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from which he proceeded. Joho Ry- Mr. URBAN,

July 10. der, Archbishop of Tuam in 1752, HEARTILY join in the appel

I was first cousin to Sir Dudley Ryder, lation you have bestowed, in p. the eminent Judge.

537, on the “ Hints towards an at. Your heraldic friends could proba- tempt to reduce the Poor Rate.” bly say whether a title of Peerage The Autbor commences his able should date froin the period of the pamphlet with joining in the general grant appearing in the Gazette, or agreement, that Excess of Population froin the perfect completion of the is the chief cause of the increase depatent. A title, for instance, may precated, to which he adds, Inocula, be gazetted in 1818, and the patent iion for the Small Pux and the Vacnot fully completed until January, cine have eminently contributed. The 1819. Instances have occurred of other leading great cause, is impromaoy months interveniog,

videot marriage in the poor, iu check Is your Correspondent, p. 404, cer- of which, the Author purposes detain as to the Lorton Viscounty being pial of parochial relief to all persons derived from Cumberland ? G. H. W. under the age of thirty, except from

urgent circumstances approved by a Mr. URBAN,

June 10. Magistrate. Many other regulations CORRESPONDENT, in vol. are suggested, all of which deserve formation respecting an inscription The following account will highly upon a brass-plate in the possession of amuse persuns of sentiineot aod kuowMr. Burleigh, of Barowell, of which ledge of the world: “Io some iustances a figure, No. 11, is given in the which have come within my own second Plate of that Nuinber. knowledge, the overseers and farmers

In the walls of a farm-house built have held meetings at the parish aleupon the site of Martou Abbey, io house, for putting up to sale by aucYorkshire, are two stones represent. tion the labour of the poor for the ing shields, bearing the same device, ensuing week, after this inaoner: the and surmovoted with crowns. A shield farmer bids two shilliogs; another of the same description occurs in the advances three-pence (oo bidding can wall over the East window of the be under three-pence), another bids Chapel of Marton, situated about a three-pence more; and so on, till the inile from the place where the Abbey poor man is bought in al four or five stood. There are also two other simi- shillings for tbe week. The farmer larly-inscribed stones in the walls of a pays the poor map the whole sum, collage at Craike, about two miles allowed him by the parish for the distant, and another over the porch week, and then receives back from the of the Church at Wheuby, of which overseer as much as the difference Molesby, a Nunnery subordinate to is belween the sum so allowed and Marton, was the impropriator and the price of the purchase. The conpatron; which induced ine to suppose sequence is, that the purchasing farthat it was a device peculiar to that mer gets his labour done at half-price, Abbey; but I have since found that or less: and that what ought to come it is common to all religious houses, from his own pockel, is paid from the and is sufficiently explained in the Poor-rate, and thrown upon the Gentleman's Magazine for 1754, page other inhabitants. And this is not 494. Il is there stated to be ao abbre. all;—for the farmers consider these viation of the Greek name 'Inošs, nectings to be of such advantage, that name being originally very com

that the ale-house expences are all monly written i HC, which is usually charged to the parish account." interpreted, Jesus Hominuin Salya- Allowing thai versatility of talents tor; but this the writer looks upon is daily exhibited with amazing ingeas a vulgar error, it being no other nuity in shuffling and swindling, dothan the common note of 'Inces, thing is equal to the ability displayed both in MSS and inscriptions.

in low life. I actually knew If the Brass-plate in question were

miser of humble condition, who found in or near the Priory at Barn

wanted beer, and brewed a single well, there can be no doubt of its bushel of malt, but so managed the designation.

process, as to create almost as much Yoars, &c. SCRUTATOR. yeast as payed for the malt. G.


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there is to prove his being still in ex

istence. intelligence has been LETTER has been received

received from him since he left Sanby a gentleman of Liverpool from his brother at Juddah, a sea.

sanding in the year 1805; and this port on the Red Sea. The following that he is not now in existence, and

fact itself is a strong presumption extract purports to give some infor:

a corroboration of the several acmation respecting this enterprising

counts which have been published retraveller:

specting the manner of his death, « Dec. 13, 1818.-On my landing at Pearce, we suppose, obtained bis inJuddah, a place where I did not expect to telligence respecting Park in Abys hear an English word, I was accosted by sinia; but the distance of Tombuçtoo a man in the complete costume of the from the Eastern coast is so great, country, with 'Are you an Englishman, and the intermediate regions so comSir?" "My answer being of course in the pletely a terra incognita, that this affirmative, appeared to give him plea: consideration alone is sufficient to sure beyond expression. Thanks and

overthrow the whole story. But there praise to God!' be exclaimed, 'I once

is one fact which to us is decisive more hear an English tongue, wbich I bave not done for fourteen years before.'

against the truth of Pearce's relation. I have been much amused by him since; Many of our Readers inay have read his account of the Abyssinians, the in

the parrative of Robert Adams, a habitants of a country that has absorbed sailor, who was wrecked in the year fourteen years of his existence, is indeed 1810 on the Western coast of Africa, truly interesting.--You must, no doubt, detained by the Arabs of the Great have heard or read of him; he is that Desert, and carried by them to ToniNathaniel Pearce spoken of by Mr. Salt bucļou. He remained there several in his Account of bis Travels in Abyssi- months, resided the whole period of nia. He was left there by Lord Valen

his stay in the palace of Woollo the tia, and has been the greater part of king, and frequently walked about the time in the service of one or other

the town. Adams, from the uncom. of the chiefs in various parts of the coun.

mon degree of curiosity which he extry. At the time I met with him, be

cited, believed that the people of was endeavouring to make his way to

Tombuctoo had never seen a white Tombuctoo, where he says Mungu Park is still in existence, detained by the

man before. Now, supposing Park

to have been ther detained in that chief. He says the whole country almost idolize him for his skill in surgery, cily (and he must have been there at astronomy, &c. &c. They say he is an that tiine, if Pearce's story be true), angel come from heaven to administer engaged in explaining to the rude comforts to them; and he explains to and ignorant natives the sublime scithem the motions and uses of the hea- ence of astronomy, is it at all provenly bodies. He is, Pearce says, very bable, either that Adams would not desirous to make his escape, but finds it have seen or heard of so wonderful impossible. - What!' say they, do a man, or that Park would not have you suppose us so foolish as to part with

found some means of communication so invaluable a treasure ? If you go with Adams? The writer of the let. away, where are we to find another pos

ter states, that when he met at Jud. sessing so much knowledge, or who will dah, Pearce was endeavouring to do us so much good ?'- Pearce appeared to have been resolutely bent on endea

make his way to Tumbuctoo. This, vouring to reach Tombuctoo, but bad

in our opinion, is as improbable as for some time been labouring under se

the story about Park. For where is vere illness.”

this Juddah? It is, no doubt, the

well-known sea-port of Arabia Felix Happy should we be if Pearce's

on the Red Sea. If it be so, and if statement should be found correct, Pearce were endeavouring, to pene. and the illustrious Park still in existence. That Pearce gave the above it not a little singular that he should

trate to the far-famed Tombuctoo, is relation to the writer of the letter, endeavour to do so from Juddah, we do pot doubt; but we question the which is on the Asiatic side of the truth of that relation. There is a

Red Sea, which, before he could comgreater weight of evidence to prove the melancholy fate of Park, than

mence his journey, he must cross to the African side ?


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1. Political and Literary Anecdotes perpetual intrusion from servants for

of his own Times. By Dr. William orders, and tenants or veighbours on King, Principal of St. Mary Hall

, petty business. When a dinner is got Oxon. 8vo. 2d. Edit. pp. 252. Murray. up for a large party, it is a bustle for

a week throughout the house. We have been much delighted with

Now all these miseries are avoided in Work. It brings to our view a cha College. It is habitation in an inn, or racter not uncommon, the pleasing hotel, without its publicity, or severe

The Residents know dogarrulous old Collegiate scholar, who expence. is often seen filling the arm-chair by of the business of the world; and

thing of the lower orders of life, or the fire-side of a common, or combination-room. Being among com

their abstract studious pursuits, foolpanions of similar habits, and a com

ish to the majority of mankind, bemon interest, such persons indulge in riches, limit their desires, beyond the

cause they are not certain roads to all that innocent hilarity whieh ceeds from absence of cares. Of this, table, enjoyed in innocence, to puns, that part of society which is unac

criticisms, anecdotes, and calculations quainted with the modes of living in

of the value of livings. Such are the an English University has no con

blessings attached to the University ception. Released from the trouble


We remember to have heard, when and expence of a household establishment, horses, taxes, wives, children, young, our old University friends talk and other expensive et ceteras, un

very affectionately of Dr. King, and avoidably attached to living in the the furious party contentions of Jaworld ; their experces are or may

cobites and Hanoverians, which once be limited to food, wines, clothes, and prevailed in the University of Oxford. books, without any diminution of re

Dr. King was a strong Pretendarian ; spectability. They are not further and, like many other good men in all subjected to inequalities of society, similar occasions, suffered much in especially the torture of humouring

worldly respects from trying to serve

a fool; a fool of the worst sort of and enduriog those who are wealthy without education, and the eternal fools, an obstinate one, who did not annoyances of ignorance, slander; but presumed that it was the duty of

suit his measures to circumstances, roguery, and clamorous beggary, with which many a resident in a country inclinations. This the Pretender con

Providence to adapt events to his own village is frequently harassed.

Of all this, even the gentleman of good Royalty: and that it was the ruin of

ceived to be a certain privilege of property, who resides in the country, the Stuarts is luminously exhibited has no knowledge. He is constantly by Dr. King, in the following passage; interrupted by domestic disagree for we shall not quote that in p. ables : even if he is blessed with a consort who is in everlasting good 196, because it has appeared in other humour, unfortunately an impossibi.

journals. lity, if she be also a good ma

Dr. King, speaking of the misfor. nager; for it is the injury which all tunes of this House, ascribes them such characters feel from waste and

“ to a certain obstinacy of temper, mischief that occasions such frequent which appears to have been hereditary ringing of the animal bell. But ad- and inherent in all the Stuarts, except mitting that he has an accomplished, Charles !I. I have read a series of letamiable, drawing-room wife, there is ters, which passed between King Charles

I. whilst he was prisoner at Newcastle, still perpetual misbehaviour of ser. vants; sickness in the nursery ; colds The whole purport of her letters was to

and his Queen, who was then in France, and lameness in the stable; poultry press him most earnestly to make his stealing ; rainy weather in baymak. escape, which she had so well contrived, ing time; unsuccessful brewings; and, by the assistance of Cardinal Mazarine, more especially, that consummate that it could not fail of success. Sbe misery, poaching. Add to this, one informed him of the designs of his eneGENT. MAG. July, 1819.


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mies, and assured him, if he suffered wrote a composition, which was sent himself to be conveyed to London, they by his friends to that Editor: “Mait. would certainly put him to death. But taire marked eleven expressions, as all her entreaties were fruitless, she unclassical. These were communi. could not persuade him to believe her cated to me in a letter, which my information. In all his answers he was

friends sent me to Oxford. The same positive that his enemies would not dare evening, by return of the post, ! anto attempt his life.”

swered nine of Maittaire's exceptions, Thus it appears that the infatua. and produced all my authorities from tion of the Stuarts consisted in a Virgil, Ovid, and Tibullus ; and by presumed miraculous exemption of the post following I sent authorities Royal birth from the contingencies for the other two. I could not help incident to human nature *.

remarking, that Maittaire, some lit. Dr. King occasionally appears in tle time before, had published new the high character of a Philosopher, editions of those Poets from whence and probably would have made an ex- I drew my authorities, and had added cellent Biographer or Historian. The a very copious index to every author; following remarks upon Friendship and in these indexes were to be found are of this superior kind of writing. most of the phrases to which he had

A perfect friendship, as it is de- excepted in ihe Miltonis Epistola.scribed by the ancients, can only be con- The fact is, that such verbal criti. tracted between men of the greatest vir- cisins must be absurd. All the Latin tue, generosity, truth, and honour. Such

Dictionaries are compiled from the a friendship 'requires that all things ancient classicks; and the words, should be in common; and that one

though not possibly of the Augustan friend should not only venture, but be

age, are of course such as were used ready to lay down his life for the other. According to this definition of friend. by the Romans. ship, Cicero observes, that all the his- Dr. King (p. 154) exhibits one of tories, from the earliest ages down to

these sapient criticks taking a phrase his time, had not recorded more than of Cicero, and spending three or four two or three friends; and I doubt, whe- whole pages to prove that it was ther at this day we could add two or

neither Latin nor sense! three pair more to the number. In our We perfectly agree with Dr. King, country, which is governed by money, that “The art of speaking ought to and where every man is in pursuit of his be especially cultivated in the Uniown interest, it would be in vain to look

versities, p. 170;" but we are obliged for a real friendship.

to pass the paragraph by, to make Dr. King then recommends the pre• room for the following account of servation of such amity as we are the consequences of permitting the able to form, by having no money clergy to marry, premising, that we concerns with our friends. In p. 144 know it to have originated in the we have bis golden rule for acquiring debauchery of that class of men when the love and esteem of every body, compulsory bachelors: viz. “ To speak evil of no man.We “ It was no small misfortune to the think that it might be improved by cause of Christianity in this kingdom the addition of Bishop Beveridge, that when we reformed from popery, our “ Never speak well of a man be

Clergy, were permitted to marry; from fore his face, nor ill of him behind that period their only care (which was his back."

natural, and must have been foreseen) We know that the following re

was to provide for their wives and chila marks concerning Criticisms on La

dren; this the Dignitaries, who bad ample finity are exceedingly just. We have

revenues, could easily effect, with the heard sentences condemned as bald, loss, however, of that respect and vene

ration which they formerly received on though absolutely copied, by way of

account of their hospitality and numer. traps, from Cicero; and we should

ous cbarities; but the greatest part of the ont give the quotation, were it not inferior Clergy were incapable of making connected with Maittaire. Dr. King a provision for sons and daughters, and

soon left families of beggars in every *Tenuncdelicias extra communia censes part of the kingdom. As an Academic Ponendum, quia tu gallinæ filius albæ." ciali, and friend to the republic of letters,


I have often wished, that the canons
which forbid priests to marry were still

in force. To the celibacy of the Bishops throne to the misery that racked the we owe almost all those noble founda- aposlate under his curslet and diadem, tions which are established in both

The Poem opens with a sketch of our Universities; but since the Refore the scene where Charles XII. of Swe. mation, we can boast of few of the Epis- den and Mazeppa, with the rempant of copal order as benefactors to these

their cavalry, halt after the first ex. seats of learning. The munificent do

haustion of the light. Churles cannot nations of Laud and Sheldon in the last sleep, and some commendation of century, will, indeed, ever be remem

Mazeppa's horsemanship induces the bered, but let it likewise be remembered,

old Hettnan to speak of his early ad. that these two prelates were unmarried.”

venture. The King commands hiin pp. 187, 188. We have pot room to say more ;

to relate it to beguile the time. than that this is a cheerful nice draw. “ Well, Sire, with such a hope I'll track ing-room book before dipper ; conve- My seventy years of memory back; nient either for dipping, or regular I think 'twas in my twentieth spring, perusal.

Aye-'twas, wben Casimir was King.

John Casimir, I was his page, 2. Mazeppa: A Poem. By Lord

Six summers in my earlier age ; Byron. 8vo. pp. 69. Murray. A learned Monarch, faith was be,

[From the New Times.] And most unlike your Majesty." Italy, with all its charms of blue The Poet has here made a mise lakes and eternal sunshine, does not take in his chronology. Norberg, abouod ip Poets, and it should seem as the most favourable to Mazeppa's if other Poets than its owo felt the in- longevity, makes bim but eighty fluence of that land of silk and slavery. when he died. The other Polish hisLord Byron's vigorous and original torians make bim but seventy in 1708, style has certainly received po obvious the year before the battle of Pultowa, improvement since his residence on which was fought on the 27th of June, the shores of the Mediterranean, and 1709. Thus be was probably in the bis present poem forms no exception nurse's arms at the time of his involv. to the general rank of his Italian ing the Count's family in disturbance, efforts. But be is a poetic genius ; or at best he could have been but ten jodolence may

enfeeble bis powers as years old. The description of John it does those of all men, but it can- Cusimir goes on with more truth than not extinguish them; carelessness of courtesy. fame or contempt of criticism may Having glanced at some of the dedebase his poetry by common-place fects, it is but justice to select a speallusion or negligent arrangement, cimen of the passages in which Lord but the true fire still burns, and if Byron bas evinced his most conspicu. it be only exposed to the air for a ous talent, that of describing mixed moment it flames out and vindi. mental and bodily sensations, with a cates its early brilliancy. Mazeppu is force, an accuracy, and, if we may su to us the least interesting of the Noble speak, with a picturesqueness, rarely Bard's works. We can have no gra- equalled. lification in giving this opinion.--Lord Mazeppa, naked and tightly bound Byron has drawn the circle for him- with thongs to the back and neck of self. He can raise no spirit beyond ; a wild horse, which had been caught within that narrow and gloomy ring but the day before, is borne for three he has great command, without it he days, by the affrighted animal, is not niore than the rest of the world. through woods, across rivers, and at His characteristic was, to plunge into last enters upon one of those steppes, the depths of the place of torment or vast plains, which divide from each that desponding and criminal thoughts other the haunts of the different Tarmake for themselves, and to smite tar tribes. The feelings of the hopeour senses with the rapid view of that less rider, after having endured many intense and burning preparation for long hours of excessive agony, fathe suffering rather of the spirit than tigue, hunger, and thirst, are thus of the body. He opened bis pande- strongly painted :monium to us, yet not Milton's gene

“ The eartb gave way, the skies rollid ral and magnificent display of demo- round, niac splendour; he turned our eyes I seem'd to sink upon the ground; from the majesty of Satan on his But err'd, for I was lastly bound.


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