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The Coronation. with him, an Act was passed in 1675, of State Officers, and of certaio of which directed that he of the two the Nobility and Gentry who by the Prelates in whose diocese the Empe- tenures of their respective estates are ror is crowned, shall perform ihe bound to perform services of different ceremony, and that out of the two kinds at the Coronations of the Kings dioceses they shall do it alteroately, and Queeos of England. These petiThe Russian Emperors are crowned tions, or claims, the Steward'had by the Patriarch of Moscow, in that power lo examine, and if supported capital; the Kings of France, by the bg documents and precedents, to alArchbishop of Rbeims, at Rheims. low them, or to reject, if wanting in The Kings of Spain bave generally the requisite proof: hence the tribeen crowned by the Archbishop of bunal is called the Court of CLAINS. Toledo, in that city. The Kings of Among the different conditions upon Sweden are crowned by the Arch- which lands were formerly granted by bishop of Upsal, al Upsal; those of the Crown was that of performing Poland by the Archbishop of Goezna, some defined service by the person of at Cracow; those of Hungary by the the tenant lo the person of the King. Archbishop of Gran, at Presburg. This service was sometimes a military The Bishop of Pampeluna had the one, but more commonly official; right of anointing the Kings of Na- and the time of its performance was varre, and in his absence the Prior of frequently the day of the Sovereign's Roncesvalles. The Kings of Scot. Coronation, when he also received land were originally crowned at Scone the homage and fealty of those other by the Bishop of St. Andrew's. tenants who held their lands by these
Our antient Kings, in the granting forms of submission. Tenure on the of lands to their vassals, not only con- coodition above defined was honoursulted the maintenance of the Nation's able from its certainty and from the power in the reservation of rent or required service being due to the ser vice, but frequently the dignity Royal person alone : hence it was and splendour of their court. In a called magnum servitium, or grand Feast which always follows the Co- sergeanty. Thus, if the Crown bath ronation, and which is now perhaps granted a manor or estate to any one the most perfect model of antient on the coudition that he shall carry a courtly magnificence in the world, sword or a sceptre at the Coronations the various duties of the household of the Kings and Queens of England, are filled by hereditary grand Officers such estate is said to be holden in of the kiogdom, who thus perform grand sergeanty by the service of the services enjoined then by the carrying such Royal ensign. As anotenures of their estates.
ther mark of the honour attributed The Officers of State principally to services of this kind, we find that connected with the Coronation are, they cannot be performed by any unthe Lord High Steward, the Lord der the degree of knighthood (they Great Chamberlain, the Lord High are indeed a branch or mode of Constable, the Earl Marshal; to knight-service); nor by a minor, or a which may be added the hereditary female tenant; for these a deputy of Grand Almoner, the Chief Butler, the sufficient rank is appointed, with the Sewer, the Grand Carver, the Cup Sovereigo's licence. The Coronation Bearer, the Grand Paoneter, the of Richard II. affords the first record Chief Larderer, and the Napier. of the proceedings of the Court of Some of these offices are now in abey- Claims. It was then holden on the ance by the extinction of the noble Thursday before the Festival, by families in wbich they descended, or John, King of Castile and Duke of have been abolished by a change in Lancaster, High Steward of England. the condition of tenure. The duties The office of Great Chamberlain of of such are, however, performed by England was long enjoyed by the fasome persons of rank appointed for mily of De Vere, Earls of Oxford. It the occasions which require them. was granted to them by Henry I. ; The High Steward of England, by but it is now attached to the ancient virtue of his office, was used to Barony of Willoughby d'Eresby. sit judicially in the White Hall of the The
following is a curious document, King's Palace at Westminster, near exhibiting the right of claim, fees, &c. the Chapel, to receive the petitions of the two claimants at the Corova
tion of William and Mary, with the should approve of to perform the same; Answer of the Commissioners *: thereupon the Earl, with the Queen's ap
probation, appointed the Countess of “ To perform the Office of Great CAAM
Derby to perform the said service in his Berlain at the Coronation and elsewhere; right, and she executed the same accordand as such, on the morning of the Coro ingly. As to the fees and allowances nation Day to enter the King's bed-cham- claimed, they were allowed. The Earl, ber before he rises, and to give him his previous to the Coronation, received the stockings, shirt, and drawers.
forty yards of velvet. At the Coronation “ And on the same day, the said Great he executed the office, and received his
Chamberlain and the Senior Chamberlain fees aforesaid in special.
EARL OF DERBY.
de Vere, the last Earl of Oxford, Great
Chamberlain of England ; that is to say, " Claimant.-Robert Eart of LINDSEY, Baron Willoughby, Beke, and Eresby.
son and heir of Charles Stanley, late Earl “Right of Claim.-As Great Chamberlain
of Derby, who was son and heir of James of England in fee, and as appertinent to
Stanley late Earl of Derby and Elizabeth
his wife, and which Elizabeth was daughthat office. “ Fees.-To have Liberationes et hospitia and Chamberlain of England, and sister
ter of Edward de Vere last Earl of Oxford Curiæ Domini Regis et Reginæ at all times;
and heir to the said Henry Earl of Oxford, and on the morning of the Coronation
and which Henry was seized in fee of the Day, to enter into the King and Queen's
said Office of Great Chamberlain of Ergbed-chamber before they rise, and to
land, and being so seized died without bring to the said. King and Queen their
leaving any issue of bis Body. Whereby shirt and shift and drawers. That the
the petitioner, as cousin and heir as afore. said Earl, together with the first or Senior
said to the said Henry Earl of Oxford, Chamberlain for the time being, should
ought to have to him and his heirs the on that day dress the King and Queen in
said office of Great Chamberlain of Engall their apparel, and to have all the fees,
Jand. and profits, and advantages, to that of.
" Answer. The claim of the Earl of fice due, appendant, and appurtenant, as
Derby disallowed, by reason that it was his ancestors theretofore have been used to have on Coronation Days: i. e. Forty
not allowed at the last or at any other
Coronation ; as also because the Earl of yards of crimson velvet for the said Earl's
Lindsey's claim to the office of Great robe on the Coronation Day, and when
Chamberlain of England, had been althe King and Queen are dressed, and
ready allowed by the present Lords Comready to issue out of their chamber ou that
missioners. Entry to be made accordingly. day, then the said Earl is jutituled to take
Salvo jure, &c.” and have the bed whereon the King and Queen lay the night before the Corona
may be interesting to those who tion, and all its furniture, with valonces feel curious on the subject, to learn and curtains, and all the cushions and what quantity of Plate is given at the cloths hung round the said chamber on time of the Coronation, according to that day, and the King and Queen's night the Claims delivered iu to the Lord gowos which they wore the night before High Chamberlain of England for their Coronation Day.
that day. “ Answer.-It appearing to the Com. missioners that the Earl of Lindsey was
1. The Lord High Almoner for the day, then in possession of, and execution of, according to claim, two large gilt basons the office aforesaid, and that his grand- 305 oz. father Robert Earl of Lindsey, was put
2. To the Duke of Norfolk, as Earl of into possession of the said office by King Arundel, claiming as Chief Butler of EngCharles I. by the advice of Parliament; land, a gold cup of a wine quart- 32 oz. that the claimant's father, Montague
3. To the Lord Mayor of London, as Earl of Lindsey, executed the office at the
assistant to the Chief Butler, and to serve Coronation of King Charles II. ; and that the King with wine after dinner, a gold, the present Claimant executed it at the cup-30 oz, Coronation of the late King James: there. 4. To the Mayor of Oxford, as assistant fore the claim was allowed. As to the
to the Lord Mayor of London, a gilt cup, service when done to the Queen, the Earl or potole, weighing about-110 oz. was to appoint such person as the Queen
5. To the Lord of the Manor of Great
Wimondley, in Hertfordshire, as Chief * It is extracted from an interesting Cupbearer, a silvor gilt cup, weighing Pamphlet, announced for publication in about-32 oz. our Literary Intelligence, p. 59.
6. To the Champion of England, as
$1820.) Coronation. Anecdotes of their late Majesties. 7
colnshire, now in the Dymock family, a ten with her own hand :
“My dear Mrs. Delany will be ei for their claim of supporting the King and
the King to summon her to her new Queen's canopies, each by twelve silver
abode at Windsor for Tuesday next, be staffs of eight feet in height, with bells to
where she will find all the most essenon each staff, weighing 40 oz. The 24 staffs is and bells weigh in all-960 oz.
tial parts of the house ready, except. 8.' The staff of th Lord High Constable ing some little trifles, which it will of England is of silver, the ends gold ena- be better for Mrs. Delany to direct melled with the King's arms, and his own, herself in person, or by her little weighing about-12 oz.
deputy, Miss Port. I need not, I 9. The staff of the Earl Marshal of hope, add, that I shall be extremely England is of gold, enamelled black at glad and happy to see so amiable an each end, and engraved with the King's inhabitant in this our sweet retreat; e; arms and his own, in length 28 inches, and
and wish, very sincerely, that my b weighs about--15 oz. 10. The gold coronet for Garter King blessing amongst us tħat ber merits
dear Mrs. Delaoy may enjoy every of Arms, weighing about-24 oz.
11. The sceptre or rod for Garter, part deserve. That we may long enjoy silver and part gold-8 oz. 19 dwts. her amiable company, Amen. These
12. The gold chain and badge for Gar. are the true sentiments of ter-8 oz.
««• My dear Mrs. Delany's very 13. The gilt Collar of S. S. with badges
affectionate Queen, for Collar-30 oz.
CHARLOTTE, 14. The same for Lord Lyon, King of "Queen's Lodge, Windsor, Arms for Scotland ; in all—70 oz. 19 dwts.
Sept. 3, 1785. 15. The same for Bath King of Arms;
"• P.S. I must also beg that Mrs. in all-70 oz. 19 dwts.
16. The silver gilt coronet for Claren. Delany will choose her own time of cieux King of Arms, about 18 oz.
coming, as will best suit her own 17. The silver gilt Collar of S. s. for convenience.” the badges of Portcullis only-20 oz.
" I received the Queen's Letter at 18. The gold chain and badge-about dinner, and was obliged to answer it ny oz. I dwt. 17 gr.
instantly, with my own hand, with19. The same for Norroy King of Arms; out seeing a letter I wrote. I thank in all about-46 oz.
God I had strength enough to obey 20. The Collar of S.S. partly gilt and the gracious summons on the day appartly white, for the six Heralds-120 oz.
pointed. I arrived here about eight 21. The Collar of S.S. all plain silver, o'clock in the evening, and found his for the four Pursuivants-.30 oz.
22. The Usher of the Black Rod for Majesty in the house ready to receive England, whose garniture is of gold lace, deed unable to utter a word; he
I threw myself at his feet, inupon a five black ebony stick or rod,
raised and saluted me, and said he weight about 5 oz. 6 dwts.
23. The Usher of the Green Rod for meant not to stay longer than to deScotland, whose garniture is of silver, sire I would order every thing that part gilt upon a green weighing about could make the house comfortable ---20 oz. 15 dwts.
and agreeable to me, and then re24. The wedges of gold which the King tired.--Truly I found outhing wantand Queen offer at the Altar, each iwo ing, as it is as pleasant and commowedges, at 20 oz. each; in all gold-40 oz. dious as I could wish it to be, with a
very pretty garden, which joins to ANECDOTES OF THEIR LATE
that of the Queen's Lodge. The MAJESTIES.
next morning her Majesty sent one E extract the following inte- of her Ladies to know how I had
resting Anecdotes from Letters rested, and how I was in health, and from Mrs. Delany (widow of Dr. Pa- whether her coming would not be trick Delany) to Mrs. Frances Hainil. troublesome! You may be sure I ton, from the year 1719 to the year accepted the honour, and she came 1788; comprising many unpublished about two o'clock. i was lame, and and interesting Anecdotes of their could not go dowo, as I ought to late Majesties and the Royal Family: have done, to the door; but her Ma
“ On Saturday, the 3d of this jesty came up stairs, and I received month, one of the Queen's messen- her on my knees. Our meeting was gers came and brought me the fol. mutually affecting; she well knew
the value of what I had lost; and it “ It is impossible for me to enume. was some time after we were seated rate the daily instances I receive from (for she always makes me sit down) my Royal friends; who seem unwea. before we could either of us speak. ried in the pursuit of making me as It is impossible for me to do justice happy as they can. I am sure you to her condescension and tenderness, must be very sensible how thankfull which were almost equal to what I am to Providence for the late won. had lost. She repeated, in the strongest derful escape of his Majesty froin the terins, her wish and the King's, that I stroke of assassination ; indeed, the should be as happy as they could pos. horror that there was a possibility sibly make me; that they waved all that such an attempt would be made, ceremony, and desired to come to shocked me so much at first, that I me like friends. The Queen deli- could hardly enjoy the blessing of vered me a paper from the King, such a preservation. The King would which contained the first quarter of not suffer any body to inform the 3001. per annum, which his Majesty Queen of thai event, till he could allows me out of his Privy Purse. show himself in person to her. He Their Majesties have drank tea with returned to Windsor as soon as the me five times, and the Princesses Council was over. When his Majesty three. They generally stay two enlered the Queen's dressing.roon, hours or longer. In short, I have he found her with the two eldest either seen or heard from them every Princesses ; aod entering in an ani. day. I have not yet been at the mated manner, said, “ Here I am, Queen's Lodge, though they have safe and well!” The Queen suspect. expressed an impatience for me to ed from this saying, that some acci. come.”
dent had happened, on which he in. lo a subsequent Letter, we are formed her of the whole affair. The told that
Queen stood struck and motionless “ The daily marks of Royal favour for some time, till the Princesses (which, indeed, should rather be burst into tears, in which she imme terined friendly) cannot be arranged diately found relief by joining with in a sheet of paper; they are bestow- them. Joy soon succeeded this agi. ed most graciously, and received most tation of mind, on the assurance that gratefully, and with such considera- the person was insane that had the tion as to banish that awe which boldness to make the attack, which otherwise would be painful to me; took off all aggravating suspicion; and my sensations, when I am in their and it has been the means of showing company, are respect, admiration, the whole kingdom, that the King and affection. I have been several has the hearts of his subjects. I must eveoings at the Queen's Lodge, with tell you a particular gracious atlen no other company but their own most tion to me on the occasion : Their lovely family. They sit round a large Majesties sent immediately to my table, on which are books, work, house to give orders I should not be pencils, and paper. The Queen has told of it till the next morning, for ibe goodness to make me sit down fear the agitation should give me a next to her ; and delights me with bad night. Dowager Lady Spencer her conversation, which is informing, was in the house with me, and went elegant, and pleasing beyond descrip. with me to early prayers, next morn. tion, whilst the younger part of the ing at eight o'clock ; and after Cha. family are drawing and working, &c. pel was over she separated lier self, &c. the beautiful babe, Princess Ame- from me, and had a long conference' lia, bearing her part in the entertain. with the King and Queen, as they ment; sometimes in one of her sister's stopped to speak to ber on laps—sometimes playing with the coming out of Chapel.
When we King on the carpet; which, altoge- returned to breakfast, I taxed her ther, exhibits such a delightful scene, with her having robbed me of an opas would require an Addison's pen, or portunity of bearing what their Maa Vandyke's pencil, to do justice to. jesties said to her, by standing at lo tbe next room is the band of mu. such a distance. She told me, it was sic, who play from eight o'clock till secret ; but she had now their per.' ten. The King generally directs them mission to tell me what it was, and what pieces of music to play, chiefly then informed me of the wbole affair.", Handel's."