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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

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FRONTISPIECE-GENERAL VIEW OF SELBORNE.
OLD VIEW OF SELBORNE . . . . .
WELL-HEAD . . . . . . . .
WYCH ELM . . . . . . · ·
OSTREA CARINATA · · ·
HOLLOW LANE . . . . . . .
ROCKY HOLLOW LANE .
WOLMER FOREST . . . . . .
TEAL AND WIDGEON . . . . . .
WILD BOAR ...

. . . . . .
WATER-RAT . . . . . . . .
HOOPOE . . . . .
MILLER'S THUMB AND STICKLE-BACK.
PIPISTRELLE AND LONG-EARED BAT . . .
BARVEST MICE . . . .
BOHEMIAN WAS-WING · · · · ·
ORIFICE IN FALLOW-DEER . . . .
WEASEL . . . .
ARUM . . . . . . .
THE NUTHATCH . . . . . .
WATER-NEWTS . . . . . . .
BLIND WORM . . . . . . .
SANDPIPER . . . . . . . .
RING OUSEL . . . . . . .
COCKCHAFFER . . . . . . .
STONE CURLEW'S EGG · · · · ·
WOODCHAT . . · · . · · · · ·
SNOW- FLECK · · · · · ·
HEDGEHOG . . . . . . . .
HEAD OF MOOSE DEER . . . . .
TROUT · · · . . . . . .
OTTER . . . . . . . . .
ROCK SWALLOW . . . . . . .

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73

PAGE 1. ATHALIA CENTIFOLIA. 2. BLACK DOLPHIN. 3. HALTICA NEMORUM HEADS OF EELS . . . . . . . . . . . .. 81 STOCK DOVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 CUCKOO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 REED-BUNTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 SPOTTED FLYCATCHER . .

. . . 113 1. HIPPOBOSCA HIRUNDINIS. 2. NIRMI

. . 116 ESCULENT SWALLOW

. . . . . . . . . . 127 WHITE-BELLIED SWIFT

. . . 133 RUSH-HOLDER . . . . . . . . . . .

. . 142 EW-MOUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 RAVEN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 RIVULET IN SHORT LITHE · · · · · · · · · · · 172 MOLE-CRICKET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 LONG-LEGGED PLOVER .

. . . . 177 MARTIN . . . . . .

. . . 184 SELBORNE CHURCH AND VICARAGE.

. . . 204 VILLAGE PLEYSTOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221 IRON KEY OF ANCIENT CONSTRUCTION .

. . . 240 steel hinge WITH GRIFFIN ON IT . . . . . . . . . ib. OLD COINS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 ENCAUSTIC TILES, NOW FORMING THE FLOOR OF THE SUMMER-HOUSE IN THE FARM-HOUSE GARDEN . . . . .

. . . . . . 245 STONE COFFIN, KEPT IN THE FARM-HOUSE GARDEN

. . 247 LEADEN TAP . . . .

. . . . 249 PRIORY FARM-HOUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261 PRIORY seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 COCKCHAFFER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288 PHALÆNA QUERCUS . . . . . . . . . . .'. . 290 SPHYNX OCELLATA : : . . . . . . . . . . . 291 GLOW-WORMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296

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THE

NATURAL HISTORY OF SELBORNE.

LETTER I.*

· TO THOMAS PENNANT, ESQ. THE parish of Selborne lies in the extreme eastern corner of the county of Hampshire, bordering on the county of Sussex, and not far from the county of Surrey; is about fifty miles south-west of London, in latitude fifty-one, and near mid-way between the towns of Alton and Petersfield. Being very large and extensive it abuts on twelve parishes, two of which are in Sussex, viz., Trotton and Rogate. If you begin from the south

* The first series of Mr. White's Letters are addressed to Pennant, and run over a period of several years, during which that gentleman was engaged in writing his British Zoology; whether they were originally commenced as real letters between friends and naturalists, and were afterwards brought together for publication we are unable to say. Some bear the stamp of replies to actual letters, but when the idea of publication was fixed upon, it is probable that others may have been introduced, and such as this first one written as introductory to his parochial history. Mr. White tells us that they are published with the view of "laying before the public his idea of a Parochial History, which he thinks ought to consist of natural productions and occurrences as well as antiquities." (See Advertisement.) It is from such materials and records as these that the most complete County Histories might be drawn, aud he remarks that such are still wanting in several parts of the kingdom. In 1853 the same remark would continue to apply. The parish registers do not always go so far back, and have not always at an early period been kept with that exactness which White would have recommended, and it is often difficult to trace the origin of some old custom or pastime, or the etymology of some of the apparently now meaningless names of places, farms, or villages. Accordingly, in this his first letter, he at once goes into the necessary, though to some the dry and more tedious information, of the boundaries and situation of the parish; some of its statistics, produce, springs, with a slight sketch of its geology and physical character.

This is one of the few letters where the geology of the district is touched upon, and in only one of the numerous editions has this been explained ; Mr. Bennet is the only editor who seems to have examined it for himself and to him, as others have done we must apply for information. This is necessary, as upon the explanation depends the proper understanding of several

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