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I, HENRIETTA Street, Covent Garden, W.C. 2
BARR FERREE PROP
[The Right of Translation is Reserved.
No. DCXIII. New SERIES. JANUARY 1, 1918.
Ars longa-vita brevis.
THE dominant, urgent fact which stares us in the face in a supreme hour of strife is this. The war of Nations is being entangled with, is merging into, the war of Class : about sovereignty, ranks, upper and lower Orders; but, essentially, between those who hold Capital and those who Work with their hands. National wars, as we see, unite men in nations : Class wars suppress the spirit of nationality, for they herald what Socialists promise as the grander form of Patriotism, the brotherhood of the labourers. At the opening of the great European War Democracy was appealed to, and nobly it answered the call in the name of the Nation. But now, in this fourth year of war, we see all over Europe how democratic patriotism is expanding into the new Industrial Order which dreamers for two generations have imagined as the Social Revolution.
Russia, as one of these dreamers said, “led the way.” Chaos, anarchy, plunder, terrorism for the hour are masters in that huge, amorphic, unstable race. Let us not suppose, because it is so extravagant, that it means nothing, and will soon be nothing but a hideous memory. Wild, impossible, anti-social as Bolshevism is, remember that it is the delirious orgy of a passion which is very real, very wide, very deep-which has many forms, and in some form has an ine able future. The Revolution of 1789 broke out into the Terror, sans-culottic saturnalia : it was but the bloody froth on the wave of a revolution which swept round the world and made a new heaven and a new earth. So underneath Bolshevism there lies a vast social evolution. Italy, France, Portugal, Ireland, Britain throb with vague spasms of revolutionary change. It has brought disaster in Lombardy and Venice; France, too, passes from one crisis to another; Sinn Fein spouts rank treason ; even British Socialists still hold out hands to their Scandinavian, German, Russian "brothers"! When 150 millions