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The line taken in the Judgment was indeed a bold one,—affirming that the “Ornaments-Rubric” which in its present form dates from the last Revision of the Prayer Book in 1662 was no Rubric at all, but was intended to be a kind of “ Note" that there had once been a Rubric something like this ! And then having got rid of this Rubric, ordering the use of the Alb and Chasuble at Communion, a theory had to be invented that a certain document put forth by Archbishop Parker in 1566, was really a royal edict, which (strange to say) was set up as Constitutional Law after this lapse of more than 200 years. Of course had these “ Advertisements” been what Lord Cairns desired to make them, they could not possibly be compared in authoritativeness with the directions contained in the Prayer Book of 1662, which was sanctioned by Convocation and made part of an Act of Parliament.
But what is the real history of these Advertisements ? and what have they to say to the use of Alb and Chasuble? They are not Queen Elizabeth's. The Queen had previously put out her “Injunctions,” supplementary to the Act of Uniformity of 1559; and these Injunctions leave the Rubric untouched. After this the Archbishop tried to gain the sanction of the Queen to his “ Advertisements,” and failed. And when they were published (not for the guidance of the English Church as a whole, but for his Province of Canterbury,) they are found simply to urge the use of the Surplice, (which the Puritan Clergy oould not be made to wear,) together with the Cope in Cathedral and Collegiate Churches. Their object was to enforce a minimum of Ritual, not to curtail it; as the Court endeavoured to make it appear by interpolating the word "only" after the direction to wear a "comely surplice.”
At first sight undoubtedly it seems remarkable that the “ Advertisements” (which it must be remembered have no real authority) make no mention of Alb and Chasuble, and only attempt to enforce the Surplice, together with the Cope in certain cases. But when we look carefully into the history of the times, we discover that the Churches had really been robbed by greedy sacrilegious persons of all Vestments and valuables whatsoever, and that it was with the very greatest difficulty that the Surplice was sustained in its position as the general Sacerdotal dress of the Officiant. To say as the Court did, that the use of the Surplice implied the non-use of the Cope, was a misrepresentation of fact, doubtless not intentional, but which needs to
be publicly withdrawn and apologised for. In fact the Cope and Surplice went together, just as did the Alb and Chasuble.
Mr. Parker's style is not quite so terse as it might be, but the Letter bristles with facts which are beyond dispute, and shows that the Ridsdale Judgment cannot by possibility be maintained. We wait anxiously to see what will be the next step taken. Where there is a wrong, says the old legal maxim, there must then be a remedy. The wrong here is beyond all contradiction from whence is the remedy to arise ?
We advise all persons who feel an interest in the matter (and what Churchman is not interested ?) to procure Mr. Parker's
valuable “Letter,” for which we beg to offer him our very best thanks.
P.S. Amongst those whose consciences must have been strained by this unrighteous judgment not the least to be pitied is Dr. Archibald Stephens, who has been retained for several years as Counsel by the Church Association, who had previously committed himself to the opinion that the Alb and Chasuble are the only lawful Vestments for the Celebrant at this time, and that Queen Elizabeth never did take
any other order," whatever might have been the authority of such order had it been taken, so long as the Ornaments-Rubric continues in the Prayer Book, and every Priest and Deacon promises obedience to it amongst other directions. Mr. Parker does well to quote Dr. Stephens' words.
Reviews and Notices. We are happily not called upon to be sponsors for the entire orthodoxy of the Rev. Stephen Jenner, nor can we congratulate him on the title of his pamphlet, Whom do Christians now worship? (Longmans,) but the pamphlet itself is worth reading. Whether it be exactly true, as Mr. Jenner affirms, that " many who profess to be believers in CHRIST worship in effect the Man Jesus rather than the God-Man CHRIST JESUS," we need not determine. What he does certainly show is that it is more according to the mind of the Holy Ghost to couple with "that Name which is above every name" some other title of honour as “LORD” or “ CHRIST,” than to employ it alone. In the Gospels when the Office and Deity of the SAVIOUR were not understood, He is of course spoken of by His personal name of JESUS. In the Epistles, however, which are addressed exclusively to Christians, together with the Acts of the Apostles, out of more than 800 mentions of Him, He is spoken of simply as Jesus only twenty-two times, and in these, or most of them, another title immediately follows, or there is some other way of accounting for the circumstance. Undoubtedly we may say that after the Ascension the familiar title of Jesus was ordinarily dropped, whereas among religionists of a certain stamp at the present day we have all such phrases as “coming to JESUS,” and “finding Jesus,” and “knowing Jesus” repeated usque ad nauseam. The reason of this Mr. Jenner rightly argues is akin to the sad habit of modern Romanism, which makes S. Mary something of a more human mediatrix (if after the new dogma of her Immaculate Conception she can be said to be strictly human,) than her Divine Son, and so, according to their ideas, more calculated to show sympathy to the sinner than He could do. Thus do extremes once more meet.
In the Book of Common Prayer Mr. Jenner asserts that “not one single instance occurs of the use of the name of JESUS alone.” This is certainly a remarkable fact, and we do not see how this combined evidence can be gainsaid by any sound Churchman. (How far Hymns must be brought within the scope of this rule is a question on which we shall not enter.) While to those who hold by “the Bible and the Bible only,” the argument is as strong as it possibly can be.
Simple Teachings on the Church in Simple Words, by C. L., edited by Archdeacon Pott, (Wood and Hughes, Abingdon,) expresses in its title very clearly what the little book thus named really is. It consists of a few brief instructions respecting the Church in its theory and practice, given in the plainest and most elementary manner. It is quite fitted to be useful to very ignorant persons among the poor, or to young children, and we wish it all
Correspondence. [The Editor is not responsible for the opinions of the Correspondents.]
To the Editor of the Churchman's Companion.
In " Ancient and Modern,” new edition, this hymn is attributed to Dean Milman, and in a book I have to Bishop Heber. The book is called, “The Poetical Works of Reginald Heber, late Bishop of Calcutta,” published by Milner and Sowerby, Halifax. Which is right?
This hymn is printed there with “From Greenland's icy mountains,” &c., “Brightest and best,” &c., and others mentioned in the article in the February number of the Churchman's Companion, where only five are said to be written by Heber in H. A. M.-. Yours, &c., IDA.
[The hymn “When our heads are bowed with woe” is by Milman. When Heber in anticipation as it were of Keble attempted to produce a Christian Year, as we may call it, a collection of hymns, that is, for the Church Seasons, he invited the co-operation of Wordsworth, crypha the following quotation is taken. Southey, Milman, and others. Heber's “Mine angel is with you, and I myself design was never fulfilled, owing partly caring for your soul.” to a lack of episcopal encouragement,
READING CLASS FOR YOUNG MEN. and partly to his premature death. Milman, however, had fulfilled his pro- SIR,—Will you or some of your cormise, and had sent to him several hymns respondents kindly give me the titles of great beauty. These were published of some books suitable for reading to a in the collection of hymns that Heber class of young men on Sundays. I put forth as a specimen of his intended, have read most of the Stories for the but unfinished, attempt to celebrate in Christian Year. Tales which would not song the holidays as holy days of the take more than half an hour to read Ecclesiastical Year. Hence the reason would be most suitable.-Yours, &c., why a hymn of Milman's is to be found LUCY. amongst the poetical works of Heber.]
Rev. J. T. RAYMOND begs to inform
the readers of the Churchman's ComJULIA DAY, Associate, 141, Upper panion that the Chancel of EglwysKennington Lane, Vauxhall, S.E., Cummin Church was re-opened on Febwould be much obliged to Caius GRAC- ruary 20th, with Choral Service and CHUS for a scrap book for the Orphan- Celebration of Holy Communion. age connected with S. Peter's, Vaux- About £10 are now needed to entirely hall.
free the Chancel from debt,—the offer
tory on the day of re-opening was 0. B., seeing a question asked by some
£2. 2s. 04d. one signing himself CAIUS GRACCHUS
Though there is a constant cry from in the April number of the Churchman's Companion about scrap books, begs to
all parts for help, yet few places can say there is a great want of scrap books
be found so poor as this small Welsh at several places.
parish, not a resident gentleman for Miss Freeman's Home for Convales
miles : the Rector pleads once again for cent Children, 70, Montpelier Road,
help; his income is under £120 per Brighton. Also a little Hospital in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, for Juvenile
P. 0. Orders payable to Rev. J. T. Incurables, where a “Kingsley Cot”
RAYMOND, Upton House, Laugharne, has lately been begun.
There they would gladly have scrap books, picture
“SOME MURMUR WHEN THEIR SKY IS books, &c.
CLEAR." Of the commoner order of scrap books on strong canvas, the Waterside Mis
Can any one inform LOTTIE where the sion, Gravesend, most gladly receive
following lines are to be found ? scrap books for sending out with the
“Some murmur when their sky is clear boxes of books to the sailors. Address
And golden bright to view, to the Hon. Sec., Rev. J. SCARTH, Mil
If but one speck of dark appear ton-next-Gravesend.
In their great heaven of blue.
If but one ray of light,
One gleam of God's great mercy gild “MINE ANGEL IS WITH YOU.”
The darkness of their night.”
PLAIN WORK SOCIETY.
M. A. will be much obliged if any reader of the Churchman's Companion can tell her from what part of the Apo
Ladies' Plain Work Society, Prizes are given half-yearly. Subscription,
ls. 6d. the half-year. Rules sent on receipt of 4d. to the Secretary, Miss WOOD, Biddenham Vicarage, Bedford.
daughters of the middle class in the district, at the same time affording them a good secular education. moters of the scheme are most anxious to find a lady who with or without salary will give herself to this work.- Address, R. A. E., 11, Park Terrace, Cambridge.
THE PETTICOATS FOR SEASIDE HOME
THE NEW CHURCH AT WILLESDEN
A. HURST begs to offer her most grateful thanks to the unknown friends who have kindly contributed parcels of wool for the above object. April 1st, parcel from J.C., Reading; April 6th, parcel in printed handwriting, postmark illegible; April 7th, parcel from Brighton.-Copt Hewick Hall, Ripon, Yorkshire.
DISTRESS IN THE BLACK COUNTRY.
A BLACK-COUNTRYWOMAN begs to thank very heartily the following kind friends who have responded to her appeal for the distress in the Black Country : M. C., 2s.; Constance M., ls.; 4s. from Chester-le-street. Also a parcel of elothing from Oxford. Will not somebody else please help us ? for the distress, though not so great, is still very bad.
SIR,-Many hundreds of persons must pass Willesden Junction daily, some of whom may have observed the village of railway cottages surrounding the station. These cottages are occupied by the railway servants. The only Church there is for them in addition to the inhabitants of the district of Harlesden) is a small iron one, which will only hold about 140 people, and is used as the National Schoolroom during the week. The building contract has now been signed for our new Church,—the total amount paid and promised being £2,700, and it will take £4,187 to build even a portion of the Church. May I, as a subscriber of nine years to the Churchman's Companion, beg for help from its readers ? The smallest sums will be thankfully received.
Post Office Orders made payable to A. KING, Harlesden Green; and letters addressed Mrs. KING, 3, Charlton Villas, Willesden.—Yours, &c., A. KING.
" THE SOUL OF JUDAS ISCARIOT,” ETC.
SIR,_Could you or any of your readers give me a copy of a poem beginning, I think, somewhat in this way: “The soul of Judas Iscariot wandered up and down" The subject is the soul of Judas. I am told it came out in Blackwood's Magazine about 1874, but I have no means of finding whether this be the case or no. It is a beautiful poem, and, having heard it read two years ago, I am most anxious to procure it.--Yours, &c., HELEN C. CHILCOTT.
WORK FOR THE RESTORATION OF A
MIDDLE CLASS SCHOOL FOR GIRLS.
SIR, -Orders will be gladly received by me for Church Banners for all Festivals—carefully worked, good designs, best materials. Price from 188. Proceeds to go towards the Restoration of a Church in a very poor parish.-Address, C. F. Y., Hempstead Rectory, Stalham, Norwich.
SIR,- It is earnestly wished to start a Girls' Middle Class School in a town in the west of England, where there is a prospect of a good opening this year. Can you or any of your correspondents recommend a lady who would undertake to organize such a school, and prepare the pupils for the Oxford and Cambridge local examinations ? The object of the school will be to give sound Church teaching, and a higher tone to the
PHOTOGRAPHS, ETC., FOR SCRAP
0. B., who takes the Churchman's Companion and has long been a reader of it, will feel very much obliged for any photographs, pictures, or scraps for