« ZurückWeiter »
PARAPHRASE AND NOTES
ON THE REMAINING PART OF
THE FIRST EPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS.
The apostle proceeds to answer certain questions which the Corin
thians had put to him ; and first, what related to the marriage. state ; and in these introductory werses, he determines that in some circumstances it should be entered into,'and continued in, but in others, forborne ; and forbids wives to depart from their husbands. 1 Cor. VII.-1-11.
louch a woman.
1 COR. VII. 1.
1 CORINTHIANS VII. 1. NOW concerning the
things whereof ye I Noll proceed to give you my opinion conwrote unto me: It is
cerning those things about which you wrote to good for a man not to me. And I begin with that concerning the law- 1 Cor.
fulness or expedience of marriage. And here I VII, 1.
to those who are proof against some of its most
planted in the sexes a mutual inclinatiotitɔ each very woman have her other, in order to prevent
fornicatior, and every own husband. other species of uncleanness, lei eperymen have
and retain his own proper wifeani let every
band: for neither divorce ror poligamy are
Marriage is necessary to present fornication ; SECT. by any means agreeable to the genius of the
Let the husband, where this relation is com- 3 Let the husband vii. 3. menced, render all due benevolence to the wife, due benevolence : and
render unto the wife and in like manner also the wise to the husband : likewise also the wife let them on all occasions be ready mutually toʻunto the husband. oblige, and consult the happiness of each other's life. And let them not imagine that there is
any perfection in living separate from each 4 other, as if they were in a state of celibacy. For 4 The wife hath not
the wife hath not in this respect power over her power of her own boown body, but hath by the marriage-covenant and likewise also the transferred it to the husband ; and in like man. husband hath not power ner also, the husband hath not power over his own
of his own body, but the body, but it is, as it were, the property of the wife; their engagemants being mutual,so that on every occasion conscience obliges them to remain appropriate to each other, and consult their mutual good. 5
Withdraw not therefore from the company of 5 Defraud ye not each other, unless (it be] by consent for a time; one the other, except that ye may be at leisure to devote yourselves a time, that ye may more intensly to fasting and prayer, and that give yourselves to lastye may come together again as usual ; lest Satan ing and prayer; and
together tempt you on account of your incontinence, and
gain, that Satan tempt
stitution intended to remedy.
6 But I speak this
in no such precautions as these.
7 For I would that upon,
I could wish that all men were, in this all men were even as respect, even as myself ; that all christians could I myself; but every
man hath his proper as easily bear the severities of a single life in
gift of God, one atter present circumstances, and exercise as resolute
this a command over their natural desires". But
à By permission.] : I.cannot, with Mr. St. Paul's epistles, that they will rather Cradock, think, that the meaning of this strengthen the proof of it. Sce Essay on clause, is, % 1 permit marrike, but do not Inspiration in Vol. VIII. enjoin it," ano hac člšeư7xte observed, b That all men were even as myself. ] that this verses, and alters in this context, Common sense requires us to limit this nearly parallel to it, will be so far from expression as in the paraphrase ; for it offording, or any interprelation, an ob- would be a most fagrant absurdity to supjcction againsi the general nuspiration of pose that St. Paul wished marriage might
And it is better to marry, than to burn.
5 this manner, and ano- every man has his proper gift of God, one in this sect. ther after that.
kind, or manner, and another in that. So that
attainment, nor despise those that have it not.
say, them (they abide even is good for them. (if they conveniently can,) to as I.
continue, as I do, in the widowed state. But 9 9 But if they cannot if they have not attained to such a degree of temry; for it is better to perance, as to be easy in it, let them by all means marty than to burn. marry. For though it be better to live calmly
and soberly in a state of widowhood, than to
But as to those that are married, [it is not 10
11. But and if she she be withdrawn by her own rash and foolish
her side, let her be reconciled to her husband,
not the husband dismiss [his] wife on any light
tery. For whatever particular reasons Moses
entirely cease. It shews therefore how un- c To those that are married.] The transtair and improper it is, in various cases, lation, published by the English Jesuits, to strain the apostle's words to the utmost at Bourdeaux, renders it, to those roho are rigour, as if he perpetually used the most united in the sacrament of marriuge ; which Critical exactness; but indeed chap. ix. 22. I mention as one instance, selecied from is so full an instance to the contrary, that a vast number, of the great dishonesty of it is not necessary to multiply remarks of that translation. this kind.
Reflections on the Apostle's observations about marriage.
The decisions of the holy apostle are here given with such gravity, seriousness and purity, that one would hope, delicate as the subject of them is, they will be received without any of that unbecoming levity which the wantonness of some minds may be ready to excite on such an occasion.
It becomes us humbly to adore the Divine wisdom and goodness
manifested in the formation of the first human pair, and in keeping Ver.
the different sexes through all succeeding ages, in so just a A proportion, that every man might have his own wife, and every
woman her own husband : that the instinct of nature might, so far as it is necessary, be gratified without guilt, and an holy seed be sought, which being trained up under proper discipline and instruction, might supply the wastes that death is continually making, and be accounted to the Lord for a generation : that so virtue and religion, for the sake of which alone it is desirable that buman creatures should subsist, may be transmitted through every age, and earth become a nursery for heaven.
With these views, let marriages be contracted, when it is proper they should be contracted at all. Let none imagine the state itself to be impure ; and let it always be preserved undefiled. Let all
occasion of irregular desire be prudently guarded against by those 5 who have entered into it. And let all christians, in every relation,
remeinber that the obligations of devotion are common to all; and that Christ and his apostles seem to take it for granted, that we shall be careful to secure proper seasons for fasting, as well as for prayer, so far as may be needful, in order that the superior authority of the mind over the body may be exercised, and maintained, and that our petitions to the throne of grace may be offered with greater intenseness, copiousness and ardour.
The apostle exhorts Christiuns not to break marriage on account of
difference in religion ; and urges, in the general, contentment with the stations in which they were called, and a concern to serve God in their proper condition, whether married, or single, bound or free. I Cor. VII. 12—24.
Į CORINTHIANS VII. 12.
1 Cor. VII. 12. I!
HAVE reminded you of the decision of Christ BÝT to the rest speak xiii. with respect to the affair of divorce: now as If any brother hath a to the rest of the persons and cases to which I wite ihat believeth not
and VII. 12. shall address myself, it is to be observed, that I
Marriage not dissolved by difference in religion.
7 and she be pleased to speak, according to wbat duty or prudence sect: dwell with bim, let kim not put her away. be considered as if it were immediately spoken
seeins on the whole to require ; and it is not to
him, not withstanding the diversity of their reli-
on the other hand, if any Christian wife have that believed not, and if he be pleasca to an unbelieving husband, and he consent to dwell dwell with lier, let her with her, let her not dismiss hima, nor separate not leave him.
herself from him, though the legal constitution
of the country in wbich she lives may allow 14 For the unbeliev- her to do it. For in such a case as this, the un-14 ing husband is sanctifi. ed by the wife, and the believing husband is so sanctified by the wife, and unbelieving wife is the unbelieving wife is so sanctified by the hussanctified by the hus. band", that their matrimonial converse is as band: else were your lawful as if they were both of the same faith : children unclean; but now are they holy. otherwise your children, in these mixed cases,
were unclean, and must be looked upon as unfit
so that the case you see, is in effect decided by 15 Lut if the unbe. this prevailing practice. However, if the unbé- 15 lieving depart, let him depart. A brother or a
lieving party, in such circumstances as these, be sister is not under bond- absolutely determined, and will depart, let him, aye in such cases : but or ber depart, and take the course they think
best; and the consequence is, that a brother, or
a Let her not dismiss him.] I have else. who might be admitted to partake of the where observed, that in these countries, distinguishing rites of God's people. in the apostle's days the wire's had a Compare Exod. xix. 6; Deut. vii. 6; power of divorce as well as the husbands. chap. xiv. 2; chap. xxvi. 19; chap.
b Is sanctified, &c.] Some think the xxxiii. 3; Ezra ix. 2 ; with Isa. xxxv. 8; meaning is, “ the Christian may con- chap. lii. l; Acis X. 28. &C. And as vert the infidel;" as appears, in that the for the interpretation, which so many of children of such marriages are brought our brethren, the Baptists, have contendup Christians. But this cannot possibly cd for, that holy signifies legitimate, and be the sense ; for that they were brought unclean ilirgitimate ; (not to urge that this up so, was not to be sure alcays fact, and seems an unscriptural sense of the word,) where it was, there was no need of prove nothing can be more evident, than that ing from thence the conversion of the pa- the argument will by no means bear it; rent, which would in itself be much more for it would be proving a thing by itself, apparent than the education of the child.
idem per idlem, to argue that the converse c Noco are they holy.] On the ma- of the parents was lawful, because the tarest and most impartial consideration of children were vot bastards ; whereas all this text, I must judge it to refer to infunt- who thought the converse of the parents baptism. Nothing can be more apparent unlawful, must of course think that the tban that the word holy, signifies persons, children were illegitimate.