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To Edward Bancroft. 16 April, 1778 266

From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 23 April. . . 267

Dr. Franklin's Answer 267

To Count de Vergennes. 24 April. .... 268

Giving an Account of his Conversations with Mr. Hartley

and Mr. Chapman respecting Propositions for Peace.

From Count de Vergennes to B. Franklin. 25 April. . 271

Policy of the British Ministry to excite Divisions and Dis-

trust.

To Arthur Lee. 17 May 272

Mode of drawing Money from the Hands of the American

Banker.

To John Paul Jones. 27 May 273

To John Paul Jones. 1 June 274

Proposal to take Command of a Ship.

To John Paul Jones. 10 June 275

Intelligence and Instructions respecting the Command of

a Frigate.

To James Hutton. 23 June .277

To an Engraver in Paris. 24 June 277

Respecting a Print commemorative of American Indepen-

dence.

To Charles de Weissenstein. 1 July. .... 278

Reply to Insinuations against the good Faith of France. —

Future Prospects of America. — The King's political

Studies. — Peace is to be obtained only on equal Terms.

— Offer of Rewards ridiculed.

From Rawlins Lowndes to B. Franklin. 18 July. . . 287

Commodore Gillon commissioned to procure Ships of War

in Europe for the State of South Carolina.

To James Lovell. 22 July 288

Proceedings relative to Mr. Deane.— Beaumarchais. — In-

convenience of maintaining several Commissioners in Eu-

rope.— War between England and France. — Difficulty of

raising Loans.

From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 14 August. . . 295

Exchange of Prisoners. — Remarks concerning Peace.

To John Paul Jones. 6 September 296

To F. Grand. 14 October 298

Regulations of Congress respecting Privateers.

To David Hartley. 26 October, 1778 299

Extracts from a Scotch Song. — Terms of Peace. — Indis-

creet conduct of the British Commissioners in America.

From John Charles de Zinnem to B. Franklin. 26 Oct. 303

, Latin History of the American Revolution.—Inquiries on

that Subject

1779.

From Samuel Cooper to B. Franklin. 4 January. . . 305

The Marquis de Lafayette — Count d'Estaing. — Proposed

Invasion of Canada.

To Ralph Izard. 4 January 308

Financial Affairs of the United States in Europe.

To the Committee of Foreign Affairs. 15 January. . 310

Money advanced to Mr. Izard and Mr. Lee.

From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 23 January. . . 312

The Alliance between Prance and the United States an

Obstacle to Peace.

To Mrs. Margaret Stevenson. 25 January. . . . 313

Private Incidents. — His Mode of living in France.

To David Hartley. 3 February 316

Answer to Propositions for quitting the Alliance with

France.

To David Hartley. 22 February 319

To Patrick Henry. 26 February 320

On the Subject of procuring military Supplies in Europe

for the State of Virginia.

To David Hartley. 21 March 322

Delay in the Exchange of Prisoners.—Losses of the Brit-

ish.— Growth of America.

From John Adams to B. Franklin. 13 April . . . 324

From James Hutton to B. Franklin. 15 April. • . 325

To Josiah Quincy. 22 April 326

Character of the French people. —Too many Superfluities

purchased in America.

To Samuel Cooper. 22 April. ... . 328

On the Depreciation of American Paper Money.

From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 22 April. . . 330

Proposing a Truce. — Interests of France. — Advantages

of adopting some Preliminaries. — Observations on a Plan

of Negotiation.

To John Paul Jones. 27 April, 1779 337

Plan of an Expedition in which the Marquis de Lafayette

was to join.

Instructions to John Paul Jones. 28 April. . . . 339

To Arthur Lee. 3 May 340

To Thomas Viny. 4 May 342

To Mrs. Patience Wright. 4 May 343

To David Hartley. 4 May 345

Relative to Propositions for a Peace.

To General Beckwith. 17 May 348

Discouraging his Project of joining the American Army.

To the Committee of Foreign Affairs. 26 May. . . 350

Receives his Credentials as Minister Plenipotentiary.—

Presented to the King. — Paul Jones's Squadron. — Pris-

oners. — Necker. — Lee and Izard. — Consuls. — Barbary

Powers.— Spain. — France.

To Sir Edward Newenham. 27 May 364

Respecting Irish Emigrants to the United States.

From William Jones to B. Franklin. 28 May. '. . 365

Presenting a Translation of a pretended Fragment of Po-

lybius.

To James Lovell. 2 June. 367

Currency. — Charges of Lee and Izard. — Luzerne.

To Horatio Gates. 2 June 370

Chevalier de Raymondis. — Capitulation of Saratoga, —

Dissensions in America.

To Richard Bache. 2 June 371

Respecting certain Persons who had attempted to injure

him. — His Grandsons.

To Mrs. Sarah Bache. 3 June. 373

To William Greene. June. 377

To John Paul Jones. 8 July 378

To the Marquis de Lafayette. 19 August. . . . 379

English and French Ministry.

To the Marquis de Lafayette. 24 August. . . . 380

Forwarding a Sword in the Name of Congress.

From the Marquis de Lafayette to B. Franklin. 29 August. 381

Acknowledging the Reception of the Sword.

To Count de Vergennes. 26 September. . . . 382

VOL. VIII. **

To James Lovell. 30 September, 1779 382

To Edward Bridgen. 2 October 383

On a Copper Coinage for the United States.

To John Jay, President of Congress. 4 October. . . 385

Beaumarchais's Accounts. — Neufville's proposed Loan.—

Inactivity of the combined Fleets. — Holland, England,

and Portugal. — Prisoners.—Paul Jones's Cruise. — Com-

plaints of French Officers. — Monument to General Mont-
gomery. — Spain.

From Richard Price to B. Franklin. 14 October. . . 395

To John Paul Jones. 15 October 396

Capture of the Serapis. — Misconduct of Captain Landais.

— Prizes sent to Bergen.

To James Lovell. 17 October. 398

Paul Jones's Cruise. — Lee and Deane. — Prizes taken by

Jones's Squadron, and sent to Norway.

To a Friend in America. 25 October 401

His Situation in France.

To Samuel Cooper. 27 October 402

American Privateers. — Commodore Jones. — Rumor of

Peace.—Importation of Superfluities.

To Benjamin Vaughan. 9 November 404

On his Edition of Dr. Franklin's Writings.

To John Baptist Beccaria. 19 November. . . . 406

To R. Bernstorff. 22 December 407

Remonstrating against the Seizure of American Prizes at

Bergen in Norway.

1780.

From the Marquis de Lafayette to B. Franklin. 9 Jan. 410

Military Supplies for the American Army.

From the Marquis de Lafayette to B. Franklin. 10 Jan. 411

To Charles "W. F. Dumas. 27 January 412

To David Hartley. 2 February 413

America will not treat without her Allies. — England not

disposed to Peace. — Conduct of the British Army in

America.

To Richard Price. 6 February. 416

To Joseph Priestley. 8 February 418

True Science and its Progress.—Inconveniences attend

all Situations in Life.

To John Paul Jones. 19 February, 1780. . . .420

From the Marquis de Lafayette to B. Franklin. 29 Feb. 422

Arms and Clothing for the American Troops.

To Samuel Huntington. 4 March 424

Seizure of Prizes in Norway. — Commodore Jones and

Captain Landais. — Necessity of appointing a Consul. —

Exchange of Prisoners. — Prospects of England.

To George Washington. 5 March 429

The Marquis de Lafayette. — Invitation to visit Europe.

To the Chevalier de la Luzerne. 5 March. . . . 430

M. de Malesherbes. — Spain. — Advantage of great States.

To Francis Hopkinson. 6 March 432

Dr. Ingenhousz. — Newly invented Telescope.

From R. Bernstorff to B. Franklin. 8 March. . . 433

On the Seizure of the American Prizes in Norway.

To James Lovell. 16 March 434

Affairs in England.

To the President of Congress. 16 March. . . . 436

Introducing Thomas Hutchins.

To Thomas Bond. 16 March 437

To Samuel Cooper. 16 March 439

Alliance with France.

To Cyrus Griffin. 16 March 440

To John Paul Jones. 18 March 440

To Joseph Reed. 19 March 442

Introducing the Chevalier de Chastellux.

To Joseph Reed. 19 March .443

Mr. Pulteney. — Errors corrected. — Arthur Lee.

To Charles W. F. Dumas. 29 March 448

To Charles W. F. Dumas. 30 March 449

To John Ross. 22 April 450

To Charles W. F. Dumas. 23 April 451

To the Judges of the Admiralty at Cherbourg. 16 May. 453

Requesting the Release of a Neutral Ship.

From Larochefoucauld d'Enville to B. Franklin. 22 May. 454

To the President of Congress. 22 May 455

Recommending Baron d'Arendt.

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