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583 detention of the King and the Royal fami. affected the people of the capital, have been, ly, I haftened to the capital to quiet the what all movements and proceedings should minds of all good citizens, and eipecially be, which do not attack the rights of citi. the representatives of the Nation. I fet

If it be true, that the bold and imout at four in the morning, and reached the preffive serenity of which they have displaybarriers of the Capital, in the evening, at ed so affecting an example, augments the 9 o'clock."

fury of our enemies, haften to inform us of The account was received with loud ap- thore places in which they can be discover. plause,and ordered to be printed, for the con. ed ; and may the firft soldiers who armed veyance of information to the whole king- themselves in the defence of liberty, be. dom that the Monarch was taken.

come, likewise the first soldiers who Shortly after the following letter was re- marched forwards to give battle to the cham. ceived from the three commissioners, ap- pions of despotism.' pointed to meet the King.

The President made the following reply. “ The King left Chalone last night, ef. From you it was natural to expect the most corted by an army of National guards, as- intrepid and virtuous efforts for the preserfembled from the neighbouring, depart. vation the publick freedom. All France ments, as soon as the news of his being is too fenfible of the obligations which you ftopped was made known.

We have given have already bestowed, not to suppose it cerorders every where for the safety and tran- tain, that, in the sequel, you will confer quillity of the return of the King. We

It is with joy, it is with confidence have been effe&ually seconded by the dispo. that the Representatives of the nation re. fitions of the citizens. The sentiments of ceive your oaths. Should our enemies forthe people are every where the same as ac get that the people of France are free, they Paris ; their deportment is magnanimous will be taught by you that the power of freeyet tranquil. We have every where experi. men is as inexhauftible, as its valour. enced teftimonies of respect and confidence The Pariflian national guards, to which in the National Assembly."

were united the Swiss guards, and a great Letters from different departments were number of citizens armed and unarmed, then read, all breathing an entire devotion entered, with uplifted hands. to the decrees of the National Assembly. They marched across the Hall, and step

A numerous deputation of the national ping before the President, unanimously exguards, was admitted, when M. La Fayette, claimed.- We swear, we will live free or the speaker of the deputation, addressed the die." President in the following fpeech :

These having retired, were fucceeded by “ You see before you citizens, who have another patriotick phalanx, which alfo never measured their zeal but by the exigen- made the Hall resound with their oaths and cies of their country. They ask for the permif. acclamations of joy, mixed with the found fion of swearing, in your prefer.ce, that they of military instruments, will not employ those arms which they took Two hours and a half were consumed in up in the cause of liberty, except in the taking the oaths by similar bodies, that fola defence of the constitution, and of freedom, lowed them with the same acclamations 'The late occurrencies, as far as they have

(10 be continued.)


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[Continued from page 519.]

No. XIX.
The FRENCH KING'S MEMOIR, left by him on the morning of

his flight, and presented to the National Assembly, by M. de la
Porte, who received it from a servant in the department of the first
Valet de Chambre to the king, and contains the king's reasons for his

FRENCHMEN, 'Wheeling order and happiness reporCHILE the King had any hope of gering of persons ; when there is an entire

anarchy through every part of the empire, ed, by the means employed by the National without the least appearance of any authorAssembly, and by his refidence near the ity fufficient to control it; the King, after afsembly, no sacritice would have appeared protesting against all the aêts performed by to him too great, which might conduce to him, during his captivity, thinks it his such an event; he would not even have men- dury to submit to the French nation the tioned his own personal deprivation of liber- following account of his conduct. ty, from the month of October, 1789. But at 6* In the month of July, 1790, the King, pretent, when the result of every transac- he declares it upon his conscience, had no tion is only the destruction of Royalty, reason to fear on coming among the Paris obc violation of property, and the endan- Gans. In the moonth of October the same



Publick Papers. year, being advised of the conduct of some patrimony of his ancestors; they were care sactious persons, he apprehended his de- ful not to include in the list of his expenses parture might afford them a pretence for those for services done to himself, as if they fomenting a civil war. All the world is in- could be separated from thole rendered ta formed or the impunity with which crimes the state. were then committed. The King, yielding “ Whoever observes the different traits of to the with of the army of the Pariffians, the adminiftration, will perceive that the came with his family, and established his King was secluded from it. He had no part refidence at the Thuilleries. No prepara. in the completion of the laws ; his only tions had been made for his reception, and privilege was, to request the Allembly to octhe King was so far from finding the ac- cupy themselves upon such and such obcommodations to which he had been accuf. jects. As to the administration of justice, toined, that he was even without the com. he could only execute the decrees of the forts common to persons of any condition. Judges, and appoint Commisioners, whose

“Notwithstanding every constraint, he power is much less considerable than that thought it his duty, on the morning after of the ancient Attorney General. his arrival, to assure the provinces of his “ There remained one last prerogative, intention to remain in Paris. A sacrifice the most acceptable of the whole, that of Atill more difficult was reserved for him; pardoning criminals and changing punith. he was compelled to part with his body ments ; you took it from the king, and the guards, whọfe fidelity he had experienced ; juries are now authorized to interpret, actwo of them had been massacred, and lev- cording to their

, pleasure, the sense of the eral wounded while acting in obedience to law. Thus is the Royal Majesty diminiththe order they had received not to fire. All ed, to which the people were accustomed to the art of the factious was employed in mis. recur, as to one common centre of goodness representing the deportment of a faithful and beneficence. wife, who was then confirming all her form- “ The Societies of Friends of the Con. er good conduct; it was evident, that all ftitution are by much the strongest power, their machinations were directed against and render void the actions of all others. the King himself. It was to the soldiers of The king was declared the head of the army; the French guard, and of the Pariflian na. yet the whole conduct of it has been in the tional guard, that the custody of the King committees of the National Asembly with. was given, under the order of the Munici. out any participation : To the King was pality of Paris.

granted the right of nomination to certain " The King thus saw himself a prisoner places, but his choice has already met with in his own kingdom; for in what other opposition. He has been obliged to alter the condition .could he be, who was forcibly duty of the general officers of the army, besurrounded by persons whom he suspected ? cause his choice was not approved of by the It is not for the purpose of censuring the clubs. Parislian national guard, that I recal these “ It is to these, that the revolt of sevę. circumstances, but for that of giving an ral regiments is to be imputed. When the exact statement of facts ; on the contrary, army no longer respects its officers, it is the I do jućtice to their attachment, when terror and the scourge of the tate; the they were not acted upon by factious per- King has always thought that officers should fons. The King convened the States Gen- be punished like foldiers, and that the latter eral ; granted to the Tiers Etat a double hould have opportunities of promotion ac. representation ; the union of the orders, cording "w.their merit. the sacrifices of the 23d of June, were ali As to foreign affairs, they have grante his work, but his cares were not understood. ed to the King che nomination of ambas. When the States General gave themselves sadors, and the conduct of negociations ; the name of the National asembly, it may but they have taken from him the right of be recollected how much influence the face making war. The right of making peace tious had upon the several provinces, how is entirely of another fort. many endeavours were made use of to over. would enter into a negociation, when they come this principle, that the confirmation knew that the result must be subject to the of the laws should be given in concert with revision of the National Assembly ? Indethe King.

pendently of the necessity of a degree of “ The Assembly ejected the King from secrecy, which it is absolutely impoffible the conftitution, when they refused him the should be preserved in the deliberations of right of sanctioning the constitutional laws, the assembly, no one will treat but with a and permitted themselves to arrange in that person, who, without any intervention, is class those which they please, at the same able to fulfil the contract that may be atime limiting the extent of his refusal in any greed upon. instance, to the third legislature. They " With respect to the finances, the King voted him 25 millions per annum, a sum had recognized, before the Staces General, which was totally, absorbed by the expenses to the right of the nation to granç subsidies; necessary to the dignity of his house. They and, on the 23d of June, he granted every left him the ute of Tome domains under thing required from him upon this subject. certain restrictions,, depriving him of the On the 4th of Feb, the King entreated the


What power

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Affembly to take the financês into their con- couriers was arrested, and the letters which fideration, wich which they somewhat flow. he carried were opened. ly complied. But chey have not yet form- “During this time the assembly appeared ed an exact account of the receipt and ex- to insult the King; he determined to carry penditure ; they have adopted hypothetical to Paris the words of peace ; upon the jourcalculations; the ordinary contribution is ney it was resolved that no cry of Vive le in arrear, and the resource of twelve hun. Roy should be permitted. There was even dred million of aflignats is nearly perfected. a notion for carrying off the King, and Nothing is left to the King but barren nomi- putting the queen in a convent, which was nations ; he knows the difficulty of such a Joudly applauded. government; and if it was possible such a In the night of the 4th and gth, when machine could go on without his immedi- it was proposed to the affembly to repair to ate superintendance, his Majesty would on- the King, it was replied, that, consistently ly have to regret, that he had not dimin. with its dignity, it could not remove : From ished the taxes, which he always defireds this moment the scenes of horror were reand but for the American war, should bave newed. On the arrival of the King at Paris, effected.

an innocent person was matsacred almost s6 The King was declared at the head of within his light, in the garden of the Thuillethe government of the kingdom, and he ries; all those who had declared against rea has been un able to change any thing with ligion and the throne, received the honours out the consent of the assembly. The of a triumph. At the Federation, on the chiefs of the prevailing party have thrown out 14th of July, the National Assembly declar. such a defiance to the agents of the King, and ed, that the King was the chief, by whichi the punishment inflicted upon disobedience it was implied that they had a right to name has excited such apprehension, that his a. another. His family were placed in a situa. gents have remained without power. tion apart from himself, but that circum

“ The form of government is particular- stance was, notwithstanding, productive of ly bad in two respects. The affembly ex- the happiett inoments they have passed since ceed the bounds of their power, in taking their arrival at Paris. cognizance of the administration of justice, " Afterwards, when on account of their and of the interior parts of the kingdom ; religion, Mesdames, the King's aunts, wish. and exercise, by their committee of re- ed to go to Rome; their journey was oppor searches, the most barbarous of all despot. ed, in contradiction to the Declaration of isms. Associations are established under Rights, and both at Bellevue and Arnay le the name of friends to the conftitution, Duc, the orders of the affeonbly were neces. which are infinitely more dangerous than sary to release them, thofe of the King bethe ancient corporations.-They deliberate ing despised. In the tumult factiously exupon all the functions of government, and cited at Vincennes, the persons who reexercise a power of such preponderance,

mained about the King were ill treated, that all other bodies, without excepting and their assailants audaciously broke che the National Aflembly itself, can do noth- weapons of those persons in the presence of ing but by their order.

his Majesty « The King thinks it imposible to pre- “ Upon the King's recovery from his serve such a government; and as a period illness, he intended going to St. Cloud, approaches to the labours of the allembly, but was detained. In vain did M. de la so does that body lose its credit. The new Fayette endeavour to protect his depart. regulations, instead of applying balm to ure; the faithful servants who furrounded former wounds, on the contrary, increafe his Majesty were torn away from him, the pain of them; the thousand journals or and he was taken back to his prison. Afpamphlets of calumniation, which are on- terwards he was obliged to dismiss his con. ly the echoes of the clubs, perpetuate the feffor ; to approve the letter of the Min. disorder; and never has the assembly dar- ifter to foreign powers; and to attend ed to remedy ther. All this tends only to Mass performed by the new rector of St. a metaphyfical government, which can nev- Germain Auxerrois. Thus perceiving er be reduced to practice.

the impossibility of averting any publick " Frenchmen! was it this that you in. evil, by his influence, it is natural that tended in electing representatives? Do you

he thould seek a place of safety for himlelf. wish that the despotifm of clubs should be “ Frenchmen ! and you the good inhab. fubftituted for the monarchy, under which itants of Paris, distrust the suggestions of the kingdom has flourished for fourteen the factious; return to your King, who centuries ! The love of Frenchmen for will always be your friend; your holy relitheir King is reckoned among their virtues. gion Mall be respected; your government I have had too affecting proofs of it to be placed on a permanent footing; and liberty able to forget it. The King would not of. established upon a firm basis. Signed, ter this memoir but for the purpose of rea Paris, June 20, 1991. LOUIS. presenting to his subjects the conduct of P.S. The King forbids his Ministers the factious. Persons torn away by the tri- to sign any order in his name, until they umph of Mr. Necker, affected not to pro- fhall have received his further directions ; nounce the name of the king; they pursued and enjoins the keeper of the seals to send the Archbishop of Paris ; one of the King's them to him when required in his behalf. Vol. III. Sept. 1791.



The Gazette.



most perfect that can be imagined, can subJPPOO SAIB's light troops have fell lift unless the executive power be enabled to

act with the fullest energy. and natives, completely routed them, and Just and equitable laws are the foundatook fix field pieces. After this action he tion of national happiness. All the good darted across the Coimbatour country, and effects to be expected from them, muft decaptured immense magazines of forage and pend on their having been vigorously exeprovisions. General Meadows marched and cuted. counter marched after him tor eight days, Experience has taught us, that to a want but all to no purpose.

of this executive energy, Poland owes all Col. Robert Stewart, of the company's its misfortunes. forces, has been taken prisoner by the Sieks. For those reasons, after having insured The Colonel was sent at the head of two liberty to the Polith nation, and having battalions of Seapoys, to repress the en- made it independent; after having secured croachments of these people, who are a na- to it the right of making laws, and of tion of lawless plunderers; and who annual. watching over the executive authority, and ly make an incursion over the country, bor- also of choosing all publick magiftrates; we dering on Delhi.

entrust the king, and his council, with the Col. Stewart finding the Sieks to be in supreme execution of the laws. greater force than had been apprehended The executive power shall be under a before, applied for a reinforcement of troops, ftrict obligation to Superintend the execuand another battalion was ordered to march tion of the laws, and exemplarily to conform and join him ; but before they arrived, as to them. It shall act in all cases permitted he and another officer were riding out to by the law : In all such cases which rereconnoitre, they fell into an ambuscade. quire a superintendance, execution, and Col. Stewart was immediately surrounded, even a coercive force. All magistrates are and carried off. Mr. Jones escaped to bound to obey it implicitly; and by it they Camp.

are liable to be punished for neglect of duty TURKE Y.

or disobedience. No less than 32,000 houses have been The executive power shall neither make burnt to the ground, in the city of Con- laws, nor explain them. It shall not imftantinople, fince the 1st of March last.

pose taxes, or lay contributions. It shall A terrible fire in Siliftria has destroyed not contract debts, nor make the least alall the magazines, and most of the houses. teration in the collection of the revenue, The Russian spies are suspected. Since the and finally, it shall neither declare war, commencement of this year, Mahomet has nor make peace ; nor make any treaties received more honours from the muffulmen with other powers. It hall only be enabled than ever he experienced during his exis- to have a temporary correspondence with fo. tence ; not a day passes but oblations are reign courts, so far as the safety and tran. offered to him at the grand Mosque, in quillity of the state may require į and for Constantinople, this being the year

where- this it shall be accountable to the following in he predicted the victory of the Ottomans legislature." over all their enemies.

RUSSIA. Our naval forces in the Black Sea, confift The Empire of Russia according to the of 18 hips of the line, go frigates, and 57 latest and best charts, contains 330,506 thallops. In the Archipelago, and the square leagues, of which 263,349 are in a White Sea, there are ten more ships of the temperate climate, and 67,157 in a cold line. The 10,000 sailors that were wanto climate ; so that the Ruffian territories ing, are now completed.

comprise one 28th part of the globe. POLAND.

The merchandize imported into Peters. The nobility lately gave a grand enter. burg the last year, amounted to 22,964,619 tainment to the citizens between every roubles; and the duties paid on merchantwo citizens, a noble was seated. The toast's dize at Revel amounted to 1,500,000 rouwere sentimental and patriotick. A lircle bles; whilst in the year 1989, they only abefore they sat down to table, the king un- mounted to 200,000 roubles. expectedly came into the room, and said, It is confidently said that the Empress “ where my friends are, there am I also." has signified to the British and Pruffian

The following articles have been added to Ambassadors her affent to several of the the new constitution, and have received the allied proposals, for a restoration of crane unanimous sanction of the diet.

quillity to Russia and the Porte. No government, though it were the The Emperor of China has published a


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manifesto against Catherine, and forbidden at the Hotel, where he is attended by a roy-
the importation of furs into his domin- al guard.

The Turkish ambassador at Siftovia has Prince Potemkin gave a grand entertain- agreed that Oczakow fall be evacuated, ment to the British minister, and families on condition that the Emperor abandons of diftinction, upon the birth day of the all his claims to Turkish Croatia, and deking of England.

livers his conqueft therein since the war, to Our troups posted on the Danube have the Turks. Chozim to remain in the imbeen reinforced by 3000 Cossacks, and some perial poffeffion, during the continuance of regiments of infantry have proceeded to hoftilities between the Porte and the EmCourland.

press; but as soon as peace is concluded, General de Rachmanoff, in whose abili- to be repoffefled by the Ottomans. ties the Prince Potemkin has the highest Baron Horix, referendary of the chance. confidence, is on the eve of his departure to ry of the Empire at Vienna, has just pubtake the command of the Russian army, on li thed a work, the object of which is to the banks of the Danube.

prove, that every citizen of Germany, who Lieutenant General Guttasco passed the was born free, has, by virtue of such freeDanube, on the 15th of June, and defeated dom, a right to aspire to any publick ema body of 23,000 Turks and Tartars. They ployment, or charge whatever ; and that left igco dead on the field, lost all their the exclusive right which is claimed by the baggage, eight pieces of artillery, and leve nobility, has no other foundation, than cral colours.

barbarous prejudice, sanctioned by ignoSWEDEN. His majesty is gone to Aixe la Chapelle, The Prince of Conde is still at Worms, for the purpose of drinking the Spa waters. where he has a numerous court. The EHis Royal Highness is appointed regent, lector Palatine has lent him 600 men, to rewith a council ct seven nobles,

lieve his own attendants in mounting IT AL Y.

guard. His whole hapes of effecting a An insurrection has taken place at Turin, counter revolution in France, are centered, similar to that which happened at Paris, in the disposition of the people for it. His and was productive of the revolution. The army contists of Sco officers and 4000 inen. troops in the town were divided into parties, Since the suspension of the conferences one of which was for, and the other againit at Siftovia, every thing in Vienna is in mothe people ; but the first party fucceed- tion, and dispositions are making for a new ed in disarming the other. Inmeciately campaign. General Magdebourg, com. the multitudes why seemed before stupid mander of the Pontonnier's, has received tpectators of the scene, rufhad on like light- orders to repair without delay to the army. ning, to the conquest of liberty. Fifteen on the frontiers. The Aulick council of perfons loit their lives in the conflict. war dispatched orders to the commandant

The farmers of a certain district in the general in the neighbouring hereditary neighbourhood of Naples have refused to itates, for the regiments to hold themselves supply the king with grain, as usual,

at the in readiness to march, The works at the price his officers put upon it. Orders Arsenal and on the Danube are carried on have been issued to comply with the peo- with redoubled vigour, And an express has ple's demand.

been sent to field marthal Coburg tu haiten At a meeting of the cardinals, it has his return. been agreed that the French Ambafiador's

PORTUGAL. tuite should retract the national oath, or We have received an affe&ting account quit the Popedom.

from our squadron. The Admiral, Don HOLLAND.

Joseph Mello Brayner, was giving his orders Admiral Van Braam, with five ships of to the Captain of the Minerva Irigate, in the line, and several frigales, escorts an the bay of Lagos, when a sudden squal Ambassador from the states General, tu the broke the cordage of a yart, which feil on Emperor of Morocco. The object is com- his breait, and killed him almost intianta, mercial.

The admiralty house at Amsterdam, and Col. Humphries, the American Plenipo-
the adjacent magazines, containing naval tentiary, is admitted in form, by her faithful
ftores to equip 13 sail of the line, were Majesty.
burnt to the ground on the Sth of July.


The Count Florida Bianca has addressed
The elector of Mentz, accompanied by the following note to the French National
all the general officers at that place, receive Assembly
ed the Prince of Conde, Coutil Artois and The retreat of his moit Chriftian Majes,
M. de Calonne, with great pomp : The pa. ty from Paris, his intentions, his com-
lace was very superbly illuminated, and plaints, could not originate from any other
there wa; a grand supper in the evening, caule than the hopes of freeing himself and
The count d' Arrois resides at the electoral the royal family from the outrages of the
palace. The prince of Conde and his fons people.

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