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perty to lose or prescrve, were less mote the health of his fellow Citizens, fit to be intrusted with the defence of should prove detrimental to it, when dead. their country, than those who bad a He was born at Edinburgh, Sept. 30, 1714.

He died March 25, 1788 f. greater interest at stake. But, whatever may bave been the intent, it Not only the health of the congrewas not till about six centuries and a gation is liable to be injured by the half from the building of the city, exhalations issuing from dead bodies that the custom was infringed by Ma- deposited in vaults and graves, (for rius (the elder Marius, whose subse even the lead coffin is not an effectual quent cruelties are recorded in the security, as the solder is often dispage of history, in letters of blood). solved by damp,) but the fabrick of At the abovementioned period, Ma- the Church is exposed to danger by rius being chosen consul, and appoint. the excavations. Your Readers are ed to carry on the African war against informed in a late Magazine, p. 123, Jugurtha--and being himself a man

that the Church of St. Martin's, comof low birth, a mere soldier of fortunc monly called Carfax, in Oxford, has -resolved to abolish the invidious received injury from this cause ; distinction, as far as his own exam. and a church in Essex actually fell ple could serve as a precedent. Ac- down in consequence of the pillars cordingly, in levying an army for the being undermined by vaults and African expedition, he enrolled the graves. I was a witness some years canaille of the lowest degree, withago to a proceeding which threatened out any inquiry into their censual the safety of one of the finest Churches qualification, and almost entirely fill

in Somersetshire. An ionkeeper had ed his ranks with volunteers of that died in the town, and the masons description.-Val. Maximus, Lib. 2, were at work in the Church, making 3, 1.

a vault immediately under one of the (To be continued.)

pillars of a most beautiful tower which

stands in the centre of the building, Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 3. and were actually removing a part of Epitaphs communicated

. I expostulated your Correspondent

on the impropriety of what vol. LXXXIX, part i. p. 624, which were about, and so far convinced them reprobate the pernicious practice of of the danger, that they filled up the burying in Churches, I would add the ground adjoining the pillar, and dug following:

the vault at a little distance. But it 1. Inscription in the burying ground is not on account of the walls and pilof Saint Etienne du Mont, at Paris : lars only, that the practice is to be

Simo Pietreus Doctor Medicus Par: reprobated, for the floor is sure to Vir pius et probus, hic sub Dio sepeliri be loose and uneven whenever it voluit, ne mortuus cuiquam nocerat, qui covers, or is near the grave. Until vivus omnibus profuerat *.

some legislative provisiou shall be Menage informs us that M. Pietre made for prohibiting the thing altogave directions by his will, that his gether, I would recommend, as a sabody should not be buried in a Church, Jutary example, a resolution lately for fear of injuriag the living by any made by the minister and parishioners putrid exhalations.

of a neighbouring town in vestry 2. On a marble monument in the assembied, which orders that no per. Church of the Holy Trinity at Dor son shall be buried in the Church, chester, Dorset :

without a fee of 10 Guineas being Near this place lie the remains of Wil. paid to the minister, and a like sum liam Cuming, M. D. fellow of the Royal to the Church wardens. Though the College of Physicians of Edinburgh, and freehold of the Church is vested in of the Society of Antiquaries of London the locumbent, yet the floor belongs and Edinburgh, who practised physic in this towu and county during the space of

+ Hutchins's Hist. of Dorset, vol. II. 49 years, and who desired to be buried in tbe Church-yard rather than the Church, p. 48. 2nd edit. Jest he, who studied whilst living to pro # The fine old Church of Saint Chadd,

at Shrewsbury, aud a part of the Cathe* Menagiana, Tom I. p. 191. Edit. dral at Hereford, are supposed to hare Amst.

fallen from the same cause.

to the parishioners, and cannot be contains in it, at different intervals, legally taken up or broken without and with slight occasional variations, the consent of the Church wardens. Dearly the whole of a MS Poem ia This circumstance ought always to my own possession. That poem is be kept in mind by the latter, as it entitled “ The Angler," and contains is their duty to take care of the fa- in one book (for it is not divided), brick, and though a peedy inioister 634 lines, with notes. The subscripmay be disposed to acquiesce for the tion is “ Ipswich, Jan. 4, 1755.” The sake of a fee, yet the Church wardens name of the author is Thomas Scott, having no such motive, should either who was my great-uncle by my mowithhold their consent, or demand ther's side. He published several such a sum to be paid, as will, in a poems;-a poetical Version of the great measure check, if out altogether Book of Job; Lyric Poems, devoput an end to, so mischievous a prac. tional and moral, a poetical Version tice.

of the Table of Cebes, which is to be Among those Canons who seem found in the sixth voluine of Dodsto have been made before Edward ley's collection ; and some olher the Confessor, the piuth bears this Poems. I should add, that my MS. title, De non sepeliendo in Ecclesiis, is an autograph of the author, of and begins with a Confession that whose band-writing I have two other such a custom had prevailed, but must specimens. And it is important likebe now reformed, and no such liberty wise to add, that most of the notes in allowed for the future, unless the per- this Poem are copied almost verbatim sou be a priest, or some holy man, into the nodern one. The first who by the merits of his past life thought which occurred to me, on might deserve such a peculiar favour. being made acquainted with this exSee Kennell's Parochial Antiquities, traordioary incorporation, was that 592, 593.

some acknowledgment might be made In many Church-yards the earth is of the fact by ihe author, and the accumulated round the walls of the whole procedure be satisfactorily exChurch for several feet above the plained. But nothing of the kind is level of the floor. This has been to be found. And indeed the follow. done partly by burials, but chiefly by ing sentence in the Preface, p. ix. earth carried out on making vaults seems to exclude all obligations in in the Church, and by rubbish left on the poetical portion of the work :the successive repairs of the fabrick. “ The performance of such a work As this accumulated earth tends to can deserve no higher appellatiou make the Church damp, I would re than that of a compilation, arranged commend that in all cases it should in a new, that is to say, a poetical be immediately removed to the depth forna." How. new the poetical form of at least two feet, leaving all the is, the foregoiog statement detergraves distinctly marked by the ridge mines. I beg to observe, that als of turf as before; and in order that though I do not rale the poetical the whole may be removed at a fu. effusions of my relation extrava-, ture season, I would recommend that gantly, there occur in them many all new graves should be dug three passages, of which, in my opinion, feet or more below the level of the the Musts need not be ashamed; and, Alvor. Care sbould also be taken to with reference to those which are in. ventilate the Churches by means of troduced from the poem in question casements in the windows and by into that which has just appeared, I grated doors.

J. B.R. must be permitted to add, that I feel

no temptation to be vain of the soMr. URBAN,

Sutton Coldfield, ciety to which, in so unexpected a
Oct. 21.

inanner, they have been admitted. A

POEM has lately made its ap I had no other object in taking up,

pearance, entitled “ The Angler; the pen on the present occasion, than, a Poem, in Ten Cantos; with proper to make this appeal to your tribunal instructions in the Art," &c. “ by of literary justice; but the ioterest of Piscator.” Printed in London, 1819. the subject to me ioduces me to tresYou may judge of my surprize, on pass upon your indulgence a little being informed, and by finding on farther, by some inquiry respecting examination' myself, that this poem other publications of this writer. i

have an original Letter of Mr. Tho- mus-every one of which signifies a mas Scott to his brother, which men. wood. tions a Poem as published, entitled, 2.“ Veold, saltus ;" campus is added, “Father's Instruction to a Son." But but it must be inaccurate. Sylva is the direct object of the Letter is to decidedly wood; campus, according consult about the publication of ano to Ainsworth, is a plain field, therether similar poem, entitled “Father's fore these two words cannot both be Instructions to a Daughter.” The applied to veold (wbich, in fact is Letter is accompanied with fifty-four the same word as veald); and the lines, intended as the Introduction, weald or wild of Surrey and Susand addressed to his brother. If any sex is all low ground, and was for. of your numerous Readers should be

merly, beyond a doubt, nothing but able to communicate information on 4 wood, and cleared as it has been either or both of these pieces, the gra. in parts, is still chiefly wood; wheretification would be considerable to, as the wold in Gloucestershire is & Yours, &c.

J. M. high hilly country, very bare of

wood, except where plantations have

been made. I believe those in Lin. · Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 4. colnshire are the same, though I do T has been often observed that the IT

not know so much of them. A. English language has received great additions by adopting words

Skinner-street, from other languages: Your Cor Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 1. respondent, J. F. premier, seems to have enriched

it by the application AT an Inn kept by a worthy friend of a French expression to a land

Daventry, known by the sign of the scape, wbich I had not seen before

Four Crosses, Dean Swift sometimes, A landscape à la brute. lo answer to my enquiry as to the meaning, he

stopped when on his journey into the has been so good as to say, p. 216,

North of England.

Previous to the Dean's visiting the that it means rough. In the beginping of the French revolution, I re

house, it was known by the name of

the Three Crosses. The Landlady member a wig being introduced in this country, from France, which was

paying, as the Dean considered, too called a Brutus, certainly a very

much altention to the common folks, rough one, and which, I suppose, took

and veglecting his Worship, he conits name from a Roman patriot, held" sidered the Landlady a fit object of

his satirical wit, and with a diamond in great admiration by those patriots, froin the rough manner in which he ring wrote the following lines on the treated Julius Cæsar; I need not add,

window of the Bar, which were to be

seen till within these few years (as that it was by stabbing him in the Senate-house. J. F. bowever, is so

can be attested by respectable perobliging as to give a definition of cident the glass was broken:

sons living), but by some unlucky acroughness, which is so exceedingly clear, that I cannot help repealing Hang up your Wife, and you'l count

“ There are Three Crosses at your doorit for the edification of such of your

Four." readers as may bappen to see this, without having seen your former pa The Sign was immediately altered, per. And I hope that it will be as it at present appears. I inclose adopted in the next edition of John. you a few lines I composed on the son's Dictionary.

His words are subject, that you may insert them if these ; Roughness, according to you think proper *. such Critics of Nature as Gilpin, &c. Yours, &c. Tæos. DEACON. is that quality which begets the metaphysical effect, associated with the

Mr.URBAN,

Oct. 13. sight of picturesque objects.”

T must afford pleasure to many Pleased as I am with this, I cannot agree with him, that Mr. Lye be informed that Mr. Cotman, well proves weald and wold synonimous.

known by his excellent “ Architec1. “ Veald, a weald, wild, wold;" but what are the Latin words added as * See them in the Poetry of the preau interpretation? Sallus, sylva, ne sent Month.

tural

Ier en

tural Antiquities of Norfolk," and much of their former grandeur, are other similar productions, is now en- happily still nearly perfect; the royal gaged in illustrating the Antiquities Castle of Falaise, and the more innof Normandy. Having had his atten- portant ones of Arques and Gaillard, tion for many years directed to the retaiu sufficient of their ancient mag. Ancient Architecture of England, and nificence to testify what they must particularly to that of his native have been in the days of their glory : County, Norfolk, he has naturally the Towos and Chateaus, which were been led to cast a wistful eye towards the cradles of many of our most pothose regions beyond the sea, to which ble and illustrious families, the Har. it was impossible not to suspect that courts, Vernons, Tancarvilles, Gurthe greater part of the most curious neys, Bruces, Bohuns, Grenvilles, St. subjects which occurred in his daily Johns, &c. are still in existence ; and researches, though commonly known of more modern date, when our by the pame of Saxon, were in reality Henrys and Edwards resumed the indebted for their origin. To ascer- Norman sceptre, numberless buildtain this, which has long been an ob- ings of the highest beauty are every ject of inquiry among the most learn- where to be wet with: in selecting ed Antiquaries, and at the same time these, as well as in the descriptive to trace the History of Architectural part of the Work, the Author has. Art in Normandy, by placing before had the good fortune to be assisted his countrymen its finest specimens, by some friends at home, as well as and by shewing details of undoubted by many of the inost learned of the date, appeared to him to be an ob. Antiquaries of Normandy; and, if ject well deserving of attention; and Mr. Cotman has not been led to the more so, as what is known of over-rate the importance of his own these structures from previous pub. pursuits, the proposed Work canoot lications, either in France or in Eng- fail of meeting with encouragement laod, is extremely small. But a still and support. higber motive stimulated his exer

NormanNO-BRITANNICUS. tions, in the confident hope that bis labours, bowever restricted, might Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 4. also be the means of throwing some

N vol. LXXXVIII. i. 312, note, it degree of light upon the history of a country most intimately connected trait of Sir Harry Lee, with bis trusty with his own, by language, manners, dog, was the sanie personage who lies and laws, and in many instances also buried at Quarendon in the ruinated by blood; and governed, for more Chapel described by me in volume than a century, by one common So. LXXXVII. i. 504 ; ii. 105. The porvereigo. With these objects, as soon trait mentioned by Mr. Pennant, and as Peace appeared to be firmly esta- to which the allusion is made, was blished, he crossed the Channel ; and of Sir H. Lee of Ditchley in Oxfordthe result of his researches he now sbire, Bart.; whose daughter Anne ventures to subinit to the Publick, as was the first wile of Thomas Lord the best judges how far his endea. Wharton, afterwards created Marvours have been attended with suc. quis of Wharton and Malmsbury,

An atteni pt like this, he is well Earl of Rathfarnham, and Marquis aware, might have been made far of Catherlough, and died April 12, more advantageously before the pe- 1715. Having been born in 1640, it riod of the French Revolution ; and was scarcely possible for him to have it is patter of serious regret to him, married the daughter of Sir Honry that it was not so: that fearful storm Lee, Knight of the Garter, who died burst with tremendous violence upon in 1611. Moreover, Sir Henry Lee, the Palaces of Kings, the Castles of K. G. if we may depend upon the inBarons, and the Temples of Religion: scription on the monument of his many of the most suinptuous edifices, Lady in the North transept of Ayleswhich the hand of time and even the bury Church, had only three chil. ravages of civil war had respected, were dred; there ycleped“ impes,” Jobn, tben swept from the face of the earth; Henry, and Mary; all of whom are but no small portion of what was va said to have been “glain by Fortune's Juable has been left. The two Royal spite,” and the lwo former in their Abbeys at Caen, though shorn of youth. The other Sir Heury Lee, to Gent. Mag. November, 1819.

whom

I is verroneously stated that the port

cess.

wbom the picture and anecdote of or if any of the Clare family stilt the dog refer, had two daughters co

existed ;

the fact will be evident by heiresses, one of them married, as reference to the Pedigree.

The arabove stated, to Lord Wharton, and ticle De before the name, has been who was a literary lady, having writ- long disused in common with others, ten Paraphrases on the Lord's Prayer, as Despencer, De Audley, De Burgb, on the 53d cbapter of Isaiah, and the now Spencer, Audley, Burke, &c. Lamentations of Jeremiali, as also an The Earldom of Gloucester, with Elegy on the death of the Earl of other honours, were entirely lost to Rochester, and verses to the Poet this family, through the following Waller ; she died in 1685: the other occurrence: Gilbert de Clare, surmarried to the Earl of Abingdon. named the Red Earl of Gloucester, Yours, &c.

VIATOR. whep about to marry Joan d'Acre,

King Edward's daughter, surrendered Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 10. alt bis hereditary rights, titles, and A Sabie emaiscellang contain various

honours, on condition of receiving

them again as his wife's marriage particulars of the antient family of portion; leaving issue by her, three Clare *, somewhat confused by ana daughters, and one son, who was chronisms and other inaccuracies, it killed at Bannockburn, without suris presumed that the annexed Pedi. viving issue; they became co-heirgree, by distinctly showing the con esses; and by marryiog, conveyed to nections and branches of the fainily their husbands the honours and titles at one view, may prove acceplable of the family; 1st, to Hugh Le Deto your Readers. Camden and Dug- spencer, then to Hugh de A udley, &c. dale derive this family name from &c. Clare in Suffolk ; yet we find in the Lionel of Antwerp having married

Chroniques de Normandie,” and Elizabeth de Burgh, styled Dame de the “ Battle Abbey Roll,” the names Clare ex Familia Clarentiæ, being of Fitz Geffrey, Earl of Eu, and his granddaughter of Gilbert de Clare, son Fitz Gilbert, styled Seigneur de was in consequence created Duke of Clare or Clere +, from his Barony in Clarence S. These losses, together the Paijs de Caux in Normandy, who with joining the Lancastrian party in having accompanied William the England, and the O'Brien in Ireland, Conqueror to England, received from completed the ruin of the family, him the Earldom of Tunbridge, ard: The Norfolk branch, however, being Jands on the river Storn in Suffolk, allied to the Bullens, were noticed where Fitz Gilbert de Clare built the by King Henry VIII. and Robert castle of that name, which the town Clere of Blickling received the bosubsequently acquired. Several titles nour of knighthood. Queen Elizato branches of Royal and noble fami- beth, ever sparing of favours to her lies have been since taken from this maternal relations, knighted her kingplace

man Sir Edward Clere l. King James Sir Thomas de Clare and his son I. created Sir Henry Clerc of Ormsby I Richard, lineal descendants of the a Baronet, but he died without male aforesaid Filz-Gilbert, received in issue, and the baronetage became exJike manner the grant of all Tho tinct. In the Worcestershire family, mond in Ireland, from King Edward Sir Ralph and Sir Francis Clare rethe Second, where they settled the ceived the honour of knighthood county, and built the castle called from King Charles 1 **. The former Clare, which also have given titles to signalized himself in the defence of other families. Mr. Sionott (vol. Worcester, and both being faithful to LXXI. p. 12–18), seems to doubt if their unhappy Sovereign, lost their Strongbow. had any surviving issue, fortunes in his service.

C. * Vols. LXI. p. 512; LXII. p. 1076—7; LXIII. p. 30, and 128; LXVIII. p. 668; LXX. p. 818 ; LXXI. p. 12 and 18; LXXVII. p. 625; &c. &c.

+ The orthography of this monosyllabic name has been varied considerably by old English historians, from Clare to Cler, Clere, Cleer, Clair, Claire, Cleir, Clayre, &c.&c.

I Hist. Polydore Virgil, p. 386.
Ś Camden Hibernia, p. 489. 576; and Britannia, Suffolk, vol. II. p. 73, 74.
i Holinshed's Chronicles, vol. IV. p. 403.

Vida List of Baronets, N. 147, Feb. 27, 1621.'
** Nash's Hist. of Worcestershire, vol. II. p. 39. 44. &c.

PEDIGREE

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