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Thomas Tickell, the son of the Reverend that time with so much favour, that six editions Richard Tickell, was born in 1686, at Bride- were sold. kirk, in Cumberland; and in April, 1701, be- At the arrival of King George he sung “The came a member of Queen's College, in Oxford ; Royal Progress ;” which being inserted in the in 1708 he was made master of arts; and, two “Spectator" is well known; and of which it is years afterwards, was chosen fellow; for which, I just to say, that it is neither high nor low. as he did not comply with the statutes by taking The poetical incident of most importance in orders, he obtained a dispensation from the Tickell's life was his publication of the first book

He held his fellowship till 1726, and of the “Iliad,” as translated by himself, an apthen vacated it, by marrying, in that year, at parent opposition to Pope's “Homer,” of which Dublin.

the first part made its entrance into the world at Tickell was not one of those scholars who the same time. wear away their lives in closets; he entered Addison declared that the rival versions were early into the world, and was long busy in both good, but that Tickell's was the best that public affairs, in which he was initiated under ever was made ; and with Addison, the wits, ihe patronage of Addison, whose notice he is his adherents and followers, were certain to consaid to have gained by his verses in praise of cur. Pope does not appear to have been much “Rosamond."

dismayed; “for," says he, “I have the town, To those verses it would not have been just to that is the mob, on my side.” But he remarks, deny regard, for they contain some of the most that “it is common for the smaller party to elegant encomiastic strains; and, among the make up in diligence what they want in numinnumerable poems of the same kind, it will be bers; he appeals to the people as his proper hard to find one with which they need to fear a judges; and, if they are not inclined to condemn comparison. It may deserve observation, that, him, he is in little care about the highflyers at when Pope wrote long afterwards in praise of Bution's.”. Addison, he has copied, at least has resembled, Pope did not long, think Addison an impartial Tickell:

judge; for he considered him as the writer of Let joy salute fair Rosamonda's shade,

Tickell's version. The reasons for his suspi. And leaves of myrıle crown the lovely maid.

cion I will literally transcribe from Mr. Spence's While now perhaps with Dido's ghost she roves, Collection. And hears and tells the story of their loves :

“There had been a coldness (said Mr. Pope) Alike they mourn, alike they bless their fate, Since love, which made ihem wretched, 'made them between Mr. Addison and me for some time;

and we had not been in company together for a Nor longer that relentless doom bemoan,

good while, any where but at Button's CoffeeWhich gain'd a Virgil and an Addison.

house, where I used to see him almost every Tickell.

day --On his meeting me there one day in parThen future ages with delight shall see How Plato's, Bacon's, Newton's, looks agree;

ticular, he took me aside, and said he should be Or in fair series laurelld bards be shown,

glad to dine with me, at such a tavern, if I A Virgil there, and here an Addison.

stayed till those people were gone, (Budgell and

Pope. Philips.) We went accordingly; and after He produced another piece of the same kind dinner Mr. Addison said, “That he had wanted at the appearance of “Cato,” with equal skill, for some time to talk with me; that his friend but not equal happiness.

Tickell had formerly, whilst at Oxford, transWhen the ministers of Queen Anne were ne-lated the first book of the “Iliad;" that he degotiating with France, Tickell published “The signed to print it, and had desired him to look Prospect of Peace," a poem, of which the ten- it over; that he must therefore beg that I would dency was to reclaim the nation from the pride not desire him to look over my first book, beof conquest to the pleasures of tranquillity. cause, if he did, it would have the air of doubleHow far Tickell , whom Swift afterwards men dealing:'

. I assured him that I did not at all tioned as Whiggissimus, had then connected him- take it ill of Mr. Tickell that he was going to self with any party, I know not; this poem cer- publish his translation ; that he certainly had as tainly did not flatier the practices or promote much right to translate any author as myself ; the opinions of the men by whom he was after- and that publishing both was entering on a fair wards befriended.

stage. I then added, that I would not desire Mr. Addison, however he hated the men then him to look over my first book of the 'Iliad,'bein power, suffered his

friendship to prevail over cause he had looked over Mr. Tickell's; but his public spirit, and gave in the “Spectator" could wish to have the benefit of his observasuch praises of Tickell's poem, that when, after tions on the second, which I had then finished, having long wished to peruse it, I laid hold on and which Mr. Tickell had not touched upon. it at last, I thought it unequal to the honours Accordingly I sent him the second book the which it had received, and found it a piece to next morning; and Mr. Addison a few days be approved rather than admired. But the hope after returned it, with very high commendations. excited by a work of genius being general and Soon after it was generally known that Mr. indefinite, is rarely gratified. It was read at | Tickell was publishing the first book of the

great ;

Diad,' I met Dr. Young in the street; and, He was now intimately united to Mr. Addiupon our falling into that subject, the Doctor son, who, when he went into Ireland as secreexpressed a great deal of surprise at Tickell's tary to the Lord Sunderland, took him thither having had such a translation so long by him. and employed him in public business; and He said, that it was inconceivable to him, and when (1717) afterwards he rose to be secretary that there must be some mistake in the matter; of state, made him under-secretary. Their that each used to communicate to the other friendship seems to have continued without whatever verses they wrote, even to the least abatement; for when Addison died, he left him things; that Tickell could not have been busied the charge of publishing his works, with a in so long a work there without his knowing solemn recommendation to the patronage of something of the matter ; and that he had never Craggs. heard a single word of it till on this occasion. To these works he prefixed an Elegy on the The surprise of Dr. Young, together with what Author, which could owe none of its beauties to Steele has said against Tickell

, in relation to the assistance which might be suspected to have this affair, make it highly probable that there strengthened or embellished his earlier compowas some underhand dealing in that business ; sitions; but neither he nor Addison ever proand indeed Tickell himself, who is a very fair duced 'nobler lines than are contained in the worthy man, has since in a manner as good as third and fourth paragraphs; nor is a more subowned it to me. When it was introduced into lime or more elegant funeral poem to be found a conversation between Mr. Tickell and Mr. in the whole compass of English literature. Pope, by a third person, Tickell did not deny He was afterwards (about 1725) made secre it; which, considering his honour and zeal for tary to the Lords Justices of Ireland, a place of his departed friend, was the same as owning it." great honour; in which he continued till 1740,

Upon these suspicions, with which Dr. War- when he died on the 23d of April, at Bath. burton hints that other circumstances con- Or the poems yet unmentioned the longest is curred, Pope always in his “ Art of Sinking"]"Kensington Gardens,” of which the versificaquotes this book as the work of Addison. tion is smooth and elegant, but the fiction un

To compare the two translations would be skilfully compounded of Grecian deities, and tedious; the palm is now given universally to Gothic fairies. Neither species of those ex. Pope ; but I think the first lines of Tickell's ploded beings could have done much ; and were rather to be preferred; and Pope seems to when they are brought together they only make have since borrowed something from them in each other contemptible. To Tickell, however, the correction of his own.

cannot be refused a high place among the minor When the Hanover succession was disputed, poets ; nor should it be forgotten that he was Tickell gave what' assistance his pen would one of the contributors to the “Spectator.” supply. His “Letter to Avignon” stands high With respect to his personal character, he is among party poems; it expresses contempt said to have been a man of gay conversation, without coarseness, and superiority without in- at least a temperate lover of wine and comsolence. It had the success which it deserved, pany, and in his domestic relations without cenbeing five times printed.



Up Mr. HAMMOND, though he be well remem- son of a Turkey merchant, and had some ofhce dered as a man esteemed and caressed by the at the Prince of Wales's court, till love of a elegant and the great, I was at first able to lady, whose name was Dashwood, for a time obtain no other memorials than such as are disordered his understanding. He was unexsupplied by a book called "Cibber's Lives of tinguishably amorous, and his mistress inexorathe Poets ;of which I take this opportunity to bly cruel. testify, that it was not written, nor, I believe, of this narrative, part is true and part false. ever seen, by cither of the Cibbers: but was the He was the second son of Anthony Hammond, work of Robert Shiels, a native of Scotlaad, a a man of note among the wits, poets, and par. man of very acute understanding, though with liamentary orators, in the beginning

of this cenlittle scholastic education, who, not long after tury, who was allied to Sir Robert Walpole by the publication of his work, died in London of marrying his sister. He was born about 1710, a consumption. His life was virtuous, and his and educated at Westminster school; but it end was pious. Thouphilus Cibber, then, a does not appear that he was of any university.t prisoner för debt, imparted, as I was told, his name for ten guineas. The manuscript of Shiels

This account is still erroneous. James Hammond, is now in my possession.

our Author, was of a different family, the second son of 1 have since found that Mr. Shiels, though Anthony Hammond, of, in the county he was no negligent inquirer, had been misled or Huntingdon, Esq. See Gent. Mag. vol. Ivii. p. 786 by false accounts; for he relates that James Flammond, the Author of the Elegies, was the ) Cantab. in Mus. Brit.-C.

| Mr. Cole gives him to Cambridge. M88 Athens


He was equerry to the Prince of Wales, and fiction, there is no passion ; he that describes seems to have come very early into public no- himself as a shepherd and his Neæra or Delia lice, and to have been distinguished by those as a shepherdess, and talks of goats and lambs, whose friendships prejudiced mankind at that feels no passion. He that courts bis mistress time in favour of the man on whom they were with Roman imagery deserves to lose her: for bestowed; for he was the companion of Cob- she may with good reason suspect his sincerity. ham, Lyttelton, and Chesterfield. He is said Hammond has few sentiments drawn from nato have divided his life between pleasure and ture, and few images from modern life. He books; in his retirement forgetting the town, produces nothing but frigid pedantry. It would and in his gayety losing the student. Of his be hard to find in all his productions three literary hours all the effects are here exhibited, stanzas that deserve to be remembered. of which the Elegies were written very early, Like other lovers, he threatens the lady with and the prologue not long before his death. dying; and what then shall follow ?

In 1741, he was chosen into parliament for Truro, in Cornwall, probably one of those who

Wilt thou in tears thy lover's corse attend ?

With eyes averted light the solemn pyre : were elected by the Prince's influence; and died Till all around the doleful flames ascend, next year, in June, at Stowe, the famous seat of Then, slowly sinking, by degrees expire ? Lord 'Cobham. His mistress long outlived him, To sooth the hov'ring soul be thine the care, and in 1779 died unmarried. The character

With plaintive cries to lead the mournful band; which her lover bequeathed her was, indeed, not

In sable weeds the golden vase w bear, likely to attract courtship.

And cull my ashes with thy trembling hand. The Elegies were published after his death; Panchaia's odours be their costly feast, and while the writer's name was remembered And all the pride of Asia's fragrant year ; with fondness, they were read with a resolution

Give them the treasures of the farthest east;

And, what is still more precious, give thy tear. to admire them.

The recommendatory preface of the editor, Surely no blame can fall upon a nymph who who was then believed, and is now affirmed, by rejected a swain of so little meaning. Dr. Maty, to be the Earl of Chesterfield, raised His verses are not rugged, but they have no strong prejudices in their favour.

sweetness; they never glide in a stream of But of the prefacer, whoever he was, it may melody. Why Hammond or other writers have be reasonably suspected that he never read the thought the quatrain of ten syllables elegiac, it poems; for he professes to value them for a very is difficult to tell

. The character of the Elegy high species of excellence, and recommends them is gentleness and tenuity; but this stanza has as the genuine effusions of the mind, which ex- been pronounced by Dryden, whose knowledge press a real passion in the language of nature. of English metre was not inconsiderable, to be But the truth is, these Elegies have neither the most magnificent of all measures which our passion, nature, nor manners. Where there is language affords.


Or Mr. * SOMERVILLE's life I am not able to myself on this occasion.-Sublatum quærimus. I say any thing that can satisfy curiosity. can now excuse all his foibles; impute them to

He was a gentleman whose estate was in age, and to distress of circumstances; the last of Warwickshire: his house, where he was born in these considerations wrings my very soul to 1692, is called Edston, a seat inherited from a think on. For a man of high spirit, conscious of long line of ancestors ; for he was said to be of having (at least in one production) generally the first family in his county: He tells of him- pleased the world, to be plagued and threatened self that he was bom near the Avon's banks. by wretches that are low in every sense ; to be He was bred at Winchester-school, and was forced to drink himself into pains of the body, elected fellow of New College. It does not ap- in order to get rid of the pains of the mind, is a pear that in the places of his education ho ex- misery." hibited any uncommon proofs of genius or litera- He died July 19, 1742, and was buried at

His powers were first displayed in the Worton, near Henley on Arden. country, where he was distinguished as a poet, His distresses need not be much pitied; his esa gentleman, and a skilful and useful justice of tate is said to have been fifteen hundred a year,

which by his death devolved to Lord Somerville of the close of his life, those whom his poems of Scotland. His mother, indeed, who lived till have delighted will read with pain the following ninety, had a jointure of six hundred. account, copied from the letters of his friend It is with regret that I find myself not better Shenstone, by whom he was too much resembled. enabled to exhibit memorials of a writer who at

(_Our old friend Somerville is dead! I did least must be allowed to have set a good exnot imagine I could have been so sorry as I find ample to men of his own class, by devoting part

of his time to elegant knowledge; and who has shown, by the subjects which his poetry hus


the peace.


avlorned, that it is practicable to be at once a His great work is his “Chase," which he unskilful sportsman and a man of letters. dertook in his maturer age, when his ear was

Somerville has tried many modes of poetry; and improved to the approbation of blank verse, of though perhaps he has not in any reached such which however his two first-lines gave a bad excellence as to raise much envy, it may com- specimen. To this poem praise cannot be tomonly be said at least, that "he writes very tally denied. He is allowed by sportsmen to well for a gentleman." His serious pieces are write with great intelligence of his subject, which sometimes elevated, and his trifles are sometimes is the first requisite to excellence ; and though it elegant. In his verses to Addison, the couplet is impossible to interest the common readers of which mentions Clio is written with the most verse in the dangers or pleasures of the chase, he exquisite delicacy of praise; it exhibits one of has done all that transition and variety could those happy strokes that is seldom attained. In easily effect; and has with great propriety enhis Odes to Marlborough there are beautiful larged his plan by the modes of hunting used in lines; but in the second ode he shows that he other countries. knew little of his hero, when he talks of his pri- With still less judgment did he choose blank vate virtues. His subjects are commonly such verse as the vehicle of rural sports. If blank verse as require no great depth of thought or energy be not tumid and gorgeous, it is crippled prose; of expression. His Fables are generally stale, and familiar images in laboured language have and therefore excite no curiosity. Of his fa- nothing to recommend them but absurd novelty, vourite, “The Two Springs,” the fiction is un- which, wanting the attractions of nature, cannot natural and the moral inconsequential. In his please long. One excellence of the “Splendid Tales there is too much coarseness, with too Shilling” is, that it is short. Disguise can gratify little care of language, and not sufficient rapidity | no longer than it deceives. of narration.


it has been observed in all ages, that the ad- 1 volumes have been written only to enumerate vantages of nature or of fortune have contributed the miseries of the learned, and relate their unvery little to the promotion of happiness; and happy lives and untimely deaths. that those whom the splendour of their rank or To these mournful narratives I am about to the extent of their capacity have placed upon add the life of Richard Savage, a man whose the summits of human life, have not often given writings entitle him to an eminent rank in the any just occasion to envy in those who look up classes of learning, and whose misfortunes claim to them from a lower station ; whether it be that a degree of compassion not always due to the apparent superiority incites great designs, and unhappy, as they were often the consequences great designs are naturally liable to fatal mis- of the crimes of others, rather than his own. carriages, for that the general lot of mankind is In the year 1697, Anne Countess of Macclesmisery, and the misfortunes of those whose emi- field having lived some time upon very uneasy nence drew upon them an universal attention terms with her husband, thought a public conhave been more carefully recorded, because they fession of adultery the most obvious and expedi. were more generally observed, and have in tious method of obtaining her liberty; and theren reality been only more conspicuous than those fore declared, that the child with which sha of others, not more frequent or more severe. was then great was begotten by the Earl Rivers,

That amuence and power, advantages extrinsic This, as may be imagined, made her husband and adventitious, and therefore easily separable no less desirous of a separation than herself, and from those by whom they are possessed, should he prosecuted his design in the most effectual very often flatter the mind with expectations of manner; for he applied not to the ecclesiastical felicity which they cannot give, raises no astonish-courts for a divorce, but to the parliament for an ment; but it seems rational to hope, that intel- act, by which his marriage might be dissolved, lectual greatness should produce better effects; the nuptial contract totally, annulled, and the that minds qualified for great attainments should children of his wife illegitimated. This act, first endeavour their own benefit; and that they after the usual deliberation, he obtained, though who are most able to teach others the way to without the approbation of some, who considered happiness, should with most certainty follow it marriage as an affair only cognizable by eccle themselves.

siastical judges ;t and on March 3d was separatBut this expectation, however plausible, has ed from his wife, whose fortune, which was very been very frequently disappointed. The heroes great, was repaid her, and who having, as well as of literary as well as civil history have been her husband, the liberty of making another choice, very often no less remarkable for what they have was in a short time married to Colonel Brett. suffered, than for what they have achieved ; and While the Earl of Macclesfield was prose

The first edition of this interesting narrative, accord published by Cave. Very few alterations were made by Ing to Mr. Boswell, was published in 1744, by Roberts. the author when he added it to the present collection.. The second, now before me, bears date 1148, and was | This year was made remarkablo by the dissolution

cuting this affair, his wife was, on the 10th of In this charitable office she was assisted by January, 1697-8, delivered of a son; and the his godmother, Mrs. Lloyd, who while she Earl Rivers, by appearing to consider him as lived, always looked upon him with that tenhis own, left none any reason to doubt of the derness which the barbarity of his mother made sincerity of her declaration ; for he was his god peculiarly necessary; but her death, which hapfather, and gave him his own name, which was pened in his tenth year, was another of the by his direction inserted in the register of St. misfortunes of his childhood; for though she Andrew's parish, in Holborn, but unfortunately kindly endeavoured to alleviate his loss by a left him to the care of his mother, whom, as legacy of three hundred pounds, yet, as he had she was now set free from her husband, he none to prosecute his claim, to shelter him from probably imagined likely to treat with great oppression, or call in law to the assistance of tenderness the child that had contributed to so justice, her will was eluded by the executors, pleasing an event. It is not indeed easy to dis- and no part of the money was ever paid. cover what motives could be found to overba- He was, however, not yet wholly abandoned. lance that natural affection of a parent, or what The Lady Mason still continued her care, and interest could be promoted by neglect or cruelty. directed him to be placed at a small grammarThe dread of shame or of poverty, by which school near St. Alban's, where he was called by some wretches have been incited to abandon or the name of his nurse, without the least intimato murder their children, cannot be supposed to tion that he had a claim to any other. have affected a woman who had proclaimed her Here he was initiated in literature, and passed crimes and solicited reproach, and on whom the through several of the classes, with what rapidity clemency of the legislature had undeservedly or with what applause cannot now be known. bestowed a fortune, which would have been very As he always spoke with respect of his master, little dimininished by the expenses which the it is probable that the mean rank in which he care of her child could have brought upon her. then appeared did not hinder his genius from It was therefore not likely that she would be being distinguished, or his industry from being wicked without temptation; that she would look rewarded ; and if in so low a state he obtained upon her son from his birth with a kind of re- distinction and rewards, it is not likely that they sentment and abhorrence; and, instead of sup- were gained but by genius and industry. porting, assisting, and defending him, delight to It is very reasonable to conjecture, that his see him struggling with misery, or that she application was equal to his abilities, because would take every opportunity of aggravating his his improvement was more than proportioned misfortunes, and obstructing his resources, and to the opportunities which he enjoyed; nor can with an implacable and restless cruelty conti- it be doubted, that if his earliest productions nue her persecution from the first hour of his had been preserved, like those of happier stulife to the last.

dents, we might in some have found vigorous But whatever were her motives, no sooner was sallies of that sprightly humour which distinher son born, than she discovered a resolution of guishes “ The Author to be let,” and in others disowning him; and in a very short time re- strong touches of that ardent imagination which moved him from her sight, by committing him to painted the solemn scenes of " The Wanderer.” the care of a poor woman, whom she directed to While he was thus cultivating his genius, his educate him as her own, and enjoined never to father, the Earl Rivers, was seized with a dis inform him of his true parents.

temper, which in a short time put an end to his Such was the beginning of the life of Richard life.*. He had frequently inquired after his son, Savage. Born with a legal claim to honour and had always been amused with fallacious and to affluence, he was in two months illegiti- and evasive answers; but, being now in his own mated by the parliament, and disowned by his opinion on his deathbed, he thought it his duty mother, doomed to poverty and obscurity, and to provide for him among his other natural chillaunched upon the ocean of life, only that he dren, and therefore demanded a positive account might be swallowed by its quicksands, or dashed of him, with an importunity not to be diverted upon its rocks.

or denied. His mother, who could no longer His mother could not indeed infect others refuse an answer, determined at least to give with the same cruelty. As it was impossible to such as should cut him off for ever from that avoid the inquiries which the curiosity or ten- happiness which competence affords, and therederness of her relations made after her child, fore declared that he was dead; which is pershe was obliged to give some account of the haps the first instance of a lie invented by a measures she had taken ; and her mother, the mother to deprive her son of a provision which Lady Mason, whether in approbation of her de- was designed him by another, and which she sign, or to prevent more criminal contrivances, could not expect herself, though he should lose it. engaged to transact with the nurse, to pay her This was therefore an act of wickedness for her care, and to superintend the education which could not be defeated, because it could of the child.

not be suspected; the Earl did not imagine

there could exist in a human form a mother that of a marriage solemnized in the face of the church.-Salo would ruin her son without enriching herself, mon's Review. The following protest is registered in the books of the six thousand pounds, which he had in his will

and therefore bestowed upon some other person House of Lords. Dissentient,

bequeathed to Savagé. Because we conceive that this is the first bill of that The same cruelty which incited his mother nature that hath passed, where there was not a divorce to intercept this provision which had been infirst obtained in the Spiritual Court; which we look upon tended him, prompted her in a short time to as an ill precedent, and may be of dangerous consequences in the Mirure. Halifax. Rochester.

He died August 18th, 1712.-R.

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