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after the descent, several gentlemen arrived from Grantham, one of whom lent me his horse, and the balloon being packed on another belonging to Mr. J. B. Tunnard, of the Blue Lion Inn, Grantham, it was conveyed by that gentleman to the George Inn, where I received the congratulations of a large party of gentlemen. My view of the earth was grand in the extreme, having on no former occasion had a more extensive one. My greatest elevation indicated by the barometer was nearly two miles and a quarter, the mercury having fallen from 30 to 20-2."
9- City Election To-day
being the commencement of the election for the city of London, before eleven o'clock the crowd had collected about Guildhall, and the gentlemen of the livery passed through the temporary wooden erection placed there for the purpose, and took their places in the spacious porch, in readiness for the opening of the great gates of the Hall. As the clock struck twelve, the large oaken portals of the Hall rolled back, and in rushed a dense mass, by whom the space below the hustings was nearly filled. Although unusual precautions had been resorted to, from the experience of inefficiency in the arrangements on former elections, they were scarcely adequate to the occasion, so unusually numerous was the attendance, and so great the pressure on the barrier put up to keep off the crowd from the places set apart for the candidates, the poll-clerks, and other necessary officers. In spite of the earnest resistance offered by the city marshal, and his corps of constables, many of those places were actually carried by storm.
At one o'clock, every effort having been made to obtain a clear passage by the side of the wall up to the hustings, the lord mayor, attended by the city officers and the candidates, entered the Hall. In their progress up to the hustings they were loudly cheered, but they were also hard pressed upon from all sides, and especially at the steps of the platform.
On reaching the centre of the hustings, the lord mayor advanced to the front, and bowed frequently in acknowledgment of the loud plaudits with which he was received. He then retired to his chair. Mr. Alderman Wood who next presented himself, was received with mingled hisses and applause. Mr. Alderman Thompson's appearance was marked with loud and protracted applause. Mr. Ward was attired in a full Court dress: he possesses a manly figure and countenance, and became the dress he wore; and his reception was very flattering. Mr. Alderman Waithman obtained general applause. The aldermen wore their collars and civic robes. The crier having made proclamation of silence, the king's writ was read by the Secondary; and the sheriffs took the usual oaths to return without fear or favour the members on whom the voice of the electors should fall; after the show of hands had been taken, the sheriffs declared that in their opinion theelection had fallen on William Thompson, alderman and ironmonger; Robert Waithman, alderman and frame-workknitter; Matthew Wood, alderman and fishmonger; and on Win. Ward, esq. citizen and musician.
A poll was then demanded by Mr. Alderman Brown, on behalf of .Mr. Alderman Garratt; and the meeting was adjourned to half-past three o'clock. The polling was closed on the 18 th, when the numbers were announced as follow :—
Alderman Thompson . . 6,483 Alderman Waithman . . . 5,042
Mr. Ward 4,991
Alderman Wood .... 4,880 The Lord Mayor . . . . 4,514
Westminster Election.— A few minutes before 12 o'clock, the high-bailiff, the deputy-bailiff, Mr. Smedley, T. Halls, esq. (the magistrate), sir Francis Burdett, John Cam Hobhouse, esq. Messrs. Richardson, sen. and jun., Mr. de Vere, Mr. Purse, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Adams, Mr. Lyndon, and a number of other electors, came on the hustings. The two late members on their appearance were received with loud cheers.
Mr. Smedley then came forward and read the writ.
T. Halls, esq. administered the oath to the high bailiff, that he would make an impartial return without favour or affection, or fee, or reward.
The Act of Geo. II. commonly called the Bribery Act, being read,—
Mr. Lyndon, seconded by Mr. Purse, proposed sir Francis Burdett; and Mr. de Vere, seconded by Mr. Wilson, proposed John Cam Hobhouse, esq.
Mr. Smedley made proclamation three times, that if any one had any other person to propose, they must then come forward, or sir Francis Burdett, bart. and John Cam Hobhouse, esq., who had been proposed, would be returned as citizens to serve in Parliament for the city and liberties of Westminster.
No person appearing, Arthur Morris, esq. the higb.-bSlifF, then
declared sir Francis Burdett, and John Cam Hobhouse, esq., duly elected representatives of the city and liberties of Westminster.
18. Riot At Carlisle.—Sir P. Musgrave, one of the candidates for this city, was induced, in the course of his canvass, with a party of his friends, to go to the remotest part of Shaddongate, called " Milburn's Buildings." Having entered a yard for the purpose of soliciting a freeman for his vote, he was surrounded by a large body of weavers, who represented to him their miserable situation. They complained of sir Philip's vote on the question of the Corn-laws, and on Mr. Abercrombie's motion respecting a reform of the representation of Edinburgh, and wished him to pledge himself to vote in favour of a radical reform of parliament, whenever the subject should come before the House of Commons. After a considerable time spent in conversation of this nature, sir Philip and his friends made their way out of the yard, but were soon after assailed with stones, brickbats, and other missiles. Sir Philip, with one or two gentlemen, took shelter in a house near Messrs. Cockburn's pipe manufactory, and there remained, with the door fastened inside, two or three hours, while the crowd continued debating without. At length a large body of gentlemen, with the mayor at their head, approached the house in which sir Philip was confined, but were so violently assaulted by heavy volleys of large stones, that they at last retired, and were pursued and pelted out of Shaddongate. Although encouraged by this victory, the populace felt assured that some other decisive attempt would be made to rescue sir Philip, and they awaited to repel it. In about half an hour, a numerous party of the 55th regiment of foot, preceded by a few artillery-men, and accompanied by the mayor and others, marched towards Shaddongate. As soon as they reached the new brewery, they were saluted by tremendous showers of stones, which put them into some confusion. Having formed against a wall, and loaded with ball, they were ordered to march forward, after the Riot-act had been read. The mob, however, continued to assail them with terrible volleys of stones; and when the military came to the end of the new street called Queen-street, they were ordered to fire, which they did. One woman standing at her own door, at the head of Queen-street, with a key in her hand, was shot through the head, and died, after heaving a single groan; an orphan lad, named Skinner, had a ball shot through his ancle; and a little girl of the name of Pattinson, was shot through the head. In the midst of the uproar, sir Philip Musgrave was conveyed away safely by his friends. An inquest was held upon the bodies of the two females, and the jury returned as their verdict, "That the deaths of the deceased, Isabella Pattinson and Mary Birrell, were occasioned by balls discharged from muskets, by some soldier or soldiers belonging to the 55th Regiment of Foot. That in consequence of the Riot-act having been read, and the mob not dispersing, the soldiers were in the first instance justified in firing their muskets; but the jurors cannot refrain from expressing, as their opinion, that they continued to fire in a very indiscreet and inconsiderate manner, and particularly at private houses, when the necessity for so doing seems to
them to have ceased. That the deaths were, in other respects, Accidental.
Arctic Expedition. — Despatches have been received from captain Franklin, of the Arctic land-expedition, dated at winterquarters, Fort Franklin, on the great Bear Lake, September 6th. During the summer, three expeditions, under captain Franklin, lieutenant Back, and Dr. Richardson, were made, preparatory to the great objects to be undertaken next year. The expedition under captain Franklin went to the mouth of Mackenzie river, which he found to discharge itself into an open sea; there is one island near its mouth, called by captain Franklin, Garry's Island. From the summit of this island the captain saw the sea to the northward, clear of ice or islands; to the westward he saw the coast to a great distance, his view terminating at very lofty mountains, which he calculates were in the longitude of 139 deg. west. The expedition would proceed early in the spring on its ulterior objects. The officers and men were all well, and in high spirits, at the favourable circumstances which had hitherto attended their proceedings.
18. Boucher's Monument.— The colossal statue of field-marshal Blucher, prince of Wahlstadt, erected at Berlin, between the Palace and the Opera-house, was this day opened to public view. The hero is represented in his field-marshal's uniform, and mantle, holding his sword in his right hand. Both the figure itself, and the lofty pedestal on which it stands, are of bronze: the latter, which rests upon a granite socle, is adorned in front with an inscription, and on the other three sides with has* reliefs. The inscription (in German) is,
FREDERICK WILLIAM III.
FIELD-MARSHAL PRINCE BLUCHER,
This noble work of art was cast from the model of professor Rauch; and the architectural decorations of the pedestal designed by M. Schinkel, an architect to whom Berlin is indebted for many of its most magnificent structures; particularly the new Theatre, and the Museum, which latter, when completed, will be one of the noblest and most classical buildings in Europe.
Thunder Storm.—A thunder storm was felt with great violence at Ashton-under-Line, where the thunder was extremely loud and frequent, and accompanied by a heavy fall of hail and rain. About three o'clock, a poor woman, the wife of John Adamson, a joiner, standing at the window inside her house, was killed on the spot by the lightning. Another person, a lodger in the house, was lying upon a bed close to the window in the room above; and, one of the bed-posts being split by the lightning, a part of it struck him, which caused himtobleed rather profusely, but he soon recovered. The lightning first struck the frame of the window in the chamber, which it completely split, then split the bed-post, and from thence passed through the chamber-floor to the room underneath, at the window of which the poor woman was standing at the time she was killed. The storm was very violent for the space of nearly an hour.
Thunder Storm At Exeter. —The city and neighbourhood of Exeter were visited by a tremendous
tempest on Saturday last. At the village of Alphington, near Exeter, a thunderbolt struck the tower of the church, which was unprovided with a conductor, while four men and a boy, who had just been ringing a merry peal in honour of the election, were standing within the portal of the church, beneath the tower. They were all prostrated to the earth; the boy, named John Coles, having an iron hammer in his hand, was killed on the spot; one of the men was hurled many yards into the church. It is remarkable that the shoes of three, and the coat of one man, were severed into entire shreds. The vane of the tower was much distorted by the power of the electric fluid, which, in its progress to the ground, tore up the stairs of the tower, and removed several stones of great weight. It then burst into the body of the church, and after having dashed the communion table to pieces, rebounded from the east wall, and terribly shattered the whole of the edifice. The upper part of the tower, and the whole of the eastern side of the church, must be rebuilt. The storm passed over the city of Exeter about two o'clock in the afternoon, in the midst of the ceremony of chairing the newly-elected members, who, with their splendid silken cars, and gallant cavalcade, were wofully bedrenched by the heavy torrents of rain.
20. M. Biela's Comet The
comet discovered by M. Biela on the 27th of February is remarkable for the very near approximation of its course, in the descending node, to the orbit of the earth. According to Clausen's Ellipse, Dr. Olbers calculates the distance of that point of the orbit of the eartli which is the nearest to the orbit of the comet at 133 l-3rd semidiameters of the earth. ' He then proceeds: —" This time, therefore, the comet was only a little more than twice as far from the orbit of the earth as the greatest distance of the moon from the earth. Of all the comets whose orbits have been calculated, none, except that of 1680, have come so near to the earth's orbit. The perturbations which the orbit of the comet experiences from the powerful influence of Jupiter, must alter this distance at every revolution of the comet, but may as well diminish as increase it; and thus it-is not quite impossible that this comet may once pass very near to us, nay, even touch the earth with its atmosphere. Extremely, nay, infinitely small as the probability of such an event is, for each particular revolution of the comet, yet this possibility gives a double interest to the accurate calculation of the orbit on every revolution of the comet, and to the precise determination of the perturbations to. which it is liable. The extent of the atmosphere of this comet, as seen on the 8th of December, 1805, is very great: how great cannot be ascertained, till we know more accurately the course which it then described. That which has some appearance of a solid nucleus, but, for the most part, is surely not solid, was found at that time very small. It is also conceivable that an eclipse of this comet, by the shadow of the earth, may be one day observed, which would decide the question whether the comets have any light of their own. It may be hoped that, as this comet sometimes comes so near us, we shall be enabled to ascertain more accurately the nature of those bodies."
[ Switzerland.—On the 20th Vol. LXVIII.
of May, at half-past nine in the evening, one of the gaolers of the prison of Lugano, going his usual rounds, went into a dungeon where two prisoners were confined. As he was going out, one of them, named PuTeretti, accused of murder, attacked him from behind, put out the light, and plunged a dagger into his breast; the victim struggling and calling for help, the assassin repeated his blows. The wife of the wounded man called the other gaoler to the assistance of her husband. An officer coming up had the prison opened, and summoned the murderer to surrender. Meantime the town was alarmed, the drums were beat, and many persons assembled roundtheprison. The assassin, however, threatened the officer and the persons present, whose numbers increased every moment. A musket, loaded with small shot, which was discharged full at his head, only rendered him more furious, and he renewed his attempts to escape. The smoke of the gunpowder diminishing the light which a candle threw on the scene, he was on the point of effecting his object, when Duroni, the second gaoler, aimed a blow at him from behind, which Pifferetti so far avoided that it only injured his hand. The officer, M. Lecini, then fired his musket a second time at him, but the villain, nevertheless, made a desperate rush at the door j M. Sinlinee ran him through the body with his bayonet, but he did not even totter. A wound given him with a sword, and heavy blows with a club, did not hinder him from brandishing his dagger with incredible agility. At length a young man, named D. Bertoli, seized him in his arms, threw him down, and after a struggle on the ground, wrenched his H