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stinct, a style which, perhaps, will never be , wishes, though in vain, to break, and whose preobsolete: and that, "were we to judge only by sence is wine that inflames to madness. the wording, we could not know what was wrote His acquaintance with this high-bom dame at twenty, and what at four-score.” His versi- gave wit no opportunity of boasuing jis intiu. fication was, in his first essay, such as it appears ence; she was not to be subdued by the powers in his last performance. By the perusal of Fair- of verse, but rejected his addresses, it is said, fax's translation of “Tasso,” to which, as Dry- with disdain, and drove him away to solace his den* relates, he confessed himself indebted for disappointment with Amoret or Phillis. Cho the smoothness of his numbers, and by his own married, in 1639, the Earl of Sunderland, who nicety of observation, he had already formed died at Newberry in the King's cause; and, in such a system of metrical harmony as he never her old age, meeting somewhere with Waller, afterwards much needed, or much endeavoured asked him when he would again write sudi to improve. Denham corrected his numbers by verses upon her: "When you are as young, experience, and gained ground gradually upon Madam," said he, “and as hardsome as you the ruggedness of his age; but what was ac- were then.” quired by Denham was inherited by Waller. In this part of his life it was that he was known

The next poem, of which the subject seems to to Clarendon, among the rest of the men who fix the time, is supposed by Mr. Fenton to be were eminent in that age for genius and literathe Address to the Queen, which he considers ture; but known so little to his advantage that ns congratulating her arrival, in Waller's twen- they who read his character will not much contieth year. He is apparently mistaken; for the denn Sacharissa, that she did not descend from mention of the nation's obligations to her fre- her rank to his embraces, nor think every excelquent pregnancy, proves that it was written when lence comprised in wit. she had brought many children. We have there- The lady was, indeed, inexorable; but his fore no date of any other poetical production uncommon qualifications, though they had no before that which the murder of the Duke of power upon her, recommended him to the schoBuckingham occasioned: the steadiness with lars and statesmen; and undoubtedly many which the King received the news in the chapel beauties of that time, however they might redeserved indeed to be rescued from oblivion. ceive his love, were proud of his praises, Who

Neither of these pieces that seem to carry they were whom he dignifies with poetical names, their own dates could have been the sudden effüs cannot now be known. Amoret, according to sion of fancy. In the verses on the Prince's es- Mr. Fenton, was the Lady Sophia Murray. cape, the prediction of his marriage with the Perhaps by traditions preserved in families more Princess of France must have been written after may be discovered. the event; in the other, the promises of the From the verses written at Penshurst, it has King's kindness to the descendants of Bucking- been collected that he diverted his disappointham, which could not be properly praised till it ment by a voyage; and his biographers, fron had appeared by its effects, show that time was his poem on the Whales, think it not improbable taken for revision and improvement. It is not that he visited the Bermudas; but it seems known that they were published till they ap- much more likely that he should amuse himself peared long afterwards with other poems. with forming an imaginary scene, than that so

Waller was not one of those idolaters of praise important an incident as a visit to America, who cultivate their minds at the expense of their should have been left floating in conjectural profortunes. Rich as he was by inheritance, he took bability. care early to grow richer, by marrying Mrs. From his twenty-eighth to his thirty-fifth year, Banks, a great heiress in the city, whom the in- he wrote his pieces on the reduction of Sailee; terest of the court was employed to obtain for on the reparation of St. Paul's; to the King on Mr. Crofi. Having brought him a son, who died his Navy; the panegyric on the Queen-mother; young, and a daughter, who was afterwards mar- the two poems to the Earl of Northumberland; ried to Mr. Dormer, of Oxfordshire, she died in and perhaps others, of which the time cannot be childbed, and left him a widower of about five-discovered. and-twenty, gay and wealthy, to please himself When he had lost all hopes of Sacharissa, he with another marriage.

looked round him for an easier conquest, and Being too young to resist beauty, and probably gained a lady of the family of Bresse, or Breaux. too vain to think himself resistible, he fixed his The time of his marriage is not exactly known. heart, perhaps half fondly and half ambitiously, It has not been discovered that this wife was upon the Lady Dorothea Sidney, eldest daughter won by his poetry; nor is any thing told cf her, of the Earl of Leicester, whom he courted by but that she brought him many children. He all the poetry in which Sacharissa is celebrated; doubtless praised some whom he would have been the name is derived from the Latin appellation afraid to marry, and perhaps married one whom of sugar, and implies, if it means any thing, a he would have been ashamed to praise. Many spiritless mildness, and dull good-nature, such as qualities contribute to domestic happiness, upon excites rather tenderness than esteem, and such which poetry has no colours to bestow; and as, though always treated with kindness, is never many airs and sallies may delight imagination, honoured or admired.

which he who flatters them never can approve. Yet he describes Sacharissa as a sublime pre- There are charms made only for distant admiradominating beauty, of lofiy charms, and impe- tion. No spectacle is nobler than a blaze. rious influence, on whom he looks with amaze- Of this wife, his biographers have recorded ment rather than fondness, whose chains he that she gave him five sons and eight daughters.

During the long interval of parliament, he is

represented as living among those with whom it Preface to his "Fables."--Dr. J.

was most honourable to converse, and enjoying


an exuberant fortune with that independence | Agmondesham the third time ; and was conand liberty of speech and conduct which wealth sidered by the discontented party as a man suffiought always to produce. He was, however, ciently trusty and acrimonious to be emploved considered as the kinsman of Hampden, and was in managing the prosecution of Judge Crawley, therefore supposed by the courtiers not to favour for his opinion in favour of ship money; and his them.

speech shows that he did not disappoint their When the parliament was called in 1640, it expectations. He was probably me more arappeared that Waller's political character had dent, as his uncle Hampden had been particu. not been mistaken. The King's demand of a larly engaged in the dispute, and, by a sentence supply produced one of those noisy speeches whích seems generally to be thought unconstiwhich disaffection and discontent regularly dic- tutional, particularly irijured. Late; a speech filled with hyperbolical com- He was not however a bigot to his party, nor plaints of imaginary grievances: “They,” says adopted all their opinions. When the great he, “who think themselves already undone, can question, whether Episcopacy ought to be abonever apprehend themselves in danger; and lished, was debated, he spoke against the inno. they who have nothing left can never give vation so coolly, so reasonably, and so firmly, freely." Political truth is equally in danger from that it is not without great injury to his name the praises of courtiers, and the exclamation of that his speech, which was as follows, has been patriots.

hitherto omitted in his works : He then proceeds to rail at the clergy, being *“ There is no doubt but the sense of what sure at that time of a favourable audience. His this nation hath suffered from the present bishops topic is such as will always serve its purpose; hath produced these complaints; and the apprean accusation of acting and preaching only for hensions men have of suffering the like in time to

preferment: and he exhorts the commons care- come, make so many desire the taking away of fully to provide for their protection against pulpit Episcopacy: but I conceive it is possible that

we may not now take a right measure of the It always gratifies curiosity to trace a senti- minds of the people by their petitions; for, when ment. Waller has in his speech quoted Hooker they subscribed them, the bishops were 'armed in one passage; and in another has copied him with a dangerous commission of making new withoui quoting.. “Religion," says Waller, canons, imposing new oaths, and the like; but “ought to be the first thing in our purpose and now we have disarmed them of that

power. desires; but that which is first in dignity is not These petitioners lately did look upon Episcoalways to precede in order of time; for well- pacy as a beast armed with horns and claws; being supposes a being; and the first impedi- but now that we have cut and pared them, (and ment which men naturally endeavour to remove, may, if we see cause, yet reduce it into narrower is the want of those things without which they bounds,) it may, perhaps, be more agreeable. cannot subsist. God first assigned unto Adam However, if they be still in passion. it becomes maintenance of life, and gave him a title to the us soberly to consider the right use and antiquity rest of the creatures before he appointed a law thereof; and not to comply further with a geneto observe."

ral desire, than may stand with a general good. ** God first assigned Adam,” says Hooker, “We have already showed, that Episcopacy * maintenance of life, and then appointed him a and the evils thereof are mingled like water and law to observe.-True it is that the kingdom of oil; we have also, in part, severed them; but I God must be the first thing in our purpose and believe you will find, that our laws and the predesires ; but inasmuch as a righteous life presup- sent government of the church are mingled like poseth life, inasmuch as to live virtuously it is wine and water; so inseparable, that the abo lapossible, except we live; therefore the first gation of, at least, a hundred of our laws is deimpediment which naturally we endeavour to sired in these petitions. I have often heard a remove is penury, and want of things without noble answer of the Lords commended in this which we cannot live.”-Book i. Sect. 9.

House, to a proposition of like nature, but of The speech is vehement ; but the great posi- less consequence; they gave no other reason of tioa, thai grievances ought to be redressed be their refusal but this, Nolumus mutare Leges fore supplies are granted, is agreeable enough to Angliæ : it was the bishops who so answered law and reason : nor was Waller, if his biogra- then; and it would become the dignity and wis. pher may be credited, such an enemy to the dom of this House to answer the people now, King, as not to wish his distresses lightened ; with a Nolumus mutare. for he relates, “ that the Kiny sent particularly “I see some are moved with a number of to Waller, to second his demand of some subsi- hands against the bishops; which, ! confess, dias to pay of the army ; and Sir Henry Vane rather inclines me to their defence ; for I look objecting against first voting a supply, because upon Episcopacy as a counterscarp, or outwork : Lie King would not accept unless it came up to which, 'if it be taken by this assault of the peo. his proportion, Mr. Waller spoke earnestly to ple, and withal this mystery once revealed, Sir Thomas Jermyn, comptroller of the house. That we must deny them nothing when they hold, to save his master from the effects of so I ask it thus in troops,' we may, in the next placo, boid a falsity : ‘for,' he said, “I am hut a coun- have as hard a task to defend our property, as try gentleman, and cannot pretend to know the we have lately had to recover it from the preKing's mind: but Sir Thomas durst not con- rogative. If, by multiplying hands and petitradict the secretary ; and his son, the Earl of tions, they prevail for an equality in things ecclcSt. Alban's, afterwards told Mr. Waller, that his father's cowardice ruined the King."

* This speech has been re rieved, from a paper printed In tbe Long Parliament, which, unhappily for at that time, by the writers of the Parliamentary Histo, the nation, met Nov. 3, 1640, Waller represented ry.—Dr. J.


siastical, the next demand, perhaps, may be Lex | ledge of the plot, in which Waller appeared atAgraria, the like equality in things temporal. terwards to have been engaged against the par

• The Roman story tells us, “That when the liament. Fenton, with equal probability, be people began to flock about the senate, and inevis that this attempt to promote the royal were more curious to direct and know what was cause arose from his sensibility of the King's done than to obey, that commonwealth soon tenderness. Whitlock says nothing of his be. care to ruin: their Legem rogare grew quickly haviour at Oxford : he was sent with several to be a Legem ferre ; and after, when their le- others to add pomp to the commission, but was gions had found that they could make a dicta- not one of those to whom the trust of treating tor, they never suffered the senate to have a was imparted. voice any more in such election.'

The engagement, known by the name of “If these great innovations proceed, I shall Waller's plot, was soon afterwards discovered. expect a flat and level in learning too, as well as Waller had a brother-in-law, Tomkyns, who in church preferments: Honos alit Artes. And was clerk of the Queen's council, and at the though it be true that grave and pious men do same time had a very numerous acquaintance, study for learning sake, and embrace virtue for and great influence, in the city. Waller and he, itself; yet it is true that youth, which is the conversing with great confidence, told both season when learning is gotten, is not without their own secrets and those of their friends; and, ambition ; nor will ever take pains to excel in surveying the wide extent of their conversation, any thing, when there is not some hope of ex. imagined that they found in the majority of all celling others in reward and dignity.

ranks great disapprobation of the violence of the “There are two reasons chiefly alleged against Commons, and unwillingness to continue the our church-government.

They knew that many favoured the "First, Scripture, which, as some men think, King, whose fear concealed their loyalty; and points out another form.

many desired peace, though they durst not op“Second, The abuses of the present superiors. pose the clamour for war; and they imagined

“For Scripture, I will not dispute it in this that, if those who had these good intentions place ; but am confident that, whenever an could be informed of their own strength, and equa: division of lands and goods shall be de- enabled by intelligence to act together, they sired, there will be as many places in Scripture might overpower the fury of sedition, by refu. found out, which seem to favour that, as there sing to comply with the ordinance for the twenare now alleged against the prelacy or prefer- tieth part, and the other taxes levied for the supment of the church. And, as for abuses, where port of the rebel army, and by uniting great you are now in the remonstrance told what this numbers in a petition for peace. They proand that poor man hath suffered by the bishops, cecded with great caution. Three only met at you may be presented with a thousand instances one place, and no man was allowed to impart of poor men that have received hard measure the plot to more than two others ; so that, it from their landlords ; and of worldly goods any should be suspected or seized, more than abused, to the injury of others, and disadvantage three could not be endangered. of the owners.

Lord Conway joined in the design, and, Cla"And therefore, Mr. Speaker, my humble rendon imagines, incidentally mingled, as he motion is, That we may settle men's minds was a soldier, some martial hopes or projects, herein ; and, by a question, declare our resolu- which however were only mentioned, the main tion, to reform, that is, not to abolish being to bring the loyal inhabitants to

It cannot but be wished that he, who could the knowledge of each other; for which purpose speak in this manner, had been able to act with there was to be appointed one in every district, spirit and uniformity.

to distinguish the friends of the King, the adheWhen the Commons began to set the royal rents to the parliament, and the neutrals. How authority at open defiance, Waller is said to far they proceeded does not appear; the result have withdrawn from the House, and to have of their inquiry, as Pym declared,* was, that returned with the King's permission ; and, within the wails, for one that was for the royalwhen the King set up his standard, he sent him ists, there were three against them ; but that a thousand broad pieces. He continued, how without the walls, for one that was against ever, to sit in the rebellious conventicle ; but them, there were five for them. Whether this “spoke," says Clarendon, “with great sharp- was said from knowledge or guess, was perhaps ness and freedom, which, now there was no never inquired. danger of being outvoted, was not restrained ; It is the opinion of Clarendon, that in Waller's and therefore used as an argument against plan no violence or sanguinary resistance was those who were gone upon pretence that they comprised; that he intended only to abate the were not suffered to deliver their opinion freely contidence of the rebels by public declarations, in the House, which could not be believed, when and to weaken their power by an opposition to all men knew what liberty Nir. Waller took, new supplies. This, in calmer times, and more and spoke every day with impunity against the than this, is done without fear; but such was sense and proceedings of the House."

the acrimony of the Commons, that no method Waller, as he continued to sit, was one of the of obstructing them was safe. commissioners nominated by the parliament to About this time another design was formed treat with the King at Oxford ; and when they by Sir Nicholas Crispe, a man of loyalty, that were presented, the King said to him, “ Though deserves perpetual remembrance : when he was you are the last, you are not the lowest nor the a merchant in the city, he gave and procured least in my favour.". Whitlock, who, being the King, in his exigencies, a hundred thousand another of the commissioners, was witness of this kindness, imputes it to the King's know. * Parliamentary History, col. xii. - Dr. J

funds; and, when he was driven from the Ex- what such and such ladies of great honour, to change, raised a regiment, and commanded it. whom, upon the credit of his wit and great repu

Sir Nicholas flattered himself with an opinion tation he had been admitted, had spoke to him that some provocation would so much exaspe- in their chambers upon the proceedings in the rate, or some opportunity so much encourage, House, and how they had encouraged him to the King's friends in the city, that they would oppose them; what correspondence and interbreak out in open resistance, and would then course they had with some ministers of state at want only a lawful standard, and an authorised Oxford, and bow they had conveyed all intellicommander; and extorted from the King, whose gence thither.” He accused the Earl of Portjudgment too frequently yielded to importunity, land and Lord Conway as co-operating in the a commission of array, directed to such as he transaction; and testified that the Earl of Norththought proper to nommate, which was sent to umberland had declared himself disposed in faLondon by the Lady Aubigney. She knew not vour of any attempt that might check the viowhat she carried, but was to deliver it on the lence of the parliament, and reconcile them to communication of a certain token which Sir the King. Nicholas imparted.

He undoubtedly confessed much which they This commission could be only intended to lie could never have discovered, and perhaps someready till the time should require it. To have what which they would have wished to have been attempted to raise any forces, would have been suppressed; for it is inconvenient, in the conflict certain destruction ; it could be of use only when of factions, to have that disaffection known, the forces should appear. This was, however, which cannot safely be punished. an act preparatory to martial hostility. Crispe Tomkyns was seized on the same night with would undoubtedly have put an end to the ses Waller, and appears likewise to have partaken sion of parliament, had his strength been equal of his cowardice; for he gave notice of Crispe’s to his zeal: and out of the design of Crispe, commission of array, of which Clarendon never which involved very little danger, and that of knew how it was discovered. Tomkyns had Waller, which was an ect purely civil, they been sent with the token appointed, to demand compounded a horrid and dreadful plot. it from Lady Aubigney, and had buried it in his

The discovery of Waller's design is variously garden, where, by his direction, it was dug up; related. In “Clarendon's History” it is told, and thus the rebels obtained, what Clarendon that a servant of Tomkyns, lurking behind the confesses them to have had, the original copy. hangings, when his master was in conference It can raise no wonder that they formed one with Waller, heard enough to qualify him for an plot out of these two designs, however remote informer, and carried his intelligence to Pym. from each other, when they saw the same agent A manuscript, quoted in the “Life of Waller,” employed in both, and found the commission of relates, that he was betrayed by his sister Price, array in the hands of him who was employed and her presbyterian chaplain, Mr. Goode, who in collecting the opinions and affections of the stoie some of his papers; and, if he had not people. strangely dreamed the night before that his sister of the plot, thus combined, they took care to had betrayed him, and thereupon burned the rest make the most. They sent Pym among the of his papers by the fire that was in his chimney, citizens, to tell them of their imminent danger, he had certainly lost his life by it." The ques and bappy escape: and inform them, that the tion cannot be decided. It is not unreasonable design was, “ to seize the Lord Mayor and all to believe that the men in power, receiving intel- the Committee of Militia, and would not sparo ligence from the sister, would employ the ser- one of them.” They drew up a vow and covevant of Tonkyns to listen at the conference, that nant, to be taken by every member of either they might avoid an act so offensive as that of House, by which he declared his detestation of destroying the broiher by the sister's testimony. all conspiracies against the parliament, and his

The plot was published in the most terrific resolution to detect and oppose them. They manner.

then appointed a day of thanksgiving for this On the 31st of May (1643), at a solemn fast, wonderful delivery; which shut out, says Clawhen they were listening to the sermon, a mes-rendon, all doubts whether there had been such senger entered the church, and communicated a deliverance, and whether the plot was real or his errand to Pym, who whispered it to others fictitious. that were placed near him, and then went with On June 11, the Earl of Portland and Lord th'm out of the church, leaving the rest in soli- Conway were committed, one to the custody of ritude and amazement. They immediately sent the layur, and the other of the Sheriff'; but guards to proper places, and that night appre- their lands and goods were not seized. hende Tomkyns and Traller; having yet tra- Waller was siill to immerse himself deeper in ped nothing but that letters had been intercepted, ignominy. The Earl of Portland and Lord liom wluch it appears that the parliament and Conway denied the charge; and there was no 1.- city were soon to be delivered into the hands evidence against them but the confession of of the cavaliers.

Waller, of which undoubtedly many would be They perhaps yet knew little themselves, be- inclined to question the veracity. With these rond some general and indistinct notices. “But doubts he was so much terrified, that he endea. Waller," says Clarendon, “was so confounded voured to persuade Portland to a declaration like with fear, that he confessed whatever he had his own, by a letter extant in Fenton's edition. heard, said, thought, or seen; all that he knew “But for me," says he, “ you had never known of himself, and all that he suspected of others, any thing of this business, which was prepared without concealing any person of what degree for another; and therefore I cannot imagine why or quality soever, or any discourse which he had you should hide it so far as to contract your own ever upon any occasion entertained with them; ruin by concealing it, and persisting unreasona

bly to hide that truth, which without you already. The Earl of Northumberland, being too great is, and will every day, be made more manifest. for prosecution, was only once examined before Can you imagine yourself bound in honour to the Lords. The Earl of Portland and Lord keep that secret which is already revealed by Conway, persisting to deny the charge, and no another ? or possible it should still be a secret, testimony but Waller's yet appearing against which is known to one of the other sex?–If you them, were, after a long imprisonment, admitted persist to be cruel to yourself for their sakes who to bail. Hassel, the King's messenger, who cardeserve it not, it will nevertheless be made ap- ried the letters to Oxford, died the night before pear, ere long, I fear to your ruin. Surely, if I his trial. Hampden escaped death, perhaps by had the happiness to wait on you, I could move the interest of his family ; but was kept in prison you to compassionate both yourself and me, to the end of his life. They whose names were who, desperate as my case is, am desirous to die inserted in the commission of array were not with the honour of being known to have declar- capitally punished, as it could not be proved ed the truth. You have no reason to contend that they had consented to their own nominato hide what is already revealed-inconsiderately tion; but they were considered as malignants, to throw away yourself

, for the interest of others, and their estates were seized. to whom you are less obliged than you are “ Waller, though confessedly,” says Clarenaware of.”

don, “the most guilty, with incredible dissimuThis persuasion seems to have had little ef- lation affected such a remorse of conscience, fect. Portland sent (June 29) a letter to the that his trial was put off, out of Christian comLords, to tell them that he “is in custody, as he passion, till he might recover his understanding." conceives, without any charge ; and that, by What use he made of this interval, with what what Mr. Waller had threatened him with since liberality and success he distributed flattery and he was imprisoned, he doth apprehend a very money, and how, when he was brought (July 4) cruel, long, and ruinous restraint:-He there before the House, he confessed and lamented, fore prays, that he may not find the effects of and submitted and implored, may be read in the Mr. Waller's threats a long and close impri- "History of the Rebellion." (B. vu.) The Bonment; but may be speedily brought to a legal speech, to which Clarendon ascribes the presertrial, and then he is confident the vanity and vation of his dear-bought life, is inserted in his falsehood of those informations which have been works. The great historian, however, seems to given against him will appear.”

have been mistaken in relating that he prevailed In consequence of this letter, the Lords or in the principal part of his supplication, not to dered Portland and Waller to be confronted; be tried by a council of war; for, according to when the one repeated his charge and the other Whitlock, he was, by expulsion from the House, his denial. The examination of the plot being abandoned to the tribunal which he so much continued, (July 1,) Thinn, usher of the House dreaded, and, being tried and condemned, was of Lords, deposed, that Mr. Waller having had reprieved by Essex; but after a year's imprison a conference with the Lord Portland in an upper ment, in which time resentment grew less acriroom, Lord Portland said, when he came down, monious, paying a fine of ten thousand pounds, “Do me the favour to tell my Lord Northum- he was permitted to recollect himself in another berland, that Mr. Waller has extremely pressed country: me to save my own life and his, hy throwing the of his behaviour in this part of his life, it is blame upon the Lord Conway and the Earl of not necessary to direct the reader's opinion. Northumberland."

“Let us not,” says his last ingenious biogra. Waller, in his letter to Portland, tells him of pher, * “ condemn him with untempered sevethe reasons which he could urge with resistless rity, because he was not a prodigy which the efficacy in a personal conference; but he over- world hath seldom seen, because his character rated his own oratory; his vehemence, whether included not the poet, the orator, and the hero." of persuasion or entreaty, was returned with For the place of his exile he chose France, contempt.

and stayed some time at Roan, where his daugh. One of his arguments with Portland is, that ter Margaret was born, who was afterwards his the plot is already known to a woman. This favourite, and his amanuensis. He then removwoman was doubtless Lady Aubigney, who, ed to Paris, where he lived with great splendour upon this occasion, was committed to custody; and hospitality; and from time to time amused but who, in reality, when she delivered the com- himself with poetry, in which lie sometimes mission, knew not what it was.

speaks of the rebels, and their usurpation, in the The parliament then proceeded against the natural language of an honest man. conspirators, and committed their trial to a At last it became necessary, for his support, council of war. Tomkyns and Chaloner were to sell his wife's jewels; and, being reduced, as hanged near their own doors. Tomkyns, when he said, at lastto the rump-jewel, he solicited from he came to die, said it was a foolish business; Cromwell permission to return, and obtained it and indeed there seems to have been no hope by the interest of Colonel Scroop, to whom his that it should esca pe discovery; for though never sister was married. Upon the remains of a formore than three met at a time, yet a design so tune which the danger of his life had very much extensive must, by necessity, he communicated diminished, he lived at Halbarn, a house built to many, who could not be expected to be all by himself very near to Beaconsfield, where his faithful and all prudent. Chaloner was attended mother resided. His mother, though related to at his execution by Hugh Peters. His crime Cromwell and Hampden, was zealous for the was, that he had commission to raise money for royal cause, and, when Cromwell visited her, the King; but it appears not that the money was to be expended upon the advancement of either Crispe's or Waller's plot

* Life of Waller, prefixed to an edition of his Works, published in 1773, by Percival Stockdale.

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