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June 30,

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ww-wheat cinta cataria) hajus) A.' . : July 8.

Whortleberries ripe (vaccinium ulig.) · July 4-24.
Yellow base rocket (reseda lutea) fl. July 5 . . . July 19.
Blue-bottle (centaurea cyanus) fl. .. | July 5 . . . May 15, Oct. 14.
Dwarf carline thistle (carduus acaulis) ft. July 5--12 .. June 30, Aug 4.
Bull-rush, or cats-tail (typha latifolia) fi. July 6. . . June 29, July 21.
Spiked willow-herb (lythrum salicaria)fi. July 6 .

June 24, Aug. 17.
Black mullein (verbascum niger) fl. . July 6.
Chrysanthemum coronarium, fl.

July 6.

May 28, July 28. Marigolds (calendula officinalis) fi. July 6-9 ..Apr. 20, July 16. Little field madder(sherardia arvensis)f. July 7.

Jan. 11, June 6. Calamint (melissa seu thymus cala

July 7 .

July 21. mintha of Smith) fi. . . . . Black horehound (ballota nigra) fl. July 7.

June 16, Sept. 12. Wood betony (betonica officinalis) A. July 8—19 . June 10, July 15. Round-leaved bell-flower (campanula rotundifolia) ft.

July 8.

June 12, July 29. .

. All-good (chenopodium bonus hen

July 8 . ricus) f.

Apr. 21, June 15. Wild-carrot (daucus carota) f.'.'

. June 7, July 14. Indian cress (epopäolum majus) fl. . . July 8—20 .. June 11, July 25. Cat-mint (nepata cataria) fi.'

July 9. Cow-wheat (melampyrum sylvat

July 9 . . . May 2, June 22. seu pratense of Smith) fl. Crosswort(valantia cruciata seu galium

July 9 cruciatum of Smith) Al..

Apr. 10, May 28. Cranberries ripe . . . . . . July 9-27. Tufted vetch (vicia cra

July 10

May 31, July 8. Wood vetch (vicia sylvat.) fi.

July 10. Little throat-wort (campar

July 11 . .. July 28, Aug. 18. merata) fil. . Sheep's scabious (jas

July 11

June 10, July 25. Pastinaca sylv. fl.

July 12. White lily lilium candidum) fi.

July 12. .. June 21, July 22. Hemlock (conium maculatum) i. .. July 13 . June 4, July 20. Caucalis anthriscus, fi. . . . . July 13. Flying ants, ap. . .

July 13-Aug. 11 Aug, 29, Sept. 19. Moneywort (lysimachia nummularia) A. July 13. .. June 14, Aug. 16. Scarlet martagon (lilium chalcedoni- ?

July 14-Aug. 4. | June 21, Aug. 6. cum) fi. Lesser stitchwort (stellaria graminea) ft. July 14 - May 8, June 23. Fool's parsley (æthusa cynapium) fl. . July 14. .. June 9, Aug. 9. Dwarf elder (sambucus ebulus) fi. . July 14-29. Swallows and martins congregate . July 14, Aug. 29 Aug. 12, Sept. 8. Potato (solanum tuberosum) fl. . .. July 14

June 3, July 12. Angelica sylv. fl. .

July 15. Digitalis ferrugin. fl. .

July 15—25. Ragwort (senecio jaco

July 15 . .. June 22, July 13. Golden rod (solidago virgaur

July 15 , July 7, Aug. 29. Star thistle (centaurea calcitrapa) fl. . July 16 . . . July 16, Aug. 16. Tree primrose (cenothera biennis

July 16

June 12, July 18. Peas (pisum sativum) cut . . . July 17, Aug. 14. | July 13, Aug. 15. Galega officin. fi. .

July 17. Apricots (prunus armeniaca) ripe . . July 17, Aug. 21 July 5, Aug. 16. Crown's allheal (stachys palustris) f.. July 17.

June 12, July 14. Branching willow-herb. (epilobium ramos.) fi. .

July 17. . . . . . Rye-harvest begins.

July 17, Aug. 7. Yellow centaury (chlora per

July 18, Aug. 15 June 15, Aug. 13. Yellow vetchling (lathyrus aphaca) fl. July 18. Enchanter's nightshade (circza lute

July 18. 1. June 20, July 27. tiana) f. Water hemp agrimony (eupatorium

July 18 , July 4, Aug. 6. cannabinum) fl. . . . . )

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July

July 24.

Giant throatwort (campanula trache-| July 19 : July 13, Aug. 14.

lium) fl. Eyebright (euphrasia officinalis) A.

July 19 . . May 28, July 19. Hops (humulus lupulus) fl. . .,.

July 19, Aug. 10. July 20, Aug. 17. Poultry moult . . . .

July 19. Dodder (cuscuta europæa

July 20 . .July 9, Aug. 7. mum of Smith) fi.. Lesser centaury (gentiana seu chironia {

July 20

June 3, July 19. centaurium of Smith) fl. . Creeping water parsnép (sium nodi- El July 20

er parsnep (sium nodi- /July 20. .. July 10, Sept. 11. fiorum) ft. Common spurrey (spergula arvensis) A.' | July 21 , . Apr. 10, July 16. Wild clover (trifolium pratense) fl. July 21

May 2, June 7. Buckwheat (polygonum fagopyrum) .. July 21 , . June 27, July 10 Wheat harvest begins :

July 21, Aug. 23. July 11,' Aug. 26. Great burr-reed(sparganium erectum)fl. | July 22, . . June 10, July 23. Marsh St. John's-wort (hypericum elodes) fl.

July 22—31. . June 16, Aug. 10. . Sun-dew (drosera rotund

July 22. .. Aug. 1. March cinquefoil (comarum palustre) f.

uly 22 . . May 27, July 12. Wild cherries ripe

July 22. Laucashire asphodei (anthericum össi

July 22, .. June 31, July 29. fragum) fi. Hooded willow-herb (scutellaria galeri

. . June 2, July 31. culata) fi. Water dropwori (cenanthe fistulos.) f. ? Horehound (marrubium vulg.)

July 23. Seseli caruifol. fi. . . Water plantain (alisma plantago) fl. . . July 24. ..May 1, July 31. i Alopecurus myosuroides, A..

July 25. Virgin's bower (clematis vitalba) fl... July 25, Aug. 9 . July 13, Aug. 14. Bees kill the drones

July 25
Teasel (dipsacus sylvestris) A. . .: July 26 . July 16, Aug. 3.
Wild marjoram (origanum vulgare) fl. July 26. . . July 17, Aug. 29.
Swifts (hirundo apus) begin to depart July 27-

Aug. 5.
Small wild teasel (dipsacus pilosus) fl July 28,
Wood sage (teucrium scorodonia) fi. July 28

June 17, July 24.
Everlasting pea (lathyrus latifolius) fl. . | July 28 . . June 20, July 30. ·
Trailing St. John's-wort (hypericum
humifusum) A.

July 29,

May 20, June 22. .

.. White hellebore (veratrum album) fi July 30

July 18–22. Camomile (anthemis nobilis) fl. '. ./ July 30. . . June 21, Aug. 20. Lesser field scabious (scabiosa colum-) baria) fi. .

July 30 . July 13, Aug. 9.

. Sun-flower (helianthus multiflorus) fl. : July 31, Aug. 6. July 4, Aug. 22. Yellow loosestrife(lysimachia vulgaris)fi. July 31

July 2, Aug. 7. Swift (hirundo apus) last seen

July 31, Au

Aug. 11. Oats (avena sativa) cut . . . . Aug. 1-16. July 26, Aug. 19. Barley (hordeum sativum) cut . . Aug. 1-26 .. July 27, Sept. 4. Lesser hooded willow-herb (scutellaria?

.

Aug. 1 . minor) fl. .

Aug. 8, Sept. 7.
.
Middle fleabane (inula disinterica) f.' Aug. 2 .... July 7, Aug. 3.
Apis manicata, ap.

Aug. 2.
Swallow-tailed bu

Apr. 20, June 7, last machaon) ap.

Aug. 2. . 1

seen Aug. 28. Whame or burrel-fly (@strus bóvis)lays eggs on horses .

Aug. 3–19. Sow thistle (sonchus arvensis) A. ..? Aug. 3 . .. June 17, July 21. Plantain fritillary (papilio cinxia

Aug. 3. Yellow succory (picris hieracioides) fl. · | Aug. 4 . : June 6—25. Musca mystacea, ap. . : Canterbury bells (campanula medium)f. Aug. 5 .. June 5, Aug. 11. Mentha longifol. fl. . . . . . Aug. 5.

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Carline thistle (carlina vulgaris) fl... Aug. 7. . . July 21, Aug. 18. Venetian sumach (rhus cot

Aug. 7 . . . June 5, July 20. Ptinus pectinicornis, ap.

Aug. 7. Burdock (arctium lappa) fl.

Aug. 8

June 17, Aug. 4.
Fell-wort (gentiana amarella)fl. .. Aug. 8, Sept. 3.
Wormwood (artemisia absinthium) fi. Aug. 8

July 22, Aug. 21.
Mugwort (artemisia vulgaris) f.

Aug. 8 . .. July 9, Aug. 10.
St. Barnaby's thistle(centauria solstit.)fi. Aug. 10.
Meadow saffron (colchicum autum-

Aug. 10, Sept. 13 Aug. 15, Sept. 29.
nale) i..
Michaelmas daisy (aster tradescantia) fl. Aug. 12, Sept. 27 | Aug. 11, Oct. 8.
Meadow rue (thalictrum flavum) fl. : . Aug. 14.
Sea holly (eryngium marit.) fl. .

Aug. 14. . China aster (aster chinensis) f

Aug. 14, Sept. 28 Aug. 6, Oct. 2. Boletus albus, ap. .

Aug. 14 . . May 10. Less Venus looking-glass (campanula

Aug. 15. ... hybrida) fi.

May 14. :

. . . Carthamus tinctor. fi.

Aug. 15. Goldfinch (fringilla carduelis) young | Aug. 15 broods ap.

Aug. 15 . . June 15.
Lapwings (tringa vanellus) congregate Aug. 15, Sept. 12 Sept. 25, Feb. 4.
Black-eyed marble butterfly (papilio
semele) ap..

Aug. 15.
Birds reassume their spring notes'. ? Aug. 16.
Devil's bit (scabiosa succisa) fi. . . Aug. 17

June 22, Aug. 23. Thistle-down floats .

Aug. 17, Sept. 10.
Ploughman's spikenard (conyza squar-{| Aug. 18.
Autumnaldandelion (leontodon autum-
nale) ft. .

Aug. 18

July 25. Flies about in windows .'.'.'

Aug. 18.
Linnets (fringilla linota) congregate . . Aug. 18, Nov. 1

Aug. 22, Nov. 8.
Bulls make their shrill autumnal noise. Aug. 20.
Aster amellus, fl. . .

Aug. 22.
Balsam (impatiens balsamina) fl. ... Aug. 23.

May 22, July 26. Milk thistle (carduus marinus) fl. . Aug. 24

Apr. 21, July 18. Hop-picking begins

Aug. 24, Sept. 17 Sept. 1-15. Beech (fagus sylvatica) turns yellow Aug. 24, Sept. 22 Sept. 5—29. Soapwort (saponaria officinalis) fl... Aug. 2

July 19, Aug. 23. Ladies traces (ophrys spiralis) fl. . Aug. 27, Sept. 12 Aug. 18, Sept. 18. Small golden black-spotted 'butterfly (papilio phlæas) ap. .

Aug. 29.

. . . Swallow (hirundo rusti

Aug. 29

Apr. 11, Aug. 20.
Althæa frutex (hibiscus syriacus) Aug. 30, Sept. 2. July 20, Sept. 28.
Great fritillary (papilio paphia) ap... Aug. 30.
Willow red under-wing moth (phalana)

Aug. 31.
pacta) ap. ..
Stone curlew (otis oedicnemus) clamours Sept. 1, Nov. 7 . June 17.
Phalæna russula, ap. . . . ..

Sept. 1.
Grapes ripen .

Sept. 4, Oct. 24 . Aug. 31, Nov. 4. Wood-owls hoot.

Sept. 4, Nov. 9. Saffron butterfly (p

Sept. 4. .. Aug. 5, Sept. 26. Ring-ousel appears on its autumnal ? Sept. 4—30.

visit . . . . Flycatcher (muscicapa grisola) last seen Sept. 6—29. Sept. 4—30. Beans (vicia faba) cut

Sept. 11. . . Aug. 9, Oct. 14. Ivy (hedera helix) fi..

Sept. 12, Oct. 2. Sept. 18, Oct. 28.
Stares congregate

Sept. 12, Nov. 1. | June 4, Mar. 21.
Wild honeysuckles fl. a second time. . Sept. 25.
Woodlark sings

Sept. 28, Oct. 24.

(Oct. 1, Nov. 1, young Woodcock (scolopax rusticola) returns . Sept. 29, Nov. 113 | ones April 28, last

seen April.

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Strawberry-tree (arbutus unedo.) A. . . Oct. 1. . . May 21, Dec. 10.
Wheat sown .

| Oct. 3, Nov. 9 . Sept. 23, Oct. 19.
Swallows last seen.(N.B. The house i
martin the latest.

Oct. 4, Nov. 5 . Nov. 16.

Oct. 1, Dec. 18, sings Redwing (turdus iliacus) comes . . Oct. 10, Nov. 101 Feb. 10, March 21,

last seen April 13. Fieldfare (turdus pilaris) returns .. Oct. 12, Nov. 23 }|

Oct. 13, Nov. 18, last

seen May 1. Gossamer fills the air .

Oct. 15–27.
Chinese holly-oak (alcea rosea) fi. . . Oct. 19. .. July 7, Aug. 21.
Hen chaffinches congregate . . . Oct. 20, Dec. 31.
Wood-pigeons come . . . . . | Oct. 23, Dec. 27.

Oct. 13, Nov. 17, last Royston crow (corvus cornix) returns .

v. 2

seen April 15.

Sept. 29, Nov. 11, last Snipe (scolopax gallinago) returns. Oct. 25, Nov. 20}

seen April 14. Tortoise begins to bury himself. Oct. 27, Nov. 26. Rooks (corvus frugilegus) returi their nest-trees

Oct. 31, Dec. 25. June 29, Oct. 20. . Bucks grunt

Nov. 1. Primrose (primula v

Nov. 10

Oct. 7, Dec. 30. Green whistling plover ap.

Nov. 13, 14 Helvella mitra, ap. .

Nov. 16. Greenfinches flock .

Nov. 27. Hepatica, fi. .

Nov. 30, Dec. 29. Feb. 19. Furze (ulex europæu

Dec. 4--21

Dec. 16-31. Polyanthus (primula

Dec. 7-16. Dec. 31. Young lambs dropped

. . Dec. 11-27 . . | Dec. 12, Feb. 21. Moles work in throwi

Dec. 12–23.
Helleborus foetidus, fl.

Dec. 14-30.
Daisy (bellis perennis) fl. :.: : Dec. 15 . Dec. 26–31.
Wall-flower (cheiranthus cheiri seul
fruticulosus of Smith) fi.

Dec. 15 . . . Nov. 5.
Mezereon, fl. . . . . . .Dec. 15.
Snowdrop, fl. . . . . . . Dec. 29.

'In sese vertitur annus.'

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POEMS

SELECTED FROM THE MSS. OF THE

REV. GILBERT WHITE.

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