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CHRONICLE.

CHRONICLE.

JANUARY.

ACCIDENT. — This day, between the hours of twelve and one o'clock, the Augustinean Friary Chapel, at Callan, County of Kilkenny, being crowded to excess, some women and children began to groan, and complain of intense pressure. A sudden panic seized the congregation, when a cry (perfectly unfounded) that "the gallery was giving way" resounded through the chapel. A rush towards the only door common to the floor and gallery took place. Women and children were instantly crushed to death, or suffocated outside the door, where they fell; so that a pile of the dead, dying, and half-suffocated, was soon accumulated. A cry that the kitchen (which is under the chapel) was on fire, added to the terror of the people. A rush towards the altar broke down the railings of the sanctuary. Some were killed in the fall from the windows. A young woman bore a neighbour's child over the pile> and instantly remembering that her own sister was within, she attempted to return, but met her fate at the door. A mother of nine children is among the persons consigned to the grave. Two children were crushed to death behind the door, belonging to country people, who have not yet heard of their fate. Fourteen persons are already dead. The number of those who have suffered by broken legs, arms, ribs, &c., and Vol. LXVIII.

are now under the hands of the surgeons, amounts to one hundred.

3. Whitehaven.—An occurrence took place this morning in the mine William Pit, by which nine persons perished. One of the engines under ground in that pit had been worked several hours, when the men in attendance discovered the space about the engine to be enveloped in flames, which, having the effect of igniting the coal, and also the wood-work, soon produced an immense body of fire. The air passing through this body, and thus rendered unfit for respiration, had to travel a distance at least of two miles, before it reached the upcast shaft; at this place two men, who had the charge of the furnaces, were suffocated. The remaining seven went in search of the two sufferers, and shared the same fate. The direct road through which they had to pass, leading to the upcast shaft, has a ventilation distinct from the William Pit; but, in consequence of the furnaces at this place having become extinguished, the current of air was reversed, and the road was impregnated with the impure air from the William Pit.

New London Bridge.—The first stone of the land-abutment on the Southwark side was laid on Saturday last. The bridge is in a state of great forwardness, the masonry on that side, to the centre arch,,being nearly level with high-, water mark.

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4. Poisoning In Corsica.—A man, named Tolomeo di Pavano, has been tried at Ajaccio, for having caused the death of several individuals, by poisoning a rivulet called Calencone. It appeared in evidence, that in June last five or six persons were seized with violent pains in the bowels, and three of them died in a few days. The surgeon, who examined the bodies, gave it as his opinion, that the deceased had come by their death in consequence of taking some poisoned liquid. The sick persons being questioned, in order to ascertain the cause of their illness, stated, that they supposed it to have arisen from their drinking cold water when in a violent perspiration. One of them, however, was positive, that as far as related to him, this cause could not have produced the malady; for, as he had not been out of his house for a week previous to his indisposition, it was impossible that he could have drunk cold water when his body was heated. A medical man tasted the water of the rivulet, and found that it possessed a peculiar flavour. About fifty yards from the spot where the deceased resided, a considerable quantity of laurel branches, with leaves (Daphne laureola), was discovered at the bottom of the rivulet; where they had been placed by Tolomeo, who, in his defence, said, that he was not aware these leaves were of a poisonous nature. He had, however, been heard to threaten one of the deceased, and the character he received being a very bad one, he was found guilty. As the code does not mention this crime, it became a matter of some difficulty with the judges to award a punishment; but an ordinance was found, dated so far back as 1669,

at the period of the Chambre Ardente, when so many hundred persons were executed, being found guilty of administering poison. The law provides that whoever shall put laurel leaves into small rivulets, with the intention of poisoning the water, and thereby actually occasion death, shall be executed; where no bad intention existed, the court was to be at liberty to punish with imprisonment. Tolomeo was sentenced to three years' confinement, and to be placed during ten years under the surveillance of the police.

5. Fire.—About half-past four o'clock in the afternoon, a part of the metropolis was thrown into considerable alarm by the appearance of flames at a great height, proceeding from the manufactory of Messrs. Walker and Parker, the patent-shot-manufacturers, on the south side of the Thames, opposite to Surrey-street. The proprietors of the premises could not account for the accident; for no fire had been in the place since Wednesday afternoon, and the fire broke out in the upper part of the building. No workmen were in the building, nor was business of any sort going on, when the fire appeared.

After the breaking out of the fire at the top of the building, the wind being high, and the ventilation from the bottom upwards very strong, the fire soon descended from one floor to another, until the whole pile, about 130 feet high, was in one blaze. The upper tower, fell in with a trenfendous crash; and the lead in a liquid state falling down, partly outwards, in nearly a constant stream, was so frightful, and the heat proceeding from the manufactory so intense, that none of the firemen could

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