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From James Bowdoin to B. Franklin. 6 Sept., 1774. . 127

Excitement produced in America by the Acts of Parlia-

ment relating to the Colonies.

To William Franklin. 7 September 130

Concludes to remain in England till he learns the Result

of the first Congress. — Thinks the Bostonians ought not

to pay for the Tea that was dggjroyed. — Sir William


To Peter Timothy. 7 September 131

Success of the Congress will depend on the Unanimity

and Firmness of its Members.

From Samuel Cooper to B. Franklin. 9 September. . 132

Popular Excitement in Massachusetts.—Town Meetings.—

General Gage.— Military Force.—Josiah Quincy, Jumor.

To Mrs. Jane Mecom. 26 September 136

Abuse from his Enemies. — False Reports respecting his


To Richard Bache. 30 September 137

Introducing Thomas Paine.

To Joseph Galloway. 12 October 138

Elections for a new Parliament. — Lord Percy. — The

Court will persist in its Measures against America. — In-

utility of Parliament as at present constructed. — His own



To Thomas Cushing. 28 January 140

Lord Chatham's Motion for conciliatory Measures. — More

Troops sent to America. — General Gage.

To James Bowdoin. 25 February 142

Conduct and Character of the Ministry. — Firmness and

Union recommended to the Colonies.

To Joseph Galloway. 25 February. .... 144

Plan of Union sent by Galloway to England. — Objections

to a Union. — Preliminary Articles to be agreed upon be-

fore such a Plan should be adopted. — Lord North's Propo-
sal meant to divide rather than to conciliate the Colonies.

To Josiah Quincy. 26 February 148







To Joseph Priestley. 16 May 153

State of America on Dr. Franklin's Arrival there.

To Mrs. Jane Meconi. 26 May 154

His Return from England. — Chosen a Member of the

Continental Congress.

To William Strahan. 5 July 155

To Joseph Priestley. 7 July 155

Proceedings of the British Government render Conciliation

hopeless. — Conduct of General Gage in Boston. — Frank-

lin's Occupations.

To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 8 July 158

To Peter V. B. Livingston. 29 August. . . . 159

Powder for the Use of the Troops in New York.

To Joseph Priestley. 3 October 160

First Campaign made by the British Forces in America.

To a Friend in England. 3 October 161

Measures of the British Government tend to a speedy Sep-

aration between Great Britain and the Colonies.

To Charles W. F. Dumas. 9 December. . . .162

Requesting him to ascertain from the Ambassadors at the

Hague, whether any of the European Courts are disposed

to afford Assistance to the American Colonies in their

Struggle for Independence.—Instructions on this Subject

— State of Affairs in America.

To His Most Serene Highness, Don Gabriel of Bourbon.

12 December 167

On receiving his Version of Sallust. /


To Charles Lee. 11 February 169

Saltpetre and Powder. — Use of Bows and Arrows in War.

— Polydore Virgil. — Acceptable Terms of Conciliation

not expected from England.

From Joseph Priestley to B. Franklin. 13 Feb, 1776. . 171

Dr. Price. — Conduct of the Ministry. — Philosophical Ex-

periments.— Fixed Air.

To Charles Lee. 19 February 174

Introducing Thomas Paine, the Author of "Common


From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 24 February. . 175

Urging Measures of Reconciliation between Great Britain

and the Colonies.

To Philip Schuyler. 11 March 178

Commissioners appointed by Congress to go to Canada.

To Lord Stirling. 27 March 180

Journey to Canada.

To Josiah Quincy. 15 April 180

Journey to Canada. — Proceedings of Congress.

To Philip Schuyler. 27 May 182

Journey from Albany to New York.

To the Commissioners in Canada. 27 May. . . .183

Prize carried into Boston. — German Auxiliaries. — New

Governments advised by Congress. — His ill Health.

To George Washington. 22 July 185

Contrivance for destroying the Enemy's Ships.

To Horatio Gates. 28 August 185

Resolves of Congress for distributing Papers among the

Hessian Troops. —Prizes taken at Sea.— Dr. Price's Pam-

phlet — Advices from England.

To Lord Howe. 8 September 187

Concerning an Interview requested by his Lordship.

To Philip Mazzei 188

Academy of Turin. — Culture of Silk in America. — Seeds

of a Plant from Italy.

To John Hancock, President of Congress. 8 December. 190

Announces liis Arrival in Trance. — Does not assume a

public Character. — Military Stores destined for America.

To the Committee of Secret Correspondence. 8 Dec. . 1


To the Committee of Secret Correspondence. 4 Jan. . 194

To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 12 January 195

To the President of Congress. 20 January. . . . 195

To Mrs. Mary Hewson. 26 January. ... 196
To Joseph Priestley. 27 January, 1777. . . .197


To Ralph Izard. 29 January 229

To James Hutton. 1 February 230

On the Means of producing a Reconciliation between

Great Britain and America.

To David Hartley. 12 February 234

American Prisoners in England. — Conduct of France in

Regard to the United States.— Change of Ministry neces-

sary for a Conciliation.

From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 20 February. . 237

Lord North's Plan of Reconciliation.

To Thomas Cushing. 21 February 239

Treaty of Alliance and Commerce between France and the

United States.

To Arthur Lee. 23 February 240

Lord North. — Rumor of a Treaty between General Wash-

ington and General Howe.

To David Hartley. 26 February 241

Lord North's Conciliatory Bill. — Advice to the English


To Mrs. Catherine Greene. 28 February. . . . 244

From David Hartley to B. Franklin. 3 March. . . 245

Lord North's Conciliatory Bill. — Lord George Germain.

From Benjamin Vaughan to B. Franklin. 5 March. . 246

Debate in Parliament on a Peace with America.

To Arthur Lee. 17 March 248

Concerning Bills drawn by Congress on the Commissioners.

To James Hutton. 24 March 249

To Ralph Izard. 30 March 250

To William Pulteney. 30 March 253

America cannot treat on any Terms short of Independence;

nor at all in Case England makes War against France.

To the President of Congress. 31 March. . . . • 255

Relating to Mr. Deane's Conduct in France.

To Arthur Lee. 1 April 256

On the Settlement of the Commissioners' Accounts.

To Arthur Lee. 4 April 257

Respecting Mr. Lee's extraordinary Conduct in Regard

to the personal Intercourse of the Commissioners.

To Arthur Lee. 6 April 265

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