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ter. The boys should be put on writing letters to each other on any common occurrences, and on various subjects, imaginary business, &c. containing little stories, accounts of their late reading, what parts of authors please them, and why; letters of congratulation, of compliment, of requests, of thanks, of recommendation, of admonition, of consolation, of expostulation, excuse, &c. In these they should be taught to express themselves clearly, concisely and naturally without affected words or highflown phrases. All their letters to pass through the master's hand, who is to point out the faults, advise the corrections, and commend what he finds right. Some of the best letters published in our own language, as Sir William Temple's, those of Pope and his friends, and some others, might be set before the youth as. models, their beauties pointed out, and explained by the master, the letters themselves transcribed by the'scholar.
Dr. Johnson's Ethices Elementa, or First Principles of Morality, may now be read by the scholars, and explained by the master to lay a solid foundation of virtue and piety in their minds. And as this class continues the. reading. of history, let them now, at proper hours, receive some farther instructions of Chronology, and in that part of Geography (from the mathematical master) which is necessary to understand the maps and globes. They should also be acquainted with the modern names of places they find mentioned in ancient writers. The exercises of good reading, and proper speaking, still continued at suitable times.
To improve the youth in composition, they may now, besides continuing to write letters, begin to write little essays in prose, and sometimes in verse; not to make them poets, but for this reason, that nothing acquaints a lad so speedily with variety of expression as the necessity of finding such words and phrases as well suit the measure, sound and rhyme of verse, and at the same time well express the sentiment These essays should all pass under the master's eye, who will point out their faults, and put the writer on correcting them. Where the judgment is not ripe enough for forming new essays, let the sentiments of a Spectator be given, and required to be clothed in the scholar's own words; or the circumstances of some good story , the scholar to find expressions. Let them be put sometimes on abridging a paragraph of a diffuse author: sometimes on dilating or amplifying what is wrote mere closely. And now let Dr. Johnson's Noetica, or First Principles of Human Knowledge, containing a logic, or art of reasoning, gcc. be read by" the youth, and the difficulties that may occur to them be explained by the master. The reading of history, and the exercise of good reading and just speaking, still continued.
. SIXTH CLASS. '. ,- . ,
'In this class besides continuing the studies of the hall; proceeding in history, rhetoric, logic,
moral and natural philosophy, the best English 'authors may be read and explained ; as Tilotson, Milton, Locke, Addison, Pope, Swift, the higher papers in the Spectator and Guardian, the best translations of Homer, Virgil and Horace, of Telemachus, travels of Cyrus, &c
Once a year let there be publick exercises in the trustees and citizens presence. Then let fine 'gilt books be given as prizes to such boys as distinguish themselves, and excel the others in any branch of learning, making three degrees of comparison : giving the best prize to him that performs best; a less valuable one to him that comes up next to the best; and another to the third. Commendations, encouragements, and advice to the rest; keeping up their hopes, that by industry, they may excel another time. The names of those that obtain the prize, to be yearly printed in a list. »
The hours of each day are to be divided and disposed in such a manner as that some classes may be with the writing master, improving their hands; others with the mathematical master, , learning arithmetic, accounts, geography, use of the globes, drawing, mechanics, &c, while the rest are in the English school, under the t nglish master's care.
Thus instructed,youth will come out of this school fitted for learning any business, calling, or profession, except such wherein languages are required: and though unacquainted with, any » ancient or foreign tongue, they will be masters of their own, which is of more immediate and
general use, and withall will have attained many other valuable accomplishments; the time usually spent in acquiring those languages, often without success, being here employed in laying such a foundation of knowledge and ability, as properly improved, may qualify them to pass through and execute the several offices of civil life, with advantage and reputation to themselves and country.
THE BUSYBODY.— NO. I.
From the American Weekly Mercury, from Tuesday January 28, to Tuesday February 4, 1728—9.
Mr. Andrew Bradford,
I DESIGN this to acquaint you, that I, who have long been one of your courteous readers, have lately entertained somethoughts of settingup for an author myself: not out of the least vanity, I assure you, or desire of showing my parts, but purely for the good of my country.
I have often observed with concern, that your Mercury is not always equally entertaining The delay of ships expected in, and want of frestj advices from Europe, make it frequently very dull; and I find the freezing of our river ha' the same effect on news as trade. With mon concern have I continually observed the grow ing vices and follies of my country folk: "ani though reformation is properly the concern - of every man, that is, every one ought to mem one ; yet it is too true in this case, that what i every body's business is no body's business, and the business is done accordingly. I therefore, upon mature deliberation, think fit to take no body's business wholly into my own hands ; and, out of zeal for the publick good, design to erect myself into a kind of censor morum ; purposing, with your allowance, to make use of the weekly Mercury as a vehicle, in which my remonstrances shall be conveyed to the world.
I am sensible I have, in this particular, undertaken a very unthankful office, and expect little besides my labour for my pains. Nay it is probable, I may displease a great number of your readers, who will not very well like to pay ten shillings a year for being told of their faults. But as most people delight in censure,when they themselves are not the objects of it, if any are offended at my publickly exposing their private vices, I promise they shall have the satisfaction, in a very little time, of seeing their good friends and neighbours in the same circumstances.
However, let the fair sex beassured, that I shall always treat them and their affairs with the utmost decency and respect. I intend now and then to dedicate a chapter wholly to their service; and if my lectures any way contribute to the embellishment of their minds, and brightening of their understandings, without offending their modesty, I doubt not of having their favour and encouragement.
It is certain, that no country in the world pro. du:es naturally finer spirits than ours, men of get aids for every kind of science, and capable of