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Gen. Wayne's campaign of 1794.-Battle of the 20th of August, at the
foot of the Rapids.—Gen. Wayne's correspondence with the command-
ant of the British Fort.-Army return to Fort Defiance.-From thence
to the Miami villages.-Fort Wayne built.-Kentucky volunteers dis-
charged.Residue of the army proceed to Greenville.-Note.-The
number and tribes of the Indians engaged in the battle of the 20th of
August.-Aid furnished them by the British.-Influence of British
Weakness of the American army.-Intrigues of the English agents with
the Indians.—Communications to Gen. Wayne from Chiefs of different
tribes.-His answers.- Proposals for a conference at Greenville. The
Shawanese propose to remove west of the Mississippi.
State of the American army and of the Indians, in 1794-5.-Indians
begin to collect at Greenville.- Preliminary conferences.
Commencement of the negotiations in full council.-Introductory speech
of General Wayne.-Speeches of the Chiefs of the different tribes.-
Progress of the negotiations.
Treaty of Greenville-concluded, signed and ratified.-Numbers of the
different tribes of Indians parties to the treaty.-Proclamation of Gen.
Surrender of the North-western posts by the British, in 1796.—Made to
General Wayne, appointed for that purpose.—Death of General Wayne.
-Sketch of his life.—Detroit.-Its Commerce and Society.—Their hos-
pitality.Celebration of the king's birth-day at Sandwich.-General
invitation to the Americans at Detroit, including the General Court
and the Bar.-Note-Gen. Wilkinson's charges against Gen. Wayne.-
Unfounded.-Contrast between the two men.—Their controversies.-
Their effect on the army.—The officers take sides.—Two parties form-
ed.-Note.-Canadian French at and near Detroit.-Their character.-
Their habits.—Their objections to free government.-Delays in admin-
istering justice.-Judicial decisions of the military commandants-Ac-
ceptable to the French inhabitants.--Pawnee Indians bought and sold
Five thousand white males in the Territory.- Proclamation of the Gov-
ernor-Delegates to the Assembly elected.-Second grade of Territorial
Government organized.—Members of the first Territorial Legislature.
Their Character. Talents--Employments.--Movements of Colonel
Burr.-Mr. Smith implicated.-Probably without cause.—Burr's visit to
Cincinnati.—Notice taken of him.—War with Spain contemplated.-
May account, probably, for Burr's movements.-Principles of the Fed-
eral party. Their agency in forming and adopting the Federal Consti-
tution.-Condition and character of the country improved by their
measures.-Origin of their name.—Have long ceased to exist as a party. 288
Legislature assemble at Cincinnati.—Their proceedings.—Harrison elected
Delegate to Congress.-His instructions.-His course in Congress ap-
proved— Territory divided.—Harrison appointed Governor.—The Ordi-
nance of 1787.-Its provisions.-Liberty, civil and religious, secured.-
Territorial code defective.—Remedied by the Legislature.-French in-
habitants.—Their common fields.-Burning of Prairies.-Injury result-
ing-Regulated. Jurisdiction on the Ohio River.-Claims of Ken-
tucky.-Inconveniences.--Act of the Legislature touching it.-Com-
pact between Virginia and Kentucky.—Legislation of the Governor and
Judges.-Of the General Assembly.-Education encouraged.-Protec-
tion of the Indians.-Vetoes of the Governor.-- Property qualifica-
tion.--Limited slavery.–Attempt to introduce it.-Auditor's Certifi-
cates.-Address of the General Assembly, complimentary to President
Congress remove the Seat of Government to Chillicothe..-Considered an
usurpation of power.--Meeting of the Assembly.--Governor's ad-
dress.-Replies of the two Houses.—Proceedings of the Assembly.
Law to protect the Indians.—Connecticut Reserve.-Controversy set-
tled.—Governor and Assembly differ in opinion. His term of office
about to expire.-Power of the Secretary to act, in that case, denied.
Meeting of the General Assembly.—Their proceedings.--Mob in Chilli-
cothe.-Its object.—Omission of the police to interfere.--Seat of Gov.
Population of the Eastern Division in 1802. -Steps to obtain a State
Government.-Application to Congress for permission to call a Con-
vention.- Permission given on conditions. Their oppressivo charac-
ter.-Opposition to the measure.-On what grounds.—Right to tax pub-
lic lands relinquished.-Loss sustained by it.- State of parties.-Note.
-Excitement at Detroit.-Opposition to the law for erecting a new
State.-Correspondence on the subject.— Note.—The friends of a State
Government become the majority.--The harmony formerly existing
broken up.-Causes of the change.--Origin of party spirit.-Ambitious
Details of the State Convention.-Its members.—The formation of the
Constitution. The question of Slavery.— The Northern boundary.--
Refusal to submit the Constitution to the people.-Reflections.
Sketch of the life of Gov. St. Clair.—His military services in Canada and
the United States.-Governor of the North-western Territory.-Disa-
greement with the Legislature.-His general character.--His embar-
rassments and poverty.-Annuity granted by Pennsylvania.--His death. 370
Character of the North-western Indians.—Misrepresentations refuted.-
Their intercourse with the white people.-Its contaminating influence.
– Their degeneracy.---Their final expulsion from the land of their
Early land laws injudicious.—Sold in very large tracts.-Few purcha-
sers.-Settlement of the country retarded.-Laws modified.-Sales in
small tracts.- Population multiplied.--State improvements advanced.-
Commerce of little value for want of a market.-Produce of the country
consumed in the expense of transportation.—Miami Exporting Com-
pany got up.-Its objects.-Introduction of barges.-Schemes to im-
prove the navigation of the Falls.-Canal attempted on the Indiana
side.-Operations of the Branch Bank of the United States at Cincin-
nati.-Tyrannical proceedings of the Agent of the parent Board.--Im-
mense sacrifice of private property.
Contract of Judge Symmes with the Board of Treasury.--His propo-
sition to purchase two millions of acres, entitling him to College lands.
-Deposite of money on account.--Misunderstanding with Congress.-
Contract closed by agents for one million of acres.- College lands
thereby relinquished.—Terms of sale and settlement established.—Pub-
lished at Trenton.-Progress of the Miami settlements.-History of the
Ancient artificial structures in Cincinnati.--Articles found in them.-
Perpetuation of vegetable productions.-Alluvial deposit at Cincinnati.
-How produced.-Note.-Reflections on the Mosaic account of crea-
tion.—Probable change in the course of the Big Miami.—How produced.
-Navigation of the Mississippi river.--Intrigues with the Spanish offi-
cers.—The territory of Mississippi established.-Introduction of Ameri-
can Courts.-Suits at law multiply.-Practice profitable.
Sale of public lands on credit.--Debts due to Government from pur-
chasers.--Exceeding twenty millions of dollars.-Embarrassments in
the Western Country:-Purchasers unable to pay.—Lands on the eve
of forfeiture.-Resistance to the execution of the land laws apprehend-
ed.-A plan for relief concerted at Cincinnati.-Memorial to Congress
drawn.-Printed, and circulated through the entire West.-The law of
1821 passed, in conformity with the memorial.-Grant of lands to Ohio,
for Canal purposes.Conditions annexed.-Not assented to.-Grant
lost.-In 1829–30, the conditions repealed, and a further grant made.
-Miami Extension completed.--Simon Kenton.-Biographical sketches
Mr. John Reily.-Serves in the Army of the South during the Revolu-
tion.-His claim to the gratitude of the country.--Removes to the
North-western Territory.--View of the Territory.---Pioneer life.-
Sketch of the services of Mr. Reily in the West.-His uprightness and
integrity.-Neglect of the pioneers to preserve accurate records. The