them repeatedly whispering; they were both on chairs at this time; Alexander asked me, if my husband was at home? I told him he was gone to Manchester; they had then been above an hour in the house; he asked how long my husband would be away? I said I could not tell, but I hoped he would come back as
soon as possible; I asked him if he wanted him for any thing particular that I could do? he said, he only wanted to treat him with a glass of whisky; my husband came home about eight o'clock; Alexander shouted to him to come into the bar; he went in and sat down with them. Alexander called for two half noggins of whisky for each. My husband did not leave the room for many minutes that night, but he did leave it for a short time; when he was going out, Alexander said he should partake of another glass. They were served with two more noggins of whisky; while the others were drinking whisky, Michael had two glasses of wine, and one bottle of cider. Between nine and ten, I saw my husband lie on the sofa, seemingly very ill, intoxicated, and I saw Alexander pour some liquor into his mouth. This roused my husband, and he asked me for a glass of water. The pouring the liquor into his mouth made him nearly dead—he had no sense: he fell asleep again. I went and sat in the kitchen. I looked into the bar and observed the two prisoners whispering very close together. About ten o'clock, Michael said, I must let them have a bed, as they had a good deal of money on them, and did not like to walk to Manchester at night; I then said, if they could make shift, they were welcome; about a quarter of an hour before they went up stairs, both went out, and remained out about a quarter of an hour; Michael asked me if my husband went to bed when he was drunk? and I said sometimes he did, and sometimes he did not. Michael asked me, if I stopped along with him? and I said sometimes I did, and sometimes I did not. He then asked if their bed was ready, and I told them it was. My family consisted of myself and my husband, a female servant (Betty Bates) and a boy. I told Betty Bates to take a candle and show them the bed they were to go to: it was a double-bedded room, over the kitchen. The boy, William Higgins, who is between 14 and 15, slept in that room, in the other bed. The boy had gone to bed about nine o'clock. It was after eleven when I told the maid to light the prisoners to bed. I saw her bring the candle, to light the men up stairs; and the prisoner left the bar, Alexander going first. I dont believe the prisoners Michael ever went up stairs. QHere the witness appeared faint, and took her bonnet off; she had dreadful marks of wounds across the forehead, and under the left eye.] About two minutes after I heard Betty make a dismal cry; I was sitting in the bar, where my husband was asleep; on hearing this, I tookupthe can die, and was going out of the bar-door to run up stairs; I had not got one foot out of the bar into the lobby before Michael put his hand against my breast; he had something in his hand which he stuck in my neck; he dragged me upon my knees opposite the bar; clapped his hand on my throat, and gave me this wound in the forehead. [Here witness showed a deep wound over her nose.] He then stabbed the knife under my eye, and it stuck there; he then went out at the back-door, leaving me with a knife fast in my eye, and bleeding very much. The prisoner tried to get the knife out, and, in doing so, pulled the handle off. I heard it drop on the floor. I remained quiet, until I heard the back-door open. While he was with me, he held me
by the throat so that I could not cry out. When I rose from my knees I heard a whistle at the back door; I ran to the cottage of Richard Andrews, who lived near, and who is married to my niece, and gave the alarm.
Joseph Blears, landlord of the public house, confirmed many of these circumstances.
Michael Higgins 1 am fourteen years old; I lived with Joseph Blears at the period in question; I went to sleep in the double-bedded room about nine o'clock; I had been in bed about three hours, when I was awakened by a noise; I saw a man, Alexander M'Keand, whom I had known before," with his left hand round Betty Bates's neck, and doing something that I could not see; he appeared to he making his nonsense with her; there was a lighted candle in the window which is between the two beds; I saw the man and the woman struggling at the end of the drawers, which are at the foot of my bed; my bed had no curtains; I was then lying down in bed ; she kept saying, "Give over, and be quiet," and then I saw the blood gushing down from her throat; this was after I had seen the prisoner's left arm round her neck; his right arm was somehow across the woman's neck; he flung her down upon the floor, and she screamed out "murder!" I saw them struggling very hard upon the floor, and then the woman got up and caught hold of his legs, and said, "I'll mark thee, man." He flung her down a second time, and did something more at her, but what it was I could not see, it was at the side of her neck. He left her then, and came to me; I had not sat up before he came to me, nor do I know how he saw me; when he came to me I rose up, and he put his left hand on my mouth, and thrust me down again; his hand left blood upon my face; he kept his hand upon my mouth; the woman at this time got up, and was going out of the room, and he catched her at the door. I saw him struggling with her at the door place; they stood upon their feet. I got out of bed, and rushed past behind the woman; he made a grasp at me, and marked my shirt with his bloody hand, but he did not keep hold of me; I jumped over the bannister and escaped. When I passed them, he (Alexander) followed me down stairs; I ran out through the back kitchen, and out at the back door; I ran round the back of the house to the front, and he followed me to the railing in front of the house; I ran down by the railing, and through a style, and back along a hedge and a ditch, where I concealed myself.
Richard Farraday. — In consequence of a hand-bill I had seen, I went in search of the prisoners; I overtook and passed them at Kitling, three miles from Appleby. I went to the public-house, and got assistance; and when Alexander came up, I asked him to take a glass of ale, which he accepted; I then told him he was my prisoner, and gave him into custody; I was going to take the other, when Alexander was making his escape, and I seized him by the arm, and gave him to the two men; Michael was then coming up to strike me, when I seized him, and secured him. Before the magistrates, Alexander gave his name Matthew Kirk, and the other gave his name Carse. I looked at Alexander's hand, and found the marks on it answering the descrip* tion in the hand-bill.
Alexander M'Keand, being called on for his defence, protested his innocence; he had treated Blears, and they had both got very tipsy; Blears struck him several times, saying, he could beat three such men as he, after which he could give no account of any thing that had happened.
Michael M'Keand said, that, on the day of the murder, his brother, whom he had not seen for a week, asked him to assist him in getting in some debts due to him in the neighbourhood. He sent him forward to Blears's house, telling him to have a glass of ale, and wait his coming. The prisoner then described their all drinking together, and his brother getting very tipsy, and quarrelling with the landlord; he could give no further account; but his life hung upon a thread, and he called upon that God before whom perhaps he was shortly to appear, to witness his innocence of having committed the murder, or of ever having been aiding in such a crime.
The jury found both prisoners Guilty.
Trials Ok Rioters In YorkShire And Lancashire.
York Assizes, July 12.
John Holdsworth and William Bolton were tried upon an indictment, in which they were capitally charged with having, on the 8th of May last, in the parish of Bradford, along with divers other persons, riotously assembled in disturbance of the public peace, and with endeavouring to destroy the factory or mill of Messrs. John Garnett Horsfall, William Horsfall, and Timothy Horsfall, situate in Bradford. The indictment was on the 52nd Geo. III. cap. 30, sec. 2, which enacts that "if, after the passingof this act, any person or persons, unlawfully, riotously, or tumultuously assemhled together in disturbance of the public peace, shall unlawfully and with force demolish or pull down, or begin to demolish or pull down, any erection, and building or engine, which shall be used or employed, in carrying on or conducting any trade or manufactory of goods whatsoever, then every such demolishing or pulling down shall be adjudged to be felony without benefit of clergy."
A great number of witnesses were called; and from their testimony it appeared, that, some days previously to the 3rd of May, meetings had taken place among the poor people of Bradford who were out of employment. On the 2nd of May a hand-bill was published, announcing that a meeting would take place on the following day, to take into consideration the distressed state of the operatives. The meeting accordingly took place, on the 3rd of May, when upwards of a thousand people, armed with sticks and bludgeons, assembled together. After some speeches had been delivered, the crowd fell into a line, and proceeded in marching order to Messrs. Horsfall's mill. The mill is situated at one extremity of Bradford, and it employs powerlooms, which require few hands. The proprietors had been employed for some days in putting the mill into a state of defence; and, besides arming their own men, they had procured ten of lord Grantham's yeomanry. The mob arrived at the mill about one o'clock, and poured a volley of stones at the doors and windows.
The windows were all driven in, and the mill sustained so much injury, that it became necessary for the persons within to fire. In doing so, they killed one person. Colonel Tempest and other magistrates then came up and read the Riot act. The prisoner, Holdsworth, said to colonel Tempest, "What are we to do, are we to starve?" The other prisoner Bolton was also observed to be active in throwing stones.
Mr. Baron Hullock summed up the case, and the jury retired.
At half-past twelve o'clock this morning the jury came into Court, and returned a verdict, finding Holdsworth Guilty, and Bolton Not Guilty; at the same time recommending Holdsworth to mercy.
Lancaster, August 14.— Blackburn Rioters.
James Chambers, Simeon Wright, Thomas Dickinson, and Richard Entwistle, were indicted for being concerned in the late riots and destruction of machinery at Blackburn.
Mr. John Kay the constable, and Mr. Eccles, one of the proprietors of the mill, proved the general riot and the damage done to the machinery.
Mr. John Kay the constable, deposed to the activity of Chambers in the riot, and to his giving encouragement to the rest of the mob.
Mr. Robinson, clerk to the magistrates, saw Chambers in the riot waving a hammer over his head, and encouraging the mob to break the looms, and never mind the soldiers, and afterwards took from him the hammer, which was produced in court.
The rev. Richard Noble, a magistrate, saw Simeon Wright at«