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be consigoed to the house of correc Here I beg to draw your readers' tion, and food of every kind be re altention to a pamphlet which has fused, until he had performed every been already noticed in your pages day one-third more labour than that (i. 537. ii. 39), “ Hints towards an atdone by workmen in a state of lie tempt to relieve the Poor-Rate.” berty. The produce of these earn The leading object of it is to reings I would devote to the family commend prohibition of Parochial of such pauper (if he had aby); if poi, Relief to all persons, who marry beto the Overseer of his Parish, for low the age of thirty, except under cbaritable distribution among those very urgent necessity, and that from poor wbo did not receive aid. At the age of thirty to fifty none shall present the earnings of all Prisoners have an allowance exceeding 5s. per go to the County stock, after deduc- week (p. 5.) tion of a certain part by way of fee Now, says Dr. Johoson, to the Prison-keepers; and what with sitions are great, in proportion as tbe lenity of the Magistracy, in re they are not limited by exceptions." spect to ihe quantum of labour, and the poor marry, not because they the humanity, sometimes false phi- are disposed to settle in such a state, lanthropy, of the whole system, im- but because the Bastardy Laws leave prisonment loses its corrective power, no altervative between matrimony and becomes a mere change of resi or imprisonment, or emigration. For depce. I would add to this a power my own part, I believe that the in the Overseers to demand, upon Poor-rate system itself is in priociple oath, a statement of the manner in and operation so bad, as jointly tendwhich every pauper applying for ing to corrode tbe morals of the
poor, relief had disposed of his earnings and property of the rich, that for some time past; and would in- ceive any emendations to be inerely stitute a Board of Commissioners, props of a house, of which the founconsisting of Independent Gentlemen, dation is unsound. In fact, I think like those of the Assessed Taxes, who that a fund ought to be raised for the should direct the masters of work- poor, but that relief from that fund men, with families, to set apart weekly ought not to be matter of course, as a certain sum, where the wages of such it now is, except with relation to inworkmen exceeded a given amount: fapts, invalids, deserted females, and The sums so accumulated to be de- persons under extraordinary circumvoted to the use of the workmen slances; at all events, that hard work under certain emergencies. This is a should be the sole condition upoo method which I know to have been which relief in this compulsory form successfully practised upon the estab. should ever be obtained under other Jishment of infant manufactories; and, circumstances. I mean to say, that if it be true, that iu the irou trade, a person claiming parochial relief, men have been known to earn 31. a should not be able to obtain it, if in week, and boys 188. I really cannot good health, unless he performed as see any infringement of English Li- much work, as can be done in the berty, in acting paternally towards day, by the job, not by the time ; for those, who, certainly in money mat- fear of work is the only preventive ters, bebave' much like children. I of application. have heard that Mr. Whitbread, fa
One observation more. In no Pather of the late eminent Parliament- rish in this Kingdom is there a suffi. ary character, used to inquire of each cient number of sempstresses. Every of his dependants, how mueh he had family knows the utility and scarcity saved at the end of the year; and add of such persons. Mistresses of fami a contribution, upon the principle of lies have not time to atteod to the the parable of the Talents, according affairs of such wasting extravagant to the respective savings.
persons, as Shirts, and Stockings, and Entertaining, as I do, a decided Childrens' Frocks. Every village of opinion, that any thing short of an one thousand souls could employ at eligible system of colonization will least tweoly sémpstresses ; and ten only prove a palliative, oever a core botching taylors. I throw out this hint of the evil of excessive population, to Overseers, under the hopes that I have confined myself to simple ex- cripples and sickly paupers may be periments, which have been success- instructed in these employs. fully treated.
Aug. 3. Deeds big with rúin to some wretched I N addition to other antient build.
race, ings in the town of Sherborne, ! Or love-sick poetso sonnet, sad and Dorset, which you have occasion
sweet, ally given in your Magazine *, I send Wailing the rigour of some lady fair;
Or if the drudge of house-maid's daily you a view of a building, now known by the name of the ABBEY HOUSE: Cobwebs and dust thy pinions white
[besoil, from the accurate pencil of Mr. J. C.
Departed goose, I neither know. nor Buckler (see Plate II.) Il bears the tradition of having been the kitchen of But this I know, that thou wert very the Monastery ; but neither this, nor
[wine.” the story of the buildings here repre- Season’d with sage and onions, and port sented having been erected sioce the Reformation out of the ruins of the
In the famous Oxford song of the Abbey, iperit notice. Doubtless they
“ All Souls Mallard,” the preservaare portions of the Monastic edifices, tion of the Roman capitol by the from their situation on the North side sacred geese is thus alluded to: of the cloister, and the handsome ar “ The Romans once admir'd a gander, chitecture of which they are composed. More than they did their chief comThe buildings shown in the annexed
mander, engraving, though irregular, consist Because sav'd, if some don't fool us, of a centre and two wings, of which
The place that's call'd from the head of the must Western is the largest and
Tolus," grandest, having a beautiful door, 'un.
Churchill potices der a large wiudow; adjoining which; and projecting from one angle of the September, when by custom (right di
.. vine) wiog, is a long octagonal tower, ter
Geese are ordain'd to bleed at Michael's minating with a coroice and grotesque shrine, figures al all theangles. The centre has two tiers of square windows, and the
And Dr. Pegge, in his “ Anonymicorresponding wing is unornamented. apa," tells us, Some fragments of antient sculpture “The custom is general to have a goose have been fixed in the walls of the on Michaelmas day; and see a trace of building, representing, among others, this as early as 10 Edward IV. (Blount's a ram, a boly lamb, an owl flying, Tenures).” p. 8. and a figure sitting as writing, with Brand, in his “ Observations on a bird flying to its ear.
Popular Antiquities,” says, Yours, &c.
J. K. M.
“ Goose intentos, is a term used in
Lancashire, where the husbandmen REMARKS ON TAE SIGNS OF Inns, &c,
claim it as a due to have a goose intentos (Continued from p. 111.)
on the 16th Sunday after Pentecost;
which custom originated from the last TheGoose AND GRIDIRON. This
word of this old church prayer of that sigo, like “ The Cat and Fiddle" be
day, fore mentioned, is noticed by comic writers. Foote, in his “ Taste,";
'Tua, nos quæsumus, domine, gratia speaks of the well-knowy house, “ The semper preveniat et sequatur, ac bonis Goose and Gridiron in Paul's Church operibus jugiter præstet esse intentos.'
The common people very humourously yard."
mistake it for a goose with ten toes." “ Sonnet to a Goose, by. Southey. “ If tbou didst feed on: Western plains under the jurisdiction of the Bishop
The public stews were anliently *. of yore; Or waddle wide with fat and Aabby of Winchester ; and a particular sympOver some Cambrian mountain's plashy tom of the Lues Venerea, was called moor,
a Winchester goose. This explains Or find in farmer's yard a safe re the meaning of the concluding speech From gypsy thieves, and foxes sly of Pandarus, in Shakspeare's " Troiand fleet;
Tus and Cressida :" If thy grey quills, by lawyer guided, trace
46 Brethren and sisters, of the hold-door trade,
[here be made : * See vol, LXXXVIII, i. 201. i. 497.
Some two months hence, my will sball GENT. MAG. September, 1819.
It should be now, but that my fear is
The Lord Brook figured a green this
[hiss."! chaplet or crown of laurel, with this Some galled goose of Winchester would pentameler circumscribed, QUI NON
Dr. Leigb, Master of Baliol College, EST HODIE, CRAS MINUS A PTUS ERIT. Oxford, when Vice Chancellor in -He who is not fit (able or disposed) 1740, was interrupted in an oration to-day, will be less so to morrow. by some uoder-graduates who began Lord Fairfax figured a sword, rend. to hiss,, on which he coolly turoed ing a triple crowo, with a crown im. round, and saying, “ laudatur ab perial on the point of it, and this mothis," proceeded with his speech. to, in Spanish, vivA EL REY: Y MU
The cause of this expression of dis ERA EL MAL GOVIERNO—wishing (as approbation is conjectured, by an
it should seem) no hurt to the King, antiquarian collector of Oxford Fa.
but to his goveroment. cetiæ in your Magazine for 1805, to
The Lord Grey of Groby repre. have arisen from his reply to the Uo- sented the Parliament house guarded der-graduates who did not at that with many swords in hand, and the time wear tufts upon their caps, and molto, PER BELLUM on applying to him for permission, he
Thro' wurfure to peace, said “ Make yourselves easy, gentle The Lord Willoughby of Parham men; you will all wear them by de seemed not to aim at the King, but grees.”
bis Counsellors, when for his device Dean Swift said of Archbishop Te he depaioted the sun enveloped with nison, “that he was hot and heavy CLOUDS, and the motto, NON SOLEM, like a tuilor's goose.”
SED NUBILOS- Not the sun, but the
clouds. “ Billy Snip went to skate, when the ice being loose,
The Lord Hastings, afterwards Earl He fell in, but was savd by good luck; of Huntingdon, figured a flame of fire, Cried the tailor, I'll never more leave
with QUASI IGNIS CONFLATORIS-As my hot goose,
the fire of the founder. To receive in return a cold duck.'' Sir Thomas Fairfax (succeeding
Geese are very long-lived. Wil. Captain-general) bore plain colours loughby gives an example of one that
for his own troop. attained the age of 80 years.
Oliver Cromweli also bore plain The antient horse-racing sport, call. colours for his own troop: at first ed The Wild.goose chase, has been no without any device, but, in the course ticed under the sigo of “The Goat (p.
of his success, he afterwards assumed 15);” and the Gridiron, used as the in
alluding to strument of martyrdom to St. Law. his christian name, and holding forth reace, and forming the priocipal de a show of pacific intentions. vice in the palace of the Escurial, is Major-general Sir William Balfour mentioned under “ The Blossoms Inn represenled the King on horseback, (vol. LXXXVIII. i. 308.”)
with a crown on his head and a scep(To be continued.)
ter in his hand, and many armed mea
(which it is likely he intended for those CURIOUS COATS OF ARMS, CRESTS, of his own troop) kneeling and laying MottoS, AND CORONET DEVICES. down their arms at his Majesty's horse's (Continued from p. 129.)
feet, the motto, PACEM TE POSCIMUS
OMNES—We all demand peace from THE Earl of Essex, Captaio-gene- you. One of the first causes of Sir
William Balfour's dissatisfaction was bore in bis coronet the motto of his an attempt made by the Queen's own arms without figure, VIRTUTIS chaplain to convert his wife to the COMES INVIDIA-Envy is the compa Romish religion, of which the fola nion of worth. Envy doth merit as its Jowing account was given by Mr. shade pursue, &c.
Garrard, master of the Cbarter-house, The Earl of Manchester bore this to the Earl of Stafford, in a leller oply molto, witbout figure, TRUTH dated May 101h, 1038 :-" The Lieu.
tenant of the Tower, Sir Wm. Bal. The Earl of Stamford had no figure four, beat a Priest lately for seeking in his coronet, which was inscribed to convert his wife. He had a susthus, POR RELIGION, KING, AND COUN. picion that she resorted a little too
much to Denmark-house, and slaid
ON THE PART OF THE PARLIAMENT.
T Borthe Parliamentary Forces