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approach the place: their efforts were therefore directed to the adjoining premises, which, with the immense property on the ground, was of the first importance, as a number of timber-yards surround the premises of Messrs. Walker and Parker. They fortunately succeeded in allaying any apprehensions for the safety of the neighbourhood. But the wind blowing easterly, the flakes of fire fell so heavily in a large timberyard, situated immediately westward, that it was necessary to employ upwards of 200 men in protecting from the fire the large piles of valuable wood which filled the yard.

10. The public-house called the Elephant, in Fenchurch-street, supposed to be one of the oldest in London, is at last condemned to be pulled down. It was here that Hogarth enjoyed many of his convivial meetings: and on the walls of the tap-room are two paintings from his hand of convivial meetings, which may probably contain portraits not only of himself, but of characters well known in his day. These paintings, of which the subjects are "Midnight Conversation," and the "Hudson's Bay Ticket Porters," have since been very successfully transferred to canvas by Mr. Hall, a patron of the arts, who purchased them unconditionally of the landlady. For some time the attempt was considered impracticable, the paint having become incorporated with the surface of the wall, and nearly as hard as marble. 11. Catastrophe On The Canal In St. James's Park

Owing to the severity of the frost for the last day or two, the Canal in the Park was frozen over, and vast numbers of persons of every

denomination were assembled during the day, skating, sliding, and practising other sports. Many parts of the ice were deemed by the men belonging to the Royal Humane Society to be unsafe, and to point out these places to the skaters, a rope was thrown across the Canal. About a quarter past two, a shout from the men, and the shrieking of the females who were assembled on the green on either side of the Canal, attracted the crowd to one particular spot, where the ice had given way, and no less than nine unfortunate individuals were in the water. Before any effort could be made to extricate any one, the ice, from their exertions to escape, cracked and separated for a considerable distance around them, and four or five clung to one strong man, who was endeavouring to get away by swimming, and drew him down, and the whole sunk together, but immediately rose to the surface, and separated. The bystanders by this time had procured ropes, which were cast to the struggling persons, and four were drawn out. There were still five persons in the water, mostly in an exhausted state, and clinging to one another; two of these were dragged out, but the ropes breaking, the fate of the others seemed inevitable. One of them, raising his arms, shrieked out, "Oh, God, save me! my poor mother! my mother!" and sunk below the ice. This distressing ejaculation seemed to stimulate to renewed exertion, and several persons ran to the brink of the broken ice, and grasped at the drowning men, but, the ice again breaking, they themselves were immersed, and with difficulty escaped. However, ropes being fastened around three young men, they plunged in, seized the struggling persons, and rescued one youth, who was taken ashore in a state of insensibility. The attention of the throng was at this instant attracted to an elderly gentleman, who, at great personal risk, saved the lives of two, but in his third effort the ice gave way, and he sank beneath it. Ropes were thrown to him, but the danger was so apparent, that none would approach to his rescue, and he appeared likely to share the fate of the remaining two; however, the ice being broken to the bank, several persons locked their hands, and, advancing into the water, dragged him to the side. This was followed instantaneously by the convulsive cry of the two young men, who had grasped a firm hold of each other, as they sunk to rise no more. Some watermen, in a few minutes, came up with a boat and drags, and in about twenty minutes succeeded in bringing the bodies up. Some persons stripped them, and proceeded to use the means recommended by the Humane Society for the resuscitation of drowned persons; they were rolled and rubbed, and the usual remedies were used forabove an hour; butreanimation could not be produced. surgeon to Hatton-garden While returning with the surgeon, they met the body of the deceased carried on a shutter. When the deceased went down stairs, he was perfectly sober.

12. Jubilee At Rome The

jubilee year terminated on the 24th of December, when the closing of what is called the holy gate at St. Peter's took place, with the following ceremonies:—

After vespers had been sung in the Sistine chapel, the pope, attended by the cardinals, &c. descended by a private staircase into the church, where he was received by the chapter, who, forming in grand procession, marched into the portico. Here his holiness ascended

the throne which had been prepared for him, and the assistants took their respective places. The two steps of granite leading to the holy gate had been previously removed, and two of wood substituted. Several trays, containing bricks, mortar, and stucco, destined for walling up the sacred aperture, had been placed near the steps. Every thing being ready, the two wooden steps were taken away, the pope quitted his throne, with mitre on head and candle in hand, to bless the bricks and mortar. This being performed, one of the masters of the ceremonies girded him with an apron. Kneelingupon a cushion placed in front of the doorway, he received a trowel from a cardinal, and took with it some mortar, which he spread upon the threshold, reciting at the same time a form of prayer. Upon this he placed in the centre and at the side three bricks, which were gilt, and embossed with his arms and those of the cathedral. During this and subsequent operations, the choir sung the hymn "Ccelestis urbs Jerusalem." Next came the cardinal chief penitentiary, who also placed his bricks and mortar. His eminence was followed in a like process by the four senior penitentiaries (confessors) belonging to the church. As the most workmanlike arrangement of about 18 bricks could not close this entrance, the workmen, in order to effect the semblance of completion, lowered over the aperture a canvass painted to represent a gate. His holiness having returned to his seat, all the candles that had been borne by those who had composed the procession were now extinguished; the Te Deum was performed by the choristers; and the solemnity concluded with a

publication by two cardinals of a plenary indulgence in favour of all present. Similar ceremonies were performed at the churches of St. John di Laterano, St. Maria Maggiore, and St. Maria in Trastevere, where the Jubilee gates were shut by cardinals especially delegated to those offices. 13. Old Bailey—Mary Cain, aged 44, was capitally indicted for the wilful murder of Maurice Fitzgerald on the 26th of December last, by wounding him in the left breast with a knife, so as to cut the artery near the heart, and produce death by the effusion of blood. The prisoner, an Irishwoman in the lowest ranks of life, had been quarrelling with her husband, f and stabbed the deceased, while he endeavoured to pacify them. Mary Casey stated, that she lived in Horn's-alley, opposite the prisoner's house. On the evening of the 26th of December, as she was going home, she observed the prisoner and her husband going towards their own house, quarrelling and beating one another. Witness went to bed, and heard the prisoner say to Fitzgerald, "What brought you to my place? I'll let you know you have no business in my place." Witness then got up and went to the window, when she saw the body of a man carried away on a shutter by the prisoner's husband and three other men. She followed the body for a short time, and then returned to the prisoner, to whom she said, "What a pity, to murder the poor man." The prisoner answered, "If there's a row between me and my husband, what's that to you? What right have you here i"

Hannah Lucklan was standing at the window overlooking the yard, about eight o'clock in the evening of the 26th of December, and, by the gas-light, which was close to her window, could see what was done. There was no light in the prisoner's yard; the gate was shut, but she could see over it. She observed the deceased in the yard with the prisoner, her husband, and daughter. The prisoner said to the deceased—" Maurice Fitzgerald, you vagabond, I'll let you know you have no business in my place." The prisoner and her daughter then got hold of Fitzgerald between them, and he immediately fell. Somebody here screamed out "murder!" After the body was taken away, the prisoner came out and shut the yard door, and afterwards washed the stones. Bridget Riley lodged in the same house as the prisoner—she lodged up stairs, where the deceased had been sitting with her for some time on the evening in question. She heard the prisoner and her husband quarrelling below, and was going down, but Fitzgerald prevented her, and went himself to make peace between them. In about five minutes afterwards the prisoner's daughter called out to witness to come down stairs, as the man was killed. She found Fitzgerald sitting on the threshold, and the prisoner's daughter supporting his head. She observed a wound on Fitzgerald's left breast, from which a great deal of blood flowed, which the daughter was endeavouring to staunch. Fitzgerald was speechless. Witness clasped her hands, exclaiming, "Who killed the man?" No answer was made. Witness then left the daughter taking care of Fitzgerald, while she went for a

Samuel Caiger, the watchman, said, that, when he went to Horn'scourt, in consequence of the noise, he saw the deceased, the prisoner, her husband, and daughter there. The prisoner appeared to be endeavouring to get to her husband from the yard gate. The daughter and Fitzgerald appeared to be pulling the husband into the house. The prisoner had a slender tableknife in her hand, holding the blade upwards. Some person here cried " The watchman;" on which they all went into the house, and shut the gate. Witness then heard a female voice exclaim, "Damn you, I'll stab you." He thought it was the prisoner's voice, but he could not say positively. He then went away, supposing it to be only an Irish quarrel. In about a quarter of an hour, he saw the body of a man carried on a shutter. He went to the prisoner's house, and found her lying in bed, having all her clothes on, except her shoes. She did not appear to be over sober. He took her to the watchhouse. Next day he found three knives in the prisoner's house, one of which (a black-handled common kitchen-knife of rather a small size, apparently long used, and sharp towards the point) he supposed to be the one she had in her hand.

John Cartwright, a boy, heard a noise, and saw Fitzgerald standing at the pig-sty, about three yards from the door of the house. He said, "Oh, I'm dead." The daughter was trying to stop the blood, and endeavouring to lead

him to the house. The prisoner came out from under the pig-sty, and told the daughter not to take him in there. The deceased was at first standing, and then walking slowly towards the door, when he fell on his knees, and sunk. The daughter had one hand on his breast, and the other supported his head. She called for Mrs. Riley, who came down and hallooed out, "Murder! murder!" The prisoner then said, that Fitzgerald had fallen on a knife which he had in his hand. The prisoner held a light at the door, while they were carrying away the body.

Mr. Stephen Skinner, the surgeon, examined the wound, which was on the left breast, about the region of the heart; he had no doubt of its having occasioned death. The knife produced would have made such a wound.

Mr. Shelton then read the defence. It stated that the prisoner's poverty had prevented her from employing counsel, but she threw herself on the merciful consideration of the court and jury. She disclaimed all intention of taking away the life of any human being; and had, on the evening in question, been dressing some onions and pepper for her husband's supper: she had a knife in her hand, and a child in her arms. She had only drank two glasses of gin, it being boxing-day, and the festival of St. Stephen's. About sixteen months ago she had been deprived of her reason for some time, in consequence of an injury received on the head. This infirmity troubled her on taking any spirits. There was a disturbance in the place, but what was done she did not know, being quite insensible of every thing around her. She could not tell whether Fitzgerald was present or not.

[graphic]

The lord chief baron summed up.

The jury retired for 20 minutes, and found the prisoner " Guilty of Murder."

The recorder then passed sentence of death on the prisoner. She heard the verdict with little emotion, but burst into tears, when the sentence was pronounced. She was executed on the following Monday.

14. As two lightermen were passing under London-bridge in a wherry, the boat was upset, in consequence of running against a large mass of ice, which was aground at some distance from the shore, and both were drowned. The wherry in which the unfortunate men were, had run safely through one of the side arches of the bridge, at the time the tide was rapidly going out; but they had no sooner escaped this danger, than another presented itself. A large piece of floating ice, driven along with great impetuosity by the current, gained upon the wherry, and drove it with such violence against the mass aground, that the boat was turned completely keel upwards, and both the men fell into the water, and instantly disappeared. The following day the body of one of them was picked up near Battle-bridgestairs, Tooley-street.

16. Deccan Prize-money

After much consideration the lords of the Treasury have issued their decision upon the case of the Deccan prize-money, by the following minute: Treasury Minute, l6th Jan. 1826.

Present—The earl of Liverpool, the chancellor of the Exchequer,

Mr. Berkely Paget, lord Lowther, lord Granville Somerset.

My lords, assisted by the trustees of the Deccan booty, lord Bexley, and the law officers of the crown, having heard counsel on behalf of the marquis of Hastings and the grand army, and also on behalf of sir Thomas Hislop and the army of the Deccan, upon the subjects of discussion relating to the distribution of the Deccan booty, which have arisen out of the difference between the actual circumstances attending the capture of a large proportion of that booty, as stated by the trustees, and those which were assumed at the hearing before their lordships in January, 1823, and having maturely considered the arguments severally stated by the counsel, and also the whole of the documents upon the subject of this booty now before the board, are of opinion—

1. That with respect to all that portion of the booty now at the disposal of the crown, which is described as having been "taken in the daily operations of the troops," the distribution thereof should be made to the actual captors according to the terms and conditions of the minute of this board of the 5th of February, 1823, and of the warrant of his majesty of the 22nd March following.

2. That with respect to that part of the booty which consists of the produce of arrears of tribute, rent, or money, due to the Peishwah, it appears to my lords to have been acquired by the general result of the war, and not by the operations of any particular army or division; and they are of opinion, that it ought, therefore, to be distributed in conformity with the

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